CMNS Transient, Elevated Effective Mass Lectron Quasiparticles: Tionesta Applied Research Corp. Patents of Interest and Related Research

  • Following a Patent Citation Trail Finding LENR Patents

    Last week I opened a NASA LENR patent on the Google Patent Search site to begin exploring Citations found within it; NASA and PineScie patent; published 2019-01-16, "Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions".
    The first patent that caught my eye was filed not long ago, found in it's "Patents Cited" list. I found it of interest because of its listed classifications. The NASA PineScie patent examiner cited this patent due to content he deemed relevant (a priori) to the NASA PineScie patent.
    The patent of interest had been abandoned; so I decided to search for more recent patents filed by the assignee, Tionesta Applied Research Corp. There I found the second patent which is of even greater interest. One of this patents' classifications, G21G7/00, is new to me. It includes patents based on, "Such methods which contradict standard physics".

    How often has a cold fusion patent been denied, by a USPTO patent agent, because its claims are partially based on "Such methods which contradict standard physics"? Many, many, many times; Rejected. Not based on/Contradicts Standard Model! I guess it's Ok to do so now. Whatever that might be interpreted isn't clear. Thoughts to explore... definition of... pertaining to... application of... rich for discussing.

    gbgoblenote: When a new patent classification is decided on the details are (an arduous process) usually details are listed immediately or not long afterward. Search these patent classifications to keep abreast of developments of or infringements in this patent arena. The patent activity in this field is presently exploding, a good sign, in one metric, of commercialization breakthrough.

    Tionesta Applied Research Corp. Patents of Interest

    1) Published on 2014-02-06 "Energizing Energy Converters By Stimulating Three-Body Association Radiation Reactions" https://patents.google.com/patent/US20160232989A1/
    Inventor: Anthony Zuppero, Thomas J. Dolan, William David Jansen, William J. Saas
    Current Assignee: Tionesta Applied Research Corp. 2015-11-16 - STCB -
    Information on status: application discontinuation ABANDONED FAILURE TO RESPOND TO AN OFFICE ACTION
    Classifications:
    - Y02E30/18 Low temperature fusion, e.g. "cold fusion" (no details yet)
    - G21D7/04 Arrangements for direct production of electric energy from fusion or fission reactions using thermoelectric elements or thermoionic converters
    - G21B3/00 - Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors
    Details: Systems and components for producing energy by nuclear reactions not involving the generation of a thermonuclear plasma, e.g. fusion reactions.

    2) Published on 2017-02-09 (the previous patent is included in its entirety)
    "Generator of Transient, Heavy Electrons and Application to Transmuting Radioactive Fission Products" https://patents.google.com/patent/US20170040151A1
    Inventors: Anthony Zuppero, William David Jansen, Craig V. Bishop, Thomas J. Dolan, Paul Crone, William J. Saas Current Assignee: Tionesta Applied Research Corp.
    Classifications:
    H01J37/3476 - Testing and control (no details available)
    G21B3/004 - Details: Catalyzed fusion, e.g. muon-catalyzed fusion Systems and methods for inducing fusion of hydrogen isotope nuclei by using the catalyzing properties of muons in a hydrogen isotope
    H01J37/3464 - Operating strategies (no details available)
    G21G7/00 Details:
    - Conversion of chemical elements not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    - Miscellaneous apparatus or methods for converting elements or generating isotopes not induced by electromagnetic radiation, corpuscular radiation or particle bombardment.
    - Such methods which contradict standard physics.




    gbgobleNOTE: A slew of patents have been filed and abandoned over the past fewyears by these folks; making their patent trails and researchers/inventors difficult to follow. Taking screenshots is a good idea. One example is six inventors listed above while only two are listed in the following, most recent iteration, of their patents stream. Tricky to follow. Only three are presented in this article which provides a starting point for study. It's good to research inventors. Also, I did not know an assigned USPTO patent agent is allowed to file a patent in the assigned field of review and patent approval. Curious, I'd like to more about this and what happened in regards to these folks, for instance.

    #3) Published on 2018-09-06 (the previous patent, and all others are included in its entirety)
    "Systems to Generate Transient, Elevated Effective Mass Lectron Quasiparticles for Transmuting Radioactive Fission Products and Related Methods" https://patents.google.com/patent/US20180254116A1/
    Inventors: Anthony Zuppero, Thomas J. Dolan Current Assignee: Tionesta
    Applied Research Corp
    Classifications:
    G21B3/004 - Catalyzed fusion, e.g. muon-catalyzed fusion
    Details: Systems and methods for inducing fusion of hydrogen isotope nuclei by using the catalyzing properties of muons in a hydrogen isotope
    G21G7/00
    - Conversion of chemical elements not provided for in other groups of this subclass
    - Miscellaneous apparatus or methods for converting elements or generating isotopes not induced by electromagnetic radiation, corpuscular radiation or particle bombardment.
    - Such methods which contradict standard physics.

    CMNS LENR Theory Tionesta Applied Research Corporation

    It's rumoured, more papers are in submission for peer review. I would like to read them.

    "Muon-Surrogate Catalyzed Fusion Interpretation Of Steinetz-Benyo Transmutations Stimulated By Gamma Rays" A. Zuppero, T.J. Dolan 6/26/2017
    http://www.neofuel.com/neutral…202017%2006%2026-1551.pdf

    Steinetz et al observed a reaction energized by nominal 2 MeV gamma rays that produced some neutrons with energies greater than 10 MeV and beta emitters that appear to be transmutation products. Their observations appear be predictable using recently discovered chemical physics, first to create muon-surrogates in nano-crystallites, which mimic muon catalyzed fusion, and second using direct vibrational to electron quasiparticle energy conversion. Together they concentrate nearly all the nuclear binding energy into heavy electron quasiparticles. Heavy electron generation producing muon-surrogates here would use a process almost identical to photovoltaic energy conversion in indirect semiconductors, such as silicon, but with MeV rather than eV photons.
    Inventors Bios and Early Cold Fusion History

    Wikipedia - Anthony Zuppero is an American nuclear scientist who is noted for his work in nuclear thermal rockets using water as the propellant.[1] Early in his career he worked on nuclear weaponry, including one proposal to try to move a 1 gigatonne nuclear bomb to Russia in under two minutes, which he was able to show was impractical.[2] "Just before he left the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Department of Energy, where he worked from 1991 through 1998; space nuclear transportation.

    Transport Systems."[3] Licenses & Certifications: Anthony Zuppero Patent Agent USPTO Reg. No. 62,988 Issuing authority USPTO Credential Identifier/Credential ID 62988 Thomas J. Dolan (Guest speaker biography UC Berkeley) https://nuc.berkeley.edu/molte…ctors-and-thorium-energy/
    Prof. Dolan has worked at universities (Missouri, Illinois); nationallabs (LLNL, LANL, ORNL, INL); in industry (Phillips Petroleum); and in Austria, China, India, Japan, and Korea, and Russia. He served as Head of the IAEA Physics Section, where he facilitated international cooperation on research reactors, low energy accelerators, nuclear instrumentation, and nuclear fusion research. His books are “Fusion Research” (Pergamon, 1982), “Magnetic Fusion Technology” (Springer, 2013) and “Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy” (Elsevier Press, 2017

    Some Inventors Cold Fusion History
    More research into this interesting.

    - Recent 2018
    ICCF-21 2018 https://www.lenr-forum.com/att…81-iccf2018-ans-2019-pdf/
    Abstracts submitted by Anthony C. Zuppero and Thomas J. Dolan
    "Transmutations by Heavy Electron Catalysis" ALSO "Electron Quasiparticle Catalysis of Nuclear Reactions"
    - Midway 2002
    ICCF-9 2002 "An Outsider's View of Cold Fusion" Thomas J. Dolan https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/DolanTJanoutsider.pdf
    ABSTRACT

    An outsider’s views are presented on ICCF-9, on cold fusion research issues, and on suggestions for improvement. 1. INTRODUCTION I had the privilege of attending the first seminar on cold fusion given by Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons in March 1989. Our laboratory began an experiment in April, but support for that study was cut off a few months later, so I have been an outsider to this field since then.The field of cold fusion research lacks respect and money. It is difficult to get respect if you don’t have money, and it is difficult to get money if you don’t have respect. I will discuss some impressions of this conference, some potential sources of funding, some negative factors, and some suggestions. (from a funding expert)
    - Early 1989 (apparently in contradiction to his 2002 recollection of events)
    Prof. Dolan INEL 1989 "Cold Fusion Research" Final Report of the Cold Fusion Panel Energy Research Advisory Board to the United States Department of Energy November 26,1989

    https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/5144772
    Page 65
    [L0N-1] G. R. Longhurst, T. J. Dolan, G. L.Henriksen, "An "Investigation of Energy Balances in Palladium Cathode Electrolysis Experiments,"
    Submitted:
    [L0N-2] G. R. Longhurst and A. J. Caffey, INEL, Communicated by S. C. T. Lien to ERAB 5 September 1989; G. R. Longhurst, T. J. Dolan and G.

    L. Henriksen, INEL, EGG-H-89203, 19 May 1989.

    "An Investigation of Energy Balances in Palladium Cathode Electrolysis Experiments" Longhurst, G. R.; Dolan, T. J.; Henriksen, G. L. Journal of Fusion Energy, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp.337-343 Pub Date: September 1990 DOI: 10.1007/BF01059253

    Abstract
    A series of experiments was performed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to investigate mechanisms that may contribute to energy flows in electrolysis cells like those of Fleischmann and Pons. Ordinary water (H2O), heavy water (D2O), and a mixture of the two were used in the INEL experiments. Cathodes used include a 51-μm Pd foil and 1-mm diameter extruded wire Pd rods in straight and coiled configurations. Energy balances in these experiments revealed no significant net gain or net loss of energy.
    Cell overpotential curves were fit well with a Tafel equation, with parameters dependent on electrode configuration, electrolyte composition, and temperature. Water evaporation and interactions of hydrogen isotopes with the Pd cathode were evaluated and found not to be significant to energy balances. No ionizing radiation, tritiumproduction, or other evidence of fusion reactions was observed in the INEL experiments.

  • I've not found any other group make reference to the Lectron in science literature.

    Certainly transient, elevated effective mass Lectron quasiparticles sound like something really important.

    So do "muon-surrogates in crystallites" which no one else seems to talk about...

    Muon-Surrogate Catalyzed Fusion Interpretation ... - NEO Fuel www.neofuel.com › neutralize PDF Jun 26, 2017 - to be predictable using recently discovered chemical physics, first to create muon-surrogates in nano-crystallites, which mimic muon catalyzed ...

    neutralize radioactivity - NEO Fuel

    www.neofuel.com › neutralize Jun 26, 2017 - We create muon-surrogate electrons by using a peculiarity of the electron band structure in nano-meter sized crystallites during simultaneous injection of energy and crystal momentum. This creates transient (10-14 sec), moderately elevated effective mass electrons (less than about 50 me).

  • classification G21G7/00, is new to me. It includes patents based on, "Such methods which contradict standard physics".


    Where did you read this?
    Espacenet, WIPO and Patbase indicate a quite different description of this classification.

    It's interesting to see that NASA as well as Zuppero seem to observe similar effects of similar experiments but have completely different clarifications on the effects.

  • Where did you read this?
    Espacenet and Patbase indicate a quite different description of this classification.

    It's interesting to see that NASA as well as Zuppero seem to observe similar effects of similar experiments but have completely different clarifications on the effects.

    Rob Woudenberg , I also thought the same, and Greg is highlighting a part of the complete description, but patent classification extended description for G21G7/00 does Include the description given by Greg, I took this snapshot from the Espacenet link you provided:


    I certainly Hope to see LENR helping humans to blossom, and I'm here to help it happen.

  • Earlier patents weren't denied. They did not fail to get one. The inventors chose to have it lapse. This is often done when filing a new iteration of a patent. Neither is the patent bound to a single claim, which excludes production of useful energy.


    Only one patent in my first post was abandoned. The other two are active.


    Curbina clarified this for me. The inventor of the following patent isn't connected with the Tionesta Applied Research Corp.

    They do share the new and unusual patent classification.

    From the patent provided by Curbina (thanks), “Directional Production of Composite Particle”

    Quote the Santilli patent

    Another shortcoming in the current state of technology is due to the lack of new environmentally acceptable nuclear energies. Despite expenditures of billions of dollars over three quarters of a century, the so-called “hot fusion” has not achieved an industrially usable new nuclear energy because of uncontrollable instabilities at the initiation of nuclear fusions. The so-called “cold fusion” has equally not achieved to date industrially usable new nuclear energies. A primary obstacle is the so-called “Coulomb Barrier,” namely, the Coulomb repulsion between nuclei due to their positive charge, which repulsion is inversely proportional to the nuclear distance thus becoming extremely big at the time of nuclear contacts.

    A third shortcoming in the current state of technology involves the difficulty in recycling radioactive nuclear waste. Radioactive nuclear waste comes from a number of sources, including nuclear power plants and obsolete nuclear weapons. At present huge volumes of radioactive nuclear waste are being stored around the world in large storage facilities. It is anticipated that these nuclear waste storage facilities will need to be managed for many hundreds of years in the future. The current state of technology for disposing of or neutralizing stored nuclear waste is sorely lacking.

    SUMMARY

    Embodiments disclosed herein address the above stated needs by providing systems and methods for the directional production of composite particles. Embodiments disclosed herein deal with the methods and apparatus for the resolution of the problem of the Coulomb Barrier via the directional production of a flux of negatively charged particles that, as such, are attracted by nuclei, thus offering new possibilities to search for new clean nuclear energies.


    Back to our subject here, the Tionesta Applied Research Corp.

    By the way, What is a "Lectron"? and what are "muon-surrogates in nano-crystallites". Are they found elsewhere? New words for new physics?