Macro-Scale “Exotic Vacuum Object” Self-Oscillating within a High Q Factor Circuit Producing Nuclear Reactions with an Optimized Fuel Mixture

  • Please read the paper entitled, "Macro-Scale "Exotic Vacuum Object" Self-Oscillating within a High Q Factor Circuit Producing Nuclear Reactions with an Optimized Fuel Mixture" at the following link: https://e-catworld.com/2019/01…n-optimized-fuel-mixture/


    Or, download the PDF: https://e-catworld.com/wp-cont…2019/01/macroEVOfinal.pdf


    I believe this document contains enough information to give potential replicators a solid foundation for the design of their systems.


    I'd like to thank everyone who has provided their thoughts, commits, and assistance.

  • A very good assessment of the field - I suppose the other three light elements capable of fusion reactions Be, B and C could be thrown into the mix as well - C as diamond nanodust maybe after the LION data? And what about lasers if Holmlid's ideas prove correct?

  • There are a multitude of reactions that could take place in the device, but I think the hydrogen-lithium reaction is one of the most predominant. This is because lithium seems to have a low energy window where reactions with protons can take place at around 215eV.

  • It's my opinion that the main problem that Rossi has had to overcome with the QX/SK is the overheating of the power supply. In the new schematic of the experimental setup that has been posted, it seems like Rossi is using a cooling system that uses both water and argon.

  • I found a great comment by a user named giveadogabone. I'm amazed that he picked this up so quickly.


    http://ecatworld.org/e-cat-qx-…comments-from-mats-lewan/


  • Here is another really good post by giveadogabone.


    https://e-catworld.com/2017/12…as-guest-december-9-2017/


    Compare photos [2:] of the demo oscilloscope during QX startup to [1:]. To my mind, Fig 4 and the photos have the same general form. The core of the paper is an equation, presented as (1) : i(t) = C.dV/dt + V.dC/dt

    The QX and controller appear to be, in essence, a series RLC electrical circuit that oscillates at a near resonant frequency in normal operation. The second term of the equation shows the 'C' in the 'RLC' varying in time and this second term is always negative because V and dC/dt are always of opposite sign.

    If C.dV/dt is low positive and V.dC/dt is large negative with positive V, then the value of i(t) can be negative whilst V is positive. The AC current then flows in the opposite direction to the voltage which is a definition of NDR (Negative Differential Resistance). The double layer inputs AC electrical energy into the external circuit.

    The addition of a sufficient positive bias current to the circuit stops i(t) ever going negative in normal operation of the QX.

    [1:] http://vant.kipt.kharkov.ua...

    These equations are solved by numerical methods. Fig. 4 shows the dynamics of the double layer current capacitive component i (t) C (curve 1) and the active voltage U (t) a (curve 2) in the high-current pulsed discharge.

    Fig. 4. The dynamics of the double layer current capacitive component i (t) C (1) and the active voltage U (t) a (2) of the high-current pulsed discharge

    [2:] http://e-catworld.com/2017/...

    Photos of oscilloscope during QX startup

  • Does some evidence for EVOs exist in cold fusion experiments, in ECat reactors of Andrea Rossi in particular?

    Seems everything will be rossi related until further notice, reminds me of my shops little red cabinet ,Every time we couldn't find something it needed to be in the locked cabinet we could not open, We realized after 10 years the cabinet needed to be the size of a battleship for taking credit for what it was hiding~

  • I think the overheating of the power supply is one of the most fascinating aspects of the QX/SK.


    There must be something anomalous taking place.


    First, the power supply is only feeding a tiny amount of power to the SK. If it needs 380 watts of cooling that indicates somehow a massive amount of heat is being generated inside.


    Secondly, the QX/SK probably does not require a large metal conductor to connect it to the power supply. So the conductive transfer of heat is probably minimal.


    It seems to me that somehow the reactions in the QX/SK are transferring "something" to the QX/SK that's producing heat. That could be conventional electrical current. However, I think there could be ways of diverting, blocking, or rerouting that. I think what's more likely is that something anomalous like "cold electricity" (which has different properties than hot electricity until it is converted) is being transferred or perhaps very high frequency RF energy.


    If we can learn what's heating up the control box we will learn a LOT about what's going on in the SK.


    For example, the body of the reactor seems too small to transfer up to 60 kilowatts of heat (which Rossi says it can for short periods) to the heat exchanger. I'm guessing that there is some mechanism we do not know that is transferring the heat and that same mechanism is transferring heat to the power supply.

  • One reason why I think the SK is so important, if the statements made about it can be verified, is that it represents the basic underlying mechanism of LENR increased to the greatest possible extent. I expect that EVO phenomena are at the heart of powder based systems such as Brillouins. However, in such powder based systems, I think that the output power per volume and mass of fuel is tremendously limited and controllability is a serious issue. The way I imagine it is that all the tiny EVOs from all the Super Abundant Vacancies and cracks and pits in a powder based system are gathered up and placed in the SK. The plasma ball in the SK is like the total of all the EVOs in a powder based system combined into a large EVO.


    I think that powder based systems will have niches to fill, but that pure plasma based systems are the future due to high power density and total controllability.

  • Forgive me for being a Jonny-one-note, but isn't Rossi using the same lame 50MHz oscilloscope that I saw in another demonstration? If so, is it not possible that his power supply is simply pumping in a lot of energy in at some high frequency that won't show up here? That would certainly be the simplest explanation for the dissipation of the power-supply (plus high-frequency power amplifier). For someone of his ambitions, a 400 MHz scope shouldn't be out of range, and would be a lot more convincing, to me at least.

  • The way I imagine it is that all the tiny EVOs from all the Super Abundant Vacancies and cracks and pits in a powder based system are gathered up and placed in the SK. The plasma ball in the SK is like the total of all the EVOs in a powder based system combined into a large EVO.


    This is how a polariton condensate is formed. Learn about this.


    https://amolf.nl/wp-content/up…oday_ExcitonPolariton.pdf


    see figure three.


    What a polariton looks like in cracks and pits in a powder based system


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  • I think that is highly unlikely. The total input of the power supply is supposed to be 380 watts and the output is supposed to be 27 kilowatts. I don't think there is anyway that a normal power outlet could supply 27 kilowatts. I also think that if Rossi had ever used a dummy experiment and produced 27 kilowatts of thermal power, he would have noticed. In addition, if that much power was being taken in by the control box, it would burn up. I know PC towers with video cards typically can go as high as a kilowatt and a half of total input power. Even then, major fans are required to prevent the cards from overheating. I think even ten kilowatts of input power going into the power supply would stop it from working.

  • The more I search the more papers on "negative resistance" in regards to complex space charges and the oscillations they can produce. I'm convinced that if someone skilled in electronics wants to replicate, there is far more than enough information online to help them design a power supply. In fact, for the right person, I think the design of the control box and power supply will be very straight forward. I'm not saying that there won't need to be changes made, but if you go online there are already a hundred examples.


    What's very frustrating is that if no one replicates, this demo could very well be the end of the E-Cat saga. I'm hoping that Rossi will surprise us by finally being open about his technology so that he can find a large partner that would have the money and manufacturing infrastructure to mass produce the technology. If he is truly worried about authorities getting involved, then he needs to partner up with a large company that would have dozens of lawyers already on their staff. Continuing to keep how the technology works a secret is only going to result in him gaining a few small clients at best. In ten years, he won't be much closer to building a massive factory than he is now.


    If there are no big surprises that come from the presentation - such as a third party speaking up or Rossi finally opening up about how the technology works - then I'll probably give up on the E-Cat technology all together unless a replication happens. I could honestly care less about any technology that is kept in the shadows. What I want to see is a technology emerge that can be rapidly proliferated to make energy so cheap it is virtually free.


    There's a gazillion threats facing humanity and while Andrea Rossi attempts to quietly market his technology our problems continue to grow. I consider it completely morally disgusting for an inventor with such a revolutionary technology to slow the proliferation down to a crawl because he is too paranoid to share his intellectual property so major companies who might partner with him could replicate. So what if sharing his IP means he might make hundreds of millions of dollars instead of hundreds of billions of dollars. On the route he is going on, I predict he'll make close to nothing and end up with his technology never benefiting the world.

  • I think its because he only ever obtains a COP of up to 2 and doesn't want to admit this as a failure. You've studied plasmas, surely you agree that there is no way he could be generating the SK plasma with just a 380 W power supply? The 'hidden' high frequency stimulation not picked up by his old scope might be the answer generating a RF plasma - so when all's said and done the SK probably does what it should do, generates 100% excess heat - the problem is AR just can't resist fiddling the data when he just doesn't need to bother! Old habits die hard I guess.

  • Director


    Did the SK core look as you imagined it might? I didn't see EVOs although, I don't really know what they would look like. Also, the core looked to me as though it is in the glow discharge state of a plasma rather than the arc discharge region that you seemed to suggest was characteristic for EVOs and subsequent LENR phenomena. Any thoughts on this?

  • The video of the SK core was so blurry that I don't think it is possible to know much about it. I'm guessing the two orange lights are the cathode and anode and the blue light is a "fireball" that is either floating slightly away from the cathode or is attached to the cathode. However, we need Rossi to verify the identity of the orange lights and the blue light.


    The large blue light could be a macro-scale EVO and there could also be very small micro to nano scale EVOs in the plasma.


    Remember, an EVO can cover a broad range of sizes.

  • Check out the following document.


    http://www.aetherometry.com/publications/free/LS1-07.pdf


    Notice how the plasma balls (fireballs or macro-EVOs) would appear over the sharp tips (formed by repeated high current pulses) on the cathode. Also, notice the marks on the cathode showing that the fireballs can spin and melt the metal.


    I basically think that Rossi's technology is a VERY optimized version of the PAGD using a different geometry of electrodes (probably a hollow cathode with a sharp tip), a far superior fuel mixture (the PAGD only used argon), and a much better control circuit to keep the device in resonance.


    Also, please note, that the PAGD was designed to produce purely electrical output and I'm not sure if thermal output was ever measured.

  • Is it really fair to use the term “Rossi’s Technology”, with due respect to almost any other researcher here and all over the globe, who use well accepted and proper scientific principles and methods, provide data via peer reviewed papers and publications in reputable journals (excluding Rossi’s BS journal of course!)?

    The only conclusion after all these years can be, that Rossi has no “ technology” at all, Rossi and Technology is like fire and water....