KEN SHOULDERS, 1927-2013. A MAVERICK GENIUS.
The Man Who Made Black Holes.
Alan Smith, November 2017
“Ken’s brilliance will be missed in the scientific community as a visionary in the field of new energy exotic vacuum objects (EVO’s). He was a leader in this new frontier, but perhaps best known to the scientific community as the father of vacuum microelectronics.” Diane Meade (Family member)
Almost anyone who has spent time investigating ‘unlikely physics’ may have stumbled across mention of, or papers written by, the late Ken Shoulders. There are factors emerging now which may well bring renewed interest in the huge body of scientific work which forms his intellectual legacy. Shoulders has often been described by his peers as the ‘father’ of the domain known as ‘Vacuum Nano-electronics’. In part this is because over the last decade, prompted by concerns about climate change and rising energy costs there is increasing interest (again) in the phenomenon formerly known as ‘cold fusion’ now generally referred to as LENR. It seems likely that this field will benefit from a re-examination of Shoulders discoveries, particularly his work on EVO’s (Exotic Vacuum Objects or ‘Charge Clusters’ - CC’s). These names are convenient labels used to categorise phenomena which some researchers (this author included) feel offer key insights into new and fundamentally different approaches to LENR and as yet unexploited ways of creating and transforming matter and energy ‘at table-top scale’.