- from Eureka, California, Left Coast US
- Member since Aug 17th 2017
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Storms tried things that I have already mentioned including in my recent "essay" here.
The need to strongly compress the powder with a press, therefore, and not with archaic screws and nuts like in France or Belgium.
It has reached 50% porosity because at one point the compression ratio no longer plays a role and to further reduce the porosity, nanometric particles are needed. Thus it will be able to reach only 5% of porosity, quite sufficient to pass a gas. On the other hand, he will be able to increase his XSH by a factor of 10 !
Too bad he didn't try more daring alloys than simple Palladium, 1989 is still stuck in the minds of the oldguard
Storms had used many alloys early on, as did many people working in the early days. Like Storms literally tried dozens of different combinations of metals. However they mostly would make solid pieces, or thin-films. Back then, ithey did not use pressed powder alloys. It seems in hindsight, yeah, why not pressed powders? I guess it just takes 32 years to think of some things.
I am impressed Ruby! Keep on going girl. Been watching myself. I wonder if this virtual is not the way to go from now on.
Carl Page said in the video played at the meeting that next summer ICCF24 will be in "Silicon Valley and the world", "the world" part meaning that they will broadcast live in a similar fashion, I interpret.
ICCF23 was the first all virtual conference in the ICCF series, and Xiamen U did a fantastic presentation, having the videos stand in for the live presentation is brilliant. Most participants followed the rules so everything went smoothly. To see the live science presented right on my screen in my own home was excellent. Globally, the time change is always challenging, and I didn't see the whole thing, but the videos are available http://ikkem.com/iccf-23_oralab.php and there is a lot of research to try and understand there.
I feel like the CMNS field has made a shift up to a new level of understanding on the hard science results and academic and industry attention. More labs getting Mizuno's 40 Watts is the first step to getting Mizuno's kilowatts. What Fran Tanzella shows about materials in active systems shows that Brillouin understands a lot about the materials (since he works with them on testing). Storms' new discovery of making active material -every time active - by pressing the Pd powder (and heating, cooling, etc) is evidence of another bump up. How many labs will start pressing powder now? I hope a lot, and more attention means we are set for another bump up.
I want to believe the next shift is going to bring real and meaningful breakthrough for the science, and engineering. Good things are happening. It's got to be sooner than later though, this planet is on fire.
I am impressed Ruby! Keep on going girl. Been watching myself. I wonder if this virtual is not the way to go from now on.
I'm done for the evening now! Was up early to catch Hagelstein, and I'm beat now. Just watching and absorbing what I can.
Jirota Kasagi is speaking next, one of the top researchers in the Tohoku project. He is showing a way to see visually when there is excess heat by detecting an increase in spectal intensity, I think he said the red light. He is generating 120 kJ over 140 hours.
IICCF-23 videos available here http://ikkem.com/iccf-23_oralab.php
Right into Mitchel Swartz. Cold fsuion is real and happening making observable effects, including frequencies at 327 MHz.
He shows a graph showing input power, an ohmic control and a NANOR cold fusion device. The NANOR delivers power moments before the "electrical avalanche" Swartz measured. Raman spectroscopy picks up the excess heat.
Nice photo of the Mother of All Cathodes. It was aqueous and wet! Awesome. He demonstrated the device live at ICCF 10 in 2003.
The field needs ways to detect active components, and detect and distinguish active cold fusion systems. A shape memory alloy nitinol will go back to its OG shape after the temperature is applied. Longitudinal fibers of Nitinol are throughout the sample he shows close-up. The material is shape-shifting.
This special design NANOR provided 12 Watts thermal output . More graphs show NANOR positive power gain of several Watts.
It seems that Electric current to the Nitinol and is responsive to the Ohmic control and the active NANOR, and it is quantitatively proportional to each. The ohmic control did not shape-shift the Nitinol, but the NANOR did, I think he is saying.
200 micro Newtons per watt was the induced response in Nitinol. Conclusion, Nitinol can be used as a sensor, but it's got some problems. calorimetry, raman spectroscopy, and 327 Hz frequency detection offer the best LENR detection.
Another GIANT Dave Nagel is up. WHEN AND HOW LENR OCCUR you know we need that.
To understand an d commercialize LENR is to suggest the locations and mechanisms for LENR and provide something to start with.
Locations must accommodate - locally - high density deuterons and local flux to allow the deuterons to interact.
These conditions are possible at exterior surfaces and grain boundaries and defects.
Images of craters on the surfaces of cathodes are evidence that LENR occurs on or near the surface.
Wires, plates, and cubes - 1D, 2D, 3D host materials.
There is a diffusion hierarchy: Surface diffusion is more rapid than grain boundaries, and grain boundary diffusion is more rapid than lattice diffusion.
Grain boundary segregation of impurities act as a trap for impurities, too.
Diffusion flux depends on the concentration gradient.
How do you test WHERE the reaction is occurring? Vary grain size, using coldworking and annealing, you can control the grain size, and see if smaller grains make more LENR, since they have a larger boundary area. Alternately you can use powder and press to make different sized grains and test them.
He cites Kalman and Keszthelyi to answer How does LENR reaction occur? He has failed to convince anyone with the quantum mechanical chops to validate and vet their equations (K&K) and he would like someone to do that.
Other challenges exist to explain, like the transmutation results. but he's out of time.
Watch the videos of previous presentations at http://ikkem.com/iccf-23_oralab.php
DAY 3 Fran Tanzella introduces Edmund Storms to talk about his recent discoveries.
He believes he has made the "lab rat" materials. The material makes LENR every time. Cold press palladium powder under a steel dye to make a disc. A hole drilled and a platinum wire through the hole. It is heated in a vacuum to 900 - 1000 degrees C for hours, then heat in air above 400 degrees C for hours, and cool slowly in air. he says the parameter space is sufficiently broad that you can make an active disc easily.
There is about 50% density in his pressed Pd samples compared to solid palladium.
Storms uses a Seebeck calorimeter cooled by flowing water to 10 degrees C. there are 54 thermoelectric converters transmit the heat.
Oil displacement measures the volume of oxygen, which is converted to a D/Pd ratio of the sample.
He is doing both gas-loading and electrolytic in the Seebeck; each is calibrated separately.
Resistance wire heats the electrolytic cell D2O with lithium makes the electrolyte.
It's sealed with a teflon top, with a recombiner, and the temperature of the recombiner is measured. Great pictures of these cells. Watch the video. The gas-loading cell is unique looking.
He talks about the calibration. The recombiner temperature and the orphan oxygen method agree, and Storms is confident his D/Pd ratio is measured correctly.
Pressed palladium powder that has been oxidized, and then fully-loaded, and it was heated ( and electric current was applied), as it was loaded and de-loaded, it gives heat. Storms is playing around with the parameters and mixing and matching these elements of the experiment and seeing what happens.
Storms is adamant, samples must be heated to get active. He wishes that people had heated samples earlier on, because they might have had success. The heating of the sample makes the difference.
He closed with a short summary of his nano-space or gap model.
About a nanometer, that's the size of the gap he answered to a question by Lynn Bowen. Gaps are about 50% of the physical solid material.
Si Chen and his team presented results on their Mizuno nickel-mesh reproduction. They were successful but they have generated much less power than Mizuno. They got about 40 Watts on average in one run, but other runs were in the single digits Watts.
Robert Duncan of Texas Tech introduces Melvin Miles to talk about some of the early cathodes made by the Naval Research Laboratory that contained boron, and gave excess heat "almost every time", but he wants to stress that they produced excess heat early in the experiment, after the experiment started, the excess power showed up earlier.
Martin fleischmann reported 57mW generated at 55 minutes into the experiment
Mean excess power of 38mW over the first 24 hours, in another Martin Fleischmann experiment.
Miles is showing more graphs of early excess power made by Fleischmann, and then by himself, showing excess power from these same Palladium-boron type rods.
He then went looking for errors in heat capacity, calorimetry, heat transfer coefficient, and he showed mathematical analysis on his data, proving no error erases the results. Miles is really good at math, and he calculates right down to the milliwatt.
Note: he ran the same Pd-B cathodes, and as he ran the same one in succession, the power output got bigger each time he used it.
Dr. Wang is talking about excess heat generated by samples that Melvin Miles sent him, early PdB samples getting a second look in 2018-2019. Wow, they have a beautiful cell to put all these samples in. Wang's slides are really nice.
He is reporting 21 mW +/- 7 mW.
Looks like a maximum excess power of 69 mW +/- 14 mW.
Roger Stringham reports that the temperature of plasma dropping from 10,000K to 2500K allows the deuterium to form, and, bubble cavitation causes DD -> He4 .
1.6 MHz bubble cavitation signal follows the photons emitted in rythmic pattern.
Brian Oliver measured the Helium in one of the bubble caviation experiments, Brian Oliver one of the top helium specialists in the world a few years back. Malcom Fowler measured helium, too. These experiments leave nickel bubbles, and etched patterns on the material the bubbles explode on. These experiments are continuing.
David Nagel is examining a set of input signals, and what happens as an output.
For instance, terraherz laser stimulation causes phonons, matching phonons in PdD.
Electrical impulses from Energetics Technologies, shows a decrease in input power, actually gave a bump in output power. The graph kind of bumps along. He says start pulsing your cell.
He shows SPAWARS graphic and graph of the hot spots visual, and the sounds that occured during the experiment. They actually have a video of that and it is tremendous. Nagel says this deserves more analysis.
An old Bockris experiment shows RF bumping up excess power, and that has not been reproduced, really. More can be done with this type of stimulation. Mitchell Swartz produced three papers on RF and cold fusion, and he presented some of that at ICCF22, too.
David Nagel has a knack for making a problem seem simple to understand. He is a teacher at George Washington University in D.C., so that experience really helps him communicate simply.
"We are dealing with a new paradigm of nuclear physics," he says in response to a question.
Larry Forsley is first up and I like his angle to introduce things: Inertial confinement, magnetic confinement, lattice confinement. Makes a natural progression for the mainstream and seems harmless. He compares a triple product of plasma density, temp, and .... for all three types of confinement fusion, and LENR makes the highest value.
Successful LENR provides SAVs/NAEs for high flux, high density hydrogen isotopes. High electron screening too.
But Forsley and the team is focused on generating charged particles with the co-deposition technique, not heat. But they are doin it day-in, day-out.
Fran Tanzella is talking about making materials now. Wow. Super cool pictures of cross-section of Brilloin's core, showing dialectric and first layer of copper, all polished.
Next picture is Pd rods in resin, an early SRI experiment.
Density, chemical analysis, surface area, volume of voids and grain boundaires, these are some of the things you should know about your sample.
X-ray diffraction can detect impurities easily.
THz spectral imaging gives same results as SEM, identifying grain boundaries, etc.
More nice pictures of multi layer coatings using energy dispersive x-ray. You can see where the all the different materials are.
Nice graph showing how they measured the tritium being transported outward from the interior of the multi-layer sample and turning into helium-3 through the outer layers that Michael McKubre showed yesterday, too.
Use all the techniques he talked about to document your work and learn more about what you're working with, the architecture, the chemistry, and then, you'll be able to reproduce the best materials that you find.
Iwamura is interested in the x-ray flourescence. ah, it's Nickel K-beta,. OK.
In about 9.5 hours from now, at 5:30PM Pacific in Eureka, Larry Forsely talks, then Fran Tanzella, then David Nagel, Milesetc.... Later Zhang will talk on reproducing Mizuno, and Celani speaks as well. These will provide more experimental results in heat-production and we will see more variety of experiments.
Transmutation talks are later on Day 2 as well.
A few theory talks are sprinkled in, too. But I'm looking for heat.
ZQ ends the day 1 by saying that the field is like a big dark building and they don't know the layout, so it's not as important to bring industry into the situation until the science is more known. He is for determining the science first and then developing a technology to make a better world for everybody. He is a science guy.
GROUP PHOTO! on Zoom. Can't wait to see that one.
VIDEOS of ICCF23 Day 1 are up already. Check this page: http://ikkem.com/iccf-23_oralab.php
Dave Nagel is now fielding questions from the entire group of 110 people, currently. This is the last session until tomorrow.
Nagel makes a point of the durability of nano-scale materials. Will the power generated be sustained over weeks months or longer? or will these materials degrade over the high-temperature runs? What is known now?
Hasegawa replies that the lab there is going step-by-step, and we will see how far they can go. He also states that unless the labs crack COP of 2-3, no one will fund them, or believe the heat is real.
Hubler asks Iwamura about the reaction surface area of his samples, and the reply was that it depends on the sample, but almost all the area of the sample produces heat, and the surface area is about 13mm circle. hubler wants to know if particles are emitted from the sample that is emitted and stays cooler then.
Ooo, a schedule change.
Sheng Hu is talking about Hydrogen Isotope Separation. This is a peripheral topic to LENR. He is enhancing protons transporting through thin, 2d material like graphene. Driving protons through a membrane, he is using this to design a hydrogen "pump". In other words, this process can make hydrogen, and also separate hydrogen from the other isotopes like deuterium,which doesn't get through the material easily.
60 MJ is generated in this process (?).
He beilieves that tritium separation can be in ratio of H/T ~ 30 times.
This lab is attempting room-temperature isotope separation, an "atomic sieve". Very interesting stuff here.
I'm awake! Trying to survey the various power outputs being reported.
Wednesday 4:30AM PDT Akito Takahashi is reporting 10W to 500 W, with current COP 1.2 from the Metal Hydrogen Energy generator. He believes he can extend to 1kW and 3-5 COP with new changes. There's a new MHE system since July 2020, but he's not reporting on those results yet.
He shows graph of one experiment with power 85 Watts generated over weeks using Palladium-Nickel-Zirconium. They make the material themselves using nanopowders.
Another set of data shows samples generating from about 10Watts up to 200 Watts, oops that's Watts/kg, for various runs on the PNZ material.
Another graph shows energy of 128 MJ over 28 days.
He ends describing possible model of reaction tied to the experimental results.
Also, this is radiation-free power. In an experiment that was generating about 40W power, there was a 3kW heat burst, but no commeasurate gamma rays or nuclear particles.
I am always happy when scientists remind us that this is safe atomic power from the hydrogen in water.
Check your email.
They need to send you a link.