Posts by BobHiggins

    Speaking of Piantelli on another thread; I can not think of a more important person to be interviewed by Ruby. He is up there in age, been pursuing LENR for 28 years, and a wealth of practical and theoretical knowledge. It would be such a loss were he to go and take much of that knowledge with him. Yes, most of that information will be retained for the next generation through his meeting with MFMP, patents, Nichenergy partners, and family, but sometimes interviews bring the little things out that count.

    Anyone know if Nichenergy is still funded, and active?

    I inquired about Piantelli at ICCF. He is still alive, but in poor respiratory health. Apparently he no longer goes to his lab and has no protégé to carry on his work. Nichenergy will get the patents, but without a protégé, his technology may be lost. MFMP was only told the basics of his older stuff. It would be wonderful if Ruby could get an in depth interview, but he doesn't speak English, and is super-sensitive to his image. These both conspire to make video interviews problematic.

    Director I worked with some folks that were growing diamond films for the NEA as electron sources in field emission display development. That's where they discovered that the facets of the diamond allegedly having NEA, instead had CNTs growing out of that face that were responsible for the emission. The CNTs were too fragile for reliable long life emission even in the best possible gettered vacuum. This was a commercial activity and probably wasn't published, planning instead to keep it a trade secret.

    franco malgarini Can you elaborate more on what you are thinking? Note that old EXIT signs had glass ampules of tritium - there was a separate ampule for each letter segment. Tritium decays to 3He, so these tubes will be filled with T & 3He after the normal operational life of the sign. The ampules could easily be put into a coil and RF excited to check for neutrons. However, from your diagram, it is not clear what is the purpose. Your equation implies the presence of deuterium, and there would be no deuterium in the EXIT sign ampules.

    can The pancake detectors are large. It would be possible to place a silver foil in front of a portion of the detector. Then if the radiation starts reading high, you can run, or pull out the silver foil and see the difference in the counts when the silver foil is removed. Ed Storms ran a similar set of tests to determine the characteristics of the strange radiation he encountered. He ultimately concluded that the strange radiation activated the mica in the window of his GM pancake tube.

    can I am not sure which test you are talking about. In some of Alan's earlier work, detection was based on the stock GMC-320 or GMC-320+. As time progressed, Alan changed out the detector tube for an LND pancake tube. It is the tube that determines the sensitivity and the modified GMC-320 with the LND pancake tube will be very sensitive. As far as I know, Alan only has one of these because the LND tube is expensive. The surplus SI-8B Russian pancake tubes are also quite sensitive, but are much less expensive ($60).

    Now the Doctor in charge of teaching EDS analysis at Masaryk University Brno could not get the SEM/EDS apparatus and software to determine a material in the main affected area of the LION reactor, this was a first in her experience.

    An important part of EDS analysis of such new phenomena/materials is to take an un-excited (no e-beam) x-ray scan of the material prior to attempting any material analysis. I know that at least some EDS systems provide that capability. If there are x-ray lines with no e-beam excitation, the material recognition software will be fooled. One may need to subtract the un-excited x-ray spectrum from the excited x-ray spectrum to remove the radioactive lines so that the secondary electron x-ray characteristic lines can be analyzed. Some EDS software allows you to mark lines in an x-ray spectrum to ignore. Instead of doing the subtraction, it may be possible to simply mark those lines found in the un-excited spectrum as to-be-ignored for doing the material analysis. You don't want to just blindly believe the line recognition software in this case - they presume nonradioactive material in the analysis.

    can No, I don't have two identical GM counters available. However, one will work with either a silver foil and/or an indium foil as witness materials. Indium is useful as a neutron witness material as it will be readily activated by a neutron flux. This is what Parkhomov did for neutron detection. The activated indium is radioactive for a reasonable length of time, providing the opportunity for measurement after the exposure. In the case of strange radiation, my understanding it that it also causes activation - per some of the posts, it appears that Ag may be a good witness material for strange radiation. Ed Storms says that the strange radiation he has measured caused hours of activation.

    When your nano diamonds begin to produce lots of EVOs that induce a copious amount of LENR nuclear fusion reactions, isn't it inevitable that the NAE (Nuclear Active Environment) within seconds or minutes will be destroyed by the ensuing high energy radiation thus terminating the reactions?

    Whether the NAE gets destroyed or not, the electron emission properties of the nano-diamond will get immediately snuffed. DLC field emission structures were used in hard vacuum miniature tubes, but never went into manufacture because the accelerated electrons striking the anode knocked loose small positive ions that were back-accelerated to damage/contaminate the DLC, causing rapid degradation in the field emission properties of the DLC film. This happened in an environment that was as clean as it can be made. Inside a discharge LENR system, it is extremely "dirty" in terms of metallic ions that can contaminate a space charge system. Such systems have to be designed to deal with frequent electrical shorting. That is probably Rossi's QX is pulsed, because a pulse must be introduced to evaporate the condensed Li shorting of the electrodes - like melting a Li fuse and then following on with a plasma discharge.

    Director A couple of thoughts...

    The carbonyl Ni comes from the manufacturer very clean - direct from nickel tetracarbonyl decomposition. Experiments, particularly those of Jiang, suggest that as it comes from the manufacturer, the powder is pretty LENR active, but it quickly loses that activity, probably due to oxidation. Chemical cleaning is likely to leave the powder more contaminated than it was to start. Ni oxide is a weak oxide and pretty easy to remove in H2, particularly in an H2 plasma.

    Argon in a plasma has much heavier ions and because of this, when it strikes the Ni it is much more likely to knock off a pico-cluster of Ni atoms. This will have an advantage in Ni crystal growth and surface morphology change. It is surely worth trying - particularly a mix of Ar+H2. Ar+H2 is a common welding gas mix and should be readily available.

    I am not sure for what the Li-doped nanodiamonds are useful. The Li doping makes diamond into a semiconductor. If you use DLC, it is naturally conducting/semiconducting and will have its surface coated on some faces with small CNTs that become field emission sources. Diamond films have been used as field emission sources for vacuum tube operation, but it was DLC that was most effective in being an electron emitter. Doped diamond has been used mostly with single crystal diamond in making diamond transistors. Do you have a reference for use of Li-doped nano- or micro-diamonds to some particular LENR benefit aside from electron emission?

    Your 7) statement is a lot like the work of Peery and Suhas and others that ascribe electrical discharge stimulation of dusty plasma LENR. It could also be what Rossi is claiming in his QX. Electrical discharge is definitely worth trying.

    Bob Greenyer has corrected me - Doh! I was saying that Piantelli professes that it is the H+ ion on the surface that is absorbed and it is the H+ ion that is in the ionic hydride, LiH - IT IS THE H- ion! I knew that - it was just old age kicking in. Thanks Bob G! So, you may see the previous posts edited to correct that mistake and not leave a wrong trail in the record. Of course the mistaken text will not show in the quoted text and I am unable to fix that.

    Director I don't really agree with your theory, but I commend you for thinking out of the box. I don't think ZPE is required to explain charge clusters, but an understanding of the true nature of the vacuum ether is probably needed.

    Director While it is possible that EVOs may be generated at Piantelli's rod surface grain boundaries, Piantelli's research suggested to him that the LENR was not occurring in the grain boundaries, but rather within the grains. He believes that the surface adsorbed H- ions were drawn into the "right sized" grains and the resulting energy delivered to the distributed number of atoms within his "right sized" grains behaving in a collective manner. He has a nice SEM and an expensive Bruker micro-XRD system to understand the size and orientations of his Ni surface metal grains. Piantelli would probably disagree that EVOs are complicit in his LENR.

    I have been working on a theory of the vacuum ether that includes an explanation for formation of Shoulders' EVOs. I think this new theory explains a lot of things including photons, phonons, charge clusters, how EM radiation propagates, dark matter, neutrinos, nuclear structure, and I am working out gravitation. There are also some LENR clues as well.

    lenrcentury Regarding the AURA reactor... Bob Greenyer, has not indicated that there has been a new invitation to test an me356 reactor. That doesn't mean that it won't happen, it just means that the invitation from me356 has not been given yet.

    The intent is to test the plasma processed powder in a separate reactor with a heater. A new heater is being constructed that will allow both the DC heating input and have an additional input to provide RF (using a bias-T). Both DC heating and DC+RF will be tested. A new heater coil is needed because the present heater coil is bifilar wound and cannot be driven to stimulate an RF magnetic field in the coil. No big deal to wind a new one.

    Director Note that in Parkhomov-like reactions with LiAlH4, the decomposed LiH coats and wets to the Ni powder. LiH is an ionic hydride, and in its molten state supplies monatomic hydrogen H- ions directly to the surface of the Ni. This corresponds well to Piantelli's theory that it is H- on the surface of the Ni that is drawn into the Ni surface grains, and is responsible for LENR within his rod's surface grains. Piantelli believes LENR occurs within each "right sized" grains on the surface of his rod. He goes through a preparation process to prepare the rod by orienting the grains all in one direction to have the rod ready to be stimulated to induce LENR. The triggering he applies then stimulates a thermal wave (non-fourier heat transfer) within his pre-aligned rod grains. The triggering is very subtle. I believe the result with LENR may become an active thermal wave resonant structure, wherein the thermal wave transiting Piantelli's rod grains are responsible for the LENR. There could be SPPs and/or EVOs associated with the grain boundaries in such a system being stimulated as the thermal wave transits across the grains.

    Are these wirewound resistors?

    Hi Dan, You are right that wirewound power resistors would introduce a lot of inductance. What I used were power thick film resistors,…ktg_Lit/MP9000_Series.pdf , which are rated for 10nH of inductance. I don't intend to do calorimetry in this system. I am going to use this system to treat the Ni powder, and then put it into the previous insulated thermometry system to look for XH.

    Here is what I am working on for treatment. The lecture bottle gas is He right now and will be changed to be H2. Also, I am showing an alumina reactor tube going through the coil. The processing will be done in a fused quartz tube that is the same size. I have the fused quartz tubes but I need to epoxy on a connector. I am working on the 13.56 MHz crystal signal source right now so as to eliminate the need for the waveform generator in the oscilloscope. The SS tree on the right is my vacuum system which is on a heavy duty cart.

    can You are right. There is certainly opportunity for LENR related effects to occur during the pre-treatment. Perhaps it would be good to record video so if something unusual happens there will be a record of the visual event as well as potentially any radiation event. It would be nice to have a thermal camera to record the heating, but I don't have one at the moment. I will see if there are any I can borrow.

    can Monitoring for the small amount of H2 absorption would be difficult. H2 is a very leaky gas and it would be hard to discern the absorption from a leak. Also, I plan to evacuate, load H2, and repeat as part of the process. I will monitor for radiations to look for activity. The initial preparation will be run in fused quartz tubes so that I can observe the plasma and how hot the powder is getting - ascertained by its thermal glow.