Dualism makes LENR go.

  • One of the key concepts that make LENR go is dualism. Einstein first came up with the concept of dualism when he worked on the theory of special relativity. The Einstein March 1905 paper treated light as particles, but special relativity sees light as a continuous field of waves. Such a contradiction took a supremely confident mind to propose. Einstein, age 26, saw light as both waves and particles, picking the attribute he needed to confront each problem in turn. One thing behaved in two ways. Einstein wasn't finished yet. Later in 1905 came an extension of special relativity in which Einstein proved that energy and matter are linked in the most famous relationship in physics: E=mc2. (The energy content of a body is equal to the mass of the body times the speed of light squared). Here, mass and energy is the same thing, they are dual.


    Then In 1907, Einstein confronted the problem of gravitation. Einstein began his work with one crucial insight: gravity and acceleration are equivalent, two facets of the same phenomenon. Two things can be treated identically. They share a duality.


    There is a new duality that is emerging that is central to LENR. It seems the superconductivity and black holes behave in the same way and can be described by the same mathematics and demonstrate the same behavior.


    Superconductivity is critical in the characterization of LENR. It provides some of the miracles that LENR demonstrates. This is due to the dualism that superconductivity shares with black holes. A superconductive Bose condensate is an effective black hole. The BEC acts like a black hole.


    To justify this concept, I offer these two papers from the top man in black hole theory: Gary Horowitz. Prof Horowitz explains in some detail how superconductor/black hole dualism works.


    http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~gary/strings10.pdf
    Recent Developments in Holographic Superconductors


    https://www.icts.res.in/media/…rogram/Files/horowitz.pdf
    Using general relativity to study superconductivity


    BEC/Black hole dualism is a solid and universally accepted concept in science and has been demonstrated experimentally.


    Horowitz shows in the GR presentation how general relativity theory and associated math can be used in superconductivity and therefore LENR to show how LENR works.

  • How is superconductivity generated in the LENR reaction?


    One critical facet of LENR is the production of a special type of nanoparticle: a superconductive hydride. This particle is produced by the extremely high pressure exerted by the chemical bonds in the lattice of a transition metal substrate lattice. Lithium hydride is an example of such a nanoparticle.


    Take note...Rossi said as follows:


    "Nevertheless I had an intuition about the application of Ni to LENR using the enormous pressures that you can reach in the pores of a Ni powder."


    Rossi knew from the very start of his research that high pressure physics and extreme compression of hydrogen was at the heart of the LENR reaction.

    Under extreme pressure, the hydrogen chemical bonds become symmetric, that is the hydrogen bonds become equal in length and symmetric around the proton. This metallization of the hydride produces topological superconductivity.

    Like in any nanowire, the SPPs will populate the surface of this superconductive nanowire. The superconductivity of the hydride nanowire will catalyze the entire ensemble of SPPs to readily form a Bose condensate which converts many individual SPPs into one super-SPP where the monopole magnetic beam that this BEC SPP projects is focused forward from the front of the hydride nanowire. This magnetic beam is very powerful as a result of super-radiance. The power of this super-radiance goes as the total number of SPPs.


    The production of this metalized hydride is what converts the weak LENR reaction into the powerful LENR+ reaction.

    Because of the BEC, the SPPs are concentrated, focused, and amplified. The monopole flux tubes produced by the SPPs generate a magnetic shield that locks the SPPs in place and solidifies the structure of the hydride nanowire. These nanowires and their superconductive nature are protected by this monopole magnetism even at temperatures (tens of thousands C) that would completely ionize any other type of matter.


    There is an amazing positive feedback mechanism in play between the energy that the metalized hydride produces and its structural integrity. The metalize hydride is meta stable but as the SPP BEC absorbed power, the associated magnetic fields increasingly resist any disruptive force. This feature of the LENR reaction permits the metalized hydride to produce LENR effects even in a plasma environment or when the nickel lattice substrate is completely melted. Once the metalized hydride is formed, it take on a life of its own as an exotic neutral particle(ENP). This indestructibility of the metalized hydride is one of the little recognize miracles of the LENR reaction.


    This BEC on the nanowire becomes a quasiparticle acting as an analog monopole. As we all know, a monopole produces nucleon decay into mesons as seen by Holmlid.

  • How does superconductor/Black Hole duality produce the miracles of LENR.


    Thermalization of gamma rays.


    The SPP BEC condensate absorbs energy from the nuclear disruptions that it catalyzes. This energy is nuclear binding energy that results when disrupted nuclei fuse and/or fission and decay energy from protons and/or neutrons that are converted to mesons via the monopole flux lines. This binding energy together with the decay energy produced by decaying nucleons travels down the monopole flux lines through entangled teleportation from the affected nuclei to the SPP BEC where the BEC stores the energy through super-absorption. This energy transition between the BEC and the nuclei is a completely dark one. In this way, a gamma ray will be absorbed by the BEC and equally divided between all the members of the SPP BEC. However, like a black hole, the photon content of the BEC will be thermalized through Hawking radiation, a thermal (infrared) level radiation whose intensity is based on the energy content of the BEC. The BEC can gain energy and store it for subsequent thermalization in an open ended fashion. An energy fullness level on the SPP hydride BEC in the 1,000,000 GeV energy range is possible.


    Multi-particle entanglement leads to clustered nuclear reactions.


    It is famously stated that Entanglement in quantum mechanics is monogamous. This means that ''Monogamy '' is one of the most fundamental properties of entanglement and can, in its extremal form, be expressed as follows: If two qubits A and B are maximally quantum correlated they cannot be correlated at all with a third qubit C. In general, there is a trade-off between the amount of entanglement between qubits A and B and the same qubit A and qubit C. This is mathematically expressed by the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters (CKW) monogamy inequality:


    But LENR shows a special multi particle entanglement called wormholes.


    http://arxiv.org/pdf/1306.0533v2.pdf
    Cool horizons for entangled black holes


    Lief Holmlid should be dead now after performing one of his experiments. After each laser shot, Holmlid produces billions of high energy neutral particles that will eventually hit the structure of his reactor each producing gamma radiation. But amazingly, the whole experiment is covered by a gamma damping field where no gamma radiation is produced.


    Because the BEC behaves like a Black Hole, the SPP BEC is connected via entanglement to all particles via multi-particle entanglement (wormhole) produced by the LENR reaction. Any gamma radiation produced by any resultant particles that have been produced by the LENR reaction is transferred via wormhole entanglement back to the SPP BEC.

  • Fantastic!


    Now what about those "fuel wafers"? You know what I mean.




    My best guess is that the cat reactors are duplications of the fuel layers 8 times(steel/fuel) on either side of the heater layer. The fuel could be in powder form in the cat layer or deposited by vapor deposition or paint.

  • Great Axil, so how then does the wafer result in SSM, while the powdered fuel used by the mouse only produce COP1.2?


    Not trying to be difficult, but this, in all honesty, doesn't make sense to me. Not only Rossi's spotty description of, but also the science.

  • The steel layers can be charged with DC voltage to set up a uniform electrical field. This could cause susceptible bits to align to the field. It could capture charged particles avoiding safety issues. It could be a way to generate an electric current as output.

  • As I explained above, "As we all know, a monopole produces nucleon decay into mesons as seen by Holmlid." Mesons produce muons and when steel gets hot, steel becomes transparent of muons, a negatively charge particle. A gainful muon chain reaction produces muon catalyzed fusion in the Cat reactors without the input of additional heat from the heater layer.


    See


    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muon-catalyzed_fusion


    By the way, muons decay into one or more electrons. This could be where Rossi is getting his electric current from in the quark reactor.

  • The steel layers can be charged with DC voltage to set up a uniform electrical field. This could cause susceptible bits to align to the field. It could capture charged particles avoiding safety issues. It could be a way to generate an electric current as output.


    The patent indicates that all of the steel is welded together on the edges. How would you get a useful potential difference?

  • Hi Axil. How do you align superconductivity with your theory about intense magnetic fields inside the reactor?


    The magnetic fields inside the LENR reactor are monopole flux lines. This EMF field type seems to be different from the two pole variety. The Color charge theory inside the nuclei assume that superconductive monopole flux lines confine quarks. If the monopole flux lines that are produced inside of a LENR reactor are strong enough, then that LENR produced monopole field could shield the monopole fields found inside the nucleus. If this screening is powerful enough, this magnetic screening could deconfined quarks and turn the nucleus into a quark soup.


    It is the superconductivity of the SPPs that produce the monopole flux lines; so superconductivity is formative of monopole magnetism.


    The production of Kaons in LENR where strange matter is found indicate strongly that a quark/gluon plasma is produced in LENR. When a quark/gluon plasma condenses, any kind of nucleus can form together with muons and lots of electrons.


    Rossi produces lots of electrons in his quark reactor.


    The strength of the LENR reaction can be weakened by magnetic interference. DGT could not transmute Ni61 because they used an electric arc that interfered with monopole screening. Rossi can transmute any nickel isotope. Also even Z nuclei with zero nuclear spin transmute easily whereas odd Z nuclei don't and these NMR active elements produce intense RF interference.

  • Alan have you seen the Stanford video from Sean Kartnol (spelling bad). That Axil references? I can't link it now. But it is such an excellent explanation on superconducting and it's role in duality. A recommended viewing.
    Google black holes and super conductors



  • Actually, what I see on the figure is a cros-section of two tubes, not only a planar thing. The inner part of the inner tube has heater and the fuel is between inner tube and outer tube. It is possible that Rossi is still using the tubes, or he went from tube design to planar E-cat.