Control of [lexicon]Low Energy Nuclear Reactions[/lexicon] in Hydrides, and Autonomously Controlled Heat Generation Module
United States Patent Application 20150371723 December 24, 2015
A treatment of a possibly powdered, sintered, or deposited lattice (e.g., nickel) for heat generating applications and a way to control low energy nuclear reactions ("LENR") hosted in the lattice by controlling hydride formation. The method of control and treatment involves the use of the reaction lattice, enclosed by an inert cover gas such as argon that carries hydrogen as the reactive gas in a non-flammable mixture. Hydrogen ions in the lattice are transmuted to neutrons as discussed in U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2007/0206715 (Godes_2007)). Hydrogen moving through the lattice interacts with the newly formed neutrons generating an exothermic reaction.
I noticed a
small factual errorin the parent's discussion section:Quote
However, H4 is unstable and quickly (with a half life of 30 ms) emits an electron to become an atom of He4, thereby releasing considerable phonon energy.
To get from the putative 4H to 4He (note the parallel to Ed Storms's theory), two beta electrons would need to be emitted rather than one.My mistake -- 4H would be one proton and three neutrons (if such a thing could exist for more than a vanishing amount of time). So only one beta electron would be emitted to get to 4He.
It is unclear why the energy of the betas would be converted into phonon perturbations instead of simply being stopped in the usual way.
for the replicator I've spotted that quote, that may be of interest (dig more as this seems to be a key question in that patent)Quote
The above summary is somewhat simplified, although correct in substance. The system is initialized by flowing heated carrier gas through gas enclosure 20GE with lattice 20L at a high temperature to drive oxides out of the system. For example, for a nickel lattice, a temperature on the order of 625 C would be sufficient to initiate breakdown of the oxides using carrier gas alone. Removal of the oxides can be accomplished at a lower temperature in a two-step process. The first step is to flush the core with carrier gas until the free oxygen gas is removed, the second step is to run the deoxidation operation with some hydrogen present in the gas (adding either the fuel gas or a hydrogen-containing process gas such as ammonia) so as to chemically reduce the oxides and thus purge them from the system.
Thanks for this, a full-filling heads up. Brillouin is an excellent team, congratulations to them. The long life of a modern turbine for large scale electrical power generation is fifty years. Targeting these turbines is a market strategy of Brillouin and Cherokee, each with excellent global positioning. China would love to see an end to king coal and can implement this replacement through state mandate, quicker than any other adoption method. Economics will spur the rest. The coal trains will quickly stop. Those turbines will keep turning for decades, clean electricity, with LENR thermal.
“Bertrand Russell saw the Enlightenment as a phase in a progressive development, which began in antiquity, and that reason and challenges to the established order were constant ideals throughout that time.”
A bit of prose for your enjoyment during these end of year holidays.
Live and Learn
I will learn something new every day!
Well, that's a Noble Profession
Two things are absolute (not just one)
In order to succeed
You got to be ignorant
And you got to be smart
Aeolus, the Greek god of air and wind, played a part in inspiring the first turbine. A symbiosis of the sacrum/profanum.
A god of Greece was observed as air (pressure) and as sun (heat) when swirling wind (motion) was felt upon his face. Pondering this while watching mists form and rise from the valley, dreaming of the steam whistling and bubbling out of kettles and pots in his grandmothers' kitchen. The unknowable is glimpsed, becomes a question, leading to locomotion, powering industry, and the Age of Enlightenment..
An aeolipile (or aeolipyle, or eolipile), also known as a Hero engine, is a simple bladeless radial steam turbine which spins when the central water container is heated. Torque is produced by steam jets exiting the turbine, much like a tip jet or rocket engine. In the 1st century CE, Hero of Alexandria described the device.
The aeolipile Hero described is considered to be the first recorded steam engine or reaction steam turbine.
The name – derived from the Greek word Αἴολος and Latin word pila – translates to "the ball ofAeolus", Aeolus being the Greek god of the air and wind.
"A Fully Non-Metallic Gas Turbine Engine Enabled by Additive Manufacturing" Joseph E. Grady NASA Glenn Research Center NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2015 LEARN/Seedling Technical Seminar January 13–15, 2015 http://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites…t/files/GradySeedling.pdf