The Playground

  • No prices ... but here's a 5MW project - 40 * 125 KW modules at 1500 V DC

    Next generation inverters for 5 MW solar park in Turkey…-mw-solar-park-in-turkey/

    Edit2: For a single 125 KW module
    125,000 / 100 SKLeps = 1250
    For 1500 V / 12 = 125 in series
    1250 / 125 = 10 parallel

    So we need an array of 125 S x 10 P SKleps

  • I was busy when you posted about your resistor heater experiment.

    Did you report the final temperature and/or temperature rise curve?
    I only remember you said it stabilized.
    Should Franck have noticed that the bath was warm if it was really 100W ?

    Final Delta T of about 18 C above ambient. First 15 C in the first 90 minutes.

    If the room was 20 C, the box might have been body temperature.

  • >I personally do not know of anyone who has contracted Covid previously that has came down with a second case.

    If we are comparing anecdotes....I personally know of several. Including people who have also been vaccinated as well as previous infection. The high levels of coffee intake I use as a prophylactic have still protected me (this is not medical advice - do your own research!).

  • Caffeine is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (just like Isobutyl methyl xanthine ie IBMX) and so, like sildenafyl (ie Viagra) could certainly have anti-COVID properties. I too am a coffee addict along with nicotine but both must not be taken to excess like alcohol too!!!! Everything in moderation, even too much sucrose (ie sugar from any source eg starch in potatoes) can cause type 2 diabetes for example. I am double vaxxed and am awaiting the booster dose, which, I should add, seems positively to keep COVID symptoms as in moderation keeps the virus at bay. Whether or not is not for us to decide as the virus mutates into a new form apparently every day. Eventually over a very long timescale we will all as survivors have endemic COVID with overall herd immunity. :)

  • ng the booster dose, which, I should add, seems positively to keep COVID symptoms as in moderation keeps the virus at bay.

    Some evidence from Moderna..booster dose recalls antibody responses

    TCell response???? small sample size

    I expect to get 'infected ' with omicron in the next week... 4 weeks before my scheduled booster...

    omicronisation is proceeding at speed among my close social contacts.. 4 so far

  • Danish study shows negative vaccine effectiveness

    Danish study shows negative vaccine effectiveness
    Researchers at the Statens Serum Institut in Denmark published a pre-print study suggesting that the second doses of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines may

    Researchers at the Statens Serum Institut in Denmark published a pre-print study suggesting that the second doses of Pfizer and Moderna vaccines may increase people’s likelihood of infection after 90 to 150 days. The same study suggested that a third Pfizer shot re-establishes efficacy for an indefinite period.

    The large number of so-called breakthrough infections after second doses of vaccines suggest that vaccine clinical trials may have badly miscalculated efficacy rates.

    The Danish Study

    The study, which was published in December on the Medrxiv pre-print to await peer-review, explores SARS-CoV-2 protection against infection by the Omicron or Delta variants five months after one dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines.

    Lead author, Dr. Christian Holm Hansen, assistant professor of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and his co-authors are affiliated with the Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Prevention and the Department of Infectious Disease Preparedness, Statens Serum Institut, Denmark. The study received no external funding.

    The authors extracted data of positive polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, test results, and vaccination data from Danish registries between November 20 and December 12, 2021. The authors compared the rate of COVID-19 infections, of both Omicron and Delta variants, in unvaccinated individuals with those who received two doses of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines.

    By December 12, there were 5,767 Omicron cases in Denmark. Researchers discovered that vaccine effectiveness against Omicron was 55% and 37% for Pfizer and Moderna respectively. Vaccine efficacy waned rapidly over five months.

    Initially, vaccine effectiveness was 87% for Pfizer and 88% for Moderna against Delta but decreased over the five months, to 54% and 65% respectively.

    The study found that VE was re-established after a Pfizer booster vaccine to 55% against Omicron and 81% against the Delta variants. The authors determined they lacked similar data about Moderna.

    Controversially, the authors found negative vaccine efficacy – a higher likelihood of infection – against Omicron during the period between 90 and 150 days after vaccination. The authors calculated Pfizer’s vaccine efficacy at -76.5% and Moderna’s at -39% during that period for Moderna.

    “The negative estimates in the final period arguably suggest different behavior and/or exposure patterns in the vaccinated and unvaccinated cohorts causing underestimation of the VE,” the authors said implying that unvaccinated people may have behaved more cautiously and exposed themselves to less risk or that more vaccinated people got tested for COVID-19 or engaged in behaviors that exposed themselves to more risk.

    Data from the UK’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows that fully vaccinated people and those having received a booster vaccine are more than four times as likely to test positive for Omicron than the unvaccinated. Although this data is provisional, it supports claims that Omicron is evading vaccines. The data does not show anything about the severity of the Omicron cases, or whether the vaccines protect against serious infections and severe symptoms.

    Reuters fact-checked ONS’ data and claimed it does not show that vaccinated people are more likely to be infected than unvaccinated but only the probability of an infected person being infected with Omicron. “This means it doesn’t tell us that vaccines are making things worse overall, only that they are making it much more likely that a vaccinated person is infected with Omicron.”

    A different pre-print paper titled “The BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 reprograms both adaptive and innate immune responses” concluded that the Pfizer vaccine is causing immune system dysregulation. The paper concludes that the Pfizer vaccine reprograms innate immune responses “may contribute to a diminished innate immune response towards the virus.”

    Are vaccines making us more vulnerable?

    Because the Danish paper is still in preprint and awaiting peer review it is not conclusive. The study also looked at a small cohort of people in Denmark using publicly available data and lacks scale.

    Negative vaccine effectiveness could be due to different behaviors or exposure patterns in vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals, resulting in an “underestimation of the vaccine’s effectiveness,” according to the authors, or because Omicron is highly transmissible and spreading rapidly. Dr. Astrid Blicher Schelde from the Statens Serum Institute, and one of the authors of the study, wrote an email to PolitiFact offering additional reasons including higher testing rates among vaccinated than unvaccinated people. Schelde also said that data from early Omicron cases might be skewed by international travelers’ more cautious behavior by unvaccinated.

    Schelde said vaccinated people are not necessarily more likely to be infected with Omicron more vaccinations and booster doses are required to combat Omicron and other COVID-19 variants.

    The UK Health Security Agency also reported zero or negative vaccine from a double dose of AstraZeneca, Pfizer, and Moderna vaccines after five months. A booster dose increased vaccine effectiveness to 40-60%. The report warned that these results should be interpreted with caution, due to low counts and possible biases related to populations with high exposure to Omicron.

    A Norwegian paper published by Euro Surveillance in December 2021 also reported negative effectiveness of vaccines against as Omicron. The Norwegian case study focused on one “super spreader” event, where guests to a Christmas party became infected with Omicron. The authors suspected this high level of transmission between fully vaccinated people was due to the indoor location, crowding, and loud talking.

    Should we be concerned?

    Although the authors of the Danish study explained the reason for the negative vaccine effectiveness found in their study, other studies produced similar results with the effectiveness dependent upon booster vaccinations

  • 10 Things the Mainstream Media Should Have Told us about COVID-19 and Never Did

    10 Things the Mainstream Media Should Have Told us about COVID-19 and Never Did
    Note that views expressed in this opinion article are the writer’s personal views and not necessarily those of TrialSite. By Omar Kahn Before diving into

    By Omar Kahn

    Before diving into our decalogue, a little brush clearing is in order.

    “Mainstream media” is now largely owned by clearly vested interests, influenced by advertising (overwhelmingly so by industry) and is far from a “public trust” in the sense it might have been perceived so in the past. Grant money intimidates “scientists.” And sponsors, advertisers and others govern what we might hear and see and perhaps therefore “think.”

    “Science” in terms of genuine research and the exploring, challenging, and expanding of hypotheses using evidence and replicable testing is far apart from “scientific conclusions” being touted in mainstream or even so called “academic” media primarily for behavioral and psychological influencing.

    The “science” politicians follow is the latter. And ambiguity is the enemy. Take “germ theory”, a hardy, apolitical postulate. If we mean “capable of causing disease” many mostly safe microbes get entered into the inventory. The list of those that always cause disease and are never harmless reduces us to a list of painfully few if any. This is the grand larceny at the heart of the PCR fiasco, where “presence” of microbes is broadcast, not actual “infection” which would be accompanied by symptoms.

    So, the template we’ve been inundated with via media channels is more “magical” contagion, stoking hysteria, inflicting pointless measures that meaninglessly choke the human spirit. The UK modeling body SAGE (of Imperial College modeling shame), confessed via the Chair of their committee, Graham Medley in early December that they are explicitly ordered to produce worst case scenarios to enable political leverage. If accuracy was a key performance indicator, these eminent modelers would have been ceremoniously sacked, they might have been sued for outright fraud. And if applying the negligence criteria of US Tort Law, one shivers to think how to assess the ripple effects and catastrophic collateral damage.

    We have a parody of “analysis”, incompetence coupling with arrogance, the laundering of data to justify decisions, dealing with people’s lives with a detached mania that beggars description. The role of media should have been akin to H.L. Mencken’s description of what his role was, “To comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable.” Instead, they perfected their servility and their PR skills.

    Not Novel

    The word ‘novel’ insofar as it relates to viruses would literally mean no pre-existing cross reactive partial immunity. So, the diseases that accompanied Columbus to the Americas killed up to 95% of North and South America’s indigenous population. That is what real ‘novelty’ does.

    Today when “novel” was affixed to COVID, contextually scientists knew that referred to a newly emergent strain. The general public by contrast was invited to jump to the conclusion that this was an entirely new virus as when TB or influenza went to the Americas. Scientists stayed unforgivably mum and brandished novelty in a slapdash fashion.

    This corrosive bit of wordsmanship, augmented by propaganda, innuendo, terrifying visual icons, produced a wave of fear so strong that people were irrationally lusting for a leaky jab to make them “safe” and were willing to coerce friends, neighbors and family members to similar extremes. Countries like Canada, to our chagrin, have actually made acting on such incoherent misunderstanding mandatory.

    Back when we were being terrified by the collapsing Wuhanese on our TV screens, the Diamond Princess cruise ship sailed into view offering sanity and far greater serenity, had we only partaken of its lessons.

    The virus circulated freely on board what was essentially, inadvertently, a floating petri dish, and produced age corrected lethality of merely 0.025% to 0.625% (that’s a bad flu season). The Spanish Flu ranged between 2% and 10%. Only 26% of the passengers tested positive and despite being elderly 48% of those remained symptom free.

    So, the Diamond Princess was not a floating morgue from bygone eras as it would’ve been if any of our assumptions and the Chinese graphics had been at all accurate. The only plausible explanation for that lack of deadliness is most people already having sufficient cross-reactive immunity from other coronaviruses or related pathogens.

    This data was publicly available by February 2020. How, in the face of that, we launched “operation warp speed” to develop vaccines at the end of April 2020 eludes rationality. So, our health authorities knowingly, opportunistically and cynically imposed lockdowns, lobbied to suspend life until we had vaccines, though it was clear from this and other examples that were soon evident (seroprevalence studies from Dr. Ioannidis of Stanford, for example), no apocalypse was forthcoming, and we primarily needed to avail of early treatment and to shield the vulnerable.

    Not Equally Lethal

    Despite the charade of suggesting ‘no one is safe,’ there are vast differences between different demographics in terms of risk. It is a highly discriminatory virus, in fact. The people over 75 are an astonishing 10,000 times more at risk than those under 15, says Professor Mark Woolhouse, an expert on infectious diseases at Edinburgh University. The median age of death globally has been 82. The ‘pandemic’ (called that only because of verbal sleight-of-mind by the WHO in changing the definition away from lethality to simply rising cases), tracks normal mortality (average COVID age of death is higher than life expectancy) and so was materially different in terms of quality-of-life years affected compared to virtually any pandemic on record, especially from the Spanish Flu onwards, where the young were primary victims and clearly at heightened risk.

    Not only has there been no sustained global excess mortality from 2020 on, many regions have had record lows in terms of mortality, parts of Africa and Asia among them, Sweden has had negative net mortality for the last two years in aggregate. Below the age of 70 without multiple chronic illnesses, there remains over a 99% chance of recovery.

    Children are at virtually no risk at all. As demonstrated by Sweden where schools were kept open throughout, not only were there no deaths among the students, but transmissibility to teachers was virtually nil as well. It was one of the safest and ‘unmasked’ working environments in the world. The impact on the young is of recent vintage, post “vaccination”

    From vs With

    Death certificates proclaim a “COVID death” based on the mere presence of a positive test within 28 days of someone passing. Healthcare officials from the UK, Italy, Germany, and more are on record admitting to this practice. The US has even more egregiously said if C-19 “could have been the cause” there is discretion to tag the death as such, and insurance incentives for doing so. Dr. Ngozi Ezike confirmed in a press briefing in the US, that if you were in hospice with a few weeks to live, and “tested” COVID positive, you were listed as a COVID death. This flies in the face of any mortality accounting for any cause of death much less pandemic in historic memory, as none of those were pharma PR campaigns posing as public health.

    Moreover, comorbidities galore compound this. Lombardy, after their hellish 2020 experience, published via their head of public health, statistics showing 99.2% of COVID deaths had at least one serious comorbidity, and only 12% could plausibly have been said to have, to some extent, died “of” COVID.

    The pattern has held up around the world. The UK in October 2020 via the ONS reported less than 10% of the official death count ascribed to COVID, had it as the exclusive cause of death.

    Lockdowns are Incoherent and Self-Destructive

    Never in history have we locked up the healthy. In the Middle Ages, before spread extended (or so it was hypothesized), a village may have been “locked down” and food delivered there, until the pathogen could spread, become endemic and those afflicted would no longer be carriers. It was a penal solution, even there, and never replicated.

    It was discouraged in every public health guideline through 2019, including WHO, US, UK, Europe and Australia. No new studies or evidence, much less randomized controlled trials, emerged to change the guidance. A few freakish, clearly contrived Wuhan videos, that seem laughably absurd today, were enough to overturn decades of medical research, guidance, evidence and wisdom…because it suited certain vested interests and power blocs.

    Data has not been kind to this. First, virtually no transmission outdoors. Even the US CDC says, “less than 1%.” If so, why lock people in? Sunshine and fresh air are fatal to viruses, which is why the seasonality needle is what it is. Why deprive people of these? The two biggest comorbidities, as per the CDC, are obesity and anxiety. So we limit movement and channel 24/7 panic porn? Mindless and medically insane.

    Unlocked down Japan, Florida since September 2020, Sweden throughout, have done no worse, and frankly much better in terms of all-cause mortality, age adjusted, than the lockdown havens, the US coasts, UK/France/Germany, etc.

    There is in fact strong evidence lockdowns kill more than the “virus” (with a 99%+ recovery rate for virtually everyone remember). Dr. David Nabarro confessed world poverty will have doubled by 2022, child malnutrition will have doubled. He pegged it, “This is a terrible, ghastly global catastrophe.” And self-inflicted.

    Unemployment, poverty, suicide, deaths from deferred treatments (surgeries and screenings) will all stockpile the negative impact of this misguided attempt to “lock in” an airborne virus, which is incoherent at its core as Professor Risch of Yale has highlighted. Wave after wave rolls in seasonally making a mockery of our fact-free hubris here.

    PCR Tests Don’t “Diagnose”

    These were never designed to diagnose illness. It amplifies what is there, and does not tell you if it’s a strand, a fragment, viral debris or “live” infectiousness. It also throws off reams of false positives, particularly at higher amplification settings, and though we know the Ct (Cycle Threshold) settings should be below 28, jurisdictions set them as high as 35 (or higher), and there is no global standard to this date!

    This clearly shows we are not “diagnosing” we are simply “spinning” an illusion of runaway infectiousness with forebodings of lethality. And for the first time in medical history, we have redefined a “case” to be a “positive test” rather than the “presence of symptoms.” Even WHO has somewhat backpedaled on this, as it stretches credulity to a breaking point, but that “correction” is sequestered in the small print on their highly malleable website.

    Chinese studies have shown the same patients can get two different results on the same day. The EUA of the original PCR test has been withdrawn now in the US, as they have finally admitted it cannot distinguish between influenza and COVID. These same tests precipitated an entirely fake whooping cough epidemic, reported on by The New York Times (back when it was still in the reporting business) in 2007.

    A Portuguese court ruled PCR tests were unreliable and therefore inapplicable, the Swedes came to a similar conclusion. Way back in February 2020, the President of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences said “The accuracy of the tests is only 30-50%.” Oh yes, a perfect basis for blowing up and quarantining the world.

    Though Germany’s Robert Koch Institute says, “nothing over 30 cycles is likely to be infectious” and the Harvard School of Public Health confesses that reducing these amplification settings from 40 (staggeringly commonplace in key US States) to 30, would have reduced “cases” in some States by as much as 90%, we still march on with no global benchmark enforced. How can “travel” be sanely synchronized without this being the case?

    Asymptomatic Malarkey

    As per our ‘non-test’ 75-85% of ‘COVID cases’ experience no viral symptoms at all. Ergo, how would you know the difference between the purportedly ‘asymptomatic’ and false positives? There is no clear clinical evidence of asymptomatic spread, though WHO had to tap dance politically for ‘leaking’ the truth.

    Maria Van Kerkhove, head of WHO’s emerging diseases unit, way back in June 2020 said, “From the data we have it still seems to be rare that an asymptomatic individual actually transmits onward to a secondary individual.” A JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) meta-analysis found less than 1% chance of asymptomatic infection within a household and it was unclear that this was not ‘presymptomatic.’

    A multimillion-person study in Wuhan failed to turn up even one credible corroborated instance. Two of the world’s leading COVID care practitioners with overwhelming success, Dr. Peter McCullough from the US and Dr. Shankara Chetty from South Africa, both say they have not seen one credible instance in the thousands upon thousands of patients they have treated.

    Therefore, the simple remedy is to stop mass testing as we have no idea what the positive tests actually reveal if anything. We should therefore focus on the symptomatic as we have throughout medical history when not propagating a narrative for profit or other sundry motives. Life would go back to normal tomorrow. And without these misleading “cases”, no one would know anything unusual was virally or pathogenically afoot in the world.

    It’s Highly Treatable

    Little enough to say here other than what Dr. Tyson has highlighted, COVID is a consortium of symptoms, and all of the symptoms associated with the different phases of the illness (viral, inflammatory, thrombotic) have abundant, efficacious, safe, on and off label treatments that would normally, and should now be, at a doctor’s discretion.

    Instead, shameful smear campaigns, fraudulent and later debunked ‘medical’ articles, complete disinterest in studying promising treatments, the inhumanity of the medical malpractice of telling doctors not to treat unless and if someone presents themselves at ICU, should, taken together, have been a megawatt medical scandal instead of being ‘rationalized’ by the sycophancy of the mainstream media. The overwhelming beneficial results produced globally through early treatment in reducing COVID-related mortality to virtually zero, where applied, is still begging to be broadcast.

    Mask Stupidity

    Dozens of scientific studies have shown that masks do nothing to stop the spread of respiratory viruses. The size of the nano particles almost mandates the conclusion despite desperate attempts to flog studies into serving up some pittance of credibility for this symbolic, totemic mass compliance exercise. The US CDC itself published a meta-analysis in May 2020 saying it found “no significant reduction in influenza reduction with the use of face masks.” In fact, going back, there is the damning (and never factually contradicted) 2015 study in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) showing that cloth masks were penetrated by 97% of particles and likely increase infection risk by retaining moisture as well as via the ubiquity of repeated use.

    Globally, again, Sweden and Florida demonstrate, as does South Dakota compared to North Dakota, zero negative impact from the absence of mask mandates. In Kansas counties without mask mandates had fewer COVID ‘cases’ than counties with them. Breathing in your own waste, breathing in plastic microfibers which are said to be carcinogenic and getting insufficient oxygen, and the sheer lack of any rational benefit, are all reasons to push back zealously against this cult identity badge.

    The ‘Vaccines’ that Weren’t

    As an historical benchmark, pre-2020 no successful vaccine against a human coronavirus had ever been developed. Looked at soberly that record still stands. However, we are alleging that we somehow made 20 of them in 18 months!

    Past attempts have created hyper sensitivity to the SARS virus which may be today why the booster race is on. These mRNA ‘vaccines’ which claim to reduce severity or likelihood of serious disease, but which do not stop reinfection or transmission and inject spike proteins (which is precisely what causes damage via COVID) are better described as therapeutics.

    When we say the ‘vaccines’ do not confer immunity or ward off passing the disease onto others, BMJ highlights that the ‘vaccine’ studies were never even designed to assess this. The manufacturers themselves defined their products’ ‘efficacy’ as “reducing the severity of symptoms.”

    Moreover, instead of years of safety trials which have been the irreducible minimum in terms of medical practice, these ‘vaccines’ were developed and approved in less than a year. They skipped early-stage trials altogether, and late-stage human trials have either not been peer reviewed or have not released their data. The overall safety trials will not even be done until 2023, and they have jabbed the placebo group since, so no control group is available, in a shocking departure from established practice. And, of course, these vaccinatory harlots have been granted legal indemnity.

    And why is it not breaking news every day that under these conditions ‘informed consent’ as per the Nuremburg standard is completely unachievable and the push to inject these untested substances into children is nothing short of abominable?

    The Truth is in Tatters

    We have usually hoped that investigative journalists would be a wall of defense against illiberal and capricious propaganda fear induced by the state. But these barricades lie abandoned, as the media is financed by agenda toting patrons, and beguiled by access to elite circles.

    So egregious have the lies and betrayals been that even medical post mortems have been restricted so that deaths could be certified as COVID, amidst multiple comorbidities even in care homes without any formal diagnosis by a doctor. In Europe and the US, we have seen a campaign of psychological terror with misleading stats marinated by behavioral psychologists gleefully disseminated by mainstream media puppets. All roads led to ‘vaccines’ and boosters. Thousands of avoidable deaths were apparently not too high a price to pay to denigrate cheap, proven interventions such as Ivermectin and HCQ.

    And with recurring ‘vaccine’ failure the ultimate irony is that once jubilantly ‘vaxxed’ people suddenly found themselves classified as “unvaccinated” requiring regular boosters, all the assurances given to them earlier debased for profit.

    Orwell must be aghast at his prophetic prowess. “Democracy” means following orders. It’s not “coercion” but if you don’t comply, we lock you up, fine you and keep you from working if you don’t follow our dictates. And who endowed us with this power? Oh, it’s for the “common good” as asserted by us.

    And the new talking points emerge, curiously in tandem. Trudeau asserts that “unvaccinated” are likely racists and misogynists, for daring to prize their physical bodily autonomy. Macron in France says this same constituency are “not really citizens”, thus spake the nutcase whose platform is funded in part by the tax dollars of some of these same “non-citizens.” And a grown man, leading a key European state, says he wishes to “piss them off.” The return of Robespierre? Oh, and Boris, who at least didn’t capitulate over Christmas/New Year feels obligated to intone any disagreement is “mumbo jumbo”. Apparently, that’s the case even if coming from the world’s leading researchers and epidemiologists or corroborated by the success of “low vax” Africa (less than 6% vaccinated) or the fast Omicron rebound of South Africa (27% roughly “vaccinated”). Oh, we should all aspire to the calamities and civil rights cacophonies of Europe (those attack dogs and batons were inspiring to every humanitarian surely at the recent protests in Amsterdam), with some of the worst results in the world in terms of “cases” and “mortality.”

    So, time for us, to detach from the “mainstream”, lest we end up babbling nonsense like Supreme Court Justices in the US showcasing truly invincible ignorance. Lies are streaming incessantly. Time to take the reins of our own education. And when a gaggle of “leaders” start spewing divisive, unscientific nonsense, let’s listen to the guidance given by freedom fighters of old with highly contemporary resonance…don’t let the lies pass through you. Time to stand up and speak up and reclaim both sanity and civilization

  • NCAA: Athletes with Natural Immunity are “Fully Vaccinated”

    NCAA: Athletes with Natural Immunity are “Fully Vaccinated”
    The nation’s largest collegiate sports organization, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA, issued new guidance last week exempting

    The nation’s largest collegiate sports organization, the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA, issued new guidance last week exempting student-athletes and coaching staff who have been infected with COVID-19 within 90 days from vaccination mandates. Student-athletes with COVID-19 infections are exempt from vaccine mandates.

    Under the NCAA’s guidelines, a person who has had a documented COVID-19 infection in the past 90 days is considered the equivalent of “fully vaccinated.” “Fully vaccinated” also includes receipt of the Johnson and Johnson vaccine within two months, receipt of the Pfizer vaccine within five months, and receipt of the Moderna vaccine within six months. These guidelines were developed for what the NCAA calls “Tier 1” individuals, meaning student-athletes, trainers, coaches, medical staff, physical therapists, equipment staff, and officials.

    The Indianapolis, Indiana-based non-profit organization regulates athletics for more than 480,000 student-athletes competing at more than 1,200 North American institutions and conferences.

    NCAA vs. professional team approaches

    The NCAA is the largest collegiate sport sanctioning organization in North America, and is particularly dominant in basketball, governing nearly 2,200 teams, cross country, with more than 2,000 teams, and baseball and softball with nearly 2,000 teams.

    The guidelines may influence other sports leagues and membership organizations to adopt similar approaches acknowledging natural immunity instead of vaccines.

    Professional sports leagues in the United States such as the National Basketball Association (NBA), the National Hockey League (NHL) and the National Football League (NFL) all have different requirements for participation. Ninety-four percent of all NFL players are vaccinated as well as 97% of NBA players. Of the 700 NHL players, only 4 four are unvaccinated. All three professional leagues have different protocols for vaccinated and unvaccinated players. Vaccinated players travel more frequently and wear masks less often. Teams also adjust guidelines according to local public health requirements.

    Europe acknowledges natural immunity

    In Europe, a previous covid infection allows individuals to get a Digital EU Covid Certificate, which functions as a “vaccine passport.” Europeans treat a person who has had the disease as if they have been vaccinated. A large amount of research has provided evidence that natural immunity confers as much or more protection from infection and severe disease as vaccines and should be accepted by authorities in lieu of mandated vaccinations.

    The NCAA announced that their championship basketball tournament, known as “March Madness” will not be played in a quarantined “bubble” as it was last year. The March NCAA basketball tournament generates enough money to cover the cost of all its other sports activities for one year.

  • More quackery from those witch doctors at Oregon st.

    Hemp compounds show ability to prevent the entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells

    Hemp compounds show ability to prevent the entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells
    Hemp compounds identified by Oregon State University research via a chemical screening technique invented at OSU show the ability to prevent the virus that…

    Hemp compounds identified by Oregon State University research via a chemical screening technique invented at OSU show the ability to prevent the virus that causes COVID-19 from entering human cells.

    Findings of the study led by Richard van Breemen, a researcher with Oregon State's Global Hemp Innovation Center, College of Pharmacy and Linus Pauling Institute, were published today in the Journal of Natural Products.

    Hemp, known scientifically as Cannabis sativa, is a source of fiber, food and animal feed, and multiple hemp extracts and compounds are added to cosmetics, body lotions, dietary supplements and food, van Breemen said.

    Van Breemen and collaborators, including scientists at Oregon Health & Science University, found that a pair of cannabinoid acids bind to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein, blocking a critical step in the process the virus uses to infect people.

    The compounds are cannabigerolic acid, or CBGA, and cannabidiolic acid, CBDA, and the spike protein is the same drug target used in COVID-19 vaccines and antibody therapy. A drug target is any molecule critical to the process a disease follows, meaning its disruption can thwart infection or disease progression.

    These cannabinoid acids are abundant in hemp and in many hemp extracts. They are not controlled substances like THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, and have a good safety profile in humans. And our research showed the hemp compounds were equally effective against variants of SARS-CoV-2, including variant B.1.1.7, which was first detected in the United Kingdom, and variant B.1.351, first detected in South Africa."

    Richard van Breemen, Researcher, Oregon State's Global Hemp Innovation Center

    Those two variants are also known the alpha and beta variant, respectively.

    Characterized by crown-like protrusions on its outer surface, SARS-CoV-2 features RNA strands that encode its four main structural proteins – spike, envelope, membrane and nucleocapsid – as well as 16 nonstructural proteins and several "accessory" proteins, van Breemen said.

    "Any part of the infection and replication cycle is a potential target for antiviral intervention, and the connection of the spike protein's receptor binding domain to the human cell surface receptor ACE2 is a critical step in that cycle," he said. "That means cell entry inhibitors, like the acids from hemp, could be used to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection and also to shorten infections by preventing virus particles from infecting human cells. They bind to the spike proteins so those proteins can't bind to the ACE2 enzyme, which is abundant on the outer membrane of endothelial cells in the lungs and other organs."

    Using compounds that block virus-receptor interaction has been helpful for patients with other viral infections, he notes, including HIV-1 and hepatitis.

    Van Breemen, Ruth Muchiro of the College of Pharmacy and Linus Pauling Institute and five scientists from OHSU identified the two cannabinoid acids via a mass spectrometry-based screening technique invented in van Breemen's laboratory. Van Breemen's team screened a range of botanicals used as dietary supplements including red clover, wild yam, hops and three species of licorice.

    An earlier paper in the Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry described tailoring the novel method, affinity selection mass spectrometry, to finding drugs that would target the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.

    In the later research, lab tests showed that cannabigerolic acid and cannabidiolic acid prevented infection of human epithelial cells by the coronavirus spike protein and prevented entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cells.

    "These compounds can be taken orally and have a long history of safe use in humans," van Breemen said. "They have the potential to prevent as well as treat infection by SARS-CoV-2. CBDA and CBGA are produced by the hemp plant as precursors to CBD and CBG, which are familiar to many consumers. However, they are different from the acids and are not contained in hemp products."

    Van Breemen explains that affinity selection mass spectrometery, which he abbreviates to AS-MS, involves incubating a drug target like the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein with a mixture of possible ligands – things that might bind to it – such as a botanical extract, in this case hemp extract.

    The ligand-receptor complexes are then filtered from the non-binding molecules using one of several methods.

    "We identified several cannabinoid ligands and ranked them by affinity to the spike protein," van Breemen said. "The two cannabinoids with the highest affinities for the spike protein were CBDA and CGBA, and they were confirmed to block infection.

    "One of the primary concerns in the pandemic is the spread of variants, of which there are many, and B.1.1.7 and B.1.351 are among the most widespread and concerning," he added. "These variants are well known for evading antibodies against early lineage SARS-CoV-2, which is obviously concerning given that current vaccination strategies rely on the early lineage spike protein as an antigen. Our data show CBDA and CBGA are effective against the two variants we looked at, and we hope that trend will extend to other existing and future variants."

    Van Breemen said resistant variants could still arise amid widespread use of cannabinoids but that the combination of vaccination and CBDA/CBGA treatment should make for a much more challenging environment for SARS-CoV-2.

    "Our earlier research reported on the discovery of another compound, one from licorice, that binds to the spike protein too," he said. "However, we did not test that compound, licochalcone A, for activity against the live virus yet. We need new funding for that."

    Timothy Bates, Jules Weinstein, Hans Leier, Scotland Farley and Fikadu Tafesse of OHSU also contributed to the cannabinoid study.

  • People have very short memories. In 2009 during the first wave of H1N1 pandemic 65 million Americans became infected. The Obama administration opened vaccine sites on every corner, 2 weeks later they all disappeared. Omicrom looks to be a repeat. A panicked response from Biden shouldn't surprise anyone. The Obama administration spent weeks cleaning up after crazy joe rantings!

  • A shift in policy? Or do they know it's just a cold?

    As hospitals reel, California tells coronavirus-positive medical workers to stay on the job

    As hospitals reel, California tells coronavirus-positive medical workers to stay on the job
    Experts say it's a necessary solution to staffing shortages, yet many workers say the policy could be dangerous.

    Daylong waits in the emergency room. No one to answer the phones. No one to take out the trash. And more patients arriving each day.

    That’s the scene playing out at some hospitals across Southern California as the Omicron-fueled surge of COVID-19 contributes to a crippling shortage of doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers. While Omicron is causing significantly fewer serious illnesses than last year’s winter surge, the unprecedented number of people becoming infected has left the medical infrastructure on edge.

    State officials are attempting to address California’s staffing shortage through a sweeping policy change that allows asymptomatic healthcare workers who have tested positive for the coronavirus to return to work immediately. The policy, set to remain in place through Feb. 1, is designed to keep many healthcare workers on the job at a time when hospitals are expecting more patients.

  • Not sure what you are getting at about the vaccines. That does not make much sense to me the way you worded it. Maybe one day you should just ask me what my stance is, and compare to yours, instead of assuming we are totally at odds.

    Agreed Shane - perhaps I'm not doing that.

    But then neither are others, with me - when they talk about vaccine warriors. Who are these vaccine warriors?

    After all, if we are all on the same page why am i a member of some weird I don't know what the letters mean Italian conspiracy?