NASA’s updated Lattice Assisted Nuclear Fusion revamped site (Have Fleischmann and Pons been finally vindicated?)

  • Question NASA’s updated Lattice Assisted Nuclear Fusion revamped site

    (Have Fleischmann and Pons been finally vindicated?)


    https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/15801-electrolytic-co-deposition-neutron-production-measured-by-bubble-detectors-pdf

    Electrolytic co-deposition neutron production measured by bubble detector

    Answer

    This paper is the replication experiment of FPE,

    so Fleischmann and Pons been finally was vindicated.

    But FPE is not cold fusion and is just D absorption.

  • Science Junkie — NASA's cold fusion tech could put a nuclear...

    NASA's cold fusion tech could put a nuclear reactor in every home, car, and plane. ... then the lattice is oscillated at a very high frequency


    (between 5 and 30 terahertz). ...


    Gets me to wondering what the heck the DoD-GEC-NASA LCF team are up to and where the PineScie advanced CMNS applied theory has taken them in new reactor designs. We shall see.


    Meanwhile


    Somehow what sticks in my mind is the engineering of physics in the new art of terahertz science and atomic theory. Ever since learning of our inability and ignorance of most of this sliver of the electromagnetic spectrum, i have been piqued Dumfounded, curious I simply expect teraherts sensors and control of terahertz waves and harmonics to hold a key to advanced CMNS energy widgets and gadgets. Why the terahertz gap? Filling this gap will lead us where? Will it enable us to actually see nanoscale atomic events such as occurs in the Atomic Active Environment of "cold fusion/LENR" reactors? Precise control?

    Quote Dennis Bushnel

    Nano physics and LENR are joined at the hip..

    addeditgbgoble-Nano and Terahertz physics are cojoined in LENR

    I've been wrong in my hunches before.

    We shall see.

    Navigating the Terahertz Gap

    10 Mar 2020

    https://physicsworld.com/a/navigating-the-terahertz-gap/

    Taken from the March 2020 issue of Physics World. Members of the Institute of Physics can enjoy the full issue via the Physics World app.

    The terahertz range has been barely exploited compared to the rest of the electromagnetic spectrum. But as Sidney Perkowitz argues, our ability to detect radiation at these wavelengths has proved vital in many areas of astronomy and cosmology


    Terahertz Technology for Nano Applications

    https://link.springer.com/refe…07%2F978-90-481-9751-4_21


    Analysis of the presentation of E-Cat SK on 31 January 2019 (Valeriy Zatelepin)

    https://e-catworld.com/2019/04…y-2019-valeriy-zatelepin/

    Apr 18, 2019 — Producing Terahertz LENR pumping. Producing a Terahertz EMF signal is not easy. Using interference between two ...

  • The trick with THz is the plasmon that can amplify the energy by anywhere near 100. This is still sub eV range much much closer to phonon bands.

    The only trick is that the live time of states is much longer than for longer waves. LENR needs broad band excited phonon states.

  • So much to new to learn... Time for me to study rotations and vibrations in molecular systems.

    Physics Reports

    Volumes 836–837, 12 December 2019, Pages 1-74

    "Matter Manipulation with Extreme Terahertz Light: Progress in the Enabling THz Technology"

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/…urnal/03701573/836/supp/C


    Authors Peter Saléna, Martina Basinib, Stefano Bonettibc, János Heblingde, Mikhail Krasilnikovf, Alexey Y. Nikitingh Georgii Shamuilova, Zoltán Tibaid Vitali Zhaunerchyki, Vitaliy Goryashkoa


    Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden


    Department of Physics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden


    Department of Molecular Sciences and Nanosystems, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Venice, Italy


    University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary


    MTA-PTE High-Field Terahertz Research Group, Institute of Physics, Pécs, Hungary


    Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Zeuthen site, Zeuthen, Germany


    Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain


    IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain

    i

    Department of Physics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

    Abstract

    Terahertz (THz) light has proven to be a fine tool to probe and control quasi-particles and collective excitations in solids, to drive phase transitions and associated changes in material properties, and to study rotations and vibrations in molecular systems. In contrast to visible light, which usually carries excessive photon energy for collective excitations in condensed matter systems, THz light allows for direct coupling to low-energy (meV scale) excitations of interest. The development of light sources of strong-field few-cycle THz pulses in the 2000s opened the door to controlled manipulation of reactions and processes. Such THz pulses can drive new dynamic states of matter, in which materials exhibit properties entirely different from that of the equilibrium. In this review, we first systematically analyze known studies on matter manipulation with strong-field few-cycle THz light and outline some anticipated new results. We focus on how properties of materials can be manipulated by driving the dynamics of different excitations and how molecules and particles can be controlled in useful ways by extreme THz light. Around 200 studies are examined, most of which were done during the last five years. Secondly, we discuss available and proposed sources of strong-field few-cycle THz pulses and their state-of-the-art operation parameters. Finally, we review current approaches to guiding, focusing, reshaping and diagnostics of THz pulses.

    Keywords

    Dynamics of charge carriers
    Phonons and spins
    Dirac materials and graphene
    Alignment of molecules and action spectroscopy
    THz acceleration and streaking
    THz technology
    Optical rectification and THz generation in plasma
    Transition and synchrotron radiation
    Free-electron lasers and electron beams
    Transportation
    Focusing and diagnostics of THz light
    © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • Cydonia

    When the Navy announced they were ending LENR research at SPAWAR S.Diego (GEC/JWK,) someone here (perhaps Alan Smith or Alfors) said they would move to NASA for US space capabilities. They did...


    As to terahertz technology and weak atomic force environment engineering/sensors/control and CMNS energy tech.... ? My hunch, the PineScie working theory is informative and will surface within two years.

    • Inventor: Vladimir Pines
    • METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCED NUCLEAR REACTIONS
      Publication number: 20170263337 Abstract: Nuclear fusion processes with enhanced rates may be realized by providing energetic electrons in an environment containing a suitable fuel gas, a liquid fuel source, a solid fuel source, a plasma fuel source, or any combination thereof. The fuel source may be deuterium, tritium, a combination thereof, or any fuel source capable of creating deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei when exposed to energetic electrons. Under proper conditions, at least some of the deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei fuse with other nuclei. Neutral versions of deuteron and/or triton nuclei may be created by bringing neutrons with certain energy levels (e.g., around 3 MeV, but optionally less or much less than 3 MeV) into interaction with other neutrons, forming neutral versions of deuterons and/or tritons. Such processes may be used for power generation, heat production, nuclear waste remediation, material creation, and/or medical isotope production, for example. Type: Application Filed: March 9, 2016 Publication date: September 14, 2017
  • Some old GEC/GES/JWK content, including photos (which are all huge and take a while to load).


    Perhaps this has been shared before, as it was available until 2018, but it's new to me.


    https://web.archive.org/web/20…energysys.net/photos.html


    https://web.archive.org/web/20…lenergysys.net/index.html


    https://web.archive.org/web/20…lenergysys.net/about.html


    There's some LENR content, but also content on other technologies. I've never really known what to make of Khim, and frankly, still don't.

  • This (GES) smacks of an abandoned project somehow.

    That was my thought too.


    My guess is that it was the hydrogen technology that was abandoned; with the LENR work rolled into GEC.


    There's a powerpoint on the hydrogen tech on the site.


    Some of the photos seem be of LENR work, or at least, bare some similarities. Others are better placed to say than I.

  • Fine print, third document, at bottom of last slide.

    Disclaimer: (Humorous and ridiculous, but a sadly necessary legalism.) GES does not use crystal balls, so cannot account for unknown elements such as government agencies, black-ops, secret societies, visiting space aliens, or other bizarreness; barring such, we are part of a very small group of inventors who have the most advanced energy technologies of their kind in the world. If one of our products is not uniquely superior to anything currently on the market, we do not promote it at all.


    Copyright 2009-2016 by GES. Contact the webmaster for webdesign inquiries.

  • In mid-2007, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, along with collaborators in Turkey and Japan, announced the creation of a compact device that could lead to portable, battery-operated terahertz radiation sources.[18] The device uses high-temperature superconducting crystals, grown at the University of Tsukuba in Japan. These crystals comprise stacks of Josephson junctions, which exhibit a property known as the Josephson effect: when external voltage is applied, alternating current flows across the junctions at a frequency proportional to the voltage. This alternating current induces an electromagnetic field. A small voltage (around two millivolts per junction) can induce frequencies in the terahertz range.

    Another topic...

    Brian Josephson's home page

    New: A preprint entitled 'Beyond the ‘theory of everything’ paradigm: synergetic patterns and the order of the natural world' is now available at researchgate.net, advancing further our project of 'rescuing fundamental physics' from the problematic state it is currently in. The key point in the paper is the applicability of the insights of Coordination Dynamics to physics issues. Combining these insights with computer-based studies of language processing argues for a picture, analysed in detail, involving 'experts' working together in harmony. The preprint was uploaded to the physics preprint server arXiv on June 13, 2021 but, ever anxious to protect its readers from novel kinds of thinking, the archive's moderators rejected the paper, on the basis of it not containing any new ideas.



    Cultural Area

  • NASA-LATTICE CONFINEMENT

    https://www1.grc.nasa.gov/spac…ttice-confinement-fusion/

    Lattice Confinement Fusion

    Er-D cold fusion is basically based on bond compression of Er-D to create small-D(neutral particle of D).

    It was explained by screened Oppenheimer-Phillips (O-P) stripping reactions

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/…%E2%80%93Phillips_processThe process allows a nuclear interaction to take place at lower energies than would be expected from a simple calculation of the Coulomb barrier between a deuteron and a target nucleus. This is because, as the deuteron approaches the positively charged target nucleus, it experiences a charge polarization where the "proton-end" faces away from the target and the "neutron-end" faces towards the target. The fusion proceeds when the binding energy of the neutron and the target nucleus exceeds the binding energy of the deuteron itself; the proton formerly in the deuteron is then repelled from the new, heavier, nucleus.

    ==>BUT this must be interpreted by compress bonding of D2 molecules. collision of D2 ion onto plate can compress D-D bonding and can create the small D2(neutral D2).


    FOR NASA LATTICE CONFINMENT COLD FUSION

    Er-H is not crystal but amorphous, so it can be compressed easily

    so the compression of Er-D bond in amorphous state is easier than lattice confinement.

    So it can be compressed mechanically which can improve the cold fusion efficiency.


  • How might dendritic growth and deformation, tips and boundary layer be significate? Vladimir and Marianna Pines previous works... Solar energies and particles impacting lunar dust... Dendrites... Electromagnetic control... Laboratory modeling and theory...

    Nuclear fusion reactions in deuterated metals

    https://www.researchgate.net/p…ions_in_deuterated_metals

    Nuclear fusion reactions of D-D are examined in an environment comprised of high density cold fuel embedded in metal lattices in which a small fuel portion is activated by hot neutrons.

    Nuclear fusion reactions of D-D are examined in an environment comprised of high density cold fuel embedded in metal lattices in which a small fuel portion is activated by hot neutrons. Such an environment provides for enhanced screening of the Coulomb barrier due to conduction and shell electrons of the metal lattice, or by plasma induced by ionizing radiation (γ quanta).

    ===>I think that this D-D reaction is caused by the compression of D-D bond

    and result in the transition of electron from n=1 to n=0(small hydrogen)


    in an environment comprised of high density cold fuel embedded in metal lattices in which a small fuel portion is activated by hot neutrons. Such an environment provides for enhanced screening of the Coulomb barrier due to conduction and shell electrons of the metal lattice, or by plasma induced by ionizing radiation (γ quanta).We show that neutrons are far more efficient than energetic charged particles, such as light particles (e−,e+) or heavy particles (p,d,α) in transferring kinetic energy to fuel nuclei (D) to initiate fusion processes.

    ==>Neutron is neutral particle so it can have the coulomb repulsive force from the target nucleus.

    High density cold fuel in the metal lattice is activated by neutron.

    But the source of neutron is the most important.

    Based on the bond compression theory the cold fuel is the -Metal-D bond in the metal lattice and (slow) neutron is the small hydrogen.

    So I do not think this theory is correct based on the rough interpretation.

  • I suspect at least part of the problem is that it’s really hard to sell this technology. Forsley said something to that effect during his ICCF presentation. A new reactor that purports to break the laws of physics and that nobody understands? What committee would ever sign off on that?

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    NOT BREAKING LAWS of PHYSICS BUT IT IS TOTALLY INCORRECT MECHANISM.

  • The FAA's top space official outlines progress


    NASA does a deep dive on potential power sources for a moon base, including “cold fusion.”


    The FAA's top space official outlines progress
    Lawmakers unhappy with Commerce space debris efforts — NASA has some big ideas for powering moon base
    www.politico.com


    Frontiers of Space Power and EnergyDocument ID
    20210016143

    Document Type
    Technical Memorandum (TM)


    Frontiers of Space Power and Energy - NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)


    The part about cold fusion is on pages 15, 16 and 17. It begins:


    Farther Term

    LENR - Revived (after experiments earlier in the 1900s) in the late 1980s [ref. 28] and dubbed

    “Cold Fusion,” what is now usually termed LENR (Low Energy Nuclear Reactions) was an

    experimental discovery with replication issues at the time and lacked an acceptable theory.

    Now, three decades of extant worldwide experiments [ref. 29] indicate “something nuclear” is

    real. However, there does not yet exist a cogent, verified theory and therefore LENR has been

    looked at with askance by the physics community. There are now extant recent weak force and

    other weak neutron-based theories (not “hot” fusion) involving surface plasmons, electroweak

    interactions explicable via QED on surfaces, collective effects, heavy electrons, ultraweak

    neutrons, and utilizing neutron generation to obviate coulomb barrier issues. There are now

    many patents and LENR is beginning to evolve into the marketplace. Given a validated theory to

    engineer, scale, and make safe, LENR would obviously be a major world energy revolution,

    especially with observed energy density levels surpassing those of chemical energy. In fact,

    LENR has been observed in the tens to hundreds and theoretical possibilities into the many

    thousands times chemical energy density levels. In the Widom-Larsen Theory [ref. 30], H2 is

    adsorbed or “loaded” onto a metal surface and the resulting surface plasmon initiates collective

    effects. Some energy is added and several types of energy appear to work. From the LENR

    experiments and a sizable body of applicable related research, nano cracks/asperities in the

    surface morphology concentrate energy over an area and produce high localized voltage

    gradients. Such voltage gradients excite collective electrons to combine with protons in the

    surface plasmon to form ultraweak neutrons. These neutrons readily interact, producing neutron

    rich isotopes which undergo beta decay and transmutations. The heavy electron cloud converts

    the beta decay to heat, sans worrisome radiation and coulomb barrier issues, in agreement with

    experiment(s). . . .



    etc.