Posts by Francesco CELANI

    * Comment to post #72 by gio06.


    * Progress on "Zener-like" phenomenology.


    Dear gio06, I FULLY agree with Your interpretation, based on Ultra Dense Deuterium (UDD) model by Leif Holmlid (and Collaborators), of the revolutionary experiments of Yasuhiro Iwamura (and Collaborators), on Sr and Cs transmutation, made since 2000 at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Laboratories.


    * BTW, also in our recent observation of "Zener-like" effects on surface-modified Constantan wires (as presented at the recent IWAHLM-12), after prolonged Deuterium absorbtion at high temperatures, suggests that some "proximity effect" could plain an important role.

    Just to remember, the proximity effect plays a key role on general superconductivity effects, at any temperatures.


    * I would like to share one of the most recent results (very preliminary!!) obtained with our "improved/modified" set up: now the "Zener-like" effect is more strong, in respect to that presented at IWAHLM-12, and it happened even under Xe-D2 atmosphere.

    I.E., in order to detect the effect, it is not necessary anymore to work in closed air conditions that, after some cycles, self-destroy the effect. Recently, the effect INCREASES as time is lasting (several days), with the Constant wire (surface modified) kept at high temperatures (>500°C) by flowing large currents (about 2000 mA).

    We are thinking even to some superconductivity-related effect, although the wire temperature (at measurement cycles of Zener-like effect) is really quite large (over 200°C) and superconducting effects are unlike, according to present theories.


    Thanks for Your time,

    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Colleagues,


    comments and replay to post #356, #396,

    about using extra 8 wires in our set-up, in order to avoid mis-understandings.


    * Now we added extra 8 Constantan wires (in short CST) in our experiment, BUT the aim of the test and preparation procedure are DIFFERENT from "standard one", according to our previous set up, as shortly resumed (further details allowable from our presentation at IWAHLM-12, 34 pages; document added in the LENR-FORUM last week):


    1) The standard CST, length initial about 125 cm, diameter 200 micron, has about 70-80 knots with internal diameter of 150-200 micron. Each wire, treated hundred times by high power eletric pulses (each about 5000 V*A, typical duration 50ms), is treated several times (10-15) by a liquid solution of Fe10-K1-Mn1 nitrate (diluted in D2O).

    Such procedure is quite time-consuming and the wires, during preparation, several times self-destroied because hot-spot generations and local overheating.

    1a) Moreover the glassy sheaths, were the wires are inserted, are embedded in a Sr(NO3)2 solution.


    2) Such wires after Xe-D2 gas mixture absorbtion at high temperatures (200--700°C), are operated in the so-called direct heating condition by DC current (up to 2.2 A in some test).


    3) We had indications that the, well known, cathalytic proprieties of CST toward the D2-->2D reaction are ENHANCHED by the current flowing (electromigration and/or NEMCA effect).


    4) The 8 NEW wires added, because experimental constrains and progress toward a practical application, had a more simple preparation procedure, i.e. no knots, no pulsing, just DC current and Fe-K-Mn deposits. Moreover, they don't have possibility to be connected to the power supply for current flowing.

    In other words they can be heated only INDIRECTLY (but at lower temperatures) by the "standard" CST active wire.

    They have the treatment of point 1A.

    In the test the 8 wires are assempled in groups of 2.



    5) Main aim is to measure the effect of addition of simplified (low cost) CST materials and glassy sheaths and try to evaluate the importance of increased amounts of "possible active (from the point of view of AHE generation)" materials inside the reactor.

    The date will be comparated with latest 2 experiments, as reported at IWAHLM-12 presentation.


    * Previous results, as reported at MIT CANR/LENR meeting (held on 21-23 March 2014 at Boston-USA), give indications that increasing the overall amount of material, i.e. glassy sheaths and some "primitive" powders of CST with Fe, was usefull to increase the AHE.


    Thanks for Your kind attention,


    Francesco CELANI

    Message to Ahlfors, post#356.


    Sorry for late replay: we were deeply involved in assembling the NEW core of the reactor, with increased number of Constantan wires (2 usual +8 new).

    We got several problems because assembling constrains, now almost all solved.


    * I am deeply interested on your documents.

    Please add them in public attachment at LENR-forum, or, if you like, send to my private e_mail: franzcelani@libero.it


    Thanks for kind collaboration and understanding,


    Francesco CELANI

    Replay to Ele, post #301.


    Dear Colleague Ele,


    for some aspects I am an old style Scientist: all the people involved in the same argument are, in my opinion, Colleagues.


    * We can have, obviously, quite different opinions in some specific arguments, but, if they behave like Civil Scientist, they are Colleagues.


    * At the end, I NEVER made bitter comments against Andrea Rossi, just I asked, several times, more details about his work that, I feel, could be useful in the LENR field.

    Please, read CAREFULLY my presentation at IWAHLM-12: I was "inspired", in the use of Constantan , just after attending the (famous) 11 January 2011 demonstration at Bologna.


    Thanks for your time and attention,


    Francesco CELANI

    Replay to Dr. Ahlfors, post #298.


    Dear Dr. Ahlfors, thanks for reading fully my presentation and sending (in attachment) the document of Dr. Hans Busch.

    I tried to understand the sentences but it is quite difficult for me because I don't understand enoughwell the (very important) German Language. I just have some very nice memory during my young age when several of my close friends at the beach, in Italy, come from Germany.


    * So, please, because i "feel" that the document could be quite important in the LENR field, try to find an English version or, even better, Italian one... and send to me.


    My best,

    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Colleagues,


    as requested, I add (in attachment) the presentation held at IWAHLM-12 and "stored" at Research Gate: it get a "record" about down-loading from Research Gate memberships and I got a virtual medal.....

    The document is in English Language, as usual.


    * BTW, most (95%) of the document was presented again, on 30 June, at an ITALIAN meeting on LENR held at the "Casa dell'Aviatore", side of Defence Ministry (Aeronautics), in Rome.

    Over 100 people attended the meeting: about 50% were not fully specialistic in LENR field, like Politicians, Army, Industrial, Journalist.

    During such meeting were added some further comments, taking advantage of the questions coming from the NOT- specialistic people.

    If useful,I can add such document, but added with some italian sentence of introduction/presentation/comment.


    Thanks again for Your attention,


    Francesco CELANI

    Replay to post #278 from Mary Yugo.


    Dear Mary,

    the suggestion You kindly made at point 1) was PERFORMED starting from 14 February 2017 and ended at beginning of July.

    In short, we keep constant the amount, in mg (< 300), of 1 Constant wire (over 2) but we increased the surface (factor 2) and number of knots (over a factor 4).

    We observed, in respect to previous, quite similar experiment, an INCREASE of apparent power emitted (by thermometry) of the order of 30%, for input power larger than 40 W.

    The paper was presented at the recent "International Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals" (IWHAC12), 4-9 June 2017, held near Asti (Italy) by Bill Collis. The paper is allowable on line and, if You are membership of Research Gate, You can download it there.

    If necessary, I can attach it in the replay; please, let me know.

    * BTW, the points of measurements were 3 external and 1 internal, not just 1.


    * About other questions/suggestions, we are working to further increase the number of wires: we will start measurements quite soon, I hope.


    Thanks for Your time and consideration,


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Colleagues,

    I waited over 3 days before make comments, about the recent Gullstrom-Rossi paper related to QuarkX, published in the arXiv repository at Cornell University (USA).


    * First question is: who endorsed such paper for repository, according to the written rules of arXiv organization?

    It is a Scientific repository, not a Patent office.


    * It is possible that in the quite complex paper (about 18 - 20 pages), in the short experimental example (the most interesting part, in my opinion), the KEY information about voltage drop (and its dynamic behaviour, if any) at the reactor input is fully omitted ?


    * In principle, during the function of QuarkX in the "active mode" (i.e. after proper activation by high voltage pulses, I suppose), the voltage drop can be close to zero or even PRODUCE some current (as experienced, at low intensity, in our surface-modified Constantan wires since May 2014).


    * The key point, I repeat, is that Dr. Andrea Rossi should give more details of the experiments, if he decided to put the paper in a public repository.


    * Sorry if, as usual, I am quite direct making comments/opinions.


    My best,

    Francesco CELANI

    (previous Vice-President of ISCMNS).

    Dear Colleagues,
    it is quite long time that I didn't write comments in the LENR Forum "blog".
    This time it is necessary to brake the ice.
    * I saw a message from Student Neil Farbstein, about the very recent Mitsubishi patent, where it is writen:
    "I have seen reports that Mitsubishi is defrauding investors and....."


    I think that when so "heavy" sentence are writen, the Author has the duty to quote the "source", as much in details as possible.


    Otherways are just "biased/uncontrolled chats" because "dark" situations and/or interest.
    * We don't have enough time to consider such kind of messages/procedures: we are working very seriously, every day.


    * Sorry if, as usual, I speak directly.
    I am not English mother-language and I don't know elaborated (i.e. more polite and "politically correct") sentences.


    Thanks for your time and attention,


    Francesco CELANI.

    Dear David Nygren and Colleagues,


    thanks for sending the document and allowing comments on such (important) information.


    * It is, apparently, quite strange that the Army People are more open-minded than the usual, routine-workers, Scientist.
    According to my own experience, the same situation appened in Italy about LENR and/or other kinds of "explorative/innovative" researches.


    We have to accept the evidences.


    * I just recall one scientific fact, quite recent (<20 years old), from Astrophysical studies.
    The "Normal Matter" is only the 4.9% of total.
    The others are Dark Matter (26.8%) and Dark Energy(68.3%).


    * All our physical models and speculations are made considering ONLY the 4.9% of the total.
    Could be the LENR the evidence of some of other 95.1%?


    * My opinion is that the Ultra Dense Rydberg Matter (like the Leif Holmlid studies in Sweden) is a good candidate for a part of 95.1%.
    I just anticipated that we are making several experiments, since April 2015, according to the Holmlid models.
    Some of the expriment gave interesting/intriguing results. In next days we will start the self-replication experiment, with some improvements, we hope, about the amount of active Rydberg Matter involved.


    Thanks for Yor time and attention,


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Ecco (and Colleagues),

    THANKS a lot for such kind of information You provided.

    So, If I well understood Your sentences/quotation (about the Prof. Holmlid work), what it is really necessary is a LOW amount of graphite (hoppefully graphene) to increase the cathalityc proprieties of Fe-K cathalyser (home made at INFN-LNF).

    Luckily, we are able to provide just LOW amounts of such material, in situ or even in open air preparation, with the present procedure.
    In other words, it is NOT necessary to study new procedures.


    *I will inform all of You on the progress about.

    * Short comment: sharing information also on "failed" experiments can be useful for the progress of the field.....


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Colleagues,


    for what I can understand, most of You like details, even boring one.


    So, don't complain me now, for the latest test, almost failed:


    " We tried to add some amount of "graphite-graphene" to our next set-up in a controlled way, but it failed in the new open-air preparation procedure.
    * We had success only in previous test when we added carbon content material (like acetone, 1 cc) inside the reactor (Volume 250 cc), under partial vacuum condition.
    The adverse effect was that the ultra-thin carbon produced make conductive all the reactor (electric connectors included) and made impossible to continue experiments because uncontrolled short-circuitry.
    The dissociation of aceton was due to the high cathalitic effect of sub-micrometric Constantan wires, at 200-400°C, put inside the reactor."


    Now we are thinking new procedures to overcome the problem: work in progress.


    Thanks for the attention,


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Nobody,


    thanks for Your kind comment. At first, sorry for late replay: I had another (important) meeting for several days and I didn't have time to replay.
    I agree with You that Forum needed OPEN discussions.


    * My point is that, at the moment, Me356 is doing a sort of (partial) replication of our previous experiments.
    In the replication it is necessary to discuss even very thin particulars that are taking a LOT of TIME.
    Usually the people NOT involved, from the experimental point of view, in the replication are bored of such kind of messages.
    I would like to avoid such unpleasant situation.


    * I think that in the Forum have to be discussed only the main/general aspects of the experiment, not the time-consuming details.
    Obviously, when all the problems will solved/clarified, will be published the proper long report, open to general discussions from everybody.


    * In short, I think that it will be necessary to MINIMIZE the discussions that are of not general interest.
    We have to keep the time to make experiments, not discussions.


    Sorry if I was too-much direct, but my English language is quite poor, I am Italian.


    Thanks for Your time,


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Me356,


    again, thanks for considering our experiments and the important/wonderfull replications you are performing.


    * In order to increase the overall efficiency in the comunication, and to avoid that other people will spend (a lot) of time in too-much technical details, I would like to get, in private, if possible, your e-mail and/or phone number.
    My e_mail (private) is: franzcelani@libero.it 


    * As previously reported by us last weeks in the LENR Forum, about the Hydrogen or Deuterium dissociation, we used the SEQUENTIAL approach of dissociation by submicrometric Constantan at temperature larger than 200°C and later, LOCALLY, absorption by Fe-K mixtures (5:1), at nano size.
    Among others, also Fe-K is able to dissociate the H2, D2: usual operating pressure is 0.1 bar. Several experiments were made by a mixure of D2 and Xe (typical ratio 1:10).
    The Fe-K mixtures are "adsorbed" at the surface of micrometric (diameter 5 micron), porous, borosilicate sheaths. The typical distance between sub-micrometric Constantan and glassy sheaths is less then 0.5mm.


    * Thanks for Your time and consideration,


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Colleagues,


    at first, thanks for Your kind efforts to replicate some of our previous experiments.
    Regarding materials, apart from the initial work with long and thin Ni wires (covered by several layers of different materials at nano-size, including B, Si, Pd, Sr and Th) we concentrated on Costantan, an alloy of Cu55Ni44Mn1, whose main characteristics, from the point of view of LENR experiments, is the largest known value of cathalitic power for dissociation of Hydrogen (and/or Deterium; i.e. H2-->2H). Moreover, in order to increase, mainly, the active surface area, the wires underwent a specific thermal treatments up to 900°C, with PULSED power density (20 kW/g) and fast quenching.
    All the documents are published and detailed, according to Live Open Science ethics, following the procedures developed by the MFMP group. The most recent paper is being published as ICCF19 by JCMNS.
    I don't know if it possible to add the document (10 pages), in pdf format, in the LENR Forum.
    * Coming back to our recent (after May 2015) activity, we concentrated on the procedures developed by Prof. Leif Holmlid, Svein Olafsoon and Collaborators, from Gothenburg University - SE, about the so-called Inverse Rydberg Matter (specifically, Ultra Dense Deuterium, UDD).
    We developed a modification of the methodologies developed by Holmlid, as following:


    A) Aimed "condensation" of UDD by 2 steps process:
    a1) Deuterium dissociation, by surface modified Constantan;
    a2) Concentration of atomic D at the surface of proper borosilicate thin fibers (each 5 micron), by the common effects of FeOx and KOx (ratio Fe/K about 5). The K is used as "promoter" of D concentration;


    B) Excitation of nuclear process by external gamma irradiation at low intensity, using natural Th232.


    * The so-called stimulated emissions seems to happen in some specific operational condition of the LENR reactor, once the steps a1 and a2 were completed.


    * Now we are repeating the experiment to be more sure about the effects, like an intriguing gamma excess at about 140 keV. BTW, the time spent performing blanks is higher than the active one.


    Francesco CELANI




    "Francesco, We still have to wait.. We still have a lot of things to discover about LENR, you know..Therefore, the cake should be more bigger than just for next seven sisters..Trust in me". David Fojet.
    ***********************************************************************************************


    *Dear David,


    I think that the key point is AVOID, from now, that the monopoly control of LENR effects (severals, I agree) will bring the mankind to the next 4° World War (the 3° is running, as Pope Francesco several times claimed).
    Moreover, some economical advantages to the people involved in the LENR studies are NECESSARY: our duty is to show to the (rich/powerful) "decision makers" that risky researches, in the whole, are profitable.


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Prof. Nygren,


    THANKS for the welcome and sorry to all, in advance, because my quite poor English Language ability.


    * Changing argument, just a little, I am really convinced that the "quality" and details that will be shared (ASAP!!!) about the 1 year test made by Andrea Rossi and Collaborators in USA will be, almost, the turning-point about large Excess-Heat generation.
    Obviously, it will not affect the so-called "controlled transmutation" experiments (e.g. the Yasuhiro Iwamura and Collaborators work in Japan since 1999).


    Francesco CELANI

    Dear Andrea Rossi and Colleagues,
     
    I am really happy about the positive results of such, extremely long, test.
    My CONGRATULATIONS to Andrea: he was the real winner of 27 years long battle.
    My opinion is that, if all will go "well", our world will change quite quickly.
    The direction of changing will depend on the "managing", in the very near future, such REVOLUTIONARY invention.


    Perhaps some of You know my opinion about managing disruptive technologies that can change the world and mankind. Such was the reason because I joined the Live Open Science (LOS) approach since the beginning (2012), as started from the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project group.
    BTW the LOS approach, because the very innovative phylosophy/procedures, was candidate 2 times (2014 and 2015) for the Nobel Prize for Peace, as "supported" both from very high level Professor at Vatican and a Senator of Italian Higher House.


    I hope that Andrea, after proper "private" advantages (i.e. extremly large amounts of money and Honors, to him and to the Company that gave the money) because such invention, will allow to share some of his results to other Scientist to avoid a new "oligarchy" of Energy, like the (very infamous) "Seven Sisters" situation in the 1900 (and up to now).
    I well know that it is no easy but now Andrea Rossi has to demonstrate to be even more brave of previous situations. He will be the ideal Candidate for Nobel Prize for Peace!
    According to the rules, the Selecting Board of Peace Nobel Prize (5 people in total, Norway citizen) has the right to suggest the candidature of a specific People/Organization even not officially presented by usual produres before February 1 of each year.


    Francesco CELANI
    (previous Vice-President of ISCMNS)