LENR excitation is done by polarizing the dielectric ingredient in the reactor!
Etiam Inc. patent application has been public since May 2013. According to the application, following 3 ingredients are needed in the reactor in order to get LENR:
- hydrogen gas
- dielectric material
- active hydrogen material: a metallic material capable of forming interstitial metal hydrides and/or electrically conductive metal hydrides (nickel, titanium, platinum etc.)
4th ingredient, apparently beneficial but not mandatory, is the Rydberg catalyst.
LENR reactions are initiated at the nanoscale (at least one dimension smaller than about 100 nm) by the combination of three control factors: sufficiently high hydrogen gas pressure in the reaction container, sufficiently high temperature in the reaction container and the polarization of a dielectric material.
Depending on the dielectric material, the polarization is done by utilizing:
- variable temperature
- mechanical vibration, e.g. by an ultrasonic source
- static or variable magnetic field
The application contains various examples on how to initiate LENR reaction.
In example 1 the dielectric ingredient is lithium tetraborate, which is polarized by temperature variation.
In example 2 the dielectric ingredient is quartz powder, which is polarized by mechanical vibrations. (COP > 10 claimed)
In example 3 the dielectric ingredient is BiFeO3 powder, which is polarized by variable magnetic field.
Examples 1 - 3 do not seem to utilize Rydberg catalyst at all. Rydberg catalyst is used in example 10.
Etiam application has soon been public for 3 years. I am bit surprised for the lack of interest it seems to have amongst replicators.