New USPTO Patent Applications

  • If there is uranium-238 present, the rate of spontaneous fission will be much higher.


    In what context is this true?


    I am just wondering why the U238 is removed to make enriched U235 for the fuel.

    So if we apply the same principles to fusion


    Free neutrons are detected at very very low amounts... far below U235 emissions.

    The LENR appears to be sustained in hotspots or " otspots"(Biberian) for long periods

    in palladium/H2 electrolysis.. 50 -100 ? microns in size

    the mechanism of limited propagation appears to have something to do with the

    isotopic/isomeric makeup of the hotspot..perhaps metastable isomers.

  • if they were releasing low energy neutrons they are more likely to be absorbed into fusion with protons and deuterons to form more deuterons and tritium - so may not be released from the electrodes accounting for a low detection rates, perhaps.


    On a very simplistic level, I was applying the same laws that govern fission to fusion. We would not expect any heat production from sub-critical gram quantities of uranium powder so we should not expect it from such small gram quantities of NiH or PdD powder experiments. Electrolytic nuclear experiments as in F&P or where radio frequency pulses or lasers are applied may increase the effective density therefore lowering the critical mass required. Just interested in seeing replication of the thermacore runaway, spontaneous accidents have often led to breakthroughs in the past. i

  • The Thermacore runaway used 200 mesh Ni particles - perhaps using a similar quantity of granules might achieve a similar effect packed into some sealed vessel. Easier just to use fine Ni powder to replicate the experiment - if it works we gain a lot in terms of the ability to scale up LENR, if nothing happens and this turn out to just be LENR mythology, we lose nothing. Nothing ventured nothing gained though.

  • Still like to see if that scales up linearly or not. Sure don't expect exactly the same rules since in fission one neutron collision produces up to three new neutrons so the chain reaction is extremely high rate. In fusion only two neutrons result from the reactions DD and DT to T and He.

  • We would not expect any heat production from sub-critical gram quantities of uranium powder so we should not expect it from such small gram quantities of NiH or PdD powder experiments.


    Only if you assume all heat comes from the thermalisation of radiation is critical mass a big player. We estimate that only about 1 part in 10-9 parts of the heat we are seeing is attributable to expressed radiation, the bulk of the heat comes from the model desctibed by Wyttenbach's flux theory. We are running 2 grams approx currently and have seen enough heat to melt quartz and alumina - a delta -T of 600C+ over the maximum possible reactor temperature.

  • That's very impressive - so the rotatoral collapse flux theory predominates? Can it be enhanced or suppressed by powerful magnetic fields? Is that how you can distinguish between thermalsation by radiation or by the flux mechanism - still be interesting to scale it all up 1000-fold which would account for the Thermacore runaway reaction being able to melt steel. There could be a larger contribution from radiation thermalisation in a larger reactor sample, perhaps.

  • Only if you assume all heat comes from the thermalisation of radiation is critical mass a big player. We estimate that only about 1 part in 10-9 parts of the heat we are seeing is attributable to expressed radiation, the bulk of the heat comes from the model desctibed by Wyttenbach's flux theory. We are running 2 grams approx currently and have seen enough heat to melt quartz and alumina - a delta -T of 600C+ over the maximum possible reactor temperature.

    Alan, I am not suggesting that the following is actually happening, but wondering if you have ever seen it. Apparently high silica glass is affected by magnetic fields and the melting point can be lowered by several hundred degrees within a strong field, in some cases. There has been some studies funded by Corning in this regard. Also it was found that the glass is affected through essentially the same mechanism when the glass is used as a resistor, and at and around the positive connection the glass changes state somehow and gets very much hotter, and melts while the rest stays much cooler. Probably your experiments do not make a strong enough magnetic field to change the glass state (not sure what strength is needed, but certainly much more than a fridge magnet), nor do you use glass like a Joule heater. Anyways, a neat and unexpected effect, and not much studied in other non-metallic materials as yet.

  • Alan, I am not suggesting that the following is actually happening, but wondering if you have ever seen it.


    I have seen it -only on you tube - there are some videos on there (somewhere) showing conductivity changes and various other phenomena associated with high silica glass temperatures. As you say- pretty amazing, and even more to the point, unexpected.

  • That's very impressive - so the rotatoral collapse flux theory predominates? Can it be enhanced or suppressed by powerful magnetic fields? Is that how you can distinguish between thermalsation by radiation or by the flux mechanism - still be interesting to scale it all up 1000-fold which would account for the Thermacore runaway reaction being able to melt steel. There could be a larger contribution from radiation thermalisation in a larger reactor sample, perhaps.


    External magnetic fields have been shown to play a role in many LENR experiments - and very possibly can be helpful or otherwise - right now we don't exactly know what are the key factors there. As for systems like the Thermacore one, the effective mass of both reactor and contents are shielding capable of doing a lot of thermalisation- but since we are interested in the nature and quantity of the gammas themselves we use minimal shielding close to the action, and a copper and steel box to reduce background so that we can better understand what the contribution of the LENR fuel is.

  • New Brillouin USPTO Patent Applications --


    United States Patent Application  20190122774   April 25, 2019


    ENERGY GENERATION APPARATUS AND METHOD


    Abstract: A practical technique for inducing and controlling the fusion of nuclei within a solid lattice. A reactor includes a loading source to provide the light nuclei which are to be fused, a lattice which can absorb the light nuclei, a source of phonon energy, and a control mechanism to start and stop stimulation of phonon energy and/or the loading of reactants. The lattice transmits phonon energy sufficient to affect electron-nucleus collapse. By controlling the stimulation of phonon energy and controlling the loading of light nuclei into the lattice, energy released by the fusion reactions is allowed to dissipate before it builds to the point that it causes destruction of the reaction lattice.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0122774&RS=DN/20190122774



    United States Patent Application 20190122773 April 25, 2019


    CONTROL OF LOW ENERGY NUCLEAR REACTIONS HYDRIDES, AND AUTONOMOUSLY CONTROLLED HEAT MODULE


    Abstract: A treatment of a possibly powdered, sintered, or deposited lattice (e.g., nickel) for heat generating applications and a way to control low energy nuclear reactions ("LENR") hosted in the lattice by controlling hydride formation. The method of control and treatment involves the use of the reaction lattice, enclosed by an inert cover gas such as argon that carries hydrogen as the reactive gas in a non-flammable mixture. Hydrogen ions in the lattice are transmuted to neutrons as discussed in U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2007/0206715 (Godes_2007)). Hydrogen moving through the lattice interacts with the newly formed neutrons generating an exothermic reaction.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0122773&RS=DN/20190122773

  • https://patentimages.storage.g…ade2b/US20180322974A1.pdf


    The author Drgenek has this to say:


    "In this pending patent I derive the theory for weak force states which superposition over the hydrogen atom, I call them w-waves. I have proven a type reaction for the above common conditions for SAFIRE, SUNCELL and E-CAT SK. The type reaction occurs when oxygen is also present. The proofs are via mass balance, stoichiometry, thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. Rather than a nuclear explosion, one gets a fuel, one with enough potential energy to produce antimatter. In two minutes enough mass disappeared that if it was converted to energy, that energy would have been about 1/10 the size of bomb dropped on Hiroshima. That is an amount of energy way too extreme to wave off as an error. All of the above proofs are way above the error range. If one believes in the conservation of mass and energy, one must ask what happened to such an enormous amount of energy?


    A rational energy balance suggests a mass is form from that energy which mass has with equal amounts of matter and antimatter. I prefer to call the fuel or fuels IAM, immobilized antimatter. It is also reasonable that the type reaction has been occurring in thunderclouds over the earth for a very long time. The extreme potential of this fuel and its likely presence in the atmosphere might be causing EV and ball lightening.


    So, energy wouldn’t come from nothing (zero-point) rather from an unquantified unknown fuel in the atmosphere. We don’t need to suggest muons, when a simpler explanation presents an alternative nuclear catalyst. The spectra predicted to be emitted by SUNCELL are reported by Mills to be present in the sun. These are same frequencies which are required to form theses weak force states. That is far more that co-incidence.


    If this form of fusion happens on the sun’s surface and the fuel converts back to energy as a function of temperature as predicted by kinetics, then the temperature would rise from the sun surface outward, which of course it does.


    Wouldn’t it be wonderful if someone was paying attention? Can you imagine what the data seems to say? We could do fusion as show above and then introduce the fuel produced by it into a high temperature plasma and thus finally have achieved the promise of abundant nuclear power."

  • That is what I am wondering too. Also search for 'phat laser'.


    If you read Pharis Williams book, he mentions that his proposal to build a phat laser was read and taken serious by the US government. He claims that Ronald Reagans suggestion to build laser defense system against missiles was a result of his proposal.

  • Drgenek correct me if I am wrong but if you know how to get low energy photons combine into high energy ones would a new type of x-ray/laser and a Nobel perhaps?

    Unfortunately Google searches appear to be deteriorating in quality, since a paper I wanted to cite -

    "How can an infra-red photon behave as a gamma ray?" (Y. Aharonov, et al) - is no longer available from Google.

    However, searching for papers on "superoscillations" produces many results. e.g.,

    "Superoscillations"

    https://www.researchgate.net/p…0513717_Superoscillations

    "New methods for creating superoscillations"

    https://arxiv.org/abs/1608.03121

    Superoscillations are time slices in band limited signals that temporarily oscillate at frequencies outside the band.

    I do not have time to locate any right now, but there are papers showing that superoscillating e-m waves can have counter-intuitive effects, like causing ionizations that none of the individual frequencies are able to.