Ask questions to Dr. Sveinn Ólafsson, Science Institute - University of Iceland

    • Official Post

    A few days ago we saw an interesting article from Iceland. Today I have had contact with Dr. Sveinn Ólafsson, Science Institute - University of Iceland.
    He has promises to try to answer some of your questions in this thread. Perhaps Leif Holmild also be answer some selected issues! Will try to contact him.

    Please make thumbs up / likes on the questions you want answers to.
    Ask questions in this thread

    New articel

    • Official Post

    Dear Dr. Olafsonn,

    in your paper "Spontaneous ejection of high-energy particles from
    ultra-dense deuterium D(0)" you said that the Nd: YAG laser pulses with energy of <0.4 J were used to initiate the beta-particle like signal.

    Did you have to let the laser run to measure the beta-particle like signal or did you just fire a certain number of laser pulses on the target, and did the beta-particle like signal
    remain even after the laser was switched off? If so for how long did it remain, after the laser was switched off?

    Thank you very much and keep up the great work,

    E. Majorana

    • Official Post


    They did write that but it looks like (after skimming through it) this paper is really about high energy particles getting ejected just after diffusing deuterium through the catalyst (thus, "spontaneously"). Their reactor had a Nd:YAG laser installed but they didn't use it this time. Your question is perfectly valid for previous works, though.

    I do not know which paper you are refering to, but in the one I read there is a chapter "Experimental" and the following sentence is written there:
    "A Nd:YAG laser
    with pulse energy of <0.4 J could be used to initiate the
    spontaneous signal, with 7 ns long pulses at 1064 nm and
    10 Hz repetition rate. The laser beam was focused with an
    f ¼ 40 mm lens at the D(0) layer."

    I am refering to the paper "Spontaneous ejection of high-energy particles from
    ultra-dense deuterium D(0)". It is the most recent one.

    Thus, I think my question is justified.

  • Thanks for the question, The laser can start the process but just waiting after admitting the D2 gas does the same.

  • I have a few ones:

    • Is the Fe2O3(K) catalyst used for most of your experiments treated prior running them or is it used straight as it comes from the manufacturer?
    • When D2 gas is diffused through the catalyst, both the catalyst and the gas are electrically heated. Have you attempted heating both indirectly (ie non-electrically, without current flowing through the tube and the catalyst) and checking out if results remain the same?
    • Is the starting base pressure (vacuum level) of the chamber before D2 is injected important for high energy particles from the ultra-dense D(0) layer to show later on?


    They did write that but it looks like (after skimming through it) this paper is really about high energy particles getting ejected just after diffusing deuterium through the catalyst (thus, "spontaneously"). Their reactor had a Nd:YAG laser installed but they didn't use it this time. Your question is perfectly valid for previous works, though.

    Thanks for the question

    • Straight from the box
    • Heating is best done with electrical current, next method would be ?
    • Bad vacuum H2O, O2 and ions are disturbing the Rydberg matter and therefore eventually also the ultra dense form but once formed it can survive better
  • Dear Dr. Olafsonn, amazing,

    Could you insert an electric field close before the detector, by inserting a plate capacitor in order to check how the signal changes? In order to find out if there are just beta-particles or also neutron radiation?

    Yes you could do that but you would need high voltage range 0-100kev that makes it bit of cumbersome and what new information do you expect?

    Thank you very much
    E. Majorana

    • Official Post

    I think you are right, I just thought since there is also the reaction channel D + D -> He-3 + n which is just as probable as the D + D -> T + p+, T -> He3 + beta channel, this would give further evidence.

    But you already have enough evidence so the neutron spectrum measurement is probably not necessary.

    If you really want the situation to be different than in 1989, you have to allow repetitions of your experiment.

    I contacted the Professor Hans Schieck from the University of Cologne who is an expert for fusion reactions of nuclii with low nucleon number. He was skeptical but also very interested, maybe if you can repeat the experiment in his lab.
    Then the scientific community and the public will wake up.

    And you can start to look for a nice tuxedo for the Nobel prize gala. Since you already published the first paper you don't have to be afraid of repetitions.

  • Thanks for nice words

    Leif Holmlid has been doing research on Rydberg states and Rydberg matter for long time I am a relative newcomer to this field. :)


  • I have a perhaps unusual question for Sveinn Ólafsson.

    What is the atomic radius of an ultra-dense deuterium atom, compared to a regular deuterium atom?
    Do you expect it to relatively quickly diffuse through most materials, given enough time and temperature? Or can it be easily contained?

    SO. Good question

    Rydberg matter of deuterium is a collection of many deuterium atoms transforming to ultra dense form, the laser experiments can only probe the the breakup of the cluster so no information about one individual" dense atom". The experiments only give breakup distance information, is the confinement in all dimensions?, it is not known for sure. The phase is sticking to surface, we know that but how deep we don't know.


  • @sveinol
    Thanks for answering. I was investigating whether the physical properties of ultra-dense deuterium/protium could have implied that its indirect observation (through nuclear particle emission, possibly excess heat, etc) in low-budget LENR experiments might have been difficult due to it not being easily confinable.

    In retrospect, I think that micro-structured metal/metal-oxide wire experiments by others (eg Francesco Celani of INFN, and replications by MFMP) demonstrating that wire resistivity decreases significantly upon hydrogen absorption might be showing that if it's stored in a metal it won't easily leave the reaction environment.

    This resistivity decrease effect is completely reversible upon heating in a dynamic vacuum and I believe it could be due to the superconducting properties of ultra-dense forms of hydrogen getting formed in the metal/metal-oxide layers of these wires.

    Dear Ecco (is it your real name ?:-)

    The H2 gas pressure drop and resistance decrease is probably just sign of normal Rydberg matter formation not the ultra dense phase although they coexist. Also can you easely make electrical contact to ultra-dense phase? is it living in it own world at different fermi energy far from the metal electron system?


  • Regarding:…si/86/8/10.1063/1.4928109

    Muon detection studied by pulse-height energy analysis: Novel converter arrangements

    The detection of muons produced by Rydberg hydrogen matter supports the Surface Plasmon Polariton (SPP) theory of LENR. This theory specifically described how muons are produced and how these muons result in the production of fusion among the full range of atomic elements. This theory has been recorded in posts written by AxilAxil in the EGO OUT blog and the EcatWorld blog over many months.

    The SPP behavior that has not yet been recognized by plasmonic science is the ability of SPPs to produce a positive feedback loop that compensates for the energy losses due to diffusion through the offsetting gains produced by non linear energy production. This ability to amplify the chemistry based catalytic activity of SPPs is not yet in the province of plasmonic research. When nano-particles setup the SPP to amplify their power and force SPP wave forms to loop onto themselves in a vortex, it produces a short lived “Dark Mode” configuration that acts just like a celestial black hole that draws energy into itself from its surroundings. This ability to attract, concentrate and store new energy involves at least two distinct although related mechanisms.

    First, SPPs concentrate and reorient the spin of photons then project the magnetic single pole beam so formed from one of the poles of the vortex. This beam both destabilizes and then transports energy from the affected matter back along the path of the beam through the action of quantum teleportation. This anapole magnetic beam mechanism can act at a considerable distance away from the vortex. The magnetic beam is energetic enough to produce mesons from condinsation from the vacuum which the decays into muons which act to produce muon canalize fusion.

    Next, the SPP soliton can share, transfer and accumulate energy through quantum mechanical entanglement with clusters of matter of arbitrary size. This instantaneous gleaning of energy from many distinct sources occurs within a spherical zone around the vortex. This duality of causation in the results observed in the LENR reaction leads to understandable confusion. But this multiplicity in the results as produced by the fundamental cause of LENR are unified by a commonality of characteristics linked to a common origin of the effect..

    These common and universal conditions include the thermalization of gamma radiation, the rapid to instantaneous stabilization of radioactive isotopes, lack of neutron emissions, and the wide variation of seemingly random transmutation results which includes fusion of light elements into heavier elements and fission of heavy elements into lighter ones, remote reaction at a distance from the location of the LENR reaction, and instantaneous cluster fusion involving huge numbers of sub-reactions that occur instantly and collectively.

    Even though the LENR reaction oftentimes occurs concurrent with the presence of hydrogen isotopes, hydrogen in not required as a fundamental cause of the reaction as shown in the experiments done at Proton 21 where a ball of copper is blasted with a high powered arc discharge, and the carbon dust experiments performed using microwaves conducted by George Egely, the new editor of infinite magazine. In the Proton 21 experiments in nano-particles involved are copper based and in the Egely case the nano-particles are based on carbon. In the Papp reaction. The nano particles are based on chlorine and noble gases.

    LENR has made itself known in our world ever since the days of young Tesla when electricity has be made powerful enough to generate nano particles from matter. Since we have brought Egely’s name up, Egely has written a wonderful series of articles explaining how SPPs have produced LENR for over a century in many diverse and now long forgotten systems going back to the times and work by Tesla. They are well worth a read and as follows:…seudo-Particles-Part1.pdf…seudo-Particles-Part2.pdf…seudo-Particles-Part3.pdf

  • I would like to ask these questions to Prof. Sveinn Ólafsson:
    How much energy do the electron orbitals in ultra dense D have?
    Do they approach 85 [eV]? Do you see anything strange when the sum of the energy of the electron orbitals and the D energy added by the laser reach 85 [eV]?

    Do you see particles that are neutral (no delta electrons), but can be deviated by a magnetic field as they had the magnetic moment of the electron, while having a mass corresponding to the sum D + e?

    Do you observe strong Extreme Ultraviolet emissions in the wavelength range around 14.6 [nm]?

  • If I may explain...

    The wavelength (XUV and soft x-rays) of the light seen in LENR is determined by the circumference of the SPP soliton which is reckoned based on the SPP soliton with a diameter on the order of between 1 to 3 nanometers. The soliton acts as a whispering gallery wave where fano resonance up/down converts the light frequencies of confined EMF to resonate inside the soliton.

    Because these solitons are coherent, these enclosed photons are released when the soliton explodes in a Bosenova as seen in the observations of the LENR reaction inside the DGT reactor by Dr. Kim.

  • [SO] Not a measured parameter in the experiment. 14.5nm needs a good diffraction gratings,

    Greetings SO

  • Dear Axil

    I have never understood the surface plasmon polariton discussion.

    It is a low energy excitation of few eV of the electron system. You can reach intense electric field and high total energy if you include many electrons and large ensemble size.
    But it still only a few eV excitation energy unit per electron.

    In Leifs experiment the Laser is probably perturbing the electrons of the ultra-dense phase resulting entanglement breaking and whole zoo of particles are flying out.



  • See these posts



    Fundamental Causation Mechanisms of LENR.…-the-nanoscale-axil-axil/

    Plasmonics With a Twist: Taming Optical Tornadoes on the Nanoscale (Axil Axil)
    Posted on April 1, 2015…and-rossis-cat-and-mouse/

    Polariton Coherent Light and Rossi’s Cat and Mouse
    Posted on June 18, 2015

  • Dear Axil

    This is good paper you are referring and can be compared to radio antenna theory scaled to nanoscale dimensions

    Do you agree with this statement?

    SPP is alternative energy source/storage of "incoherent" low energy photons or electromagnetic radiation in the 1-9eV range?



  • Hello Dr. Olafsson,

    I think a classical analog that might be similar is a 1000 car freight train moving at
    (say 10 km/h) up a hill. The lead car of the train will climb far higher than a single
    car moving at the same velocity, since it borrows kinetic energy/momentum via
    mechanical coupling.

    Would not an electron (anti-electron or perhaps heavier charged particle) couple via
    electric, or magnetic, field to the many other electrons with the same directional
    momentum be able to climb a much higher potential wall than a single electron?

    See, for example, Feynman Lectures, vol. 3, section 21-3, "Two kinds of momentum" --
    [Excerpt] [[["But remember what happens electrically when I suddenly turn on a flux.
    During the short time that the flux is rising, there’s an electric field generated whose line
    integral is the rate of change of the flux with time: E=−dA/dt .
    That electric field is enormous if the flux is changing rapidly, and it gives a force on the
    particle. The force is the charge times the electric field, and so during the build up of
    the flux the particle obtains a total impulse (that is, a change in mv) equal to −qA
    In other words, if you suddenly turn on a vector potential at a charge, this charge
    immediately picks up an mv -momentum equal to −qA
    But there is something that isn’t changed immediately and that’s the difference between
    mv and −qA . And so the sum p=mv+qA is something which is not changed when you make
    a sudden change in the vector potential. This quantity p is what we have called the p
    -momentum and is of importance in classical mechanics in the theory of dynamics, but it
    also has a direct significance in quantum mechanics."]]]

    I believe that collisions between oppositely charged particles with approximately
    equal opposite momenta in a strong magnetic field conforms to Feynman's description.

    See also, Widom-Larsen's preprint:
    where, I believe, they describe the same multi-particle coupling phenomenon
    using the Darwin Lagrangian.

  • Analysis of both the fuel and the ash from the Hot Cat demo at Lugano shows composite sintered nickel micro particles that measure about 100 microns in size. These large particles act as an EMF antenna that gathers power (infrared) from an extended volume surrounding the large nickel particle of maybe 10 times that 100 micron volume in a large fraction of a cubic millimeter.

    The Rydberg matter that is attracted to and rests on the surface of that large nickel particle in an aggregation concentrates that infrared power into a volume of 1 to 3 nanometers in diameter. Like hydraulic advantage, there is a power concentration factor in the billions. For example, 100 microns/1 nanometer = (100)(1000)^^3 = 10^^15 power amplification. The “Dark Mode” SPP is a black hole for coherent EMF. This soliton absorbs EMF with no limit until it explodes in a Bosenova. The soliton also absorbs nuclear energy from catalyzed muon based fusion originated gamma photons from positive feedback effects. The SPPs with spin 2 all points toward the north pole of this black hole which acts as a monipole. This anapole magnetic field strengths that result are extreme. This EMF beam produces mesons from the vacuum through the Schwinger effect.

Subscribe to our newsletter

It's sent once a month, you can unsubscribe at anytime!

View archive of previous newsletters

* indicates required

Your email address will be used to send you email newsletters only. See our Privacy Policy for more information.

Our Partners

Want To Advertise or Sponsor Us?
CLICK HERE to contact us.