Mizuno : Publication of kW/COP2 excess heat results

  • D2 nanostructure 'preparation' by plasma sputtering . Tungsten, Bavaria...


    in IAEA journal 'Nuclear Fusion' ..

    of course no mention of cold fusion...not on the Mizuno path ... YET


    Its ironic that the Germans find this to be 'damage'

    whereas Mizuno uses the effect as a vital tool.


    Deuterium supersaturation in low-energy plasma-loaded tungsten surfaces


    L. Gao, W. Jacob, U. von Toussaint, A. Manhard, M. Balden, K. Schmid T. Schwarz-Selinger

    Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching, Germany

    E-mail: [email protected]

    Published 11 November 2016
    Abstract

    Fundamental understanding of hydrogen–metal interactions is challenging due to a lack of

    knowledge on defect production and/or evolution upon hydrogen ingression, especially for

    metals undergoing hydrogen irradiation with ion energy below the displacement thresholds

    reported in literature. Here, applying a novel low-energy argon-sputter depth profiling method

    with significantly improved depth resolution for tungsten (W) surfaces exposed to deuterium

    (D) plasma at 300 K, we show the existence of a 10 nm thick D-supersaturated surface layer

    (DSSL) with an unexpectedly high D concentration of ~10 at.% after irradiation with ion

    energy of 215 eV. Electron back-scatter diffraction reveals that the W lattice within this DSSL

    is highly distorted, thus strongly blurring the Kikuchi pattern. We explain this strong damage

    by the synergistic interaction of energetic D ions and solute D atoms with the W lattice.

    Solute D atoms prevent the recombination of vacancies with interstitial W atoms, which are

    produced by collisions of energetic D ions with W lattice atoms (Frenkel pairs). This proposed

    damaging mechanism could also be active on other hydrogen-irradiated metal surfaces. The

    present work provides deep insight into hydrogen-induced lattice distortion at plasma–metal

    interfaces and sheds light on its modelling work

  • by "heavy electrons" what are you consider ? Really heavy as muons, or simply a cluster of electrons, or heavy because fast ?

    Congratulations for your good Lenr abstract Longview, really close it seems to the reality.

    There are several points of reference to "heavy electrons". I have no expertise, but was first interested by the Widom, Larsen and Srivastava construction which claims said electrons can make up for the missing mass in a 'p+e --> n' scenario. The missing mass is small, less than an electron worth. But there are also many references over several decades to heavy and light electrons. Those are easily found discussed in semiconductor theory and condensed matter theory. I once offered here a modest discussion of mass variation in electrons due to deBroglie, wherein lambda = h/mv, where an electron might be constrained to a small space and hence have a low velocity AND a small lambda (rms uncertainty of position). The net result is by inference from the deBroglie relation, a time varying mass oscillation, still averaging at the canonical mass for an electron, which has been reported to many decimal places via Penning trap experiments-- allowing widely varying instantaneous electron mass values, perhaps available for a Widom-Larsen or other reactions.

  • https://phys.org/news/2010-06-…ectrons-action-video.html


    First images of heavy electrons in action (w/ Video)


    https://phys.org/news/2008-07-…ew-superconductivity.html


    Scientists Shed Light on Heavy Electrons, Suggest New View of Superconductivity


    https://phys.org/news/2011-10-…vity-heavy-electrons.html


    Extremely strong coupling superconductivity of heavy-electrons in two-dimensions



    https://phys.org/news/2012-06-…ectrons-heavy-speedy.html



    Got mass? Scientists observe electrons become both heavy and speedy



    https://phys.org/news/2007-11-…lectrons-gain-weight.html



    Rutgers physicists show how electrons 'gain weight' in metal compounds near absolute zero








  • An alternative to plasma activation of nickel surfaces.


    "High-speed manufacturing of highly regular femtosecond laserinduced

    periodic surface structures: physical origin of regularity ..

    Iaroslav Gnilitskyi1, Thibault J.-Y. Derrien2, Yoann Levy2, Nadezhda M. Bulgakova 2, Tomáš Mocek2 & Leonardo Orazi" 2017


    Open access

  • Well, GSVIT put out their Mizuno report 4 days ago. It was scathing, and too personal for my taste, but they seemed to bring up valid points. So what happens now: Does someone give Mizuno a copy so he can defend himself, or just pretend it never happened?

  • Another alternative to plasma activation of nickel surfaces: home microwave oven

    The oxygen,nitrogen will need to be removed some how later.

    A 60-Second Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Nickel Foam and Its

    Application to the Impregnation of Porous Scaffolds

    Enrique Ruiz-Trejo,∗,z Abul K. Azad, and John T. S. Irvine∗,z

    School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST, United Kingdom

    A rapid and facile method to prepare nickel foam from nickel nitrate and glycine using a conventional microwave oven is presented.

    The foam, characterized by SEM, XRD-Rietveld, TG, magnetization measurements and BET contains mostly nickel metal (80 w%)

    and nickel oxide (20 w%); it exhibits pores in the sub micrometric and nanometric scale and consists of particles with an average

    diameter of 45–47 nm and BET surface of 15.9 gm−2. This microwave-assisted combustion synthesis is used to infiltrate porous

    ceramic scaffolds with nickel metal as a potential method to accelerate the fabrication of electrodes in solid oxide fuel cells and

    electrolysers. After repeated impregnation, the scaffolds of Ce0.9Gd0.1O2, saffil (high temperature insulating brick), La0.2Sr0.7TiO3

    and BaCe0.5Zr0.3Y0.16Zn0.04O3-δ were black, exhibited electrical continuity and were easily lifted with a magnet. A comparative

    SEM study of the microstructure of the porous scaffolds with and without nickel is presented.

    © The Author(s) 2014. Published by ECS. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons

  • LONGVIEW,

    in terms of probability, I don't suppose that "p+e=n" correlates with the levels of excess heat encountered.

    I understand that Lenr people could be sepctic by the revolutionary results from Indian's guy.

    Therefore, i suggest that is less easy to make a mistake by several tons (by long time) than talking about COP 5 with 50W as XH.

    So, if Lenr needs both exothermic/endothermic reaction it helps us to define new ways for explanation.

    As well as, if exothermic reactions makes 1 Mev , the same for both endothermic reaction the total XH balance should be close to zero but really, some XH should appaer nevertheless helped by quantum fluctuations.

    As AXIL said, we preferentially detect transmutations than XH. Concretely what would that mean ?

    Imagine 2 H atoms and 2 another atoms just in a few space (NAE?), the first combination is endothermic with one H and one atom, the second combination is exothermic, so the balance is close to zero, that we see ,a few XH, therefore a bigger transmutation rate.

    Now, we should consider 2 H atom associated not with 2 another atoms rather with 2 differents isotopes of the same atom.

    Sorry, for my poor explanation because, it 's difficult to explain easily.

    What does that mean, in the case of P&F, for example ?

    They used Pd which have 6 stable isotopes, that means also several different isotopes should be "mixed" in the same sample.

    By this way, it 's possible to meet both different exothermic/endothermic combination between Pd isotopes/Deuterium.

    In Rossi's case, a lot people talked about Ni 62 role.

    Maybe be he mixed a few Ni62 ( or 63) with common Ni isotope to meet the same behavior as i described before ?

    Then reaction triggered, transmutations appaers to maintain this process.

    In Piantelli's case, at the beginning, are we sure that his Ni rod was plenty of isotope 58 ? It would be just a few exposures close to radioactive points to move its isotopic distribution.

    this explanation could be in relation with NAE concept from E Storms, a small space with H isotopes + 2 different isotopes from the same metal,or not ( exo+endo Lenr reaction) + energy from outside ( What you want, it doesn't matter, therefore heat remains more convenient) to destabilize both reactions to fall into a new lower equilibrium with few relative XH and full transmutations.

  • In Mizuno's experiment deuterium is used and nanostructured nickel.


    The isotope changes in the Nickel have yet to be published.

    I believe they will be minor and do not account for the excess heat.

    Deuterium has lowest binding energy per nucleon(it has only two) of most substances

    I believe that deuterium fusion is the origin of excess heat

    but what reactions ? needs further research..,and funding.


    Kim 2012 states this

    As shown in Fig. 1 below, at ambient temperatures or low energies (10 eV), deuterium fusion in metal proceeds via the following reactions:

    {4} D(m) + D(m) p(m) + T(m) + 4.03 MeV (m);

    {5} D(m) + D(m) n(m) + 3He(m) + 3.27 MeV (m);

    {6} D(m) + D(m) 4He(m) + 23.8 MeV (m),


    lenr-canr.org/acrobat/KimYEconvention.pdf

  • We still need attosecond technology to do easily nanostructure , femtosecond remains too big unfortunally.

    Now actually best is sputtering to do that.

  • about nanostructure (in Pd), I caught recently various papers about what can be achieved today



    Tunable Low Density Palladium Nanowire Foams

    https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.05906

    Quote

    Nanostructured palladium foams offer exciting potential for applications in diverse fields such as catalyst, fuel cell, and particularly hydrogen storage technologies. We have fabricated palladium nanowire foams using a cross-linking and freeze-drying technique. These foams have a tunable density down to 0.1% of the bulk, and a surface area to volume ratio of up to 1,540,000:1. They exhibit highly attractive characteristics for hydrogen storage, in terms of loading capacity, rate of absorption and heat of absorption. The hydrogen absorption/desorption process is hysteretic in nature, accompanied by substantial lattice expansion/contraction as the foam converts between Pd and PdHx.


    Templated Growth of Pd Nanoparticles Using Sputtering Deposition Process and Its Catalytic Activities

    http://www.ingentaconnect.com/…0000018/00000003/art00092


    Quote

    A simple method based on sputtering deposition of Pd onto mesoporous SiO2 (SBA-15) was employed to produce supported Pd nanoparticles (NPs) that can be used as hydrogenation catalysts. The use of sputtering deposition eliminates contaminants and avoids additional drawbacks of traditional chemical methods applied to prepare heterogeneous supported metal catalysts. A mechanical resonant stirrer was used to revolve the SBA-15 powder and ensure homogeneous distribution of the Pd NPs over the support. The SBA-15 pores act as templates for Pd NPs and drive nanostructure growth. Consequently, the NPs obtained have the same diameter as that of the SBA-15 channels (~5 nm) and elongated particles are formed as sputtering deposition increases. The SBA-15 supported Pd NPs (Pd NPs/SBA-15) were tested in a probe hydrogenation of cyclohexene reaction to evaluate the catalytic activity of the Pd NPs. Turnover frequency (TOF) of 2000 min−1were achieved with the lower Pd NPs concentration (0.15 wt%) catalyst.



    Grain boundary mediated hydriding phase transformations in individual polycrystalline metal nanoparticles

    https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-00879-9

    Quote

    Grain boundaries separate crystallites in solids and influence material properties, as widely documented for bulk materials. In nanomaterials, however, investigations of grain boundaries are very challenging and just beginning. Here, we report the systematic mapping of the role of grain boundaries in the hydrogenation phase transformation in individual Pd nanoparticles. Employing multichannel single-particle plasmonic nanospectroscopy, we observe large variation in particle-specific hydride-formation pressure, which is absent in hydride decomposition. Transmission Kikuchi diffraction suggests direct correlation between length and type of grain boundaries and hydride-formation pressure. This correlation is consistent with tensile lattice strain induced by hydrogen localized near grain boundaries as the dominant factor controlling the phase transition during hydrogen absorption. In contrast, such correlation is absent for hydride decomposition, suggesting a different phase-transition pathway. In a wider context, our experimental setup represents a powerful platform to unravel microstructure–function correlations at the individual-nanoparticle level.


    and my prefered is older:

    Direct visualization of hydrogen absorption dynamics in individual palladium nanoparticles


    https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14020


    Quote

    Many energy storage materials undergo large volume changes during charging and discharging. The resulting stresses often lead to defect formation in the bulk, but less so in nanosized systems. Here, we capture in real time the mechanism of one such transformation—the hydrogenation of single-crystalline palladium nanocubes from 15 to 80 nm—to better understand the reason for this durability. First, using environmental scanning transmission electron microscopy, we monitor the hydrogen absorption process in real time with 3 nm resolution. Then, using dark-field imaging, we structurally examine the reaction intermediates with 1 nm resolution. The reaction proceeds through nucleation and growth of the new phase in corners of the nanocubes. As the hydrogenated phase propagates across the particles, portions of the lattice misorient by 1.5%, diminishing crystal quality. Once transformed, all the particles explored return to a pristine state. The nanoparticles’ ability to remove crystallographic imperfections renders them more durable than their bulk counterparts.


    If we can work with this kind of team and instrument, it could be solved in few years

  • Quote

    If we can work with this kind of team and instrument, it could be solved in few years


    Solved (working with you :D ) in few years what ?


    AlainCo leave these scientists do their job, they are studying real research fields, not phantomatic or alleged claims of XH and unproven nuclear reactions.

    JoNP means Journal of Null-Physics (the house of hoax,trickery, junk and psychopathological science).

  • Well, GSVIT put out their Mizuno report 4 days ago. It was scathing, and too personal for my taste, but they seemed to bring up valid points. So what happens now: Does someone give Mizuno a copy so he can defend himself, or just pretend it never happened?


    Obviously it never happened... being that the best Tech-watcher of fusionists has immediately defined here that report as: "Tahakashi Mizuno published astounding results" ;) 

    JoNP means Journal of Null-Physics (the house of hoax,trickery, junk and psychopathological science).

  • Quote

    Tahakashi never happened , it does not exist in Japanese


    on 23 August 2017:


    As vortex and ECW relayed, Tahakashi Mizuno published astounding results :

    http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/MizunoTpreprintob.pdf

    It is a preprint for JCMNS25


    Have you noticed that it does not exist right now, after two months? ;)

    JoNP means Journal of Null-Physics (the house of hoax,trickery, junk and psychopathological science).

  • My fault, it's Tadahiko Mizuno


    when the wise see the moon, the monkey see the finger.


    by the way for those unable to read the name of the author in the paper it was quoted with the good name. Few lines too far for short brains.

  • Tahakashi does not exist in Japanese.;)

    Il gruppo di quattro,, De Marchis, Massa, Morici , Sebastiani put out their report.

    Il tempo è denaro

    It took them about two months.

    Perhaps Professor Mizuno will consider their hypotheses. .

    Il tempo è denaro


    The plasma activation of the small nickel surface does not take two months but it is too long.

    6x10000 seconds +24 hrs =30 hours. (see reference 1.)


    Reference 1.http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/ BiberianJPjcondensedw.pdf Pg 179


    Mizuno-San has probably spent a lot of hours on upwards of 200 reactor core preparations so far. A priority is to reduce the time.

    Laser irradiation at femto/ atto dimensions is a possibility but there are many variables to control

    Il tempo è denaro


    There is only one Tadahiko, not four.. but perhaps Tahakashi , Tashahadi and Takashako can help him

    Il tempo è denaro

    Mea culpa accepted Alain..I don't think Mizuno-San will take offense ;)

  • Au contraire, Henri: I raise you 30 denarii of nanostructured nickel-palladium..


    Ouzo is OK sometimes if one likes aniseed, but just a drop on icecream


    καὶ μὴ μεθύσκεσθε οἴνῳ ἐν ᾧ ἐστιν ἀσωτία ἀλλὰ πληροῦσθε ἐν πνεύματι.


    BTW -femto laser irradiation rate looks a bit slow


    0.84m2 of nickel at a rate of 21* 10(9) square microns per hour takes ~40 hours.

    Mizuno-San probably did that calculation awhile ago.

    Microwave foams, cavitation or chemical etching are probably being considered as options,..

    Il tempo è denaro

  • Moving from the "Letters" topic.

    I suggested that rats (or any mammal) can remove more water from the hot bucket by absorbing it into their fur, and then shaking it off, than by either drinking it (Jed's calculations), or splashing.

    Here is the paper relating the amount of water a critter can hold in its fur, and how efficiently it can shed that water.

    Wet mammals shake at tuned frequencies to dry : Dickerson et al

  • I suggested that rats (or any mammal) can remove more water from the hot bucket by absorbing it into their fur, and then shaking it off, than by either drinking it (Jed's calculations), or splashing.

    Probably a rat could more efficiently empty a bucket of water by syphoning the water with its long tail than by drinking it ;-)

    Somehow similar to that:


    Or maybe Mizunos bucket was a sort of Phytagoras cup:

    (or - a simple and ordinary explanation - the bucket just started leaking over night...)