The Usherenko Effect - Very Strange

  • I cannot recall where exactly I found this document. In some respects, the reported results of what is basically a very simple experiment call to mind the work of Ken Shoulders on EVO's - a topic I will return to very soon. In the meantime download this article, read the very bold claims, and if you can add some better links to available sources, please do. The English is not quite perfect, in fact I have made a few edits to the extract below, but the content I found fascinating,




    INTRODUCTION

    In 1974, the young Belorussian scientist Sergei Usherenko discovered the effect of super-deep penetration of solid micro-particles with a diameter of 1-1000 μm into solid metal barriers (targets) with an anomalous energy release 10 2 ... 10 4 times greater than the kinetic energy of the particle at the time of its Impact on the obstacle with a speed of about 1 km / s. The energy effect was estimated from the energy of burning a micro-particle of a threadlike channel in the thickness of the target. The length of the threadlike channel in the steel reached up to 200 mm and even more. Calculations also showed that the kinetic energy of the particle is sufficient for penetrating the target to a depth of no more than 6-10 diameters of the particle itself. The observed effect is not explained from the standpoint of modern thermodynamics, electrodynamics, the theory of relativity and quantum theory, including quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The source of (animalous) colossal energy in the Usherenko effect was not established.


    The energy release in the target channel is estimated at 10 9 ... 10 10 J / kg per particle. This greatly exceeds the energy level of any possible chemical processe. In addition, according to Usherenko, the spectral analysis of target cross-sections (?) and the channels formed by the advent (embedding) of micro-particles in the targets showed the presence of new elements. Also (after exposure) the targets show the presence of Radon gas not originally present in the samples under investigation. X-ray film installed in the target area also showed changes. In some experiments, the nature of the radiation turned out to be ruled (?).


    This indicates that the phenomenon of ultra-deep penetration of micro-particles into barriers is associated with complex synthesis (of new elements) and unexplored high-energy physical processes that are characteristic for the physics of elementary particles and the atomic nucleus.

  • Alan Smith

    These effects can be explained if you start thinking of a material physical nature of particle charge.

    What is the charge?

    If you consider charge as combined kinetic energy of sub elementary ether particles, such a as whimp, Amer, etc, involved in toroidal vortex rotating motion things are falling into place easier.

    These are the same particles constituting flow of magnetic lines from a permanent magnet. So magnetic field is no longer an abstract field but a material flow of sub atomic particles.

    So the 'special ball lightening-like state' is the state in which all vortexes representing parts of nucleus have received additional kinetic energy.

  • There is further material on the closely related topic of 'condensed plasmoids' also known as 'charge clusters' , 'EVOs' etc on this website.


    http://condensed-plasmoids.com/


    Yes, this looks very close to the spark based EVOs produced by Ken Shoulders. The EVOs are a dusty plasma based aggregation of nanoparticles produced by a large energy release producing a plasma plume. The nanoparticles are hosts for Surface Plasmon Polaritons that are at the bottoms of all these LENR based reactions. The same nanoparticle reaction principle supports the SunCell reaction and the Quark QX reaction discovered by Rossi. A dusty plasma generates nanoparticles that host SPPs that convert energy to monopole magnetism which disrupts the protons and neutrons in nuclei.


    SPPs are hosted by many nanostructures including metal hydrides and energetic nanoparticles that condense from a cold plasma. Dusty plasma could be produced by a spark or a particle impact of sufficient energy.


    SPPs might also produce transmutation that has be seen in microwave generated cold plasmas in reactors designed by G. Egely.


  • Reference:


    https://link.springer.com/arti…00045161.32924.c8?LI=true


    Abstract

    Experimental data showing that on collision of a flux of high-velocity microparticles (which is close to the fluxes of space particles in parameters) with a thick-walled metal obstacle we have failure of integrated circuits placed behind this obstacle have been given.


    A LENR reaction will produce muons that will disrupt the integrated circuits of a chip.


    me356 has complaid that his test equipment fails within 3 meters of his reactor,


    Also see


    https://phys.org/news/2017-02-…e-wreaking-low-grade.html


    Particles from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on personal electronics

    Quote

    When cosmic rays traveling at fractions of the speed of light strike the Earth's atmosphere they create cascades of secondary particles including energetic neutrons, muons, pions and alpha particles. Millions of these particles strike your body each second. Despite their numbers, this subatomic torrent is imperceptible and has no known harmful effects on living organisms. However, a fraction of these particles carry enough energy to interfere with the operation of microelectronic circuitry. When they interact with integrated circuits, they may alter individual bits of data stored in memory. This is called a single-event upset or SEU.



    Read more at: https://phys.org/news/2017-02-…eaking-low-grade.html#jCp

  • Alan Smith,


    I have tried to read the pdf about the Usherenko-effect but it is a bit "physics to explain the hypotheses of Vladimir Leonov". However, the observations are reliable. As far I can understand Leonov's explanations his conclusions about the transformation of the Coulomb force are correct. In fact, it is the opposite mechanism of Pd-based LENR. In Pd-based LENR the electromagnetic wave-pattern of the electrons force the enclosed H-atoms to accelerate but the H-atoms are firmly enclosed by the mass of the Pd-lattice so the H-atoms must change their new energy content in a different way: lowering the Coulomb force of the nucleus. The underlying mechanism is the conservation of quanta transfer (law of conservation of energy).


    The Usherenko-effect accelerate micro particles that are obstructed by the iron mass. The energy of the acceleration is stopped abruptly so it influences the Coulomb force too. However, the chemical constituents of the micro particles will determine the reactions (fission and/or fusion).


    Usherenko uses an explosion to accelerate the micro particles and it is clear that the process isn't easy to integrate into a design of a power-supply. Moreover, cooling the target is obtaining the nuclear energy but after some time the iron is like a chees with holes. So every destructive solution (even Pd-based fusion) has no future.

  • Usherenko uses an explosion to accelerate the micro particles and it is clear that the process isn't easy to integrate into a design of a power-supply.


    Quite correct. The interesting thing is about the Usherenko work is to try to understand what is it that causes the impossibly deep penetration into steel of a microscopic particle. A particle which cannot possibly carry sufficient kinetic energy to penetrate as a bullet would. The evidence presented suggests the steel has been rendered (somehow) liquid. This would tie it in with experiments and observations going right back to Tesla and exemplified in more recent times by some of the experiments carried out by Ken Shoulders. To extract the source of this energy and render it useful would be a very valid use of somebody's time and money.

  • If it is a projectile (artillery) we don't see any strange nuclear effect because of the mass and the enormous kinetic energy of the projectile. If it is only the kinetic energy of the micro particle we know that it can "melt" no more than a number of atomic layers of the iron target. So it is nuclear because the micro particle isn't transformed by the explosion in a bunch of ripped elementary particles (like high energetic particles from outer space).


    Besides that, a projectile has a special shape to penetrate deep into massive steel (e.g. nealy 0,8 meter for a Pantzer projectile). The shape of the micro particles are more like rocks. If the impact rapes nearly all the electron shells of the molecules of the micro particle it is the mass and the kinetic energy of the nucleus that must create the long trajectory inside the iron target. Really difficult when most of the kinetic energy is adsorbed by the target.

  • Technically, when a kinetic projectile penetrates something, it is breaking atomic bonds and could be described as melting that which is in it's path. Sometimes quite literally. Spalling is a good evidence of this effect. Its also worth note that a smaller bullet sometimes penetrates armor much better than a larger one based on it's ballistic cross-section. For example, the 5.56x45 NATO tends to penetrate armor better than the 7.62x39 Soviet even though it has less kinetic energy. This isn't an absolute rule because there are so many different types of armor, but perhaps at an atomic level the lattice of atoms that makes up a material could be thought of in similar terms to soft body armor's weave in the sense that there are gaps between the strong points. I'm not sure how far that goes toward explaining this, but it penetration of a material certainly is not solely a function of kinetic energy but also gaps in the material(however minuscule) and where it hits specifically.

  • ....not solely a function of kinetic energy but also gaps in the material(however minuscule) and where it hits specifically.


    I agree. But the fact that the holes close up behind the particles tends to suggest not merely the displacement of materials, but that something else is happening as well. To me at least.

  • I think perhaps there could be some merit in studying how a bodkin arrow can strike a multi-layered set of chain mail and tear apart under layers without tearing apart the outer layers. If the bodkin has a fine enough point it may not tear any of the layers. On a small enough scale, there's really no such thing as a smooth surface. I believe you might even be able to say that covalent bonds are much like the interlacing of the links of mail. The more links binding each connection point, the stiffer the material appears to be. It might be a crude way to look at it, but it might explain the effect.

  • New video from Brilliant Light Power Inc. Interesting Product of Energetic Hydrino Reaction Video displayed at 10X speed with an insert of filaments of the compound in air displayed at normal speed. Detonation of reaction mixture produces an energetic power release and forms filamentous chemical products. Products are ferromagnetic and each "comprises a metal not known to form a hydride or to be magnetic".


    Wend/Irion's experiments with exploding wires are, where the whole cold fusion research (and its ostracizing by mainstream physics) started before one century. But I don't think that artifacts observed in video have something to do with cold fusion or EVO's or hydrino. They're formed with droplets of hot metal sputtered by discharge burning on air.


    One should rather ask, why BLP is doing such a trivial experiments, when its expected to bring advanced product to manufacture... :-\

  • I should develop a technique to use this in food production. Maybe use explosives to put spices inside some steaks? That might lead to some pretty bizarre slaughterhouses though.... lol Or maybe we can micronize this and blast chemo drugs directly into tumors. Maybe freeze some gas and blast it into some metal and make metal foam? The possibilities are diverse!

  • It would be interesting to look inside the walls of the hole produced by the impacting particle with a SEM to see if there has been produced any transmutation of elements.


    ... spectral analysis of the sections and sections of the channels formed by the advent of microparticles in the thickness of the targets made it possible to detect the appearance of new elements. In the targets of bombarded microparticles in the regime of superdeep penetration, the presence of a radon gas,...


    which was not originally present in the samples under investigation, was also detected. X-ray
    film installed in the target area was exposed. In some experiments, the nature of the illumination turned out to be
    ruled.


    This indicates that the phenomenon of ultra-deep penetration of microparticles into barriers is associated with complex synthesizing and unexplored high-energy physical processes that are characteristic for the physics of
    elementary particles and the atomic nucleus.

  • Regarding transmutation.


    It looks like the energy of impact produces EVOs as the release and conversion of kinetic energy to heat vaporizes metal and the heat activated nanoparticles generates the LENR reaction as they often do.

  • It looks like the energy of impact produces EVOs as the release and conversion of kinetic energy to heat vaporizes metal and the heat activated nanoparticles generates the LENR reaction as they often do.


    Alternatively, it is known that explosions can create MHD effects resulting in electrical discharges. Perhaps these 3-5 micron particles have an EVO wrapped around them, like the paper on a toffee? Which is a wild speculation, but it is Saturday after all.:)

  • With just a brief review of this thread, let me suggest (or reprise) that positive ions of various degrees of ionization could make considerable channels through solid substrates. Ionization by spark discharge and acceleration by electrostatic field--- fixed or more likely a pulse perhaps conjoined with the discharge itself. I only mention this so as to suggest a path to avoid unnecessarily exotic explanations.


    By perhaps constructive parallel: Recall that a "plasma jet" or "plasma torch" [see for example: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric-pressure_plasma ] has a counter-propagated internal arc usually of more massive positive ions (but could even be protons or deuterons, with H or D as a working gas) that energetically exit the working end of the "jet" while the counter propagating electrons / negative ions terminate on the back positively charged electrode. More massive positive ions (say of helium or argon) are accelerated toward the negative electrode (proximal side of the plasma output end) and the positive ions largely pass on through said orifice with high momentum toward the working surface of choice. With suitable selection of working fluids and suitable target materials one might expect not only target melting or ablation, but at lower integrated energy fluxes, with high degrees of ionization, perhaps in situ production of radioisotopes and/or transmuted products within the target. In my opinion, such high ionization with low flux would be favored at higher field strengths (perhaps by RF, microwaves or coherent IR superimposed on the arc current), lower pressures and lower DC currents AND perhaps by appropriate target bias.


    The plasma jet or beam could also be cyclically neutralized by alternating bias voltage on the target (if a conductor) or by a negatively charged electron beam "spraying" parallel and co-incident with the jet / beam if the target were non-conductive.

  • Alternatively, it is known that explosions can create MHD effects resulting in electrical discharges. Perhaps these 3-5 micron particles have an EVO wrapped around them, like the paper on a toffee? Which is a wild speculation, but it is Saturday after all.:)


    All excited metal based nanoparticles and microparticles are covered by Surface Plasmon Polaritons on their surface.


    Plasmon.png


    Plasmons are electromagnetic modes associated with the coherent excitation by photons of the free electrons at the interface between a metal and a dielectric material. They are extremely sensitive to the geometry of the metallic nanostructures on the surface of the particles.

  • With just a brief review of this thread, let me suggest (or reprise) that positive ions of various degrees of ionization could make considerable channels through solid substrates. Ionization by spark discharge and acceleration by electrostatic field--- fixed or more likely a pulse perhaps conjoined with the discharge itself. I only mention this so as to suggest a path to avoid unnecessarily exotic explanations.


    If the threshold of the starting magnet field is above the LENR ignition point and addon matter like 7Li or 2H, H* is available, then a LENR distribution reaction may be ignited. In such a reaction the field increases until it is high enough to guide nucleon exchange. For this to happen it is important that the solid body axes (the grid) is center aligned with the impact zone and the initial nucleus can maintain the field long enough.

    Many nuclei develop a large magnetic momentum, that is “long time” stable if one or two electrons are removed.

    Thus the plasma is not entering the solid body. In reality the plasma is generated inside the solid body.

  • If the threshold of the starting magnet field is above the LENR ignition point and addon matter like 7Li or 2H, H* is available, then a LENR distribution reaction may be ignited. In such a reaction the field increases until it is high enough to guide nucleon exchange. For this to happen it is important that the solid body axes (the grid) is center aligned with the impact zone and the initial nucleus can maintain the field long enough.

    Many nuclei develop a large magnetic momentum, that is “long time” stable if one or two electrons are removed.

    Thus the plasma is not entering the solid body. In reality the plasma is generated inside the solid body.



    The low intensity magnetic fields produced by biological systems and the SmCo7 magnet dust used in the Cravens golden ball experiment speaks against any "LENR ignition point and addon matter". The magnetic field strength is directly associated with the probability of the occurrence of the LENR reaction even when that field strength is very low..