Posts by Gianni Albertini

    @piolo:


    An answer to your question can be found in
    - Phenomenological Rules for Nuclear Metabarysis by Riccardo Capotosto and Francesca Rosetto, J. Adv. Phys. 5, 80-83 (2016) (http://www.newnuclearscience.e…clear-metabarysis-it.html)


    and is also reported in the final part of
    Deformed Space-Time Reactions: Towards Nuclear Metabarysis by Gianni Albertini and Riccardo Capotosto, J. Adv. Phys. 5, 84-89 (2016) (http://www.newnuclearscience.e…clear-metabarysis-it.html).


    In fact, some points are to be considered:
    1. While traditional nuclear reactions are fusion for nuclei lighter than Iron and fission for heavier than Iron (thus Iron is the final point, from which nuclear reactions are not produced), the DST-reactions can go toward both directions and Iron was also found to be an enhancing factor.


    2. Energy is a further coordinate, beside space and time. Furthermore, different energy thresholds occur for the different interactions: they separate the flat Space-Time (Minkowsky Space-Time) and the Deformed Space-Time.


    3. These Energy thresholds correspond to thresholds of Energy density.


    Thus, beside the binding energy per nucleon as a function of the number of neutron and of nucleons, a third axis (Energy density) can be introduced.
    The occurrence of energy thresholds in DST-reactions should correspond to particular surfaces in this four-dimensional plot and different nuclei can belong to the same surface with constant density of Energy. This way, transformation between nuclei that usually are forbidden can occur.


    It is interesting to note that in any case we observe from a non-deformed (Minkowskyan) Space-Time, external to the nucleus, the consequences of reactions occurring in zones of deformed (non-Minkowskyan) Space-Time inside the nucleus.

    Facts without a supporting theory can also be unuseful !


    The Modern Physics, Engineering, Technology and Technics are all based on Inertia Principle, which was stated by Galileo Galilei making balls going down a slope!
    Balls down a slope is a play for any child, Inertia Principle changed opinions that lasted tens of centuries!


    Nowadays people thinks that the higher is the energy (and the higher are the corresponding costs!) the more we can see deep in the matter… It is true for some respects, it could no more be true as long as other aspects of the Nature are considered and explored.
    Reaching such a new knowledge only by trials is like to go from equator to North Pole despising any map: maybe you reach it, if you are lucky, but the wasted time is enormous…


    Good Luck!

    Italian Contribution to LENR
    by Gianni Albertini- UNIVPM-Italy, Domenico Bassani- SIDOM-Italy, Fabio Cardone -CNR-Italy


    Among the news of “The Scientific Alliance”, recently a contribution was published concerning LENR: “Low Energy Nuclear Reactions may have much more potential than is generally realised, suggests The Scientific Alliance.” by Martin Livermore (http://www.cambridgenetwork.co.uk/news/nuclear-con-fusion/).
    While we congratulate the author for introducing the subject, we notice an added final note: “Cambridge Network does not endorse the content that members contribute and this posting may be seen as contentious”.
    We also noticed that no further comment was published offering a general view of the now-a-day international situation of the research on the subject.


    In this contest, we would like to add some information concerning the Italian contribution.
    In fact, a recent document of the USA House of Representatives (Report 114-537, 4th of May 2016; an extract can be found in http://www.newnuclearscience.eu/it/documents-it.html, the full text in https://www.congress.gov/114/c…pt537/CRPT-114hrpt537.pdf) declares that the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) “has also assessed that Japan and Italy are leaders in the field” for what concerns Low Energy Nuclear Reactions.
    Thus Italy is the sole country of Europe recognised as leader in the field.


    We remark some recent steps confirming this Italian leadership:
    - Last month (1-4 November 2016) Francesco Celani (INFN-LNF –Italy) was invited at the United Nations City Geneva to talk about “LENR Progress and Cooperation Plans” in the framework of the 25th Anniversary of the World Clean Energy Conference (WCEC) (http://www.newnuclearscience.e…uments/relaz_F.Celani.pdf in http://www.newnuclearscience.eu/en/documents-en.html )


    - In a recent paper entitled “Energy spectra and fluence of the neutrons produced in deformed space-time conditions” by F.Cardone and A. Rosada - Modern Physics Letters B (MPLB) Volume No.30, Issue No. 28, http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0217984916503462 - the energy spectra and the fluence of neutrons produced in LENRs were measured the first time. This is a huge result after tenths of years of investigations on LENRs.

    - In the paper “Nuclear Metamorphosis in Mercury” by F. Cardone,
G. Albertini, D. Bassani, G. Cherubini, E. Guerriero, R. Mignani, M. Monti, A. Petrucci, F. Ridolfi, A. Rosada, F. Rosetto, V. Sala, E. Santoro, G. Spera, International Journal of Modern Physics B Vol. 29 (2015) 1550239 (DOl: 10.1142/S0217979215502392) the conditions of local Lorentz invariance breakdown, which were assumed to occur in a previous experiment of neutron emission from a sonicated steel bar, were reproduced in a system made of a mole of Mercury. After three minutes, a part of the liquid transformed into solid state material, in which isotopes were found with both higher and lower atomic mass with respect to the starting material. Changes in the atomic weight without production of gamma radiation or radionuclides were thus made possible.

    - The paper “Deformed Space-Time Reactions and Their Phenomenology” by G.Albertini and D.Bassani, Physics Journal Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 382-387 (http://www.aiscience.org/journal/pj) shows that those experimental results, obtained in the last years, that are not fully accepted by the scientific community due to their mismatch with the currently accepted theories, can find an explanation in the framework of the Deformed Space-Time Theory (DST-Theory). In particular some of its phenomenological consequence are put in evidence, which are common features of the different experimental observations. This theory is proposed to assume the role of unifying different fields, identified by using different names over the years: Cold-Fusion, Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Piezo-Nuclear Reactions and Energy Catalyzer. From this unifying vision, suggestions can derive for future investigations. In fact, in order to check if the observed phenomena could be the consequences of underlying nuclear DST-reactions, the four main phenomenological characteristics can be checked: occurrence of an energy threshold; change of atomic weight; anisotropic emission of nuclear particles in intense beams having very short life span and absence of gamma radiation.


    The results were also presented, discussed and appreciated at the “10th International Symposium Honouring Mathematical Physicist Jean-Pierre Vigier”, held in Italy (2016, July 25-28). In particular, professor Brian Josephson (Nobel awarded, University of Cambridge) appreciated them.

    In the recent paper “Deformed Space-Time Reactions and Their Phenomenology” by G.Albertini and D: Bassani, Physics Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2015, pp. 382-387 (http://www.aiscience.org/journal/pj), we analyse [lexicon]Low Energy Nuclear Reactions[/lexicon], Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, E-cat and Piezo-nuclear reactions, by considering four main phenomenological characteristics: 1.occurrence of an energy threshold; 2.change of atomic weight; 3.absence of gamma radiation 4.anisotropic emission of nuclear particles in intense beams having very short life span. These characteristics qualify them as consequences of reactions supposed to occur in regions of deformed Space-Time. This paper unifies all the observed phenomena into a unique general phenomenology, corresponding to the predictions of the Deformed Space Time theory. This theory is shortly introduced and is shown to apply not only to the nuclear interactions but also to the other known fundamental interactions. In particular we remark that in E-cat the neutron emissions were not detected due to their impulsive nature, which make blind the frequently used neutron detectors, and their anisotropy, which makes neutrons not detectable along some directions.