Fun with tachyons

  • I have written a number of posts on other sites that have a LENR theme. I am providing them here for your entertainment and contemplation as follows:

    Recently, I have become fascinated by the concept of the tachyon. It is a particle with negative mass. This fasciation has been stoked by the recent release to the LENR community of a SEM micrograph of a sample of fuel that is being used in a LENR reactor. Here is one of those pictures:


    The tracks that the LENR active particle is taking correspond to the tracks that are predicted to come from a tachyon monopole. The sort of track has been seen many times in the photoemission studies of LENR ash samples. It is uncertain what that LENR active agent is but the indications are good that the LENR active particle is a metallic hydrogen nanoparticle that has been formed by a LENR fuel preparation process.

    My interpretation of this picture is as follows:

    The fuel is the microparticles of metal that the tape is supporting. There is an unseen active LENR reaction agent that is too small to see in the micrographs. I believe that this agent is metallic hydrogen since only hydrogen is present with the a unspecified transition metal. But these agents might be metallic hydrogen nanoparticles. The crystalline like fractal patterns seen on the tape surface and on the metal micro-particles are the LENR reaction trails produced by the metallic hydrogen as it converts matter into energy via a transmutation of elements process.

    The reactor builder states that:


    “The background is carbon adhesive tape that is commonly used for SEM.
    In the Full BSD electron topology one can see elemental composition of the sample. Higher atomic number, the brighter the color is.
    Yes, the shiny particles are metal hydrides.

    The tracks are made of a various elements. The starting element is usually of lower atomic number, while at the end it is higher.”

    Very little heat is produced by the LENR reaction because the carbon tape is not destroyed by the reaction. The energy from the reaction is stored in the structure of the metallic hydrogen as it moves along the surface of the tape and the metal.

    The LENR reaction is minimal at this quiescent stage but it can continue for weeks at this low level. During this stage, the metallic hydrogen is self-sustaining. When the fuel is activated by a high potential EMF field the LENR reaction produced by the metallic hydrogen increases exponentially. At his stage, the heat output is generated through an enhanced LENR reaction. A positive feedback mode is established as heat production increases the heat output. This is self-sustain mode.

    The metallic hydrogen when not activated produces a low intensity magnetic field that catalyzes the conversion of matter into energy. When the metallic hydrogen is activated, its magnetic potential increases greatly and the energy produced is substantial.

    When the activation signal is removed, the metallic hydrogen returns to low level activity and has a long shelf life. High intensity LENR heat production can begin when the activation signal is reapplied.

    According to one of the LENR reactor patents, the activation signal is an electrostatic field between 50 and 100 kilovolts.

    Metallic hydrogen is produced by high pressure processes such as formation in nano-pits and cracks as per high palladium loading or cavitation bubble formation as metallic water. But once formed, the metallic hydrogen/water is self-sustaining and act like free ranging particles.

    The herringbone track pattern as seen in this micrograph is predicted to appear as a tachyon interaction with a substrate. The negative mass seen might be produced by the activation field as the polariton cover in the spin wave that enshrouds the metallic hydrogen microparticle is constantly replenished and activated with a non- Hermitian open system’s based Parity/time state change as the polariton cover that surrounds the metallic hydrogen constantly decays and is replaced.

    Examples for tachyonic fields are all cases of spontaneous symmetry breaking. In condensed matter physics a notable example is ferromagnetism; in particle physics the best known example is the Higgs mechanism in the standard model.

    Inspired by this non-Hermitian P/T state change insight that might be in play with metallic hydrogen, in like manner, the Higgs boson is also a tachyon and its negative mass might be a manifestation of a continual state change that occurs in virtual particle creation and decay.

    Furthermore, as described by the description of the tachyon monopole in string theory, the generation of mesons is predicted to occur through hadronization. This kaon production is seen in the experiments of Leif Holmlid. There is a chance that the tachyon is dual with metallic hydrogen.

  • Why is the tachyon a critical keystone in particle theory?

    It is useful to compare and contrast string theories with conventional particle theories. Our goal should be to compare the predictions that have been formulated by string theory against the particles that are observed in the real world.

    What is the difference between a string theory and a conventional particle theory? Both kinds of theories describe particles and their interactions, but in the latter case the particles are the fundamental entities, whereas in the former case they are made of something more fundamental (the string).

    When constructing a conventional particle theory, the theorist is more or less free to decide what types of particles to include and what properties to endow them with, such as what their masses are, whether they are bosons or fermions, and how they interact with each other.

    These particle descriptions form the basis for theories that include quantum electrodynamics and the Standard Model.

    These particle descriptions are examples of realistic theories, meaning that they describe the real world. But there are countless other theories one can construct that are equally mathematically consistent (and also satisfy basic physical requirements like quantum mechanics and special relativity).

    Like particle theories, string theories describe the world in terms of particles and their interactions; unlike in particle theories, however, these are derived concepts. It is the function of the string theorist to derive complex particle behavior from a minimal subset of basic properties of the fundamental string.

    Calculation in string theory reveals that the masses of the different particles sometimes have crazy attributes. More precisely, we calculate the square of the mass of each particle and normally, the mass-squared is a positive number (if the particle is massive, like an electron) or zero (if the particle is massless, like a photon or a graviton). In some cases, however, the mass-squared turns out to be negative! Such a particle is called a “tachyon”.

    If the tachyon turn out to be real, that is, exists in reality, then this implies something profound about the validity of the string theory method of particle definition. This elevates the description of particles from strictly an observational practice to a mathematical definition of particles from first cause assumptions.

    This reductionist approach: "to discover what really is happening" is foundational to the scientific edifice. Such a pursuit to derive basic causation is important to adhere. This pursuit is a basic requirement in the practice of science.

  • Upside-down potential


    Consider a pendulum with its weight sitting at rest at the bottom of its arc. Let’s call that position x0. If a force is applied to the weight of the pendulum, it will swing and its position located at any time on its arc will correspond to real number values.

    Now consider an initial condition where at time t=0, the pendulum is pointing straight up with its weigh located at the top of its arc. Clearly, this is unstable, but at least in classical physics one can imagine that the pendulum can be so carefully balanced it will remain pointing straight up indefinitely so long as it is not perturbed.

    In an open system that is described by a non- Hermitian P/T complex number system something unexpected happens when there is a P/T state change occurs to perturb the pendulum from its straight up position.

    The weight of the pendulum does not fall to the bottom of its arc.

    Complex analysis shows that the pendulum repeatedly slides right back up to the top of the arc, and actually spends most of its time there. It is extremely unlikely to find the classical pendulum far from the origin; it is most probable to find the classical particle near x=0.

    At the quantum level, a particle in this upside-down potential is in a bound state strongly localized at the origin. The explanation for this surprising behavior is that we have extended real space to complex space. Complex numbers differ from real numbers in that the complex numbers are not ordered. If a and b are real numbers, we can say that a>b or b>a.

    However, even though the real numbers are embedded in the complex numbers, we cannot say that one complex number is greater than another complex number, so it makes no sense to say that the “bottom” of the potential is at x=0! One must think in new ways when working in the complex domain.

    We learn from this model that quantum theories need not obey the conventional mathematical condition of Hermiticity so long as they obey the physical geometric condition of space-time-reflection symmetry (PT symmetry).

    PT symmetry challenges a standard convention in physics—the widely held belief that a quantum Hamiltonian must be Hermitian. And, because PT symmetry is a weaker condition than Hermiticity, there are infinitely many Hamiltonians that are PT symmetric but non-Hermitian; we can now study new kinds of quantum theories that would have been rejected in the past as being unphysical. Moreover, PT-symmetric systems exhibit a feature that Hermitian systems cannot; the energy levels become complex when there is a change on P/T symmetry.

    The transition from real to complex energies is a key feature of PT-symmetric systems and it is called the PT phase transition. At this transition the system goes from a state of physical equilibrium (called a state of unbroken PT symmetry) to nonequilibrium (broken PT symmetry).

    The imitation of the LENR reaction is marked by a broken PT symmetry. This is one reason why the LENR active particle is an analog tachyon.

  • A hypothetical particle with complex rest mass would always travel faster than the speed of light. Such particles are called tachyons. There is a strong chance that LENR is based on analog tachyons via metallic hydrogen nanoparticles.


    If the rest mass m is Complex this implies that the denominator is Complex because the total energy is observable and thus must be real. Therefore, the quantity under the square root must be negative, which can only happen if v is greater than c. As noted by Gregory Benford et al., special relativity implies that tachyons, if they existed, could be used to communicate backwards in time (see tachyonic antitelephone). Because time travel is considered to be unphysical, tachyons are believed by physicists either not to exist, or else to be incapable of interacting with normal matter.

    In quantum field theory, complex mass would induce tachyon condensation.





    We know that tachyon condensation exists as demonstrated in Leif Holmlid's experiments where metallic hydrogen produces mesons. If Holmlid is producing mesons, it may be possible using LENR to produce a time machine.



  • Absolute nonsense. How they even dare to elaborate tachyons (particles, theoretically predictable by general relativity), which have a lowest sped limit which is the same as c.

    I start to question MFMP in general.

  • Absolute nonsense. ... I start to question MFMP in general.

    Bob Higgins once explained that the MFMP is not the usual kind of organization with a spokesperson and a coordinated message for the world, but instead is a collective of sorts, where autonomous individuals work independently or collaborate with one another on different opportunities that come up. As such, people should not assume that a specific MFMP member is speaking for MFMP as a whole.

  • I am uncomfortable about the connections that Axil has making between different parts of physics and LENR.

    Much of Axil's credibility in making these propositions arises from his obvious familiarity with deep and exotic concepts in theoretical physics. He explains it all so well! However I am made uncomfortable because I recently realized that much of what he writes is not his own work. It is copied off the internet and pasted, word for word, into his posts. Since he chooses high-quality sources for his copying activities it appears that he is extremely knowledgeable. He then includes some of his own original material (sometimes only a sentence or two) mentioning LENR. This activity is really a demand for our credibility. 'Look', Axil appears to say, 'I know what I am talking about in regards to all this esoteric physics stuff so my suggested link to LENR must be equally well informed!'.

    As evidence of all this I note that two of his recent posts are 80% or more copied word-for-word from other sources. For instance Axil's post above, that begins ...

    Upside-down potential

    ... is mainly from an article by theoretical physicist Carl Bender (see https://www.europhysicsnews.or…2016/02/epn2016472p17.pdf, particularly the section called "Upside-down potential"). I don't know where Axil got the illustration in his post.

    Likewise, much of the post that begins in the following way ...

    Why is the tachyon a critical keystone in particle theory?

    ... is actually from a report by physicist Matthew Headrick of Harvard University (see the Headrick's report "Tachyons Today" available at

    In both cases most of Axil's original contribution to the posts is to insert a sentence saying something about LENR. It takes little real insight to do this.

    It is a shame that this is happening. I see people accepting Axil's speculations as astute and skillful extrapolations when in reality they may be anything but. This could all be fixed up if Axil would properly cite the words and thoughts of others when he uses them. Then we could all proceed on a more transparent basis.

  • @Bruce__H:

    What is exciting and mind blowing in that a nanoparticle can be put together that acts just like a particle that is completely predicted by string theory. That nanoparticle is metallic hydrogen and the particle is the tachyon. Holmlid still beleive that the mesons he is seeing are coming from fusion. but it could be that those mesons are coming from tachyon condinsation.


    Although the notion of a tachyonic imaginary mass might seem troubling because there is no classical interpretation of an imaginary mass, the mass is not quantized. Rather, the scalar field is; even for tachyonic quantum fields, the field operators at spacelike separated points still commute (or anticommute), thus preserving causality. Therefore, information still does not propagate faster than light,[1] and solutions grow exponentially, but not superluminally (there is no violation of causality).

    The "imaginary mass" really means that the system becomes unstable. The zero value field is at a local maximum rather than a local minimum of its potential energy, much like a ball at the top of a hill. A very small impulse (which will always happen due to quantum fluctuations) will lead the field to roll down with exponentially increasing amplitudes toward the local minimum. In this way, tachyon condensation drives a physical system that has reached a local limit and might naively be expected to produce physical tachyons, to an alternate stable state where no physical tachyons exist. Once the tachyonic field reaches the minimum of the potential, its quanta are not tachyons any more but rather are ordinary particles with a positive mass-squared, such as the Higgs boson.[2]

    In a upside down potential, when virtual particle fluctuations push the tachyon's bloated energy potential down the hill, a meson is created from that energy and the potential climbs up the potential hill again. Then the tachyon gathers more energy through transmuting more matter into energy, when it has accumulated more energy than it needs to produce another meson, then the tachyon give birth to that new meson. A string theory based prediction about how tachyons work is born out in Holmlid's experiments.

    LENR is wonderful.

  • Alan,

    Are you also looking at Lion's tubes? Where did these pictures come from? Do you have links to those pictures? Are there more such pictures? Can we get all the Lion tube pictures that have so far been produced reposted to this site?

    'corkscrew' track have been around in LENR ash for more than a decade. These pictures have come from many LENR experiments. I remember seeing a list of such experiments compiled by Bob Greenyer under strange radiation.


    More tracks using a laser microscope.

    It may be that the impact marks are produced by subatomic particles generated by LENR reactions occurring in the first level of plastic (plastic jar) that is holding the LENR fuel. Such particles might include the kind of particles that Holmlid sees in his experiments. These include neutral atomic fragments, kaons, pions, muons, and other mesons. These particles if any are not neutrons because they would have shown up in the neutron detectors.

    The impact marks show signs of plastic deformation as the plastic responds to a meteor like impact from a particle: a sort of impact crater if you please.

    I can't tell if the central part of the crater is penetrated clean through or if the particle bounce off the plastic and just generates a dent in the plastic..

    It is good that LENR strange radiation shows up in plastic soda bottle material. No expensive CR39 to develop...very convenient. All you need is a laser microscope.


  • You just need a decent microscope. And know how to use it.

    Maybe it is possible to test for LENR activity by putting a cold reactor in a soda bottle and then look for crater impact marks from high energy subatomic particles coming from the reactor after a few weeks of exposure time and using a decent microscope that you know how to use.

    That would eliminate the expense of a calorimeter and probably be more accurate.

  • Maybe it is possible to test for LENR activity by putting a cold reactor in a soda bottle and then look for crater impact marks from high energy subatomic particles coming from the reactor after a few weeks of exposure time and using a decent microscope that you know how to use.

    That would eliminate the expense of a calorimeter and probably be more accurate.

    Axil I have said it before. I will ride this ship down with you. We need people that think the box is round. Sometimes I try to imagine something that can not be defined with mathematics. And I have a hard time.

    Then I think of you. Some day we will have dinner.

  • I am uncomfortable about the connections that Axil has making between different parts of physics and LENR.

    The validity of a scientific theory is judged by the success of the predictions that the theory makes. Science is not about feelings, it's all about facts. Lately tachyon tracks have been popularized by MFMP, but these tracks have been detected in LENR experiments for years. The polariton theory predicts and explains these tracts. I now present some early predictions of tachyon theory and the science that backs these predictions up. The theory goes back to 2014.

    Mats Lewan


    to AXIL

    Hi Axil,

    Hope you’re all well.

    I saw that you have been touching the concept of tachyons and LENR at Vortex.

    I’m trying to get some basic understanding of tachyons and had a look at Wikipedia for a start.

    Could you tel me if the Wikipedia articles on tachyons and tachyon condensation are relatively relevant, and also if it’s only tachyon condensation that you consider to be important in this field, or also the original concept of tachyons, as particles moving faster than light?


    Mats Lewan,


    Axil Axil


    to Mats

    Hi Mats,

    It’s a long story, so let’s get started. In August of 2014, In a post on EGO OUT I predicted that mesons were being produced in LENR because of types of nuclear reactions that were occurring at the high end of the reaction scale. That is the kinds of reactions that LeClair and proton 21 were seeing.

    I also knew that free floating magnetic balls were being detected as originated in such experiments.

    What I did not understand then was how LENR could produce such powerful EMF and still be the same causation as produces the LENR seen in the NANOR and the golden balls. So there had to be at least two mechanisms involved.

    Back then I posted as follows:

    To my tastes, Ken Shoulders ran the quintessential LENR experiment when he photographed the development of what Ken called charge clusters (also called exotic vacuum objects or EVOs). A spark had penetrated a sheet of aluminum where an aluminum plasma was condensing into aluminum nanoparticles resulting in the formation of two EV types, a bright one and a dark one.

    Ken analyzed the magnetic field coming off the dark EV and he found that this type of EV acts as a magnetic monipole. In subsequent years, Nanoplasmonics pushed the analsys of these coherent balls of EMF further and determined that their structure was actually solitons or frozen and persistent EMF waveforms.

    The bright soliton is formed when a infrared photon and an electron from a dipole match energies and become entangled. The Surface Plasmon Polariton thus formed gets a spin of 1 from the photon and a greatly reduced mass of one millionth of that of the electron. These almost massless complex particles form a Bose Einstein Condensate at the drop of a hat.

    The dark soliton is more interesting and hard to understand. It is a composite particle of a infrared photon and the :Hole” (lack of charge) in the dipole. It has a positive charge and a spin of 2. I speculate that it is this type of soliton that has been seen by Frederic Henry-Couannier when he says:

    “If it succeeds to actually reach the metal it will recover neutrality (catch free electrons around) and disappear ("evaporate") in a very short time. But the mlb has also a huge magnetic moment so it could in principle be trapped in a ferromagnetic material inside a zone with an appropriate magnetic field configuration : this is probably what happens in Ni cracks (NAE) “

    For all those interested in the formation of dark solitons in cracks, I recommend this paper:

    Effects of Spin-Dependent Polariton-Polariton Interactions in Semiconductor Microcavities: Spin Rings, Bright Spatial Solitons and Soliton Patterns

    As the father of the crack theory of palladium LENR theory, I hope Ed Storms reads this paper and takes it seriously.

    The LENR theory of Yuri Bazhutovis (Erzion Catalysis (MEC))cannot be correct because it fails on one of the hardest requirements of a valid LENR theory. A valid LENR theory must be scalable at least in the output power range from milliwatts to megawatts.

    It is unlikely that a meson like subatomic particle comprised of 5 quarks (a Erzion ) can be produced at very low energies to meet the low energy requirements of a minimally powered LENR system like the golden ball.

    Assuming that there can be only one fundamental cause of LENR, the Erzion might be produced by cosmic rays but it cannot be the cause of the very low power LENR reaction. The Erzion is just to energetic for that.

    Dennis Cravens uses samarium cobalt (Sm2Co7) magnetic powder to power the LENR reaction in his golden sphere.



    To assure a strong magnetic field in the active material the

    spheres contain a ground samarium cobalt (Sm2Co7) magnet, which stays

    magnetized at higher temperatures. This was powdered and

    the powder is mostly random but it should provide a strong

    magnetic field within the sample.

    Unlike the Ni/H reactor, note that no heat pumping is requires to keep magnetically catalyzed LENR reaction going in the golden sphere.

    I knew back then that EMF(polaritons) went into the Dark Mode SPP solitons and did not exit except in the form of a anapole monipole magnetic beam.

    I began to supect that entangment and teleportation of energy was involved in LENR. This is a consequence of negative vacuum energy(important).

    I then saw this video:

    This showed that any waveform in a vortex would form an analog black hole. So now the SPP was a micro black hole.

    Then I saw From Experiment to Theory” (Paper by Jean-Francois Geneste, Airbus Group)

    This brought to mind the work of Urustkoev which generated high energy discharges into titanium foil that was isolated in bi-distilled water and the powders that he produced.

    Then I saw Keith Fredericks vidio given at ICCF-18 and I wrote Keith Fredericks in an open letter on E-cat world as follows:

    Regarding Geneste’s paper, the ‘strange radiation’ tracks described were replicated by Keith Fredericks and reported at ICCF18:…s-possibility-of-tachyon/

    Your analysis suggested they might be superluminal tachyons.

    I would like to suggest something else.

    These tracks are produced by analog black holes called “dark mode surface plasmon polaritons” (dark mode SPP). From nanoplasmonics, it is well known that these polariton solitons produce monopole magnetic fields. Being a black hole, the inside of the soliton contains negative energy due to the fact that loads of magnetic power is being projected as an anapole magnetism beam. This power projection segregates the vacuum into positive and negative energy.

    Things that travel in negative vacuum go faster than light in a neutral vacuum as found in the laser probes used in the EMdrive experiments.

    Hawking radiation will easily entangle these solitons and also help to produce negative vacuum energy.

    The huge power content of these solitons come from a positive feedback mode between the soliton and the this SPP.

    Nanoplasmonics explains these solitons and how they project a monopole magnetic beam. In fact I have a micrograph of this beam.

    Your estimation of the power content of the soliton of 64 GeV puts the anapole magnetic field in range for it to produce muons and mesons born from the vacuum pair production as seen by Holmlid and the quark soup produced in the LeClair cavitation experiments.

    For and overview on this supject see as follows:…-freed-polariton-soliton/

    This soliton mechanism is already well defined in physics and I have the papers to show you.

    also see

    Prof. Daniele Faccio: “Black Holes, With A Twist” – Inaugural Lecture



    All the work on tachyons in LENR can be found on Keith Fredericks’ web site:

    KeKeith Fredericksn had no idea how tachyons were being produced so I wrote him a post as follows:

    Thanks for getting back to me, I feel privileged.

    I have been tracing the fundamental cause of LENR for years now. The causation mechanism has been getting more and more obscure and complicated as I have been connecting the dots.

    It involves a quasiparticle of EMF called the polariton. This is a electron that has become entangled with a photon.

    A nano-science called nanoplasmonics deals with this particle of EMF. There seems to be a consensus developing in LENR theory that the Surface Plasmon Polariton(SPP) is central to the LENR causation. But no one has taken this concept as far as I have.

    The SPP soliton is built from a special form called of "topolariton". This particle is a boson with spin 2 that only flows in one direction.


    A network of nanoparticles produces a soliton of these polaritons that form a magnetic monipole as follows:

    Half-solitons in a polariton quantum fluid behave like magnetic monopoles

    This is how nanoparticles produce and amplify the polariton spin:

    The method that these Dark Mode SPP solitons can receive and amplify EMF is explained in this reference as follows:

    Plasmonics With a Twist: Taming Optical Tornadoes on the Nanoscale

    The does not seem to be a limit to how many polaritons can be packed into a soliton because polaritons are bosons.

    These dark mode solitons are really black holes of EMF and they get so massive that they become self sustaining due to the EMF that they pull in through both their magnetic beams and hawking radiation based multi particle entanglement extract nuclear and some vacuum energy in a positive feedback loop mode.

    After I saw your presentation on tachyons, I started to read this article:…getdoc/slac-pub-11616.pdf

    The Inside Story: Quasilocal Tachyons and Black Holes

    It explains how and why Lief Holmlid is seeing mesons and muons produced in his experiments.

    These SPPs evaperate through hawking radiation untill they become stable and quiescent. They form a tachyon condensate inside their boundary that will produce quark based (mesons) particles when they receive more EMF.

    Holmlid says that muons are produced when his reactants are exposed to the fluorescent lighting in his lab. They release muons as a declining rate even in a dark room.

    I got through to Holmlid but Holmlid does not believe in black hole LENR causation. I am now faced with the bleak prospect of learning black hole physics, string theory, tachyon physics and general relativity.

    I am not that smart so progress from now on will be very slow. These subjects are at the cutting edge of physics and chemistry.

    I hope that these references help you in understanding what produces tachyons so that we can form the complete progression of causation from the very beginning to the very end of the LENR process. It is not easy or obvious.

  • Interesting, that You did not tell this is to him after his tachyon nonsense.

    You should know that on LENR forums the mods don‘t ban people for writing nonsense (goobledygook, weird conspiracy theories / myths and hearsay etc...).

    If mods would do so, they would have quite some work to do, and some would even have to ban themselves.

  • Right now we mostly clamp down on spam, uncivil behavior, and certain topics which are known from experience to lead to weeks of futile debate, such as politics, religion and global warming. Apart from these simple and obvious measures, we largely try to stay out of the job of moderating content. So the quality of the posts is highly variable.

    If there is a forum member whose posts are distracting for one reason or another, I recommend blocking the user. You will still be able to see his posts by clicking on them.

  • @damn_right_man

    Axil is Axil.

    He travels his own road to seeking the truth but he certainly has a taste for the fantastic.

    Be more tolerant, not everyone is the same and Axil seems like a nice guy.

    Its just an Internet board, not a national news publication.

    If you find his posts unhelpful or intollerable simply ignore them.

    If the censors start coming after posters because another poster does not like what they say then this place is going to get very quiet.