New USPTO Patent Applications from Industrial Heat

  • U.S. Patent Application 20180193816 -- July 12, 2018


    DESIGNS OF EXOTHERMIC REACTORS


    ABSTRACT: An exothermic reaction chamber includes at least one of an annular sleeve hosting a hydrogen-absorbing metal, and an electrode having either an outer diameter greater than 50 percent of the reaction chamber bore diameter, perturbations formed on the electrode outer surface, or both. The anode-to-cathode distance may be varied by controlling either or both of the thickness of the annular sleeve and the electrode diameter. Perturbations on the electrode outer surface, which facilitate electrical discharge, may be formed by winding wire around the electrode in a helical pattern, by machining the electrode, or by drilling holes through the electrode and inserting metal rods having pointed or rounded tips into the holes. Both by reducing the anode-to-cathode distance and via perturbations on the outer surface of the electrode, electrical discharge is enhanced. Electrical discharge may drive more hydrogen (deuterium) ions into the hydrogen-absorbing metal, enhancing the efficiency of exothermic reactions.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0193816&RS=DN/20180193816


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    U.S. Patent Application 20180197643 -- July 12, 2018


    Monitoring and Controlling Exothermic Reactions Using Photon Detection Devices


    ABSTRACT: A method includes vacuuming an environment containing a low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) system and flowing a gaseous material into the environment. The method includes heating the reactor to a first temperature range and applying a voltage to an electrode passing through a core of the LENR system. The method includes imaging one of the core or the system with a spectrometer and determining that the core is at a desired temperature based on the imaging.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0197643&RS=DN/20180197643


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    U.S. Patent Application 20180193815 -- July 12, 2018


    PLASMA FREQUENCY TRIGGER


    ABSTRACT: An exothermic reaction of hydrogen/deuterium loaded into a metal or alloy is triggered by controlling the frequency of a hydrogen/deuterium plasma in a reaction chamber. The plasma frequency is controlled by adjusting its electron density, which in turn is controlled by adjusting the pressure within the reaction chamber. An exothermic reaction is generated at certain discrete plasma frequencies, which correspond to the optical phonon modes of D-D, H-D, and H--H bonds within the metal lattice. For example, in palladium metal, the frequencies are 8.5 THz, 15 THz, and 20 THz, respectively.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0193815&RS=DN/20180193815


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    And, another recent patent application, but not from IH


    U.S. Patent Application 20180187322 -- July 5, 2018


    Proportional-Integral-Derivative Radio Frequencies Synchronized plasma Coupled Harmonic Closed Loop Feedback Oscilllator to Maintain a Constant Resonance Oscillating Harmonic Enhanced Exothermic Reaction Within Metal Lattice During Hydrogen Loading to Generating Efficient Exothermic Thermoelectric, Mechanical Power and Graphene Nano Tubes


    ABSTRACT: Radio frequency (RF) power, and in particular microwaves, are used as a source of heat for plasma Exothermic Enhanced Reactions (EERs) in a metal lattice, into which hydrogen is loaded in the presence of lithium or graphene.


    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0187322&RS=DN/20180187322

  • It seems great news and symptom of something that works.

    this applications

    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0193816&RS=DN/20180193816

    seems to imply they work on a reactor where discharge is used to help:

    Quote

    Electrical discharge may drive more hydrogen (deuterium) ions into the hydrogen-absorbing metal, enhancing the efficiency of exothermic reactions.

    it seems they work on Pd and Ni , with gold as shielding metal

    Quote

    wherein the hydrogen-absorbing metal is selected from the group comprising palladium and nickel.

    wherein a shielding metal is first plated onto the bore surface, and the hydrogen-absorbing metal is then plated onto the shielding metal.

    wherein the shielding metal is gold.


    [0004] FIG. 1 is a section view of a plasma type of exothermic reaction chamber 100. The reaction chamber 100 comprises a cylinder 102 formed of a rugged metal, e.g., stainless steel. For example, the cylinder 102 may be approximately a foot long and an inch in diameter. The cylinder 102, which has one open end, is fitted with a lid 106 and hermetically sealed, allowing the interior to be drawn to a vacuum of 10.sup.-6-10.sup.-7 Tor. The interior wall of the cylinder 102 may be plated with a shielding metal 108, such as gold (Au), and then with hydrogen-absorbing metal 110, such as palladium (Pd) or Nickel (Ni). Hydrogen (H) has an affinity for the metal lattice of the hydrogen-absorbing metal 110, and an aversion to that of the shielding metal 108. Hence, the shielding metal 108 may act as a seal to maintain hydrogen nuclei in the hydrogen-absorbing metal 110.

    [0005] The metal cylinder 102 is grounded, forming an effective cathode, and an electrode 104, acting as an anode, is positioned in the center. Hydrogen or deuterium (.sup.2H, a stable isotope of H, also known as "heavy H") is introduced into the cylinder 102 at a low pressure via passage 114 through the lid 106. High-voltage, low-current power is applied to the electrode 104 via a power supply coupling 116. The high voltage along the electrode 104 generates an electric field directed radially outwardly, which ionizes the hydrogen or deuterium and accelerates it toward and into the hydrogen-absorbing metal 110. An insulating collar 118, formed for example of Teflon.RTM., covers the electrode 104 over the area opposite the cylinder 102 that is not plated with shielding metal 108 or hydrogen-absorbing metal 110, to prevent electrical discharge directly from the electrode 104 to the grounded cylinder 102.



    the second patent

    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0197643&RS=DN/20180197643

    let also leaks the design of their reactor

    Quote

    A method includes vacuuming an environment containing a low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) system and flowing a gaseous material into the environment. The method includes heating the reactor to a first temperature range and applying a voltage to an electrode passing through a core of the LENR system


    wherein the applied voltage is between about 200 volts and about 1200 volts.

    wherein the vacuum is a minimum of 10 -3 torr.
    wherein the flow of gaseous material is between 1 and 10 Pa.
    wherein the flow of gaseous material is between 1 and 3 Pa.

    wherein the heating is between about 100 degrees C. and about 400 degrees C.



    The third patent

    http://appft.uspto.gov/netacgi…0193815&RS=DN/20180193815

    resonate (joke) with dual laser experiments of Dennis Letts, using plasma to produce the good THz frequency (instead of laser THz beat).

    Quote

    According to one or more embodiments described and claimed herein, an exothermic reaction of hydrogen/deuterium loaded into a metal or alloy is triggered by controlling the frequency of a plasma. In a plasma, charged particles oscillate at certain frequencies, which are referred to as plasma frequencies in this disclosure. The plasma frequency is controlled by adjusting the electron density of the plasma. The plasma frequency is in turn controlled by adjusting the pressure within the reaction chamber. An exothermic reaction is generated at certain discrete plasma frequencies, which correspond to the optical phonon modes of D-D, H-D, and H--H bonds within the metal lattice. For example, in palladium metal, the frequencies are 8.5 THz, 15 THz, and 20 THz, respectively.


    One embodiment relates to a method of triggering an exothermic reaction in a sealed reaction chamber including an anode and a cathode having a reactive metal coating. The reaction chamber is evacuated to a predetermined vacuum. One or both of hydrogen (H) and deuterium (D) gas are introduced into the reaction chamber at predetermined partial pressures. A plasma is created in the reaction chamber by applying a high voltage DC electrical signal to the anode. The electron density in the plasma is adjusted to achieve a predetermined plasma frequency by controlling the pressure within the reaction chamber. An exothermic reaction is triggered by achieving a plasma frequency of a predetermined value.


    Another embodiment relates to an exothermic reaction assembly. The assembly includes a reaction chamber including a sealed metallic housing grounded to function as a cathode; a reactive metal coating on the interior surface of the housing; and an anode suspended within the chamber. The assembly also includes a signal generator operative to generate a high frequency, high voltage electrical signal and apply the signal to the anode or alternatively to the cathode. The assembly further includes a gas manifold and controller operative to connect a vacuum pump and one or more gas chambers to the reaction chamber and to control the mass and pressure of gases in the chamber. The signal generator is operative to create a plasma in the reaction chamber by applying an AC electrical signal superimposed over a high voltage DC signal to the anode or alternatively to the cathode. The gas manifold and controller are operative to adjust the electron density in the plasma to achieve a predetermined plasma frequency by controlling the pressure within the reaction chamber.


    Le fourth patent seems to follow a similar vision to the third, with wider frequencry range from MHz to THz.

    Their implied theory and operation seems a bit different.

    There is something about graphene, way to extrude wires... Quite rich.

    Quote


    In either of the preferred embodiments, a closed feedback loop may be used to prevent a runaway reaction and control oscillations in the electrode lattices. The microwave heated materials generate plasma EERs that produce an RF microwave output within a metal lattice. A radio frequency sensor or sensors capture the EER radio frequency lattice output oscillations that are 180 degrees out of phase from the RF input source. Through software and hardware, the RF is harmonically synchronized or coupled between the input source RF with the lattice output RF to create harmonic oscillations with local interaction between the source and reaction RF within a closed feedback loop. The resonance lattice reaction between input and output RF in a closed feedback loop keeps the oscillation in a constant state that results in an improved reduced input power to maintain a constant output power. As the lattice metal heats up using the RF power with lithium and hydrogen gas pressure during cathode hydrogen loading between the lattice's super abundant vacancies, a switching magnetic field can create a vortex that can cause a ferromagnetic flip within the Face Center Cube (FCC), Body-Center-Cube (BBC) or Hexagonal Close Packed (HCP) alignment of the lattice. This mismatched magnetic alignment within the lattice causes the FCC, BBC or HCP to jump out of alignment and cause a spin of the FCC, BBC, HCP or other transitional metals to spin like a top at microwaves speeds to create a microwave motor vortex swirl that melts nearby materials with friction heat. Once the Vortex is in motion, it melts metals that are in contact with the spinning metals and it also produces an RF signal. The oscillating lattice will try to find a harmonic equilibrium.

    [0015] Another novelty of the invention is using fine stranded wire such as nickel or Titanium or a blend or other transitional materials that soak hydrogen and co-extruding them with a polymer with Lithium and or metal powders such as copper and iron or rhodium to make a roll of solid fuel that is motor driver into a RF reactor zone to produce a EER reaction as outlined in FIG. 20,21. Another novelty of the invention if a polymers is used such as Polyethylene that consist of four hydrogens and 2 carbons, when heated by the RF or other heating sources the hydrogen is soaked into the metal while the carbon uses the Nickel or Copper as a host to form graphene on the surface of the wire to produce a valuable continuous roll of graphene wire that is crosslinked by the RF during the formation of the graphene coating to produce one of the strongest and conductive wires in the world. The graphene can also enhance the EER reaction by applying a stress on the surface of the wire during H2 or D2 loading and absorb additional H2 or D2. In FIGS. 20,21 the RF feedback loop with a PID can be employed or a gas injection with a spark or resistive heater to melt the Pe into a EER reaction. The solid fuel allows for safely storing Lithium within the polymer. Bare lithium will explode when it comes in contact with moisture the current invention solves that problem and in addition the graphene wire can be used for electrical transmission power lines or high speed internet or faster computers. The strength of the graphene wire can be used for building stronger and lighter planes, cars and other manufactured use in computer chips etc.

    [0016] Another novelty of the invention is to form single or multi-walled cross-linked graphene tube from several feet to several miles long by taking an extruded polymers With H2 and carbon with or without lithium to generate a EER furnace. The polymer extrusion with a thin metalize coating of nickel or other host materials such as copper over the polymer extrusion will for a graphene tube.

    The metal transitional foils, foams, wire knitted mesh, or powdered materials can be constructed under hydrogen, deuterium, lithium chloride, or gas pre-loaded pressures and mixed with lithium or graphene as a readymade reaction material. The RF can range from a Hertz to Terahertz range with the optimal ranges in the MHz to THz range. The electronic and software (PID) feedback loop prevents a run-away reaction to control the oscillations at a maximum set point level to prevent a chain reaction as shown in FIG. 1.

  • Alain,

    i'm not sure about your relation/understanding between " symptom of something that works" and high COP.

    All of ways shared here are in relation with things already understood by everybody.

    However, as you suggest, it's therefore encouraging.

    Airbus, Piantelli for example have already patented interesting things, probably they have meet exces heat therefore that shouln't say necessarily high COP to plan business. in all cases , these patent can fill-saturate the ground as a target.

    DF

  • Seems like during next decade Rossi will be in court battleing patent infringement if he has something of courses.

    Max,

    this well proves that patent strategy remains bad, AR will spend the rest of his life wanting to get his money back through the court ... Elon musk understood this well and shares patents dares to really go into industrialization then business what Rossi doesn't want to do, because he can't do it, came from outside this field.

    DF

  • Cydonia I don't see how serious investor will invest into something without some degree of patent protection. Unless Rossi is using sone shadow entity, line the dude from Cyprus, to generate some patents, he will be the only one without them.

    What is the competitive advantage then?

    Cheaper quality product?

    We all saw his ability to assmeble plumbing components even kids for scholl projects can do better.

  • Two of the patents are assigned to "Industrial Heat, LLC, NC, US", with the one other to "IH IP Holdings,St. Helier,GB". I wonder how IH is organized, and how the patents are divvied up between the two? Not that it matters, but with IH kicking into gear, I am curious for future reference how all the parts are working together.


    And are the inventors like Letts/Morris/Higgins working independently in their own labs, or together in one lab? If separate from each other, are they coordinating their work, and are they considered part of the UIUC IH Lab Team? I ask because Darden announced in Oct 2015 IH was expanding into a 20,000sq/ft lab in Cary NC.


    https://www.bizjournals.com/tr…at-lab-space-cary-nc.html There was never any evidence they opened the lab however.


    Good news no matter. I agree with Max, Cydonia, and Alan though, that the patent issue will be a mess when/if LENR is acknowledged as a real effect. Maybe one day David French could add his thoughts on that.


  • Thx Ahlfors,


    Our Dewey has his name on a patent application! It replaces the provisional they submitted in June 2016, so not much new there, but hey...it is a start. Go IH :)

  • Quote

    A patent is no better than your ability to defend it, which is very expensive and very distracting. The sensible route forward is to be first, best, and cheapest.


    In an ideal world maybe. Take Rossi, for example, and suppose he has something. How does he develop and market a practical application which is the best and cheapest? Everything he has ever shown looked like salvaged trash and Home Depot Garden department components. Maybe, with lots of help and money, he can establish a short lead until China buys a few and makes them orders of magnitude cheaper and just as well (or close enough). How long does that take? A few months? A year? What stops a large company anywhere from stealing the work?


    I suspect the only way to go with a valuable invention is to partner up with a large and powerful company or investment group. Then, you can be first, best and cheapest and also very dangerous to attack with patent violations.


    Quote

    Good news no matter.


    Shane D. Patents don't mean a thing unless the invention works. And there is nothing in most LENR patents to prove that they do and patent applications are even weaker evidence for a working product than actual patents.

  • What I like in those patents is they patent useful tricks to deign a reactor, not a reactor.

    as if you patent an electronic injection, or speed limiter.

    Moreover unlike most LENR patents, I can understand them., and even guess who the LENR reactor is designed.

    Let's wait and see how the USPTO examiner or the EPO examiner, react.

  • The problem with patents is that if valid patents, in that the descriptions therin should enable 'any person skilled in the art etc etc' they tell the competition exactly how to copy your work. My own opinion of investors who demand patents, is that you should immediately start to look for a smarter investor.

  • My own opinion of investors who demand patents, is that you should immediately start to look for a smarter investor.

    With a technology such as cold fusion, patents are the only way you can protect IP or make money. Trade secrets would never work. Once it becomes generally known that the effect is real, every industrial corporation and university on earth will begin frantic efforts to replicate and improve. This is not something you can hide with trade secrets. By the same token, you cannot profit by improving the product faster or manufacturing it cheaper than the corporations. They will improve it much faster than you can, and they can manufacture it far cheaper than you can, in unimaginably large quantities.


    If you have no patent, you might as well give the product away and perhaps ask Congress for a reward. (They might give it to you. Congress and other institutions rewarded the Wright brothers. If they had not, the Wrights would have earned little, because they were not good at business and they had terrible problems defending their patent.)

  • JedRothwell What do you think about Deep Space Industries? Or Warren Buffet?

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