Small-scale nuclear fusion could become a new source of energy - Press release from the University of Gothenburg. (Leif Holmlid and Sveinn Ólafsson)

  • Swedish press release from the University of Gothenburg.
    [Update] English translation 24/9,




    http://science.gu.se/english/News/News_detail/?languageId=100001&contentId=1323710&disableRedirect=true&returnUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fscience.gu.se%2Faktuellt%2Fnyheter%2FNyheter%2BDetalj%2F%2Fsmaskalig-karnfusion-kan-bli-ny-energikalla.cid1323710


    Patents papers


    http://www2.chem.gu.se/~holmlid/

    Google translate
    https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=sv&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=sv&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fbranschkanalen.se%2Fsmaskalig-karnfusion-kan-bli-ny-energikalla%2F&edit-text=

  • It seems to be linked to Leif Holmid claims of muons emissions.
    Not Hot Fusion ! :lenr:


    Quote

    In a collaboration between researchers at the University of Gothenburg and the University of Iceland, a new type of nuclear fusion process is studied. It gives almost no neutrons but instead fast heavy electrons (muons) because it is based on nuclear reactions in the ultra-dense heavy hydrogen (deuterium).


    - This is a big advantage compared to other fusion processes that are under development at other research facilities, as the neutrons from such processes can produce dangerous radiation damage, says Leif Holmlid, professor emeritus at the University of Gothenburg.

  • The article is also there
    http://www.gu.se/omuniversitet…ny-energikalla.cid1323710


    The one cited here was first at http://branschkanalen.se/smask…n-kan-bli-ny-energikalla/


    No idea about the importance of both sources... are they recognized news sources?

  • This is very interesting. I just want to know what energy these very fast electrons require and how they make this very dense deuterium.
    Would it be Reidberg matter at the surface of nickel particles due to surface plasmons activated by the laser (what energy?)? ?(
    Maybe the university can also show their test facility in which they initiated this reaction. :P

  • The Holmlid reaction is a muon driven LENR reaction and not a laser driven hot nuclear fusion reaction.


    Holmlid has seen muons produced inside his reactor when light from fluorescent bulbs in his lab lit the iridium metal that had iron oxide doped with potassium spread on its surface. This type of light has green, blue, and UV wave length components. Fluorescent lights are only 86% efficient in converting UV into visible light(1). Therefore, this type of light source produces UV. UV is reflected to a maximum extent by iridium. This refection efficiency is the key to plasmonic power generation. In this Holmlid LENR process, The nanoplasmonic reaction is therefore maximized in the UV wave lengths when iridium is used as the substrate metal. A key LENR design consideration is matching the substrate metal and its associated reflective light characteristics with the type of light used as a stimulator.


    With these facts in mind, Holmlid does not need a laser to stimulate his reaction, he could just as well use a more cost effective high intensity UV LEDs to produce the UV light that can stimulate the generation of muons. His laser produces green light(532 nm). Otherwise, Holmlid could apply more photon power as input into his reaction by using a UV laser.


    (1)

  • This is very interesting. I just want to know what energy these very fast electrons require and how they make this very dense deuterium.
    Would it be Reidberg matter at the surface of nickel particles due to surface plasmons activated by the laser (what energy?)? ?(
    Maybe the university can also show their test facility in which they initiated this reaction. :P


    Very dense deuterium is a misnomer. What is at play here are nanoparticles of hydrogen; a solid form of hydrogen. That is what makes rydberg matter dense. The same thing is true for water crystals in cavitation.

  • The Holmlid reaction is a muon driven LENR reaction and not a laser driven hot nuclear fusion reaction.


    Holmlid has seen muons produced inside his reactor when light from fluorescent bulbs in his lab lit the iridium metal that had iron oxide doped with potassium spread on its surface. This type of light has green, blue, and UV wave length components. Fluorescent lights are only 86% efficient in converting UV into visible light(1). Therefore, this type of light source produces UV. UV is reflected to a maximum extent by iridium. This refection efficiency is the key to plasmonic power generation. In this Holmlid LENR process, The nanoplasmonic reaction is therefore maximized in the UV wave lengths when iridium is used as the substrate metal. A key LENR design consideration is matching the substrate metal and its associated reflective light characteristics with the type of light used as a stimulator.


    With these facts in mind, Holmlid does not need a laser to stimulate his reaction, he could just as well use a more cost effective high intensity UV LEDs to produce the UV light that can stimulate the generation of muons. His laser produces green light (532 nm). Otherwise, Holmlid could apply more photon power as input into his reaction by using a UV laser.


    While fluorescent lights depend on the UV from the mercury (some argon as well) arc within, little to none of the UV makes its way outside the glass envelope, unless it happens to be a germicidal lamp with a quartz envelope. Some low energy X-rays have been reported emanating from the tungsten filament surface at the ends of fluorescent tubes. The UV within is very strong at 254 nm, and of course very mutagenic. The longer wave UV from tanning lamps is not from the arc, but is itself produced by another flourescent phosphor emitting so called UV-A, which is far less mutagenic, but increasingly under criticism.


    LEDs are now available down to around 240 nm, although their life spans are fairly short. The main advantage of laser emission is its coherence and linear directionality. It can make a very significant difference in photonically driven chemistry.... so it seems probable that these features may help with LENR as well. Incoherent light photons (non-laser) are unlikely to ever drive a surface plasmon resonance (SPR), but even low powered lasers would be hard pressed to reach the photon flux density necessary to set up a substantial evanescent wave (EW). Nevertheless, SPR or EW are worthy of the attention of those interested in LENR since they are very strongly a surface and/or refractive or reflective interfacial phenomena and present immense field strengths under the right circumstances.

  • Regarding:


    "Incoherent light photons (non-laser) are unlikely to ever drive a surface plasmon resonance (SPR), but low powered lasers would be hard pressed to reach the photon flux density necessary to set up a substantial evanescent wave (EW)."


    This statement flies in the face of Rossi's E-Cat process which is driven by the incoherent infrared power produced by a wire coil electric heater. In fact, lasers are not even ideal for supporting the antenna mechanism that captures EMF from the ambient and converts that power to dipole motion.

  • This is very interesting. I just want to know what energy these very fast electrons require and how they make this very dense deuterium.
    Would it be Reidberg matter at the surface of nickel particles due to surface plasmons activated by the laser (what energy?)? ?(
    Maybe the university can also show their test facility in which they initiated this reaction. :P


    The iron must be doped with a alkali metal such as potassium. This alkali metal provides a template for the growth of hydrogen based Rydberg matter through a process called Rydberg blockade. Lithium will also serve the same function. This quantum entanglement based crystal growth process is similar to how carbon nanotubes are produced. I recommend a carbon based potassium compound like potassium carbide as a rydberg matter based “secret sause” amplifier of the LENR reaction.

    See
    http://www.nature.com/nphys/jo…v11/n2/abs/nphys3214.html

  • produces electricity IMMEDIATELY Zach thereby. Or, again, in the steam turbine generator serve as fusion. This energy of humanity is not needed, it is dangerous!

    Нефть - это кровь планеты, надо сделать модель планеты и мы получим генератор Тарасенко, эта энергия покорит вселенную! :lenr:

  • Regarding:


    "Incoherent light photons (non-laser) are unlikely to ever drive a surface plasmon resonance (SPR), but low powered lasers would be hard pressed to reach the photon flux density necessary to set up a substantial evanescent wave (EW)."


    This statement flies in the face of Rossi's E-Cat process which is driven by the incoherent infrared power produced by a wire coil electric heater. In fact, lasers are not even ideal for supporting the antenna mechanism that captures EMF from the ambient and converts that power to dipole motion.


    What are you talking about? Have you or anyone else suggested SPR [Surface Plasmon Resonance] is operative in Rossi's E-Cat? If so, let's get the facts out so that it can be clearly seen. Your comment suggests you have not read my statement at all carefully.

  • I claim that all LENR reactions in one way or another involve the generation of polaritons, a hybrid of light and electrons that are produced by a plasmonic mechanism. The most prominent mechanism in this process is nanoparticle aggregation. Rydberg matter is just a nanowire type of particle that produces polaritons. The ultra dense compression of hydrogen is an false theory of how the Holmlid reaction works. The "dark mode" polariton soliton is the fundamental cause of most LENR reactions, even biological reactions.

  • I'm not interested in disputing your ideas as expressed above. But the term "Surface Plasmon Resonance" has a very specific meaning and underlying mechanism. SPR, as I have studied it, cannot be usefully produced by incoherent photons. I would suggest not including that particular terminology in your theories. There are underlying physical limitations that apply to SPR. A hot wire coil and accompanying infra-red in an E-Cat are surely not inducing any kind of SPR or Evanescent Wave.


    "Surface Plasmon Polaritons" SPPs, are distinct from the phenomenon of SPR, SPP involvement in LENR is another issue which will likely eventually be decided by actual experiments. That best be soon, before further speculation makes everyone suspicious. WLS (Widom Larson Srivastava) and others, such as yourself, can speculate on these without pause. Perhaps that is because it is difficult to observe or isolate those entities. The best path forward is to understand the hypothetical mechanism(s) well enough to make some predictions as to outcomes in experiments. That is, with regards to SPP, that is polaritons, it is time to get down to actual observations. I once suggested a way to test [lexicon]WLS theory[/lexicon] at a very fundamental level. The response here was nil.


    But, of further distinct interest, as I suggested earlier, there are good reasons to pursue actual SPR in the context of LENR. Look it up and see why that might be the case.

  • Regarding:


    "A hot wire coil and accompanying infra-red in an E-Cat are surely not inducing any kind of SPR or Evanescent Wave."


    Surface plasmon polaritons are surely produced by Evanescent Waves. The infrared EMF range are optimal for SPP production when nickel is used as the reflective substrate. Lasers are ineffective in producing the dipole motion necessary for the generation of SPPs because laser light is a plane wave.




    Schematic representation of evanescent waves propagating along a metal-dielectric interface. The charge density oscillations, when associated with electromagnetic fields, are called surface plasmon-polariton waves. The exponential dependence of the electromagnetic field intensity on the distance away from the interface is shown on the right. These waves can be excited very efficiently with light in the visible range of the electromagnetic spectrum.


    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evanescent_wave