Posts by Longview

    Re: alkali or other hydrides. Do not assume classical "collisional" physics branching ratios--- many, or even all, of us likely do not actually understand the transition states / intermediate steps for the low activation energy paths and outcomes implied there.

    Again, caution, small and shielded might be an important safety consideration--- A suddenly "successful" 1000 X (or far more) of peak power (whether alpha or not). Risky for unprepared amateurs or even unprepared professionals.

    Think: 'unreported catastrophic "failures"'.

    I have no time nor desire to review a patent application of 100+ page.

    It is easy reading once you get beyond the theory pages (1 through 20 or so). The most informative material is in the form of tables that are very easy and incisive reading which becomes ever more impressive toward the end of the application. Even though the Lipinskis insist their results are not cold fusion, it is very clear to me that their results are likely largely indistinguishable from CF/LENR.

    I hope it is clear that inverters and rectifiers have long been involved at the high voltage end of the process as well. Solid state inverters, and rectifiers have been used in high voltage DC power "interties" in Europe and in the US since the 1970s. Before solid state inverters there were large "ignitrons" (large mercury containing "tubes") that were characteristic of the first US HVDC links developed in the 1960s. For long distance electric power transmission, DC is really economically indispensible, since line reactivity makes AC impractically inefficient even at a thousand kilometers.

    Ha, that's hilarious. The mention of LENR in the project page is so trivial, I read right past it.

    And what else of considerable importance might you have "read right past?

    They just put that in to please someone. I doubt very much that they will do anything or find anything with reference to LENR.

    Quite the contrary, they likely took some risk putting it in there.

    Since when is LENR plasma physics?

    You express doubts that LENR could involve plasmas. I suggest you look at the

    Lipinski's WIPO patent application.

    Now your expressed doubts seem to come from a standpoint suggesting qualifications, except no plausible scientific evidence is adduced? So let's have a brief resume, don't be shy, let us know why we should care a whit for your 'doubts'.

    You do not have a lattice

    Agreed, but unlike "hot fusion" in LENR work we often have an electrode / plasma interface. Therefore we cannot discount the possibility that the lattice of a solid electrode is involved and might contribute or enable coherent effects. Once again I point to the Lipinski's WIPO application. There the solid lithium is clearly in the presence of a plasma or at least an ionized gas, and it is likely at that interface that the claimed multi MeV alphas originate.

    You mentioned high-temperature superconductors. After 30+ years, there still isn’t a successful theory for them. However, there are some applications that have been successfully developed (technically at least, although not in the business sense.

    Is that a reasonable comparison, IO?

    How much has been spent on HTSC? (The estimates for CF / LENR are $50 to $100 million last time I looked). IBM alone has spent $100 million on HTSC.... and it is far easier to show the sine qua non HTSC endpoint, that is the Meissner effect, than it is to show some (currently) modest "excess of chemical" energy using calorimetry for CF /LENR

    How much negative "attitude" toward HTSC has been shown by Scientific American, Nature, mainstream media? Virtually none. Ironically few physics and/ or no electrochemically-trained personnel (Shanahan?) have ever been involved in setting the demonstrably negative media "attitudes" with respect to CF / LENR.

    How easy is it to demonstrate HTSC works? (I personally have easily shown it works via Meissner repulsion at LN2 temperature.) in other words much, much easier than CF / LENR.

    I suspect the huge vested financial and professional interests in "hot fusion" has been responsible for much of this difficulty with funding and "attitude". Coupled with the relative technical difficulty in clearly demonstrating the CF / LENR effects... Whether thermodynamic or the modest levels of expected (from high energy collisional research) fusion products / by-products.

    Caveat emptor:

    From page B17 of today's (Saturday-Sunday Sept 8-9, 2018) Wall Street Journal:

    "A former chairman of Teva Pharmaceuticals Ltd. and an investor known for benefiting from the hype around cryptocurrencies were sued by regulators on Friday over claims they directed a pump-and-dump scheme.... The SEC alleged the fraud generated more than $27 million.... Mr. Honig has been a large shareholder in Riot Blockchain Inc., a former biotech firm that changed its name to indicate a focus on the technology that underpins cryptocurrencies. After the name change, Riot's share price surged over 200%, to a high of $46 over a period of several months. It has since fallen to just under $5."

    assigning greater risk associated with cryptography hacking onto crypto ecosystem alone.

    I have not done that. Sorry if my writing led you to believe this. Cryptography confers risk anytime and anywhere there are spoils to be realized from code breaking. Whether banks, cryptocurrencies or nation states, or guerilla forces at war.

    if reaction is deuteron + Lithium then it is very probable that I am getting Beryllium here! This could explain lung irritation and strange smell..

    Yes, all must be very cautious with any form of inhalable beryllium. I recall one characteristic may be a sweet taste in the mouth--- that is shared with lead salts by the way. Use at least a surgical style mask, and caution about being downwind of any such odors.

    are you saying that banking system is imprevious to hacking?

    Are you reading carefully? Quite the contrary. As you know even the Federal Reserve Bank of US has been hacked, at least once. The "take" was about 80 million $, although they were reportedly going for a billion. I have little confidence in any scheme to avoid hacking. That is why I drew our attention to the race between cryptography and code breaking. It has been going on since at least the Peloponnesian war, and certainly is ever present today.

    cryptocurrencies is to avoid that "stealing" by law. some corporate crypto

    Good luck to those suckers, and sorry for anyone believing that. The way banks operate today would give little confidence that any such scheme is other than some programmer's idea of how to sell "security" by incidentally opening up a whole new set of vulnerabilities-- whether by intention or otherwise.

    Max Nozin Agreed that the US dollar is over rated. But that is evidently not the consensus, which the foreign exchange markets surprisingly and continuously tell us that somehow US dollar is one of the few strongest currencies in the world today. Of course there are specific ad hoc arguments as to why the US dollar appears so strong. I personally believe it is essentially a passing phase and that the US dollar will eventually collapse (or be devalued) to reflect (as you point out) the immense debt the US has continued to accumulate.

    I feel it is important that folks don't get to enamored of the value of any symbolic asset. Art, real estate, antiques, precious metals, historic manuscripts, all can be stores of value.... no currency is likely to be a reliable long-term store of value. Hence my vitriol against crypto currencies. They have all the deficiencies of traditional currencies and then some....

    Max Nozin, I am sorry to see you still advocating here on behalf of crypto currency, (blockchain could potentially be a different situation). Currencies of sovereign nations, as we know, have problems enough and can only be a strong as the "full faith and credit" of such a national entity. Cryptocurrencies have not even that to back them. They will be completely susceptible to market manias and even more so than say "tulip mania", which at least had an entry cost.... that is some tulip breed or another was being bid up to unsustainable levels. Cryptocurrencies, in other words, have all the defects of any currency and even more, since there is no underlying value, no backing asset, no "faith and credit", no 5000 year tradition of desirability as an asset such as gold... which still costs quite a lot to mine and hence "create" as a currency. No restraints on cryptocurrencies, in spite of the argument "out of nothing" you seem to propose. Public gullibility is the only restraint. Bitcoin supporters do NOT "have a valid point". This is completely self-serving blather designed to "pump" the market. We only need to wait for the "dump" phase.

    Some aspects of blockchain as ledger technology may well turn out to have value to nation states, banks or international markets, but only after extensive development. Cryptography progress is always just a few of steps ahead of computational power and/or decryption algorithms-- it has always been and likely always will be... look at the history of cryptography and its important influence on the outcome of wars.

    how can these gases become ultradense ? What is their atomic structure ?

    My surmise is that the atoms of such a UD "gas" are far from being a gas. The atoms are intimately associated with a solid surface and thus have lost nearly all of their normal degrees of freedom in motion and may even have lost their normal debye radii constraints, possibly due to loss of valence band electronic interactions, now replaced by bosonic electronic conduction band interactions (?). I would guess that would be good for at least an effective density increase of around 500-fold. Getting to "ultradense", I don't know if the bosonic process might enable that. Perhaps, the "ultra-density" would also be a result of the immense "Nernst pressure".... Nernst pressure in electrolytic situations is said, or claimed, by some electrochemists to be many orders of magnitude greater than atmospheric (e.g. 10^47, p. 101 in Tadahiko Muzuno's "Nuclear Transmutation: The reality of cold fusion", very interesting book translated by our own Jed Rothwell)

    But that is just my ad hoc thinking on the subject.

    Glad to dialog on the subject with others who have alternate views.

    JohnyFive Please, get that cloud chamber up. I see they are pretty easy to build. Isopropanol, dry ice, fish tank, etc.

    Here is a sort half educated speculative guess, that may or may not accord with your observations (corrections welcomed):

    On an insulator, such as paper, charges can persist and be released over time, whereas on metallic foil they would enter into, or react with, the "Fermi sea" and be dissipated or neutralized instantly.