RF detection and anomalous heat production during electrochemical loading of deuterium in palladium

  • A paper from ENEA (Violante&al) which seems to show some RF characteristic of NAE, as resonating cavities...


    http://www.enea.it/it/produzio…on-and-anomalous-heat.pdf


    Quote


    RF detection and anomalous heat production during electrochemical loading of deuterium in palladium


    The production of excess power during electrochemical loading of palladium with deuterium was discovered in 1989 by Prof Martin Fleischmann and Prof Stanley Pons. In this article a picture of the research activities performed to correlate the effect and the material status is given. The structures of the electrochemical interface during the excess event and in the absence of excess power are compared, revealing a resonant equivalent circuit when the electrode is active. RF signals have also been detected when the anomalous heat production takes place



    I suspect it is an important finding, and maybe supporting NAE similar to Edmund Storms theory...
    http://lenrexplained.com/


    wait and see what the scientists say.

  • note that the pdf seems corrupted and only show in chrome, not in acrobat XI...
    I printed it with pdr creator, and the result is a good pdf.
    As it is an ENEA document I don't dare to publish it.


    Dennis letts previously have done experiments with laser (THz beat effect), RF (some effect at 80MHz) and magnetic fields.
    He obtained interesting result and some way to control the reaction.


    He kindly gave them to me for publish :


    his first article was as co author with Bockris, a giant.
    http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BockrisJtriggering.pdf


    a second of 2011 show some magnetic triggering
    Magnetic Triggering 2011.pdf
    the last of 2013 show some THz triggering
    Excess Power Equation 2013.pdf


    maybe the key is among those 4 articles...
    You can also add the ENEA papers on Pd metallurgy as presented for ICCF18 and cited in ENEA paper above
    https://mospace.umsystem.edu/x…rochemical.pdf?sequence=1

  • The experiment of Dennis letts with dual Laser causing THz beat is ready for publishing on
    Indian journal "currentScience"
    http://www.currentscience.ac.in/php/forthcoming/CS-3.pdf


    Quote


    Highly reproducible LENR experiments using dual laser stimulation


    This article reports a summary of results relating to 170 on-protocol tests performed on five deuterated palladium bulk cathodes stimulated by dual lasers at 8, 15 and 20 THz over the period March 2007 to May 2008. These frequencies were not measured but assumed to be effective based on a calculated difference beat frequency. Excess power was observed in 161 tests, giving a success rate of approximately 95%. The cathode fabrication, loading and laser application protocols are discussed.


    Naively i would propose to replicate that experiment too.

  • In current science, in forthcoming issue there is an article from Navy NRL and Nova Research
    http://www.currentscience.ac.in/php/forthcoming/CS-26.pdf

    Quote

    Palladium foil cathodes were electrochemically loaded with deuterium from alkaline solutions of heavy water in specially designed closed calorimeter cells. Here, one cell is described that showed low levels of constant heat (1–7 mW) and radio frequency (RF) emanations, but the RF was not correlated with the heat production. This cell is compared with Pd90Rh10 alloy cathodes that showed excess energy bursts of 2.4–44.3 kJ. In these cells, RF coincident with the bursts was observed peaking at different frequencies from about 450 kHz and extending into the MHz range. Some of the excess energy production in LENR may be in the MHz RF range, which has no conventional explanation in electrochemistry.

  • Looking for paper on RF emission I found this 2016 paper

    from JCMNS vol19...

    I don't think it was discussed here


    https://www.researchgate.net/p…btained_by_Different_Rese

    https://www.researchgate.net/p…9a4d808aeabd9a58b4ba6.pdf



    The citations may be of high interest too.


    In the same vein I found this 2015 paper from NRL.

    https://www.researchgate.net/p…mical_loading_experiments

    Palladium foil cathodes were electrochemically loaded with deuterium from alkaline solutions of heavy water in specially designed closed calorimeter cells. Here, one cell is described that showed low levels of constant heat (1-7 mW) and radio frequency (RF) emanations, but the RF was not correlated with the heat produc-tion. This cell is compared with Pd90Rh10 alloy cath-odes that showed excess energy bursts of 2.4-44.3 kJ. In these cells, RF coincident with the bursts was observed peaking at different frequencies from about 450 kHz and extending into the MHz range. Some of the excess energy production in LENR may be in the MHz RF range, which has no conventional explana-tion in electrochemistry.

  • For practical stimulation of lattice vibration the single wavelength may not be so important - but the fractal combinations of various frequencies and amplitudes (you may visit AxilAxil's thread in this matter).

    The physical background of this aspect is in fact, the nondispersion-less soliton can be generated by combination of multiple well balanced frequencies and amplitudes (wave train) into a single but intensive rogue wave i.e. the soliton. After initiating the fusion the resulting EM impulse gets decomposed into wave train again, because just this particular combination of frequencies and wavelengths propagates with least scattering. We can therefore observe the wave trains during tsunamis and tidal bores, because they can propagate at the largest distance against flow of rivers.


    H7kEQ8xm.jpg

  • If LENR is a result of magnetic interaction with the nucleus, then the LENR reaction should behave very much like the way that the nuclear magnetic resonance reaction (NMR) behaves.



    First, the atoms with zero net nuclear spin should be the atoms that are most likely to allow magnetic energy inside the nucleus. This transmutation of even isotopes, in fact, is what is observed in LENR where even isotopes with zero nuclear spin are the most likely to admit the full force of the magnetic field to enter the nucleus.



    Second, the atoms with non zero nuclear spin will dissipate the impinging magnetic field and convert the energy of that field to RF radiation. RF radiation is seen in LENR. Odd isotopes are the least likely to enter into the LENR reaction.



    For background see:


    The origin of the NMR signal



    https://chem.libretexts.org/Te…_origin_of_the_NMR_signal

  • Quote

    If LENR is a result of magnetic interaction with the nucleus, then the LENR reaction should behave very much like the way that the nuclear magnetic resonance reaction (NMR) behaves.

    Which is why I linked the Meyer's and Vallée's generators here: the magnetic field increases precession of atom nuclei and their sensitivity to EM waves increases. It also shifts the resonance frequency down toward spectrum of thermal phonon fluctuations. Note that LENR occasionally generates magnetic field and EM signal by its very own, so that this process must be reversible. The question is, how much of energy generated really results from LENR (including the beta decay/capture) and how much the negentropic processes could participate on it. BTW Are you still convinced, that Defkalion "had nothing"?

  • In a given magnetic field you can bring a part of the nuclei in a higher state (spin) by applying RF power.

    For hydrogen the frequency is 42.58 MHz/T (common used in MRI scanners).

    This effect is called the larmor frequency

    http://mriquestions.com/who-was-larmor.html


    The frequency is for every isotope different, see this table of high field scanners

    http://web.mit.edu/speclab/www/Facility/nmrfreq.html


    What I see in the old cold fusion reactors are sparks and electricity.

    Sparks are like dirac pulses, and do contain all RF frequencies and currents do make magnetic fields.


    So it is likely that sometimes this combination hits the exact larmor frequency.

    If this triggers fusion how knows,,...


    Ron

  • Maybe, someone should test it,..


    But bandwidth is very small, you should exactly hit it, maybe apply a wave with a little sweep around the expected larmor frequency, or change the magnetic field a little.

    There is also a resonance frequency for electrons.


    Ron

  • For hydrogen the frequency is 42.58 MHz/T


    As you might know the frequency depends on the external field strength! The energy level for a proton spin-flip is far to low to cause any LENR effect and external fields are strongly fluctuating!


    Natural spin effects are usually only relevant at low T or in a very homogeneous environment, what LENR never is.