Posts by AlainCo

    That Rossi claim something, may not mean it does not exist.

    I even suspect that he listen to all the proposal of the crowd of his followers to find ideas, for next invention (of technology, or of stories). Maybe he is a good tech watcher, and he could make good Sci-Fi books, or launch a cult.

    Ruby Carat on Cold Fusion Now publishes presentations of ICCF21, to be completed with time.


    See thosepages with summaries, photographies, and already some audio

    I imagine Thusrday, Friday will come soon.


    all days are listed here

    http://coldfusionnow.org/interviews/iccf21/

    Quote


    ICCF21于2018年6月2 & 61566; 8日在美国Fort Collins的科罗拉多州立大学举行。因笔者早已上了美国政府的黑名单,故无意参加;西安的张航也因签证问题而未赴会。翻墙上网下载了会议摘要 ,通读的同时做了下列笔记,供同好参考。




    ICCF21 was held at Colorado State University in Fort Collins, USA, on June 2 & 6,566; Because the writer has long been on the blacklist of the U.S. government, he did not intend to participate; Zhang Hang of Xi'an did not attend the meeting because of visa issues. The summary of the meeting was downloaded through the wall and the following notes were taken at the same time for the same reference.


    This summary would deserve a translation by an expert.


    I noticed something I missed about David Dagget of Phonon Energy :


    Quote


    Phonon Energy's DL Daggett reports that positive results have appeared in 37 experiments over three years. Using a laser excitation device similar to DG Letts, infrared laser heating of Ni powder is used to charge 99.995% of hydrogen. In a 4.5 h experiment, the four probes recording the temperature of Ni powder all showed a temperature rise of 19.5°C/h. After the laser was stopped, the temperature was continued to increase for 45 minutes until it was no longer heated, but it was not repeated thereafter.



    Beside that the summary seems very interesting, and even if the google translator is funny, what I perceive , sometime by interpretation, is that it is a great summary .

    Jean-François Geneste said that engineers would accept it immediately if one cell could power a Stirling (or Thermoacoustic) engine for months.


    Jacques Ruer have made estimation of the required COP/Temperature for such a reactor, and it was not easy (I don't remember, but much above 3, and not liquid water)...

    However in recent presentation

    http://www.iscmns.org/work12/RuerJpreventingtherm.pdf

    he shows that if you have thermal control, then it is just an engineering problem.

    For long cells were unreliable and even if you had a good stable cell, once you reengineer the cell, it may no more work, or just you may not be able to make it bigger. It is like designing a steam locomotive with unpredictable wood logs.

    Now with replicable material like what Nedo-funded team created, maybe engineers could create a cell that have a good COP by design, enough to heat a stirling that feed it's activation and heating.

    No more research, but engineering. But given the today's performance, much work to do, and this assume the LENR material work reliably for month, and scale up like 1+1=2...


    I remember a lab near Chester (Thornton Park...) that was interested for some time, and they would have had all competence as I remember their pitch. All they needed was funding...

    Peut être qu'on pourrait faire ça chez nous, non? ;-)

    In public what I say is not true.

    In public:

    • LENR is not confirmed.
    • Japanese companies could not reproduce and prove the phenomenon as Garwin explained.
    • Heat/He4 ratio is not an evidence, as it is just correlation of errors with errors.
    • Tritium just is an error of measurement.
    • Hundred of replications are not replications, but hundred of errors.
    • Heat above chemistry is just error.
    • Only hot fusion can work.
    • No serious institution HQ, at any power strate, would contact an LENR scientists.
    • LENR Patents will never be accepted.

    If it was not true, this would mean there is a great problems with reference media and academic media. Sure it is not true, as there is no problem.


    This is why until recently I was sad, because there is no way for LENR to be publicly accepted.

    Don't expect that to change until many years, and much work.

    What if the people in the HQ were already convinced, trying to convince the old experimenters who faced Garwin-like opposition for 30 years to work again, and help rookies.

    What if the only problem was media coverage.

    What if there was budget, universities, state labs, high-tech big and small corp labs, preparing their plan... Like teenagers plan their secret marriage when dad and mum disagree.

    I don't know what happens in US...

    If nothing happens in US (IH put aside), time to worry. I don't think so, but I'm not there.


    My feeling is that it is time to collaborate, prepare serious research plans, stop stupid behaviors, pet theories, pet experiments. Build research proposal, as provider or as consumer, let them public, assemble offers, create meshes of proposal... Someone you don't know yet, someone I probably don't know either, will sure find it, evaluate it, and if you are serious like what serious engineers and researchers demand, something will happen, and I will probably be informed very late.


    By the way, recently with IH/Letts patents, with Biberian/Iracus9SIMS, with few experimental results presented at ICCF21, there is both food for theorist, and many nails in the coffin for many pet theories.


    Do you realize we are at a turning moment? It is no more time to prove, but time to analyze and understand mechanism.

    I see many problems among some scientists...

    Difficulties to replicate, always trying to improve.

    Putting theory before it works. Ignoring other's results if it disagree.

    Start hiding when it seldom works.


    Amateurs don't have the budget to afford losing time and money that way.


    Anyway It seems collaboration develop...

    Amateurs have greater challenges than professional, in a domain where everybody is challenged.

    It is correct to say amateurs should read more what was written (like above papers), hear more , exploit better their network, collaborate more ?

    :?::?:


    My feeling is that for too long everybody was more or less preparing for the international cold fusion war, like we have seen on oil, on nuclear energy, on IT, Internet, biotech...

    The problem is that the maturity of the domain is too early, and we are at the phase of basic international fully collaborative science.


    As someone said to me, you are preparing to make a cake, buying floor, eggs, sugar, and the guys are battling to steal the ingredients before anything is even cooked.


    Amateurs cannot afford that game... professional cannot, but it take more billions until they realize.


    I've heard this is the way the Japanese company work when "attacking" a foreign market.

    First they collaborate between Japanese companies, without any "moderation"... only when they landed on the market and are solidly installed, it is time for competition. (Normandy D-Day style).


    I hear people explaining me how the geopolitic of Cold Fusion cause secrecy, when US DoD is suspected to hide result, when Russian nationalists, French state labs, Japanese corps are suspected to work discretely... Until the media ban is raised, it is stupid, and probably just paranoid fantasies.


    Many thanks to the Japanese teams, because they are doing the job.

    In few years, it may be time for the war, but by replicating XH between labs, between continents, they have done the job for the "informed circles". Press is not yet ready to accept they screwed up deeply, as usual, but in few years I hope they will just forget they screwed up (journalists never accept they screwed up, they deny, forget, or die).


    Amateur have their place, but behavior should adapt to resources. work as bee-swarm, not as lonewolves.


    Don't forget also that beside state an universities labs, foundations (SKINR), corporate labs, you have maybe more than you imagine, of medium companies labs, local technology valleys labs, with some motivated engineers reading here.

    They have very cutting edge competences in their domain, whether it is nanotechnologies, accumulators, chemistry reactors, and cannot talk much, but they can read and evaluate who is serious here.


    You are not alone... ;)

    Be serious. Bee-have like a swarm.

    About France.

    Some have suspected the problem was military risk (fear of weaponization)... I don't swallow it but who knows.

    What seems clear is that LENR was career destructor, because of US bad press. Same as for the Indians, who stopped despite success because it was destroying their international credibility.


    Today. Vivons heureux, vivons cachés.


    All my thanks to the Japanese teams, the replications across many universities. It did the job.

    Thanks Jed for your reporting and translation of Japanese work. Maybe it was critical.


    Now question is not whether LENR is real, reproducible, but to investigate, understand then control LENR, despite bad press.

    Today it is time to cooperate... I wish the best to all, as a consumer, I'll win.

    Lawrence Forsley published on his Academia.edu account this paper published in Journal of laboratory Chemical Education


    https://www.academia.edu/36822…_Phenomenon?auto=download


    It seems to be the replication fo famous co-deposition protocol with CR-39 tracks analysis, that Spawar team developed.



    Abstract The experiments described here were part of independent research projects done by different groups of upper
    division, chemical engineering undergraduate students over a three year period. The purpose of these experiments was to
    replicate track formation in solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs) resulting from Pd/D co-deposition and to rule out a
    chemical origin for the tracks. The experiments took several weeks to run. Not only did the students learn about the
    importance of replication in science, they were introduced to metal electroplating and Faradaic efficiency as well as the use of
    solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs) and their analysis using optical microscopes. The students also had the
    opportunity to use freeware programs to model tracks in SSNTDs and calculate linear energy transfer (LET) curves to
    determine energy loses of energetic particles as they traverse through matter. Most importantly, the experiments
    demonstrated the importance of using controls and simulations to test a hypothesis, especially for experiments that give
    unexpected, or anomalous, results whose origins are only understood later.




    EDIT: it was already discussed under the angle of student safety on this thread

    Safety of Undergrads (and others)

    Hi, just a newbie question about two ideas that crossed recently.


    One is the IH/Letts patent

    Patents by Industrial Heat /Dennis Letts&al

    https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2017127423A2/en

    https://patentscope.wipo.int/s…il.jsf?docId=WO2017127423


    and the quote

    [028] In some experiments, an exothermic reaction was observed experimentally when the deuterons were accelerated with 1,237 volts and on a separate occasion with 176 volts. The experimental conditions at that time were such that Debroglie wavelengths of 2.014 Angstroms and 0.74 Angstroms were produced as the deuterons accelerated toward the reactor wall and into the palladium. This suggests that there may be a connection between the deuterium ion's Debroglie wavelength and one or more physical lattice dimensions where the ions may be trapped.



    with dual laser experiments as presenter at ICCF21 by hagelstein

    http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/H…einprogresson.pdf#page=11


    •Sweet spots (resonances) at 8.3, 15.3 and 20.4 THz
    •15.3 THz is close to L-point compressional optical phonon mode
    •8.3 THz is near G-point compressional and transverse modes
    •20.4 THz is close to PdH L-point mode
    •Computations with PdD0.75H0.25 give L-point mode at 19.7 THz
    •Results implicate optical phonons in these experiments




    as I understand the two results are very far away in term of energy, frequency, but since I don't really master DeBrolie wavelength for ions like D2- (I understand from the target is the anode), maybe THz as phonons have a relation with De Broglie wavelengh of electrons 0.7-2 angström ? or no relation at all?


    If someone can explain what both those observation mean ...

    On LenrExplained there is a post about the ICCF21 poster about the documentation project of Ed Storms and Thomas Grimshaw.


    http://lenrexplained.com/2018/…-of-cold-fusion-research/


    Beyond the mass of experimental data of Edmund Storms, there is a great need to gather all data by each experimenter.

    Jed gather many kind of publication, papers, letters, but even a lab book is very valuable.


    It is important that all this experimental work is not lost, as I'm afraid budget have been decreasing since the 90s.



    I remember there is the Charles Beaudette archive on cold fusion

    http://www.infinite-energy.com…ne/issue75/beaudette.html

    Sorry I was remaining to have read it here but since the search engine did not find it and I (still) cannot find where it is...

    Seeing it on twitter, I though it came from there...


    EDIT: I found it ... in the playground.

    my mind is like a teenager's bedroom...

    On twitter the_new_fire have cited patents applications, by Dennis Letts for Industrial Heat (in fact IH IP Holding Limited)


    The first I've read is a classic plating patent application, to plate with controlled coarseness, citing Pd hydride, Lithium, Lanthanum , magnetic field... and e method to controal coarseness with a microscope and a computer...

    https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2018075843A1/en

    This is typically the kind of patent that would be key if LENR get industrial... not patenting the LENR reaction, but a practical improvement method...

    Like patenting an improved electronic ignition coil for gasoline car.


    the second is a LENR patent application

    https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2017127423A2/en

    https://patentscope.wipo.int/s…il.jsf?docId=WO2017127423


    It propose that LENR excess heat happens when volatge of good value is applied between a container and an Pd electrode, filled with deuterieum.

    Even more interesting a speculation about energy needed, matching DeBroglie wavelength matching lattice dimension... [028]

    Quote

    [028] In some experiments, an exothermic reaction was observed experimentally when the deuterons were accelerated with 1,237 volts and on a separate occasion with 176 volts. The experimental conditions at that time were such that Debroglie wavelengths of 2.014 Angstroms and 0.74 Angstroms were produced as the deuterons accelerated toward the reactor wall and into the palladium. This suggests that there may be a connection between the deuterium ion's Debroglie wavelength and one or more physical lattice dimensions where the ions may be trapped. To accelerate the deuterons to achieve a Debroglie wavelength that corresponds to the dimensions of the physical lattice the ions may be trapped in, the voltage Vo applied between the metal container 102 and the electrode 104 can be determined using Eq. (1).



    This seems not so hard to replicate for some industry labs?


    Jeudi 7 juin, 4ème journée ICC21 Fort Collins Colorado

    https://blogde-jeanpaulbiberia…e-journee-icc21-fort.html


    • Jacques Ruer: Il a étudié divers accidents LENR pour voir si la chimie ne les expliquait pas.
    • Dong&Li: expérience produisant de la chaleur, avec un tube Pd fermé, en exploitant la relation entre temperature, et réaction LENR et diffusion
    • Kitagawa: replication de Yamagushi avec un feuille de nickel couverte d'or, chauffée, produisant des neutrons, 200 fois le fond.
    • Claytor: Replication d'expérience de cavitation de Roger Stringham. cible métalique Pd.
    • Egeley: Propose que la température du soleil soit résultant de LENR dus plasma hétérogène (dusty plasma), et relie cela a ses expérience avec des plamas et micro-ondes
    • Fowler: technique de mesure de He4
    • Giggins-Letts: simulation d'un calorimètre pour améliore sa précision.
    • kasagi: Il a tenté de mesure des gammas dans des expériences LENr sur des nanopoudres Ni-Cu-ZrO2, mais rien n'explique coté gamma. La seule possibilité reste des gamma inférieurs à 50keV
    • Fabrice david: présentation de ses diodes LENR (sandwich Pd semi-conducteurs) , et de la méthode de Reifenschweiller (tritiuim qui apparait/disparait).
    • Vysostskii: Expérience avec jet d'eau haute pression, signal radio et neutrons détectés.
    • Alexandrov: théorie LENR sit divers matériaux...
    • Kovacs: Excès de chaleur avec NiCuLi à 1300°C
    • Brink: théorie impliquant des atômes de petite taille, de type Rudberg
    • Hatt: Modèle du noyau atomique
    • Tanabe: Modèles proposant que le champs électrique soit concentré dans les nanoparticules
    • Yoshimura: estimation des pression requises pour la cavitation LENR

    Jean-Paul Biberian have made a repor on Thursday of ICCF21:


    The google translate is there

    https://translate.google.com/t…0Mitchell%20Swartz.%20%20...



    Thursday, June 7, 4th day ICC21 Fort Collins Colorado

    This fourth day ended with a gala dinner and it was also an opportunity to present the Préparata medal to Mitchell Swartz.

    Ruer ; "Considerations on Chemical Reactions on LENR". He made a detailed analysis of the various accidents that occurred, and he looked at how much these accidents would not be just chemical reactions. He recalled the explosion that had occurred on one of my cells. He showed how much what happened was a detonation and not a blast. He also analyzed the problem of the 1cm3 electrode that melted in 1985 and had gone through the work surface and dug a hole in the laboratory's cement. He made a model of unloading a palladium electrode loaded with deuterium. His model shows that the observed temperatures can wait up to 1000 ° C.

    Dong and Li . "Temperature dependence of Excess Heat in gas loading experiments". Having realized that the excess heat increased with temperature and that the diffusion of the deuterium in the palladium also increased with the temperature, they developed a Seebeck type calorimeter with a closed palladium tube which allows the hydrogen to enter by inside the tube and being pumped from the outside. They thus obtained large heat excesses.

    Kitagawa . "Direct Joule heating of D-loaded bulk palladium plates in vacuum". This team took over an experiment made more than 20 years ago by Yamagushi, in which a sheet of nickel of 30x30x1mm3 heated to 1000 ° C to recrystallize is then covered on one side of a gold deposit.By heating this leaf, Yamagushi had found neutrons. This new experience confirmed the old one, getting a signal 200 times that of background noise. An excess of heat of 0.5Watt was measured, and correlated to the neutron flux.

    Claytor : "Investigation of Cavitation Effects Related to LENR". For 29 years, Roger Stringham has been experimenting with cavitation with metal targets, especially palladium in a heavy water system. For the first time, his experience has been confirmed by another researcher. He used as excitation a piezo to 1.7MHz in a calorimeter and he measured an excess of 3Watts.

    Egeley . "Changes of Isotopic Ratios in Transmutation". He has shown that the solar corona being much hotter than the surface of the sun, it is not the surface which can heat this crown. He thought that what was at stake was actually a LENR effect of "dusty plasma" type. For this he showed videos of plasma discharges in microwave ovens. Slow motion images show organized structures.

    Fowler. "Development of a Sensitive Detection System for the Measurement of Trace Amounts of He-4 in Deuterium or Hydrogen". In order to be able to detect helium-4 in a deuterium atmosphere, they developed a system with trapping of deuterium by a trap with liquid nitrogen, then a mass spectrometer of the type of residual gas analyzer. The system measures helium (5.26ppm) in air with an accuracy of +/- 10%.

    Higgins-Letts . "Modeling & Simulation of a gas discharge in LENR Prototype". The Seebeck calorimeter of symmetrical structure is inserted into a copper block covered with 21 Seebeck modules. There are also 4 heating resistors to calibrate. A model has been realized using the SPICE software which makes an equivalence between heat transfer and electrical elements. With this model, errors were detected in the measurement of excess heat.

    Kasagi : "Search for gamma rays radiation in Ni-Cu-ZrO2 nano materials and H2 gas system generating large Excess Heat". During experiments with Ni-Cu-ZrO2 powders, they investigated whether gamma rays were produced that could explain the excess energy. After testing different energies, no gamma measurement can explain the excess energy. The only solution would be that the energies produced are less than 50keV.

    Fabrice David : "Alternatives to Calorimetry". He looked for simpler and faster methods to validate the cold fusion. He has developed a method of manufacturing diodes containing alternating palladium sheets with a semiconductor element, he hopes to create an electrical voltage that only occurs with deuterium. He also proposed the method of Reifenschweiller which showed that depending on the temperature, the tritium included in titanium disappears and reappears.

    Vysotskii . "Effective LENR in Weakly Ionized Gas Under the Action of Optional Pulsed Magnetic Fields and Lightning". In a water jet experiment at 100 bar pressure, bubbles occur and an 85 MHz signal is detected. Neutron impacts are detected with CR39.

    Alexandrov . "Nuclear Fusion in Solids Experiments and Theory". Different metals have been studied: Pd, Ni, Zn, Mo. According to his theory, the mass of the electron increases with temperature, which explains the fusion reactions.

    Kovacs . "Electron Mediated Nuclear Chain Reaction". An excess of heat of 30 watts per gram was measured at 1300 ° C. with a Ni-Cu-Li mixture.

    Brink . "LENR CatalysisIdentification Model". The idea is that there is formation of small hydrogen atoms of 300-400fm. These would be Rydberg type atoms.



    Hatt . "Cold Nuclear Transmutation". A model described from a small number of bonds between protons and neutrons and alpha particles can calculate the energy of the nuclei.

    Tanabe . "Plasmonic Field Enhancement on Planar Metal Surfaces". According to its model, an electric field is concentrated when it crosses nanoparticles.

    Yoshimura . "Estimation of Bubble Fusion Requirements during High Pressure High Temperature Cavitation". With pressures of the order of 1000MPa of sonofusion occurs that can produce neutrons. The temperature reached is 3x10 ^ 8K when the bubble goes from 100um to 2um.


    Mercredi 6 juin, 3ème journée ICCF21, Fort Collins

    http://blogde-jeanpaulbiberian…-3eme-journee-iccf21.html

    • Storms: études du comportement de charge et décharge du Pd
    • Nee: calculs pour montrer que le réseau cristallin PdH cause un écrantage électronique
    • hagelstein: Présentation autour des diagramme de phase PdH/D
    • Imam: Etudes autour de l'aliage PdB utilisé dans les premières expériences LENR
    • Miles: Exces de chaleurs dans les expérience avec electrodes PdB
    • Egeley: présentatiosn autor d'inventions oubliées (Morlay, énergie du vide...)
    • Metzler: observation de converstion de phonons en gamma dans du Co57 sous pression (théorie de hagelstein)
    • McCarthy: exces de chaleurs avec CuLiB+H vers 400-600°C

    Jean Paul Biberian made a report on Wenesday at ICCF21:


    here is the google translate

    https://translate.google.com/t…-3eme-journee-iccf21.html



    Wednesday, June 6th, 3rd day ICCF21, Fort Collins

    This 3rd day is limited to the morning, because the afternoon was devoted to tourism.

    Storms . "The Loading and Deloading Behavior of Palladium Hydride". The experiments were done with a Seebeck calorimeter.Electrochemical cells are equipped with a catalyst that allows hydrogen-oxygen recombination. Considerable work has been done to measure hydrogen loading rates in several ways: by measuring the catalyst temperature, measuring the amount of oxygen that escapes, and weighing at the end of the experiment. the calorimeter has an accuracy of +/- 5mW.

    Nee . "Lattice Confinement of Hydrogen in fcc Metals for Fusion Reactions". DFT calculations have been made on palladium gaps in a PdH network. Calculations have shown that these gaps create an electronic screening effect.



    Hagelstein : "Statistical Mechanics Models for the PdHx and PdDx Phase Diagram with Both O-sites and T-sites Occupation.It has shown that to fitter the isotherms of hydrogen and deuterium uptake into palladium, one must associate not only the Octahedral sites, but also tetrahedral sites The transition between O-sites and T-sites is second-order and not first-order as one might have thought.

    Imam. "Characterization and Evaluation of Palladium-Boron Alloys Used in LENR Experiments". In the 1990s, it manufactured palladium cathodes with 0.25, 0.50 and 0.75% boron. These electrodes all gave heat to Miles. To make this alloy, it started from a 99.999% pure palladium foam, and the boron was of high purity. After formation of the alloy, the electrode was annealed, and gradually, the size of the grains decreased. An experiment with cerium instead of boron did not give heat.



    Miles. "Excess heat for Pd-B electrodes". The experiments were done at the China Lake laboratory from 1989 to 1995. As indicated by Martin Fleischmann, the excess heat appears only from 60 ° C. He noticed that an electrode that had been positive once re-used works even better.In June 1995, the program was stopped in China Lake. He thinks that the role of boron is to remove the oxygen present in palladium by forming Be2O3.

    Egeley . "Electron generation by LENR". He showed that in the past some inventions have been forgotten, especially the Morlay machine.Recently Lockheed-Martin is working on a transportable fusion reactor on a truck. Some inventors think they can recover the energy of the vacuum.

    Metzler . "Non-Exponential Decay of X-Ray and gamma lines from Co-57 on Steel plates". According to Hagelstein's theory, the LENR reaction energy is transmitted to the lattice by phonon creation. This same idea should work in the opposite direction, that is to say that phonons can produce X-rays or gammas. Experience with a steel plate containing Co-67 under mechanical pressure produces intense emission.

    McCarthy . "Light Hydrogen LENR in Copper Alloys". He used a copper-lithium-boron alloy at 400-900 ° C in a hydrogen atmosphere. Once charged, the alloy is rapidly cooled and immediately placed in a Seebeck calorimeter. Alternate layers of this charged alloy placed between a dielectric. An excess of heat has been observed.

    What I see is people making progress despite oppositions from some, and those progress being ignored, often even by peers.

    Sincerely for a thousand time less important results, you get published in Nature, Science, NyT, SciAm...

    Mardi 5 juin, 2ème journée ICCF21 Fort Collins Colorado

    http://blogde-jeanpaulbiberian…-journee-iccf21-fort.html


    • Tanzella de SRI a parlé de la théorie et des résultats du réacteur de Brillouin
    • Swartz a parlé de "recetets" pour produire des excès de challeurs dans l'eau, de résultats de la spectrographie Raman...
    • Celani a parlé des résultats avec ses fils de constantans
    • Staker a parlé des diagrame de phase de l'hudrure de palladium
    • Beiting a présenté un résultat utilsiant une poudre NiPdZrO2 inspiré des japonais.
    • Biberian a parlé de l'analyse SIMS de la surface d'électrodes ayant été utilisé par Fleischmann.
    • Fomatcheh-Zamilov a travaillé avec un faisceau d'électron pour reproduire notamment Sternglass, mais sans résultat.
    • Vysotskii a parlé de transmutations biologiques.
    • Nikitin a parlé de transmutations biologiques.
    • Olafson a présenté ses travaux sur l'ydrogène ultra dense, les états de Rydberg.
    • Zeiner-Gunderson a poursuivi sur ce thème avec une réplication de Leif Holmlid, observant des mésons pi et neutrons
    • Czeski: a présenté des résultat sur l'écrantage avec un faisceau d'ion envoyé sur des cibles Al/Zr/Ta
    • Li a présenté un modèle basé sur une résonance quantique...
    • Paillet-Meulenbberg ont présente leur modèle basé sur des électron relativiste, en orbite profonde, formant des femto-atomes.
    • Stevenson propose on modèle ou l'atôme de deuterium se transforme en di-neutron
    • Blake: a présenté une théorie du noyau composé de proon/neutrons en forme de fullerène (buckyball).

    Jean Paul Biberian have published the Day 2 report of ICCF21

    here is the google translation


    https://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=auto&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fblogde-jeanpaulbiberian.blogspot.com%2F2018%2F06%2Fmardi-5-juin-2eme-journee-iccf21-fort.html&sandbox=1


    This second day was dedicated to heat measurements, transmutations, ion beams and theories.

    Tanzella from SRI, "Nanosecond Pulses in the Ni-H2 system". He studied the system developed by Brillouin society. The theory explaining excess heat is to assume a controlled electronic capture. The cell consists of a ceramic tube with a copper deposit on one side and a nickel deposit on the other. They send between these two layers of electrical impulses of high voltage and very short. Excess heat occurs from 350 volts. An excess of heat of 5 watts was measured for 3 hours under a pressure of 8 to 10 atmospheres.

    Swartz , "Aqueous and Nanostructured of Main Parameters for AHE Generation in Sub-Microscopic Materials Measurements by Isoperibolic and Air Flow Calorimetry". He reminded that at ICCF10, he had given a recipe to reproduce excess heat in electrolyses with heavy water. For him, for a reaction to occur, there must be no bubbles. They obtained an excess of 70Watts with a COP of 3 to 4. He also explained that by Raman spectroscopy, heat occurs when anti-stokes are present. That is, when the energy of incident light receives that of a phonon.

    Celani , "" Steps to Identification of Main Parameters for AHE Generation in Sub-Microscopic Materials Measurements by Isoperbolic and Air-Flow Calorimetry. "He used constantan wires (Cu, Ni, Mo). It adds nodes with the same wire to create temperature gradients, and the chemical composition of the wire changes along the wire because of the knots.

    Staker . "Coupled Calorimetry and Resistivity Measurements in Conjunction with an Emended and More Complete Phase Diagram of the Palladium Isotopic Hydrogen System". For him, hydrogen induces gaps in many metals and alloys of the type: Pd3Vac1H4. He showed that in addition to the alpha and beta phases of hydrogen in palladium there existed the gamma phase Pd7Vac1H8 and delta Pd3Vac1H4 which are constituted with regular gaps. It got a 1.2Watt excess of heat with 1.2Watt of input, a COP of 2.

    Beiting . "Investigation of the Nickel-Hydrogen Anomalous Heat Effect". He works for an aerospace association. She recalled that NASA has developed a Sterling engine to turn heat from radioactive sources into electricity. It would be enough to replace this source by a Cold Fusion generator. He made a Ni-Pd-ZrO2 powder similar to that of the Japanese, and obtained excellent results. It got heat equivalent to it from the Japanese, although its calorimetry is actually thermometry. He is making a real calorimeter.

    Biberian . "Anomalous Isotopic Composition of Silver in a Palladium Electrode". I explained how by dynamic SIMS I got a concentration profile of money showing that mass 107 is probably the only one present on a depth of 1um.

    Fomatcheh-Zamilov . "Synthesis of lanthanides on Nickel Anode". A 20keV electron beam is sent to a target of different materials in a hydrogen atmosphere. The goal is to make neutrons as Sternglass had pretended to do. For this, the authors have developed a very sensitive neutron detector. Despite their efforts, they did not find any neutrons above background noise. A detailed study of Sternglass's measurements showed that his measurements were not statistically significant. They analyzed the nickel anode and found lanthanides, but it turned out that it was due to impurities.

    Vysotskii. "Biological Transmutations". He recalled the work of Kervran who holds a primary place in this area because of the amount of work he has done. He recalled that for Kervran, some of the reactions like K + p -> Ca is reversible, indicating that some are exo and some endothermic. He recalled his work on the production of iron by the reaction: Mn-55 + d -> Fe-57 which he analyzed by the Mossbauer technique and also by mass spectrometry. Since he works on radioactive products with Cs-137 -> Ba-138. The best results are obtained with a culture medium containing CaCO3.



    Nikitin . "Impact of Effective Microorganisms on the Activity of Cs-137 in Soil from the Exclusion Zone of Chernobyl". In Belarus, since 1996, collaboration has begun with Japan to clean Chernobyl radioactivity with microorganisms. They were used in liquid and solid form placed in the soil. Cs-137 and Sr-90 have dropped. Laboratory experiments were done to ensure that the decline in radioactivity was not simply due to the diffusion of products deeper into the soil. Laboratory measurements confirmed previous measurements.

    Olafson . "What is Rydberg and Ultra Dense Hydrogen?". Bose-Einstein condensation was made with rubidium and potassium atoms on one surface to form Rydberg states. The distance between the ultra-dense atoms is 2 to 3 μm. The electrical resistance is quantized and falls to 1ohm.

    Zeiner-Gunderson . "Hydrogen Reactor for Matte Rydberg and Ultra Dense Hydrogen A Replication of Leif Holmid". The previous experience in Iceland was reproduced in Norway in a vacuum chamber equipped with a laser and a time-of-flight detector with an arm of 1 meter and 2.36 meters. He measured the presence of pi mesons and neutrons when the laser beam is sent to the surface containing the Rydberg atoms.



    Czerski . "Influence of Crystal Lattice Defects and the Threshold Resonance on the Deuteron-Deuteron Reaction Rates at Room Temperature".A deuterium ion beam is sent on metal targets: Al, Zr, Ta. A screening effect occurs which amplifies the reaction measurements up to 2 times more than predicted by the theory without introducing screening.

    Li . "Resonant Surface Capture Model". With this resonance model, the cross sectional curve of the reaction p + Li-6 -> He-3 + He-4 and d + Li-6 -> 2 He-4 was calculated with a single adjustable parameter .

    Paillet-Meulenbberg . "On Highly Relastivitic Electrons". When the electron falls to a deep level, because of the relativistic effects, its probability of doing so is of the order of 2x10 ^ -9. The femtometric atom is similar to a neutron that can react with other atoms. At these levels, the energy is of the order of 100 MeV. The presented model solves the problem of Heisenberg uncertainty applied to the kernel.

    Stevenson . "Isotope Effects Beyond the Electromagnetic Force H-1 and H-2 in Palladium Exhibiting LENR". This is the first participation of this researcher. She developed a model assuming that a deuterium atom is transformed into a di-neutron.

    Blake . "Understanding LENR Using QST". A model has been developed assuming that the nucleus is composed of neutrons and protons having a form of buckyball. The binding between two buckyballs is done either by hexagons or pentagons. The loss of mass corresponding to the lost part corresponds to the binding energy.

    E-cat World relays this news from REGNum

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/06/…synthesis-became-managed/

    Quote

    In the laboratory, it was possible to start, regulate and stop the nuclear fusion reaction in deuterated polycrystalline titanium. This became possible only after the discovery of a new type of physical wave, the existence of which was predicted by the great Soviet physicist L.D. Landau in the 1930s of the last century and received experimental confirmation of Alla Kornilova a few years ago.

    The final scientific publication on the results of the cycle of experiments is presented in the May issue of the ournal “Engineering Physics”:j



    https://regnum.ru/news/innovatio/2421626.html


    about this paper

    https://yadi.sk/i/SB3ST-CC3WNPoV4



    Ruby made a report for Day 2:

    http://coldfusionnow.org/iccf2…on-rydberg-matter-theory/


    • Tanzella presented 4th gen Brillouin HT results...
    • Mitchell Swartz talk of a theory and a news light water NiH system. Massive heat, controlled heat after death. COP 2.5, 12x depending on version...
    • Celani presented some results on constantan wires
    • MR Staker talk of Pd phase diagram and calorimetry
    • EJ Beiting talk of BiH investigations at The Aerospace Corporation. He obtaines heat above chemistry with Arata/Ahern style of experiment adding small magnetic material
    • JP Biberian presented SIMS analysis from an ICARUS9 electrode given by Fleischmann (remember RNBE2018 report). AG107 found un 1µm layer.
    • Max Fomatchev-Zamilov talk of lantanide synthesis, but it was negative. He reproduced Sternglass experiment, but negatively. no neutrons.
    • Vladimir Vysoskii representing G. Lu and W Zhang presented on biological transmutation.
    • A Nkitin continued on same theme.
    • Sveinn Olafsson presented work with Svein Olafsson on ultradense hydrogen
    • Sindre Zeiner-Gundersen continued on that theme
    • few more, but Ruby could not attend.

    I have reread the Day 1 repor of Ruby carat, and either I missed most yesterday, or it was updated

    http://coldfusionnow.org/iccf-21-day-1-on-heat-and-theory/


    A key story accross that day seems to be the replications.


    He also supports a multi-laboratory approach where reproductions are conducted. Verification of this science has already occurred in the 90s, with the confirmation of tritium, and the heat-helium correlation. He believes that all the many variables must be correlated to move forward. Unfortunately, he believes the same thing he said in 1996, according to a Jed Rothwell article, that “acceptance of this field will only come about when a viable technology is achieved.”

    To make progress, a procedure for replication must be codified, and a set of papers should be packaged for newbies to the field. A demonstration cell is third important effort to pursue.

    ...


    Letts/cravens seems to have controls through H2 injection.

    Mizuno protocol is detailed and should be replicated.

    Miley experimen use 12nm thin-film, with load-deload cycles make me think of Nicolas Armanet presentation of Pd hydride metallurgy... Key seems to be defects, and he worl on PdZrO2 nanoparticles...

    Takahashi's experiments continue, and he observed what remind me a heat after deaths (desoption) much above chemistry.

    Iwamura's work looks great for me because it is involving many actors, and replications. (Tohoku's experiment, replicated at Kobe).

    Hioki talk of a protocll involving nanopalladium in zeolite....


    A replication of Storms for a material is evocated, based on palladium from Takahashi in 90...


    Replications, metallurgy... questions and results...


    Papers will be great to read I expect.

    Teams seems to work more in replications...


    Lundi 4 juin : 1ère journée ICCF21 Fort Collins Colorado

    https://blogde-jeanpaulbiberia…-journee-iccf21-fort.html


    • Tom Darden a parlé, et expliqué qu'avec Industrial Heat "ils aident les laboratoires pour arriver à réaliser une expérience reproductible par les laboratoires traditionnels."
    • Michael McKubre a rappelait ce qu'il avait appris, sur le chargement en detérieum, le tritium et He3, l'He4
    • Dennic Letts et dennis Cravens ont montré les détails de leur calorimère Seebeck refoirdis à l'air.
    • Mizuno, représenté par jed Rothwell, a expliqué ses dernières expériences avec décharges plasma pour déposer Ni et Pd.
    • George Miley (souteni par industrial heat), travaille sur des multi-couches NiPd, PdZrO2+Ni...
    • Tahahashi a présenté les résultas de sa collaboration entre Nissan, Technova et 4 universités, sur des aliages PdNiZrO2/NiCuZrO2...
    • Iwamura, a présenté des résultats financés dans le cadre du Nedo, et propose des pistes d'interprétation.
    • Peter Hagelstein aparlé théorie, évoquant la possibilité de rayons-X colimatés
    • Vladimir Vystoskii a montré que les LENR proviennent d'états quantiques corrélés.
    • Zuppero et Dolan propose une théori où un électron est émis lors de certaines réactions chimiques
    • Norman Cook développe la question du principe d'incertitude et critique l'interprétation de Copenhague.