The new high powered LENR energy systems primarily generate intense XUV light. This XUV has very high energy content. Unfortunately, these LENR systems are designed to waste this photonic energy.
The amount of energy in these photons is given by the equation E = hf, where E is the energy of the photons in Joules; h is Planck's constant, which is always 6.63 * 10^-34 Joule seconds; and f is the frequency of the light in hertz.
The energy content of light is therefor directly proportional to its frequency and therefore also wave length.
A typical infrared photon has a wave length of 1200 nm whereas the XUV has a wave length of 100 nm. Since the energy content of a photon is proportional to its wave length, the XUV photon carries 12 times more energy content than does the infrared photon.
If the XUV light is wasted, then only under 10% of the light energy is utilized in the SK reactor.
Futhermore, we can assume that a LENR based photodissociation system will be nearly 100% Faradaic efficiency for hydrogen production, consistent with studies of polymer electroyte membrane electrolyzers,
The use of the energy outputs of the SK reactor as well as the SunCell is most likely misapplied in the use of a turbine to only extract heat energy from the LENR reaction.. The XUV energy in these systems is wasted in preference to the utilization of heat which is only a small part of the output energy produced by the SK. Most of the output power produced in these systems comes in the form of XUV photons. The capture of this energy forms a foundation for an effective engineering solution to utilizing the energy produced by LENR.
Absorption of UV close-by (~125 nm), excites the 3a1 orbital leading to dissociation into OH + H (photodissociation; higher energy absorption produces charged fragments). Such dissociation can also be achieved by consecutive absorption of two 266 nm photons.
The value of the production of atomic hydogen in photodissociation is obvious.
The value of OH as a valuable waste product as follows:
The hydroxyl radical is often referred to as the "detergent" of the troposphere because it reacts with many pollutants, decomposing them through "cracking", often acting as the first step to their removal. It also has an important role in eliminating some greenhouse gases like methane and ozone. The rate of reaction with the hydroxyl radical often determines how long many pollutants last in the atmosphere, if they do not undergo photolysis or are rained out. For instance methane, which reacts relatively slowly with hydroxyl radical, has an average lifetime of >5 years and many CFCs have lifetimes of 50 years or more. Other pollutants, such as larger hydrocarbons, can have very short average lifetimes of less than a few hours.
Hydroxyl is an anti-pollutant. It counteracts climate change and smog.
In 2014, researchers reported their discovery of a "hole" or absence of hydroxyl throughout the entire depth of the troposphere across a large region of the tropical West Pacific. They suggested that this hole is permitting large quantities of ozone-degrading chemicals to reach the stratosphere, and that this may be significantly reinforcing ozone depletion in the polar regions with potential consequences for the climate of the Earth.
Absorption of two higher energy photons, at 200 nm, gives rise to a hydrated electron by H2O + hν -> H2O+ + e-aq
In the XUV light that is produced by the SK, water absorbs most of its energy content.
The many ways to convert high powered photon energy into useful energy output.
XUV can Photodissociate water into hydrogen and electricity in the presence of various biological catalysts.
H2O + 2 photons (light) → 2 e− + 2 H+ + A
That is electricity and hydrogen where A are biological catalyzed chemical products.
Since the SK produces a huge number of photons, a corresponding huge amount of electricity and hydrogen will be generated by this process.
Furthermore, water can be dissociated into its constituent elements as follows:
H2O -> 2H + O
High pressure based photo-reactions combining H2O with CO to form clathrate hydrate(natural gas).
It might be possible to create a SK solution that can power an automobile as a retrofit of the IC engine using natural gas or hydrogen.
The use of a natural gas burning turbine might also be productive.
Feeding natural gas into the worldwide natural gas pipeline systems could be a low impact introduction of LENR energy into the world's energy usage balance sheet.