Graphite based thermoelectric generators are getting mainstream

  • A brief recapitulation of links, sorted by their approximate reliability and relevance to subject

  • The general idea here is, the dielectrics of charged capacitor can serve like the rectifying diode for its thermal fluctuations (rectenna), which is so-called captret (capacitor+electret) effect. This effect runs the better, the larger voltage the capacitor has and the smaller distance it has between its plates. The PN junctions of semiconductor diodes and/or electrolytic bilayer at the boundary between electrode and electrolyte can also exhibit captret effect with apparent limitations following from this arrangement.

    In this respect it's significant that 2D materials like the graphite layers can also work like capacitor plates with extremely small space between them. This distance can be increased by mixing of graphite with proper dielectric (wax) the molecules of which would embed between graphite plates. In addition, this material could retain its initial polarization (electret), without which the generator wouldn't work. Of course, the external polarization of such mixture from external battery would work in similar way, like the usage of electret. The galvanic effect which follows from usage of pair different metals or semiconductors in the role of electrodes can be also used - providing the material of graphite mixture doesn't react with electrodes electrochemically.

  • Seriously Zeph, Steorn? Now you are going to make have to look for another cartoon or photo illustrating extreme derision. Wish I had time. In case you didn't notice, Steorn is dead, belly up, never made anything that worked, took more than twenty-one million Euros of investor money which over ten years went mainly to the executives' salaries and their pub-frequenting habits.

  • Quote

    In case you didn't notice, Steorn is dead, belly up, never made anything that worked

    The same like Fleischman & Pons... BTW Steorn's McCarthy refused to give his IP to his main creditor - but why he did it, if he could wipe-out most of his debts with it? He apparently hopes, his know-how could bring him more money than these debts in future. And his device - Orbo Cube - is pretty similar to this one. So I've my suspicions and indicia - and you indeed also have yours one... :-)

  • EOqLkBZm.jpgI also have my own explanation, why Orbo Cube failed, despite some devices generated voltage long time after they were withdrawn from customers. McCarthy feared the lost of IP, so that he casted his circuits into an epoxy resin without further testing, so that they couldn't withstand higher load due to poor cooling. Therefore the failure of OrboCube device did arise from untested cheap Chinese circuits casted into epoxy - not from Orbo power cells directly.

    Of course for dumb pathoskeptics who don't know about all above details the failure of business model immediately means the failure of technology.

  • A carbon capacitor as a long string may be useful as a momentary discharge in many different areas within a lower and upper jump gap without discharging the entire string, could be helpful if the purpose was a long constant spark 300 feet long with a .010 gap, it would only need low voltage and time and something sandwiched between them to ignite or to agitate.

    just thinking.~

  • Ironically this article is about monopoles, which were once also considered a typical crackpot science - just because of their apparent connection to Tesla scalar physics and free energy. It illustrates, that there's actually no such thing as 'settled science' The easiest way to undermine good science is to demand that it be made "sound." ("Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence").

    Put a magnetic dipole somewhere, and guide a magnetic monopole in a closed loop along one of the dipole's magnetic field lines. Since at all times the monopole will be moving in the direction of the force it will gain an energy. Consider the following variation of the original situation. We run a current through an infinitely long straight wire to set up a magnetic field that circles around the wire. Now we place a ring of magnetic monopoles around the wire. The ring of monopoles will start rotating with the magnetic field. This rotating ring of magnetic monopoles constitutes a loop of magnetic current. Just as a loop of electric current generates a magnetic field, the loop of magnetic current generates an electric field. The original electric current points opposite this new electric field and so additional work has to be done to maintain the original electric current. This additional work is exactly equal to the energy gained by the accelerating ring of monopoles.

    We can also consider the monopole continuously threading through the superconducting loop. Depending on the relative sense of circulation, either the monopole gains energy at the expense of the supercurrent, or vice versa. Regardless of whether circulating monopole gains or loses energy in following along the lines of B generated by the supercurrent, the supercurrent itself will do squat. One either accepts that energy-momentum conservation would dramatically fail, or take the scenario as proof that a stable monopole cannot exist.

    Most widespread source of monopoles is dark matter, which is manifestation of quantum fluctuations of vacuum. At the moment, when these fluctuations emerge and disappear faster, than the light wave is able to pass through them, then the Poincare / Lorentz symmetry breaking follows and the orthogonal SO(2) symmetry group is not preserved anymore (you may imagine that the wave is forced to leak out before its full period finishes). Therefore the dark matter exhibits degenerated monopole character, i.e. the anapole behavior. The uncompensated magnetic charge of magnetic monopoles doesn't differ too much from charge of charged bodies. Once the CMBR photons get anapole character, then they will start to behave like less or more cohesive charged bodies which are repelling at distance, they get polarization and also inertial character (they get dragged with neighboring massive bodies, collide and annihilate mutually). Which are all properties typical for dark matter observed around galaxies and galactic centers.

    The similar effect can be observed for boson condensates, inside of which the speed of light waves gets greatly reduced by entanglement of atom orbitals. Their fluctuations are indeed slower, but the speed of light is also much lower there, so we can observe the formation of magnetic monopoles inside them. So that every system, which manages to move faster than the speed of electromagnetic wave propagation is prime candidate for both monopole, both free energy release. Note that speed of light in vacuum plays no role here - only the speed of electromagnetic wave in an environment given - which may be indeed way lower. Boson condensates are typical systems, where the speed of light gets slowed down to a few meters per second or eventually stopped completely. Such a condensate systems are therefore most perspective with respect to free energy generation.

    According the recent observations the graphene can be made magnetic and it can also host magnetic monopoles. Therefore it's not so surprising to read, that graphite has been utilized both for free energy generation both for recoiless drive effects. This is an illustration of correspondence principle: once you violate one theory (Maxwell equations), then another theory based on energy conservation could get violated too (Newton laws). The primary mechanism aren't monopole though - but presence of time-reversed Dirac electrons, which enable both the charge and magnetic flux leaking, both interaction with vacuum fluctuations. Note that many overunity magnetic motors are based on magnets or bucking coils in repulsive arrangement: an artificial monopole.

    There is anecdotal evidence, that magnets glued in repulsive (artificial monopole) arrangement are falling more slowly (1, 2, 3). The similar effect could apply to charged capacitors, superconductors (Tajmar/Podkletnov effect) and similar systems, where the electrons are constrained in their motion, so that they're forced to interact with vacuum fluctuations more (they cannot "avoid" them so easily). The Tajmar effect could also ruin famous Gravity B experiment, which utilized spherical quartz gyroscopes covered by neodymium superconductor inside large Deward flask (superconductor is supposed to interact strongly with vacuum fluctuations). Contrary to expectations, these poor balls changed their orientation wildly and despite all preliminary measures they also did react to Sun storms and stellar wind, which rendered the experimental results nearly unusable. The Earth also appears to be moving at 627±22 km/s relative to the reference frame of the CMB radiation, so that the vacuum around us should exhibit drag for magnets in repulsive arrangement. This experiment was also already done with positive result by David L. Cameron and it should be consistent with DAMA/LIBRA observations. But I don't think he will get Nobel prize in foreseeable time..

    Because magnetic monopoles arise from boson condensates, which are present in superconductors (BEC theory), it shouldn't also surprise us, that graphite was found occasionally superconductive (1, 2). These findings were all bravely ignored by mainstream physics - despite they all play well together and graphene is even currently in center of mainstream research. What could we learn from all these connections? This is all trivial consequence of correspondence principle: once you violate one theory, then another theory which is based on the first one must get violated too. The Maxwell's equations are all based on conservation of energy in electrodynamic - and just its violation enables to violate them too.

  • You should not believe everything that you are thinking about ...

    Agreed thats why I'm here, Before all the work starts.

    lots of proof of concept from years of leaks are attempting to come together.Its not in the best of interest to derail it before the reactor test build. Please contribute as you can to its completion.

  • Steorn = free energy scam. Their claims are pseudoscience.

    Only a couple of the links are relevant to thermoelectric generation.

    The thermoelectric effect refers to a specific mechanism that converts temperature differences into electricity. The best example is a thermocouple.

    Its not a generic term for any heat to electricity conversion.

    What is the point of this thread?

  • About Clarendon Pile:

    Which relationship between Bose-Einstein Condensates and cold fusion? We must notice that a palladium-deuterium alloy is an “hidden quasicrystal” : the deuterium nuclei are randomly inserted in the palladium lattice. There is a short-range disorder, but a long-range order. According to this point of view, the Cold Fusion could be a very complex « multi-step » phenomenon:

    1) Anharmonic cooling of light nuclei in quasicristalline materials

    2) Bose-Einstein condensation of the cold deuterons, or of couples of cold protons (or cold tritons) (Diafluid Phase)

    3) Triggering of the initial fusion event by an external source, for exemple muons, erzions, or other cosmics rays.

    4) Transfer of the energy to the whole Bose-Einstein Condensate.

    5) Transfer of a part of the energy to some deuterium nuclei,

    6) New fusions events caused by theses “ballistic deuterons”

    7) Vanishing of the diafluid phase.

    And beginning of a new cycle.

    Years ago, a Russian team and a Japanese one recorded acoustic waves during cold fusion experiments. The authors suggest that these little shock waves could be produced by discrete fusion chain events caused by a muon or another particule, and quickly terminated. Each event will cause a thermal expansion of palladium, producing a faint sound.

    We don’t know if the diafluid state occur in microcrystals of the palladium, or if it is delocalized to the whole palladium electrode. The scale of the reaction is probably some domains, like the Bloch domains of the magnetic materials. There is a big experimental program in front of us.

    Are we the first to use this embodiment to produce voltages and current? When I filled my first patent in 1991, I was persuaded that we were the first.

    I'm not so sure now. Wandering on the net, I read that the oldest science experiment still running was in a showcase of the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford.

    This device was installed in 1840, but it would have been built over 15 years before.

    For almost two centuries, the voltage generated was sufficient to move a metal sphere of 4 mm in diameter, between two bells separated by about one centimeter. The pace of the sphere is 2 hertz. Since 190 years, the metallic sphere covered the distance of 190x365x24x60x60x2 =1.19 million kilometers, or 3 times the Earth-Moon distance!

    Many historians of science argue that the electric generator which produces the movement of the sphere would be a "dry cell" of the kind that were used during World War II to supply the infrared image intensifiers used by snipers. (Yes, in 1944/45!) This claim seems false: high voltage dry batteries produced during the past century become out of order rapidly. The batteries of the "bell Clarendon" would be "Batteries Zamboni," but we do not know anything of the method of manufacturing of these batteries. We only know that there is probably manganese dioxide inside, and also silver paper. Manganese dioxyde is an excellent proton conductor.

    Is it possible that the energy source of this strange instrument was cold fusion? Is the mystery which keep our energy for the past 25 years making these two bells ringing under the noses of the most prestigious English scientists for two centuries? Amusing question, but which requires a serious answer.

  • "Luckily for anyone who may be stationed nearby, the bell is not incessantly dinging like some possessed alarm clock. It’s actually barely audible, because the charge is so low—the metal ball responsible for the ringing only delicately vibrates between the two bells."

    It is not exact. The sound is "barely audible" because one century ago, the guys of the lab put two little pieces of fabric or absorbing paper between the ball and the bells.