Posts by Director

    Wyttenbach,


    In a totally hypothetical scenario in which there was a critical need for the government to send a ship to a distant part of the galaxy and they were willing to spend unlimited funds to produce a FTL drive, how would you recommend them proceed according to your theory?

    The initial versions were similar to other cold fusion claims such as Arata's, which is why they seemed plausible to me and others. The latest ones are powered by Dancing Puppets, I'm told. As you say, they bear little or no resemblance to LENR, or anything else. They are sui generis.


    I can't say that his current systems work or not: there's no proof one way or the other. And I'm every bit as fed up with his puppets as everyone else. But if his current systems do work, they utilize the negative resistance regime of an electrical discharge (between the regular glow discharge and positive resistance arc discharge) which produces ion acoustic oscillations. These oscillations were present on the oscilloscope during the presentation of the QX in Stockholm. Of course just because the oscillations were present it doesn't mean the system was necessarily doing anything anomalous. However, so many different systems claiming exotic effects (excess electricity, excess heat, weird emissions) utilize this zone - including Black Light Power's Suncell - that I think there's a chance the device was producing some level of anomalous heat. But we'll never know because his presentation of the QX was so bad and now he's turned the E-Cat saga (which already had a sleazy side) to a pathetic cartoon.


    I'll also say that it does seem like the basic concept of the QX does roughly resemble some other devices that utilized the negative resistance zone to produce anomalous effects including some of Alexander Chernetsky's devices. If Rossi was using a sharp tip or hollow cathode, I'd say the setup could resemble an extreme modification of a Kenneth Shoulder's style EVO generator. Interestingly, I don't think Kenneth Shoulders ever attempted to produce a resonant system with a power supply that could be tuned to allow a complex space charge construct or "macro EVO" to self sustain.


    If Rossi has anything with the QX and SK, he's done a great job of screwing over the entire community so that devices that take advantage of the negative resistance regime will look kooky and won't likely be replicated. Once again, he puts his wish for absolute and total control over his technology before the entire field and the entire planet.


    Home nuclear fusion doesn't have to be expensive.


    I'd suggest that if a lab has a modest amount of pre-existing electrical equipment, a plasma based system utilizing the negative resistance regime would be pretty affordable. A simple oscilloscope, showing the current oscillations (ion acoustic waves) will show that you are in the correct region, the treatment of fuel may be simpler (no need for long soak times if any at all), ordinary hydrogen may work well, and you can control various parameters in real time very quickly. I think such a system could be cheaper than many powder based systems.

    I have an idea for an experiment.


    Produce a powerful and sudden electric discharge to produce longitudinal waves in a conductive metal enclosure (to block traditional transverse waves) and measure how long it takes for the signal to propagate over a long distance utilizing round, spherical antennas and/or horizontal rods antennas. I predict for the signal to be of sufficient strength a very powerful discharge may be required such as from a high capacity Marx generator.

    I'm not a good artist, so I'll try to explain it a bit more in depth.


    Producing a complex space charge construct (also described as a "fireball" or "firerod" in the literature) is not overly difficult. These structures organize out of the chaos of the plasma whenever a negative resistance is established in an electrical discharge. In a wide range of experiments going back a hundred years or longer, electrical discharges (which would all produce a negative resistance and such a macro-EVO for at least a brief period of time) have produced all sorts of anomalies - including excess heat, light, and mechanical force. What I'm suggesting is for a group to build a discharge tube that could produce such a condition. I could propose some guidelines for sizes and dimensions, but there are many options available. In this discharge tube, they could test various gas combinations, perhaps starting with hydrogen (or deuterium) with a certain percentage of argon. Somewhere in the discharge tube (perhaps even in a hollow electrode if they are attempting to produce a pseudo-spark type effect) they would place a tiny fraction of a gram of various nano-particles of different elements. When the discharge tube is initially fired, a percentage of these nano-particles would be atomized and would spread through the plasma.


    So we would be combining the idea of the negative resistance and the complex space charge with a wide array of catalytic elements to enhance small hydrogen formation.

    Simon Brink proposes that hydrogen atoms excited or shrunken to different levels interact with different catalysts. As an example, the most optimal catalyst to shrink a hydrogen atom at a 1/4th fractional state would be different than 1/8th fractional state. To optimize this effect and produce the smallest fractional states that may most potential induce LENR or cold fusion events, this hypothesis proposes a plasma based environment between electrodes in the negative resistance regime producing ion acoustic oscillations; additionally, nano-particles of a wide array of elements would be added to the discharge by one of various mechanisms a percentage of which would be reduced to a near atomic state by plasma processes. The multitude of atomized catalysts would interact with atomic hydrogen or atomic deuterium to induce the reduction to fractional states (or simply altering the hydrogen to various forms) which would continue to encounter other elements inducing a constant downward process. Simutaneously to these processes, nuclear reactions are speculated to occur providing thermal energy to the complex space charge construct which may be converted into electrical current and more powerful oscillations. At some point, the input power may be reduced or nearly cut off completely allowing the system to operate in a near self-sustaining mode. Lithium, due to its track record of undergoing nuclear reactions at very low energies, should be tested both along with a multitude of other elements and in other tests using only hydrogen (or deuterium) and traces of noble gases.


    The forms of energy produced by such an experiment could include light, heat, traditional transverse electromagnetic radiation, and longitudinal waves as the macro-EVO or complex space charge construct undulates. Methods should be utilized to measure all these different types of output.


    Although not without some expense, such an experiment could be performed on a small scale (shoe box size or smaller rather than table top size) to reduce some material costs.


    His previous versions of hydrino systems were not flawed. They worked. The problem was that he could not get the energy output he wanted due to the fact that the hydrino formation process was self limiting. Now he knows that the negative resistance zone of an arc discharge produces a positive feed back that allows for extremely rapid hydrino production. The problem now is building a controllable system.

    Actually, I don't think I've ever said that there should never be any secrets at all. My position has changed due to the fact that I believe even if you don't have a powerful LENR technology to show the world and you are still in the earlier stages of development (like Brillouin) you should be completely open if you get stuck. If anything, I'm for even more openness now. Previously, I would have thought that such companies might have a justification for secrecy while developing their technology to the point that they could share it open with the world so that hundreds of teams could replicate. I never thought about situations in which a company got stuck or progress crawled along for years.


    I actually do think openness works. My opinion is that there is plenty of money to be made by the company that introduces a powerful LENR technology to the world even if others copy their technology.

    My view is changing. At this point, with LENR continuing to exist as a taboo subject that's not accepted by the mainstream as real, I don't personally consider keeping information confidential as reasonable. It may be perfectly legally acceptable and the owners of specific technology have all the right in the world to do so, but I think cooperating openly so that at least one system can be advanced to the level that it becomes absolutely indisputable to the entire world should be the primary goal. Then I'll have no problem whatsoever with secrecy. But until then all secrecy does is put personal desire for financial gain before proving the reality of LENR.

    The one indisputable fact that I believe about BLP is that they have determined that hydrogen can be transformed in an exothermic reaction to something else when exposed to certain catalytic elements. I don't know how the hydrogen is transformed or what it turns into, but I think the evidence is abundant that something other than ordinary hydrogen is created. If this is true, sooner or later they should be able to come up with a product. I think what is probably helping them now is that they discovered that a negative resistance massively accelerates the formation of these products rather than hindering them. According to RM, the problem they had for a long time was that the hydrino formation process was self limiting. Now they no longer have this problem and it seems like the biggest engineering issue is controlling the reaction rather than producing enough energy to be practical.

    If I were to ever develop a revolutionary LENR technology, I'd take it to some small country desperate for cheap energy which a ruler or government that would cut through any red-tape on the way towards rapid and full commercialization. As far as I'm concerned, after the behavior of the U.S. government (and others) towards LENR and exotic technologies, we don't deserve them.

    A rather oversimplified view of the situation, but at times it has been a problem.


    There are other issues. Perhaps one of the most serious is that there are many parties that would like to do serious LENR research but don't have the funds to do so. However, I do think that inventor's syndrome is the number one barrier stopping radical LENR technologies from coming out of the lab into the marketplace. If it were not for inventor's syndrome, I think the world would be a far different place today.

    That is incorrect.


    1. There have not been any huge leaps. Only incremental progress.


    2. Most progress has been interrupted because the researchers were not funded, or they retired, or died. Most researchers are government employees, so they have no stake in the invention, and no case of inventor's syndrome.


    That's incorrect. There have been huge leaps. Over the past hundred years, there have been inventors that have came up with amazing discoveries roughly related to what we refer to as LENR. Many of these have been in the "plasma-branch" of the LENR family instead of electrolytic or gas loading branches. But time and time again the inventor's show stunning demonstrations and even perform convincing tests only to become paranoid and secretive and greedy.


    One great example of a what I consider to be at least a decent sized leap was Patterson's Power Cell. If he'd been willing to go the standard route and perform convincing tests using good equipment and proper measurement techniques (instead of intentionally performing only marginal tests in order to only interest specific parties) large, well funded companies with hundreds of engineers could have helped him produce even MORE optimal spheres to go into his reactor. Instead, his technology went no where.


    I'd say that yet another leap was Chernetsky's self-generating discharge tube that used hydrogen and electrodes that would obtain sharp micro-tips after many firings at high current. Interestingly, before the above tube which was focused on electrical generation, I found a paper mentioning another experiment of his that utilized hydrogen and lithium in a plasma tube that produced a COP of around 3. If he hadn't of passed away, I think his technology could have had a huge impact.


    I could give a half dozen other examples of individuals who made big leaps only to achieve nothing. But I will say that there are relatively fewer big leaps in the branch of LENR that uses electrolytic cells, wire, or powder based systems. I think this is because some of the pathways that produce LENR can occur at a higher rate in a pure plasma system than in a hydrogen loaded solid.