deBroglie's equation and heavy electrons

  • I suspect the nuance and lesson from De Broglie's relationship, "lambda = h/p" which devolves classically to lambda (that is the rms positional uncertainty, or wavelength, equals Planck's constant divided by Newtonian momentum, where momentum p = mv). I suspect it is important to keep in mind that this relationship is "empirical", and is likely as fundamental as E = MC2, and possibly even more so.

    The Widom-Larsen theory thus considers, that the electrons are moving fast, so that they get heavy.

    This is quite an orthogonal or even opposite implication from a relativistic mass increase with increased v. That is, strong confinement implies a proportionate mass increase. Essentially, slowing to a zero velocity implies an infinite average mass. Effective mass for electrons has many implications, and perhaps none apply here. But Widom-Larsen is a good place to start. That theory does imply effective mass can become useful mass in making up the mass - energy deficit normally realized as a neutrino in the reverse reaction.

    I am certain is is not useful to devolve to Kepler and the Bohr atom, for many reasons well discussed in physics since the "ultraviolet catastrophe" beginning around 1900.

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    I am certain is is not useful to devolve to Kepler and the Bohr atom, for many reasons well discussed in physics since the "ultraviolet catastrophe" beginning around 1900.

    Well, if nothing else it helped me to realize the mistake above pointed. Bohr and Kepler models can still apply once we introduce pilot ("wake") wave for electron encircling the atom. Such a pilot wave will start to interfere with itself around atom and the wave-like flabelliform orbital is born. But electrons itself are still orbiting atoms like pin point particles: their orbitals just delineate most frequent paths for them. It's worth to note that Randell Mills theory represents pretty consequential return to Bohr model.

  • Holmlid's recent work also raises the possibility that muons may be generated in cold fusion. His rotatoral model seems entirely consistent with Wyttenbach's theories. Such an accumulation of muons within a lattice could again lead to a chain reaction in addition to accumulation of other fusion reaction products He3, protons etc following D-D fusion, with the further possibility of nuclear extinction reactions (electron-positron). The catalyst for ultra dense deuterium formation would appear to be essential for any cold fusion reactor system coupled with laser activation.

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    Holmlid's recent work also raises the possibility that muons may be generated in cold fusion

    Holmlid himself says, he does merely hot fusion. Cold fusion arises during low-dimensional collisions within crystals, but Holmlid initiates them with laser pulses, and laser light is also low-dimensional. It's too high concentration of energy for poor atoms, sorta overshot - and instead of fusion their nuclei fragment itself into pions and muons. Muons aren't definitely welcomed product of cold fusion (despite that they have many potential uses, for example as a catalyst for hot fusion), because their generation indicates waste of input energy (like every particle formation during fusion).

  • Holmlid probably sensibly stays out of the cold fusion debate since he already faces intense opposition to his theories from other academics. But you can't state categorically that muons may not ever be generated by a cold fusion system since there are still so many unknowns surrounding this phenomenon. Well I just read Holmlid's latest review and he states:

    The energy of condensation released during formation of H(0) is considerable. In the state s = 2, the bonding energy per H–H pair is of the order of 1 keV (Holmlid 2013a). This means that the condensation energy is of the order of 100 MJ mol−1 H2, or 27 kWh mol−1 H2. Thus an ordinary gas tube containing hydrogen may be able to release MWh in condensation energy. Of course, this process is not very likely to take place spontaneously. After condensation, spontaneous nuclear processes may take place. Both condensation and spontaneous nuclear processes may be the source of the excess heat observed in the so called 'cold fusion' or LENR experiments (Storms 2007, 2014). That condensation energy may be the source of the energy in 'cold fusion' was pointed out by Winterberg (2010a, 2010b) and by Mayer and Reitz (2012, 2014).

    Suggesting a mechanism for cold fusion.

  • Probably off-topic- a little - an interesting event that shows we don't know nuttin'...

    'An exotic and extremely rare nuclear decay that involves the simultaneous capture of two atomic electrons by a xenon-124 nucleus has been observed in a dark-matter detector. Physicists in the XENON Collaboration have measured the half-life of the two-neutrino double electron capture process to be about 1022 years, which is about one trillion times the age of the universe. Studying this rare decay could shed light on a related process called neutrinoless double electron capture, which if observed, would reveal important information about the nature of the neutrino that goes beyond (the) Standard Model of particle physics.…-in-dark-matter-detector/

  • that goes beyond (the) Standard Model of particle physics


    slightly heretical... John Wallace may adjust

    his neutrino paper which suggests

    adding two terms to the inerrant Schroedinger equation,

    Perhaps I should be less flippant

    and read the Xenon1T preprint more closely. (2018).


    This process is particularly intriguing, because neutrinoless

    decay is not allowed in the Standard Model, does not conserve
    lepton number, and can only happen if neutrinos

    are their own antiparticles (Majorana particles)