Transmutation, Radiation, and High Voltage Plasmoids from 'Way Back'.

  • My good friend Hank Mills turned up this paper on the 'Way Back Machine' and brought it to my attention, it seems to have vanished from the list of 'easy to find' papers. Since we have seen an increased interest in the work of the late Dr.Ken Shoulders, I think it might be of interest to take another look at a 'high-power' approach to creating what are variously described as "Exotic Vacuum Objects (K.Shoulders) , cathode spots" (a Russian term), micro ball lightning, psuedosparks, EVOs, charge clusters, charged plasmoids, and more While the experimental set-ups are quite different here to the KS work, since they involve brief high-voltage high-current discharges they also revolve around a central theme: condensed balls/toroids of plasma that can inflict major damage on an anode, causing transmutation and other effects.


    THE PAPER :- 'Results of experiments on collective nuclear reactions in superdense substance.' Adamenko & Kokhno


    In this report, we present the results of experiments on collective nuclear reactions in superdense substance. The experiments were carried out at the Proton–21 Electrodynamics Research Laboratory (Kyev, Ukraine) in 1999–2004 with the purpose of developing a fundamentally new technology for utilization (remediation) of radioactive wastes. The research is based on the idea of initiation of a self-focusing cumulative process of shock compression of target substance to superhigh densities, with possible nuclear transmutation of the substance whereby radioactive isotopes are transformed into stable isotopes.


    http://web.archive.org/web/200…a/articles/Booklet_en.pdf


    More information about their setup that confirms they are doing (basically) the same thing as Shoulders, except at much higher power levels. Below is an overview/analysis of explosion kinetics and energy levels observed.


    http://proton-21.com.ua/publ/Proton21_Energy_EN.pdf

  • Googleish version of above article.


    - I know our scientists who are using two kilograms of wire to extract as much energy to heat Kiev for a year - proudly says the chairman of the State Department of Intellectual Property Nikolai Palladium, describing the discovery made by the laboratory "Proton-21".

    Terrestrial civilization would forget about the energy problems if people learned to control fusion reaction: with this famous thesis director of the Laboratory Candidate of Technical Sciences Stanislav Adamenko began to introduce in the course of affairs correspondent of Focus . Physicists around the world are fighting hard to get the process of "fusion" control (for example, its uncontrolled option - the explosion of the hydrogen bomb), and be able to derive benefit from it - that is, energy.

    It would have been simple: take hydrogen and heat it to a temperature stellar plasma. There should occur fusion of the nuclei of its atoms, in which would be allocated a huge amount of nuclear energy. But there is a great difficulty: nuclear fusion prevents the natural force known to physicists called the Coulomb barrier. It can not be overcome.


    In bypassing the barrier


    - Scientists are not interested, why the kernel have a strong resistance. In fact, but for what they merge if it is contrary to their nature? - Says Stanislav Adamenko, the author of the idea of an alternative approach, under whose leadership the experiments are for ten years.

    - It was found to have entered the nucleus interaction, not necessarily their "rape." It is possible to create such conditions that they would come together as a volunteer - Mr. Adamenko said about the objects of his study, as if thinking about the creatures.

    In the experiments scientists "Proton-21" is realized natural mechanism of self-sustaining nuclear burning substance. Something like that, as they say theorists laboratory occurs in supernova explosions of stars. Only if in the universal space that the process is started by gravity, in laboratory conditions - high-powered electron beam. They shot a metal or any other target. Extremely powerful blow to the target surface occurs simultaneously and with equal force to all of the atoms very thin surface layer. The flow of electrons that hit the surface, as explained by the scientist, creates a high density of matter wave. And then there is self-developing physical process that can be likened to a tsunami. Density wave tends to the center, the atoms are close very close to each other, degeneration begins nuclear substances. And it is accompanied by the release of large amounts of energy to the final super-powerful explosion in the center of the target, which looks like a fireworks display of reborn nuclei and atoms.


    Alchemy in the law


    At the same time, in copper, iron, tungsten, silver target born the whole set of the periodic table. According to Stanislav Adamenko, just because it looks one of the main natural mechanisms of chemical elements in stellar explosions.

    . More than 11 thousand of experiments conducted in the laboratory, show that the degeneration of the substance gives superheavy superdense atom and which were previously unknown to scientists - ie new elements.

    - The volume of nuclear degeneration is greater, the higher the density of the target material. As it can be used any material - says Stanislav Adamenko. - A number of the resulting free energy depends not only on the size and density of the target, but also on the strength and duration of the impact.

    In contrast to the classical fusion reaction, the nuclear process that creates in the laboratory goes without isolation of radioactive isotopes.


    New physics. This experimental unit demonstrates the new opportunities in nuclear physics. During experiments, new chemical elements are formed. At the same time - no radiation



    Many, many joules


    As optimistically claims the head of the laboratory, in industrial power plants in the target will direct kick power of several kilojoules, released energy will also be a thousand times more. In theory at all - out of ten kilojoules output can be obtained gigajoule.

    On the micro-explosion nuclear described above, according to the scientist, will need less than one-millionth of a second. Actually, mankind may subside quietly, found a way to produce virtually unlimited quantities of safe energy. The question is, when can we start using it?

    - On our discovery and experiments since 2001, is known to all the country's leaders: presidents and prime ministers - said Stanislav Adamenko. - Alas, we receive support only in words. If, say, in 2002 listened to our advice, then in 2009, the first unit would work.

    Perhaps the reason for such neglect is that the discovery was made not in the public specialized institutions and in the private laboratory. Here, near Kiev, working in the expensive devices, made by special order, and the staff of "Proton-21" consists of about a hundred people, among them many promising physicists. The results of researches "Proton-21" no one has yet refuted. The most common attack is exposed himself Adamenko: for example, he reportedly has no special physical education. But it's a little embarrassing scientist who reflected on the process of fusion with the teenage years.

    Who commissioned by investors who have invested money in the laboratory, the results are studying Belgian physics. They should check the fact of occurrence of nucleosynthesis with the formation of new chemical elements. Testing will cost about $ 10 million. The construction of the demonstration plant, which is expected to be possible to produce energy on an industrial scale, is estimated at 150 mln. Euro.

    - After starting the installation would have left no room for debate about its effectiveness. Such devices could be at large enterprises and to produce as much energy as necessary, - said Stanislav Adamenko. - This energy will last for thousands of years, as the fuel for it may be virtually any substance in solid or liquid form, even the sand or water.

  • http://prod.sandia.gov/techlib…ntrol.cgi/2009/097874.pdf

    SANDIA REPORT

    SAND2009-7874

    Unlimited Release

    Printed November 2009

    LDRD 140639 Final Report:

    Investigation of Transmutation Claims

    Curtis D. Mowry, J. Pace Van Devender, Jeffrey E. Reich, Richard P. Grant, and James A. Ohlhausen

    CONCLUSIONS

    The Proton-21 Laboratory in the Ukraine has been publishing results on shock-induced transmutation of several elements, including Cobalt 60 into non-radioactive elements. We have developed and exercised a process to detect possible shock-wave-induced transmutation products and to unambiguously validate or invalidate the claims in collaboration with the Proton-21 Laboratory. We found elevated and localized concentrations of impurity elements like the Ukrainian’s report in our sample, but all our results are consistent with the ejection of impurities that were not in solution in our alloy, were deposited from the cathode during irradiation, or could be from surface contamination although the surface contamination cannot be validated. We are positioned to test samples fromProton-21 if funded to do so.

    If we do proceed with testing the Proton-21 samples, the control of starting sample and hardware is critical. Multiple methods are necessary to provide complimentary sampling volumes, different trade-offs for cost and detection limits, and different mapping and quantification abilities. Multi-disciplinary inputs will be needed in the fields of metallurgy, chemistry, and physics. Step-wise analysis is useful as shown in this work; additional techniques were available but not needed. Initial measurements provide guidance for more sophisticated and expensive measurements.

    Coursed are those who have seen and yet do not believed.

  • THIS IS ACTUAL SCIENCE. CRYSTALS AT THE EARTH’S CORE POWER ITS MAGNETIC FIELD

    http://www.universetoday.com/1…ore-power-magnetic-field/


    Now that I have your attention, just wondering about what transmutations might take place at these high temperatures and pressures near the earth core. Maybe some of the elements in the rocks lying around are from LENR transmutations, would there be any way to tell and would there be any smoking gun, like muons coming from in the earth?

  • Alan said "darkness at noon"


    The conclusions of the Sandia paper about Adamenko

    " but all our results are consistent with the ejection of impurities that were not in solution in our alloy, were deposited from the cathode during irradiation, or could be from surface contamination although the surface contamination cannot be validated"


    are consistent with a an anti LENR hatchet job IMO however I would not be surprised if there are similar papers printed in Russian.

  • None found yet. And Proton-21 is AFAIK still in business and running in 'dark mode'.


    For those interested here are (at least some of) Kenneth Shoulders lapsed patents.


    Method of and apparatus for production and manipulation of high density charge

    US5054046-10.png

    Grant US5054046A Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Company

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1990-06-13 • Grant 1991-10-01 • Publication 1991-10-01

    Disclosed are high electrical charge density entities, generated in electrical discharge production. Apparatus for isolating the high charge density entities, selecting them and manipulating them by various guide techniques are disclosed.


    Energy conversion using high charge density

    US5123039-10.png

    Grant US5123039A Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Company

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1991-04-12 • Grant 1992-06-16 • Publication 1992-06-16

    … propagating entities follow. Multiple traveling wave devices may be combined. Energy output from a traveling wave device may also be directed to the generation of a subsequent such entity. Thermal energy may also be obtained from an EV.


    Circuits responsive to and controlling charged particles

    US5054047-10.png

    Grant US5054047A Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Company

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1990-05-14 • Grant 1991-10-01 • Publication 1991-10-01

    22. An electronic device comprising a source of charged particles; a solid dielectric surface having a channel positioned to be responsive to and constructed to guide the charged particles of the source; a counter electrode capacitively …


    Production and manipulation of charged particles

    US5153901-10.png

    Grant US5153901A Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Company

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1991-04-12 • Grant 1992-10-06 • Publication 1992-10-06

    Disclosed are high electrical charge density entities, generated in electrical discharge production. Apparatus for isolating the high charge density entities, selecting them and manipulating them by various guide techniques are disclosed.


    Production and manipulation of high charge density


    Grant CA1330827C Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Company

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1988-01-18 • Grant 1994-07-19 • Publication 1994-07-19

    10. An electronic device comprising a source of charged particles; a solid dielectric surface having a channel positioned to be responsive to and constructed to guide the charged particles of the source; a counter electrode capacitively …


     Search within classification B82Y10/00 (431 results)

    Circuits responsive to and controlling charged particles

    US5148461-1.png

    Grant US5148461A Kenneth R. Shoulders Jupiter Toy Co.

    Priority 1988-01-06 • Filing 1991-04-12 • Grant 1992-09-15 • Publication 1992-09-15

    64. The display of claim 63 wherein the mean for deflecting includes a solid dielectric having plural channels for each of the several parallel channels, the plural channels extending in the same direction as the several parallel channels …