Anatomy of the charge cluster work of Kenneth R. Shoulders

  • I have not found any information about "Lutz Jatner"


    Is Lutz Jaitner, a minor typo.


    Here you have:


    https://condensed-plasmoids.com/condensed_plasmoids_lenr.pdf


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    I certainly Hope to see LENR helping humans to blossom, and I'm here to help it happen.

  • Thanks for the specific information

    Edited once, last by Trifon: Спасибо за конкретную информацию. Основной сайт команды CP Research Group здесь https://condensed-plasmoids.com/about.html Thanks for the specific information. The main website of the CP Research Group team is here https://condensed-plasmoids.com/about.html ().

  • After getting acquainted with the idea of the structure of condensed Lutz Jaitner (CD) plasmoids, I decided to conduct a comparative analysis of this approach with my cluster model (Ch.Cl .).

    Lutz Jaitner's work can be found at https://condensed-plasmoids.com/condensed_plasmoids_lenr.pdf

    my ideas are presented on this site in the topics #1 and #1

    Models are compared by categories:

    1. The structure of the cluster

    2. Nuclear reactions in the cluster

    3. LENR – features of the reactions

    4. Conditions of cluster formation

    5. Life, - development, dying of the cluster

    6. "Strange" manifestations ("strange radiation", destructive effects on the environment


    1. The structure of the cluster

    CD. The plasmoid is strongly compressed as a result of z-pinch, has cylindrical symmetry, the radius of the plasma channel is 40-200 pm, the diameter is several micrometers, that is, four orders of magnitude larger. Such a formation cannot be called a toroid, rather it is a ball of wire. The specific current is 2.5 A per square picometer, the electron density is 0.15 pieces per cubic picometer, the nuclei of atoms are completely devoid of their electrons, the distance between the nuclei (in the case of hydrogen) is about 2 pm, the density of matter is hundreds of thousands of times higher than the density of ordinary matter. The electron velocity ranges from 10 to 80% of the speed of light, and the axial kinetic energy of the electrons reaches 100 keV. The number of electrons in a CD exceeds the number of nuclear charges by only a few percent. Lutz Jeitner believes that Kenneth R. Shoulders was wrong that EVs are almost entirely made up of electrons.

    Ch.Cl. The charge cluster consists of an electron crystal bonded by short-range forces of approximately spherical shape with a diameter of ~ 10^-9 m, including ~ 10^ 11 pieces of electrons. The distance between the electrons in the crystal is ~ 10^-13 m with an electron diameter of ~ 10^-18 m. Through the geometric and simultaneously electrostatic center of this crystal (focus Ch.Cl .) positively charged atomic nuclei with a diameter of ~ 10^-15 m fly from different directions in the mode of harmonic oscillations. Flying to the periphery Ch.Cl The ion nuclei completely convert their kinetic energy into the energy of an electric field. The ion nuclei spend most of their time outside, their total charge is five orders of magnitude less (established by Kenneth R. Shoulders) than the charge of the crystal. Diameter Ch.Cl . formed by oscillating ion nuclei is ~ 10^-7 m, while it turns out to be completely shielded for a near observer. The average cluster density will be ~ 100 Kg per cubic meter.

    2. Nuclear reactions in the cluster

    CD. As a result of the powerful z-pinch, the nuclei of atoms inside the cluster are brought closer to a distance of 2 pm. Given their mutual oscillations and strong shielding by an extremely dense flow of electrons passing by, the Coulomb tunneling process becomes possible (Chapter 1.7). A variety of nuclear reactions occur, not just D-D synthesis, because nuclei do not require kinetic energy to pass through the Coulomb barrier.

    Ch.Cl. Large Ch.Cl . (the number of electrons is 10^10 - 10^11 pieces) they are capable of LENR – nuclear reactions. Here, the Coulomb barrier is overcome by a direct frontal collision directly in the focus of the cluster of two nuclei flying towards each other. The precise alignment of the trajectories of the ion nuclei performing harmonic oscillations is achieved by the spherical symmetry of the cluster configuration. The electronic crystal has the shape of a ball, and the nuclei – ions, being on the periphery, occupy equidistant positions due to mutual repulsion. The non-zero probability of a collision of nuclei is explained by the huge number of passes of nuclei from different directions through the same focus Ch.Cl ., having very small dimensions. Oscillating nuclei have different energies and different charges, elastic collisions occur more often, leading to energy exchange, and a Maxwellian pattern of particle energy distribution develops.

    3. LENR – features of the reactions

    CD. LENR is characterized by: nuclear reactions are diverse, penetrating and corpuscular radiation is absent, and there are no radioactive elements in the transmutation products. The main argument of the author explaining the LENR - specificity of nuclear reactions in his model is as follows. A dense stream of electrons, tightly washing at relativistic speeds the nuclei of atoms that merged at the moment of interaction, "cool" them, as it were. The electron velocities are different and there are those that resonate with an excited coalition of protons and neutrons and take a small part of the energy from them. There are many such electrons and the nuclear process ends more peacefully. At the same time, these electrons accelerate and thus provide CD with energy and prolong its life cycle.

    Ch.Cl. All atoms in the cluster can participate in nuclear reactions, including the products of reactions that have already taken place, since energy is constantly exchanged according to an "elastic" scheme and all nuclei – ions participate in the "lottery" of inelastic collisions. Unlike the nuclear reaction, which was realized as a result of percolation through the Coulomb barrier, here, most often, the partners have an excess of kinetic energy in total. In addition, there are always closely spaced electrons that can also participate in the reaction. This allows us to expect more "logical" results of the reaction in the energy sense, including without radioactive products. The absorption of high-energy radiation is facilitated by a thick layer of electrons around the focus Ch.Cl, only in which nuclear reactions can occur. I will point out another important «egative feedback» characteristic of the described model. With the next nuclear reaction that occurred with the release of energy (endothermic reactions are also likely), as a result of excitation of the entire structure, a temporary adjustment violation occurs Ch.Cl. the focus is blurred and the probability of a the next nuclear reaction decreases, which contributes to the stability of the system.


    To be continued.

  • Lutz Jeitner believes that Kenneth R. Shoulders was wrong that EVs are almost entirely made up of electrons.

    Having read a great deal of KS work I am not sure of that was the case- he focused on the electrons for sure, because they were the impossible part, but he often used copper needles dipped in Mercury as EVO projectors, and would have been very aware that some of the mercury would be contained within the EVO.

  • I will add to the comparison. The model is boson condensed charge cluster. The reason a cluster of pseudo-electrons is possible is because a string is formed between an electron and a near massless particle. The string is a boson and the light exchanged between these strings causes a cluster. Hence, the resulting boson condensate resembles universal gravity, but the gravitational constant (coupling constant in place of the universal gravity constant) is many orders of magnitude greater than the universal gravitational constant.


    The structure of the cluster. The cluster is a quantum object. The photons exchanged are phat photons as described by Pharis Williams. The size of the object is directly related to a quantum number, n. The larger the object the larger the maximum quantum number, n. There are various phat photons in a cluster but as yet no evidence for phat photons that are not related to hydrogen ionization. Hence, the buildup of the quantum object is likely based on the energy of phat photons = n2 (~hydrogen ionization energy). Each n level has the same sum energy (equal partitioning theory for energy levels in quantum objects such as atoms). One view is that the particles in the buildup are W bosons. If so, then the nearly massless particles are likely Majorana neutrinos. So, for a cluster at maximum n=5, there would be an average of 1 W boson at 5(5)(~13.6 eV) = 340 eV. Each of the other n levels also average 340 eV, so the total energy above the ground state is 1700 eV for the cluster.


    The model for the cluster is a quantized form of electro-gravity based on an energy balance at the escape horizon. A W boson or pseudo-electron or negatively charged hydrogen atom is repelled from the cluster by the Coulomb force and attracted to the cluster by electro-gravity. The strength of the repulsive force depends only on the number of electron charges in the cluster. One assumption is that the electro-gravity is the same for a cluster contaminated with a small about of negatively charged hydrogen. Hence, the masses for the electro-gravity side of the balance are 1) units of electron mass in the cluster and 2) an electron mass at the escape horizon. Since the only unknown in the balance equation is the electro-gravity coupling constant, one can solve the equation for the value of the coupling constant. The solution indicates that coupling constant for electro-gravity is many orders of magnitude stronger than the universal gravitational constant.


    The cluster is a planetoid or star. There is an exchange between kinetic energy and potential energy for pseudo-electrons as a function of the distance from the center of gravity of cluster. Hence, the most probably energy for a pseudo-electron near the escape horizon is that of the highest n level in that cluster. Hence if a pseudo-electron or negatively charge hydrogen atom escapes the planetoid, it is repelled at an energy that is functional related to phat photon energies of hydrogen ionization. Ed Storms Amazing results data fitting - Physics - LENR Forum (lenr-forum.com). For a minimum sized nuclear active boson condensed charge cluster, Ed's data suggests the highest n=58. Cluster energy = 58*58*58*(13.58 eV) =2.65 MeV. Such a cluster gives up nearly all of it energy to catalysis a nuclear reaction but would then absorb the energy back from an exothermic reaction.


    Nuclear reaction on the cluster and LENR features of the reactions. Per Ed Storms Amazing data, a boson condensed charge cluster can have energies in the MeV range for a projectile/ target reaction occurring at or beyond the charge cluster's escape horizon. Hence, if an atom penetrated to the escape horizon it may react if energetics is favorable, if momentum is conserved and if (for charged particles), the energy of the projectile (negatively charge hydrogen atom being repelled by the planetoid) is sufficient to overcome the Coulomb barrier between the nuclei. Reactions are very dependent on what available.


    For charge cluster produced via electric power, typically, high energy negatively charged hydrogen fuse to each other to form deuterium and then photolysis frees neutrons from deuterium. Typically, a negatively charged deuterium or a highly electronegative atom becomes a neutron absorber since they tend to get through the layers of charged ions about a boson condensed charge cluster. For a cluster trapped in the metal lattice (see George Miley's papers) then, typically, metal atoms of lattice fuse to each other. For an arc in a current carrying solution, Matsumoto traced nuclear reaction to ions that carry the current. For low conductivity water, an electric arc will cause reaction in the electrolysis gases. The gas reaction mostly produce oxygen by multiple fusions of hydrogen to hydrogen and also fuse hydrogen to oxygen via a sequence of reactions which is nearly identical to the alpha cycle in stars but terminates with silicon-28 fission to nitrogen-14. The mass balance and stoichiometry for Santilli's intermediate fusion (arc in gas) follow the same reactions sequences as in electrolysis gas and was accountable to 99.9% for nucleons in the balanced equation.


    Further, a boson condensed charge cluster is like a heavy atom, so the expected gamma rays are converted to mass (by pair production). Further, the positrons and electrons combine to the planetoid, charge cluster. Pair production causes a conversion of nucleons to an itonic cluster. The positrons and electrons form an itonic net over a cluster of pseudo-neutrons. The pseudo-neutron cluster can go supernova ejecting the itonic net (net images) and forming a Matsumoto blackhole. This expectation follows from the orders of magnitude stronger electro-gravity as compared to universal gravity. A Matsumoto blackhole is a strange radiation source: it will radiate strange radiation until it ceases to exist. Radiation out of existence is the expectation for any blackhole. Matsumoto found that only cold fusion produces itonic net images, ring images and the pixelated spots he called blackholes. The size of image of Matsumoto blackhole are 99.9% correlated to only integer values. Only integer sized images are expected because there can be only integer numbers of pseudo-neutrons in these smallest of all possible the neutron stars. It not possible to estimate the number of particles that develop any image. Obviously, number exceeds any expectation of the number of fundamental particles present in an integer number of neutrons. Hence our understanding of fundamental particles and of blackholes needs updating to conform to observation. In the galaxies blackhole are a source of dark energy. In various cold fusion experiments, the nuclear reactions are a source of strange radiation.


    The conversion of the energy from nuclear reaction to strange radiation is the dominate output from boson condensed charge clusters. Only 4/10000 of mass loss in the balance equation from the stoichiometry for Santilli's intermediated fusion was observed as heat from the reaction. Most of the expected Matsumoto blackholes remain attached to the boson condensed charge cluster, therefore the charge cluster is a strange radiation source. The strange radiation has been characterized by Rout et al and can be used to power an LEC. See LEC in this forum.

  • J'ai bien connu Couannier il y a peut-être 10 ans lorsqu'il était impliqué dans Lenr à un moment donné.

    Il a un profil similaire à "notre" Jurg, très malin.

    Il enseigne Einstein et toutes ses théories à l'université Marseille Luminy.

    Il n'est donc pas idiot mais n'a trouvé aucune explication cohérente lorsque je lui ai montré quelques photos de Lenr Engineering comme celle-ci ci-dessous.

    J'en ai conclu que certains gars qui sont capables de grimper très haut dans les modèles théoriques n'ont pas spécialement les capacités de mieux gérer les choses du terrain comme l'ingénierie.


    https://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BiberianJPjcondensedq.pdf


    À la page 16, vous trouverez quelques réflexions de Couannier sur les plasmoïdes,,,

  • This is a long video but perhaps useful to this discussion.


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    I certainly Hope to see LENR helping humans to blossom, and I'm here to help it happen.

  • After getting acquainted with the idea of the structure of condensed Lutz Jaitner (CD) plasmoids, I decided to conduct a comparative analysis of this approach with my cluster model (Ch.Cl .).

    Lutz Jaitner's work can be found at https://condensed-plasmoids.com/condensed_plasmoids_lenr.pdf

    my ideas are presented on this site in the topics #1 and #1

    Models are compared by categories:

    1. The structure of the cluster

    2. Nuclear reactions in the cluster

    3. LENR – features of the reactions

    4. Conditions of cluster formation

    5. Life, - development, dying of the cluster

    6. "Strange" manifestations ("strange radiation", destructive effects on the environment

    1,2,3 earlier #24

    4. Conditions of cluster formation

    CD. The author has built a kind of quantum mechanical model of an active nuclear environment in which there is a place for LENR manifestations. There are not many opportunities to implement this model in natural conditions. In order for z-pinch to function, it is necessary from the very beginning to have tens of millions of electrons moving at relativistic speeds strictly in one direction. Neither an electric arc, nor a red-hot cathode, nor a collapsing cavitation bubble can provide such a flow. This position is the most vulnerable in the justification of the author's model. I do not know enough mathematical apparatus to point out to the author his annoying mistake or to state his brilliant epiphany. However, if the theoretical assumptions of the author are correct, and the micro z-pinch allows you to obtain open or tangled CDs with such remarkable properties, then what do the researchers from the ITER project do with their recalcitrant macro z-pinch? Perhaps, in laboratory conditions, it is not so difficult to generate an electron beam of the necessary parameters, and then saturate it, in accordance with the author's description, with "cold" nuclei. Moreover, Lutz and his team are conducting experiments themselves.

    Ch.Cl. The main thing here is the proof and recognition of the existence of "electronic crystals". If they are real, then everything is simple. Compact, bonded by short-range forces, electronic crystals spontaneously arise when discharged at the cathode in places of high concentration of the electric field. The powerful negative charge of the crystal attracts positive ions from the surrounding space and accelerates them to high speeds. Crashing into the crystal body (the diameter of the atom is 10^-10 m, between the electrons in the crystal is 10^-13 m, the diameter of the nucleus is 10^-15 m), the ionized atom leaves all its electrons outside, passes through it in the form of a naked nucleus and flies out from the other side. Electrons, if they do not integrate into the crystal, neutralize nearby or positive gas ions that have failed to accelerate quickly enough. From an energy point of view, the newly formed Ch.Cl initially, it receives energy from the cathode to "assemble" the electronic crystal, then significantly increases it by collecting positive charges from the surrounding volume. A sufficient number of nuclei included in the cluster create a dynamic cloud of positive charges around it, making harmonic oscillations through the focus of the electronic crystal. This cloud is shielding Ch.Cl . for the immediate environment. This is how the phase of its formation ends, as an independent stable macroobject.

    5. Life, - development, dying of the cluster

    CD. If a CD has a source of energy replenishment in the form of nuclear LENR reactions, we can talk about its more or less long life. This life also involves, among other things, the exchange of matter with the environment. The author describes the mechanism of the cluster's loss of some ions and electrons, which determine the cluster's energy impact on the environment (1.4). According to the author, the lifetime of the CPs ranges from milliseconds to tens of hours, depending on environmental conditions. Nevertheless, the article does not explain the mechanisms of replenishment of the electron clan responsible for the functioning of z-pinch. By definition, a cluster cannot function with a small part of its relativistic electron flux. Either live forever, or collapse with an explosion, that's the alternative. However, as experience shows, most often CDs die in silence.

    Ch.Cl. If the cluster is large enough and nuclear reactions occur in it, then there are no problems with replenishing the average kinetic energy of oscillating nuclei. Newly formed nuclei and nucleons with high velocities as a result of the reaction share their kinetic energy as a result of elastic collisions with other nuclei. The fastest cores are leaving space Ch.Cl. In doing so, they ionize neutral atoms, filling their own electron shells. New positive ions of atoms arrive in place of the nuclei that have left the cluster. There is an intensive exchange of material between the Ch.Cl. and the environment. The excess electrons are displaced by the field of the electron crystal to the periphery, where they reunite with positive gas ions, and additional energy is withdrawn from the reaction zone. Life time Ch.Cl It depends, first of all, on the composition of the environment in which it exists, on those nuclei that form its body. Under favorable conditions, the proportion of nuclear reactions with a positive energy balance prevails, and the cluster exists for a long time. The density of the gas that surrounds the cluster also plays an important role. Positively charged ions do not cause difficulties for nuclei flying to the periphery. Neutral atoms, despite the low probability of collision with them (the diameter of the nucleus is 10^-15 m, the diameter of the atom is 10^-10 m, the average distance between air molecules under normal conditions is 10^-8 m), lead to energy losses Ch.Cl and, eventually, leads to degradation, transition to the cold cluster stage. #17

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