The view that the power generated by LENR is based on fusion is wrong. My view of LENR as informed by the recent experiments of Leif Holmlid Professor emeritus Atmospheric Science, Department of Chemistry.University of Gothenburgis predicated on the control of the quarks inside of matter. If these quarks can be manipulated and managed, control of matter at any arbitrary distance might one day be possible.
Leif Holmlid has been at the forefront of research in metallic hydrogen since the 1980s. Most of the advanced experiments with metallic hydrogen are currently presented by Lief Holmlid, who claims the formation of superconductive dense hydrogen or deuterium cluster nanoparticles that are disrupted during pulsed laser illumination. He appears to be considered a competent researcher, and peer-reviewed mainstream journals are regularly publishing his work. What is remarkable is that the findings of the "ultra-dense" state now labeled as state 0 have not been confirmed, even though the initial experiments were done years ago. The experimental procedure does not seem to be beyond what can be done on the desktop with appropriate equipment, and yet there are no published negative replications or failed replications.
Professional scientists should study this Rydberg matter and to replicate, attempting to confirm or disconfirm.
Those with high theoretical knowledge and skill should study the Holmlid’s papers and criticize them.
It is not a satisfactory situation for this level of publication to continue without serious critique. It seems natural that NASA should be interested in the study of metallic hydrogen as a component of the cores of planets. Just the existence of a liquid ocean of water inside Pluto after 4.5 billion years of radioactive isotope cooling should raise some interest in studying metallic hydrogen as a possible energy source. There has been a positive review from Winterberg. There is what appears to be an arXiv preprint of one article at http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0912/0912.5414.pdf. In this article Winterberg concludes:
“If as reported the state of ultradense deuterium exists, and if it is sufficiently stable to exist long enough, it could become for the release of nuclear energy as important as was the discovery of nuclear fission by Hahn and Strassmann. It is the purpose of this note that on purely theoretical grounds an ultradense state of deuterium cannot be easily dismissed.”
In Holmlid’s latest work, the release of nuclear energy through chemical manipulation is exactly what Holmlid’s experiment has detected.
Through the manipulation of Quarks in matter as suggested by Holmlid experiments, atomic weapons could be disabled at a distance when the fissile elements are transmuted into non fissile ones by a muon beam. The atmosphere of Venus could be modified to remove the Co2 so that Venus thereby making Venus habitable.
The core of Mars could be reactivated with nuclear fire to restore the magnetic shield that once protected its atmosphere in the first step at terraforming Mars into someplace that can be colonized by mankind. Then Co2 could be created to start a heated atmosphere to heat Mars to livable temperatures.
In moving the vision of mankind’s future father out from the solar system into the deep space, there is near light speed spacecraft engines that become possible to build that are driven by near light speed subatomic particles.
The energy source that the work of Holmlid is exploring might prove to make interstellar travel practicable. Holmlid first assumed that the energy produced by the reaction he was studying was some sort of hot fusion reaction activated by laser ignition. But when Holmlid studied the type of subatomic particles that were being generated, he recognized that fusion could not generate the huge amount of power that the reaction was producing. For example, Holmlid detected Kaon triplet generation. He postulates that two protons are being destabilized into decay to produce three kaons and 390 MeV of binding energy. This very same proton decay reaction was one of the target reaction searched for by the Super-Kamiokande proton decay detector to prove that protons must decay in support of grand unification supersymmetric theory.
Mesons from Laser-Induced Processes in Ultra-Dense Hydrogen H(0)
The proton is assumed to be absolutely stable in the Standard
Model. However, the Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) predict that protons can
decay into lighter energetic charged particles such as electrons, muons, pions
or others which can be observed. Kamiokande helps to rule out some of the
theories. Super-Kamiokande is currently the largest detector for observation of
The proton decay action could increase the energy yield by
100,000 over what was postulated in the Bussard ramjet interstellar system.
The Bussard ramjet is a theoretical method of interstellar spacecraft propulsion proposed in 1960 by the physicist Robert W. Bussard. Bussard proposed a ramjet variant of a fusion rocket capable of reasonable interstellar travel, using enormous electromagnetic fields (ranging from kilometers to many thousands of kilometers in diameter) as a ram scoop to collect and compress hydrogen from the interstellar medium.
When proton decay is used as a power source for the Ramjet, once the hydrogen is collected, it is isotopically purified and the deuterium is stored in a separate container. The purified hydrogen then enters storage to even out the collection of interstellar gas. This storage strategy will enable the ramjet to maneuver freely in space without concern for variations in the density of residual hydrogen throughout space. From storage the hydrogen gas is metered into a Holmlid reaction chamber were the hydrogen is ignited into high energy plasma via the catalyzed reaction.
Since the continued propulsion of a proton powered ramjet spaceship is dependent on interstellar hydrogen, the nature of interstellar hydrogen is the main issue of concern when designing such a spaceship. Two aspects of particular interest are the overall density and the isotopic composition of the interstellar hydrogen. The overall density controls the rate at which proton reactions can take place relative to the craft's speed and the size of the scoop's area. The isotopic composition determines which reaction pathway is best to use
The interstellar density of hydrogen is 0.86 atoms/cm3. At a minimum, the energy gain relationship determined by Holmlid was found to be 390 MeV per each diproton reaction (two hydrogen atoms). For deuterium fusion, only 10 MeV can be generated per reaction. In the proton reaction, The remainder of the proton mass and associated electrons are used as reaction mass. From this info, the scoop volume might be calculated as of function of spacecraft speed. The faster you go the more hydrogen that you can harvest.
There is a minimum takeoff speed required before the sustainable energy relationship is met and the scoop volume may be reduced as the Ramjet accelerates.
There is more mass/energy content in deuterium which is about 1 atom out of 5000 captured.
When fusion produces power for the Ramjet, only deuterium can be used. When proton decay provides power to the Ramjet, all hydrogen isotopes can be used and much of the energy content of the protons can be converted into energy.
Holmlid uses a potassium doped Shell 105 ethylene catalyst with graphene as a quantum mechanical template on an iridium substrate to produce ultra-dense hydrogen via a quantum mechanical effect call Rydberg blockade. Once formed, metallic hydrogen can be excited into nuclear disassociation through the application of an EMF stimulus.
I like the proton decay reaction as a basis to support a light speed capable interstellar motor. As discovered by Holmlid, LENR produces sub atomic particles, mostly muons and hydrogen nuclear fragments moving at ¾ light speeds. And even better, LENR produces its own energy from muon based catalyzed fusion as a side reaction. This fusion energy would be used to sustain the electromagnetic hydrogen collection fields.
For those with an open mind, taking the work of Holmlid seriously might be the first step in reaching the stars.