ASTOUNDED - Atypical Spheromak Triggering Of Unambiguous Nuclear Derived Energy Discharges (Rossi's Mirror Effect Reactor and more!)

  • I attach a couple of photographs I took in the summer, one of a dental X-Ray plate exposed to a LION tube 'post event' (grey) and another micro photograph of the inside of a fuel-tube fragment.


    There are some really small and sharp dots on the X-Ray plate.

    Most tubes have cylindrical shape whereas a plate usually is flat and not very flexible.

    That would make it difficult to achieve good resolution.


    Was the plate flexible or was the tube flattened?

    Did you make a duplicate to verify same pattern?

    Do you have any idea what caused the dots?

  • This spheromak thing is getting into my head. I made some cauliflower/carrot soup today, blended it up with my emulsifier blender, and I saw pairs all over the surface. Seriously. Tasted very good too. Taking a bubble bath in a little while and will report back.

  • There is a definite duplication/shift on the left image (yellowish one), and possibly a triple effect, with rotation pivoting from the upper RH corner on the right (grey) image. I don't pretend to know why.


    I have a half dozen different shots of that -all taken with different filters. All show the same patterns. There is no rotation. I don't know what you've been drinking, but please don't drive.^^

  • Axil's "strange particle tracks" to me most of all looks like scratches on the photographic emulsion and and some fibers, aka dust.


    The x-ray film packages in Axil's LION picture are very similar to this genuine Italian product made in China:

    http://stardentequ.com/en/product-detail.php?tnid=891


    The big pouch contains the developing fluid that is squeezed over to the film after exposure.

    Very handy, no darkroom needed and we cannot blame the artifacts on sloppy darkroom work.

    Of course, we can call into doubt the quality of the probably knock off x-ray films.


    In ordinary x-ray photography you have a small x-ray source that emits a cone of x-rays.

    The object to be examined is positioned at some distance from the source.

    The film is positioned as close as possible and behind the object relative to the source.

    The closeness is essential for the sharpness of the image.


    In this case your presumed source is the object itself, the term for this is autoradiography.

    Thus the distance from the source to the object cannot contribute to the sharpness of the image. You will get the sharpest possible picture by pressing the emulsion against the object. Obviously this is not what is happening here. Added to the thickness of the plastic container is the varying distance due to no pressure being applied. This makes it improbable that even a point source could give an exposure corresponding to the smallest dots.


    Alan, you did not say if an image could be reproduced, i.e. made two times i a row.


    Also, images should also have been done on a leftover piece of the square tube or tea can or whatever it was.


    As for the pairs, two dots always make up a pair, don't they? :/


    ...

    I took the trouble to scan Bob's video:

    http://e-catworld.com/2018/01/…with-lion-new-mfmp-video/


    At around 40 minutes was the tea tin. What the heck has the tea tin to do with the LION reactor?

    Somebody must be stupid here. Is it me perhaps?


    Which reminds me, I also saw Bob pointing out various pairs of dots. Yes, it looks quite dotty.

    But it has a natural explanation. The eye and brain are hardwired to detect patterns. Once you start to look for pairs you will see lots of them and you will be blind to other patterns, like triplets.

  • Somehow, the ultra energy and matter dense charged clusters of Kenneth Shoulders were capable of inducing a warp drive like effect that could accelerate entrained positive ions to ultra high speeds. This imparted to them tremendous kinetic energies for zero or minimal additional input cost. When such protons or positive ions smash into matter, nuclear reactions can occur. However, there are MULTIPLE other mechanisms that can induce nuclear reactons. An EVO strike on an embrittled target is like filling a shotgun cartrige with a slug, buck shot, small pellets, and custom projectiles just put holes in a paper target - overkill. But you can be sure a whole range of effects will happen.


    EVOs, at least grey or black ones, can fly right through a reactor wall. They are the perfect explanation for emissions from a source outside of the reactor.

  • The insights that the ECCO fuel analysis provides shows that Falaco solitons are produced in abundance as a active agent in the LENR reaction and these solitons stay together for many weeks after they are created. These solitons are weakly LENR active and are seen to produce gradual chemical disruption and creeping deterioration in a PET fuel container, or generate a gradual transmutation process as seen in the SEM micrographs of the carbon substrate that holds the hydrides produce by the fuel preparation process.


    It is now apparent that the dipole solitons are gradually released to the far field from the hydride fuel over time but that release produces little LENR activity and is not readily noticed. These solitons are charge and magnetically neutral and move independently having no tendency to aggregate or repel each other.


    When these solitons are loaded into a LENR reactor, they can be activated into the monopole form by the stimulation of a KERR effect stimulus. This stimulation can come from a high voltage electrostatic field as produced by a high voltage spark or electrode, high intensity light as produced by a laser or incoherent light as produced by the QX reactor.


    This KERR stimulation converts the dipole form of the solitons to a monopole form. This transformation polarizes the spin of the particles contained in the soliton that eliminates the spin cancellation effects that come from the dipole state. The spin polarization process produces a intensified, concentrated and focused magnetic beam that is a very powerful LENR agent.


    We can think of this monopole spin amplification process in an analogous way that strong incoherent light or high voltage stimulation can trigger a laser beam in a lasing medium.


    page31.gif

  • Branzell


    "This makes it improbable that even a point source could give an exposure corresponding to the smallest dots"


    Shoulders appears to have got intense spots. Is the dental film itself where the X rays unload?

    100 billion photons is way more than absorbed in a normal dental Xray


    Ceramics are low inductance high mass materials.

    Perhaps evos have more effect on expensive ceramic crowns than on one's natural enamel


    http://www.rexresearch.com/sho…hargeClustersInAction.pdf

  • For starters, why should there be any Electrum Validum in an arbitrary tea tin?

    Just checked in mine. Nope, just the usual black tea.


    "Kenneth R. Shoulders has received five US Patents for his discovery and development High Density Charge Cluster (HDCC) technology. Shoulders describes the HDCC entity as "a relatively discrete, self-contained, negatively charged, high density state of matter... [a bundle of electrons that] appears to be produced by the application of a high electrical field between a cathode and an anode." He has given it the name "Electrum Validum" (EV), meaning "strong electron", from the Greek "elektron" (electronic charge) and the Latin "valere" (to be strong, having power to unite)."


    No anodes or cathodes in my tea tin either.

  • Branzell "blacktea"


    I checked my tea tin too..it only has homemade teabags with a mixture of English breakfast and Darjeeling.


    However my tea tin does does not have a high voltage source with two electrodes nearby or deuterium-loaded palladium


    "[a bundle of electrons that] appears to be produced by the application of a high electrical field between a cathode and an anode"



  • "However my tea tin does does not have a high voltage source with two electrodes nearby or deuterium-loaded palladium"


    Here is the LION reactor:



    No tea tin in sight.


    And just out of the blue, here a China tourist has returned with a souvenir tea tin:

  • Yuri Bazhutov, one of the first people to discover 'Strange Radiation', which he calls Erzions, had reported 'new kinds of material'.


    Similar experiences have been had in the past by multiple groups trying to determine what some of John Hutchison’s transmuted material was.


    Now the Doctor in charge of teaching EDS analysis at Masaryk University Brno could not get the SEM/EDS apparatus and software to determine a material in the main affected area of the LION reactor, this was a first in her experience.



  • More disqusion

    "

    Avatar

    Alan DeAngelis Bob Greenyer11 hours ago 

    What’s the mass of the unknown ?

    Avatar Bob Greenyer Alan DeAngelis3 hours ago 

    This will have to come much later, as I said in the first video, we are taking the analysis much slower.

    ICPMS is a destructive process, MALDI TOF MS is both destructive and can only see masses above say 90 with accuracy.

    The material seems to be putting out a different combination of characteristic X-Rays (having been excited by the impinging electron beam) to any known material. So whilst it can locate the area with the anomalous material, by specifying it as 'something', in this case Yb, even though it may not be since it does not have all of the spectra. This indicates that the orbital electrons may not all in be the normal place/state. What are the 'electrons' in this case? Why would some lines be missing? Could they have been replaced by H- or some other heavy fermion?

  • My guess is that spheromaks may have replaced some of the ordinary electron orbitals. I think these atoms could be more easily triggered into LENR reactions. However, I wonder if there are certain configurations that could be stable enough to allow for exotic new materials. I can't help but wonder if an even more optimized form of NiTi memory metal alloy could be created.

  • The following is the project I'd like to start up if I had the space, help, and funds.


    Project Code Name: Charge Twister


    Overall Goal:


    To produce a highly optimized electron cluster demonstrator with performance characteristics far beyond those described by Kenneth Shoulders.


    Quick Overview:


    By utilizing a variety of knowledge sources including but not limited to macro-scale spheromak dynamics, electrode design, low energy nuclear reactions, and scalar electrodynamics, a demonstrator can be built demonstrating a number of unambiguously anomalous phenomena. Certain features may be demonstrated in real time (namely energy production, photon emissions of various energies, and energetic particles) while evidence for transmutations and isotopic shifting will likely have been generated previously. Upon public presentation, complete and detailed documentation of the device shall be disclosed allowing for replication along with a collection of third party analysis of target material. Steve Shoulders, Harold Puthoff, and Bill Church (if still alive) will be invited to attend the demonstration.


    Optimizations: (Please note these are the optimizations from my research do not appear to have been attempted by Kenneth Shoulders. There are other multiple guidelines and recommendations located in his writings that we can draw upon.)


    To achieve the performance levels desired, a number of optimizations shall be incorporated into the design of the system. During the period of development, these may be modified, eliminated, or replaced as hands on experience is gained and data is collected.


    1) The utilization of a hollow or toroidal cathode (emitter hole with central spire) of sub-millimeter diameter placed on the planar surface of a larger cathode. As described in literature, the remaining surface area around the emitter will be covered with a layer of dielectric. This will allow for electron injection for a lower input voltage. The geometry also lowers sputtering damage to emitter site. An additional detail is the hollow cathode should be wetted with a liquid conductor. The entire cathode assembly should be capable of relatively simple removal and replacement to test other materials and configurations, such as oxygen-lithium or oxygen-magnesium doped industrial diamonds.


    2) The utilization of permanent magnet(s) to add helicity (as in mainstream spheromak guns) and/or rotation/twist (as in the rotamak) to augment the formation and stability of toroidal electron clusters. These magnets may be positioned coaxially to the path of the discharge from cathode to anode and/or perpendicularly. Two or more stacked disc magnets each turned many degrees off their magnetic axis but held in position against their tendency to realign may be tested to see if a spiral shaped field is emitted. An axially spinning permanent magnet or collection of off-axis magnets behind the cathode may also be experimented with. Field intensities may need to be adjusted.


    3) The utilization of a cup shaped anode to more fully collect deflected electrons and smaller clusters upon impact of the toroid. This will boost electrical output according to papers describing such collectors utilized by commercial Traveling Wave Tube amplifiers (TWITS).


    4) The placement of extended, straight metal wires or rod shaped antennas positioned in the expected path of longitudinal waves (anywhere around the spherically radiating cluster but especially on either end of the discharge tube) so that these impulses may travel through the length of the conductor. Additionally, a hollow aluminum sphere may be tested as a longitudinal wave antenna.


    5) A hydrogen or deuterium embrittled metal (nickel and/or palladium) target plate may be placed upon the anode for more dramatic and intense effects.


    Specific Goals: (In Order of Priority.)


    A) Show that a single electron cluster strike can produce more power than was used to induce the cathode pulse. One method may be to precisely charge and discharge a capacitor to provide the input and then collect the output (from the anode and/or surrounding collectors) in a secondary capacitor. If continual high speed electron cluster generation is achieved, a wide range of possibilities present themselves.


    B) Demonstrate radio-frequency, x-ray, and neutron (possibly) production during electron cluster transit, anode strikes, or periods of "wild fire" on a hydrogen/deuterium embrittled metal target.


    C) Show third party analysis of anodes proving both transmutations and isotopic shifting. Specifically, a migration of a natural isotopic ratio in nickel to an over-abundance of Ni-62 should be demonstrated, verified in multiple samples. Two labs should be utilized - at least one with zero connection to Andrea Rossi to prevent false claims of collusion.


    D) If high frequency pulsing is possible for a significant duration, demonstrate the quasi-super conducting and back EMF-less properties of "cold electricity." First, the cold electricity should be demonstrated to not experience back EMF while powering one or more small devices. Secondly, a sample of material that had been previously exposed to cold electricity (a bulb or length of wire) should be showed as having abnormally low resistance.


    E) Demonstrate that the electron cluster is emitting non-transverse longitudinal waves of magnetic vector potential. This would be demonstrated by picking up an EMF when an antenna is positioned for the star-bursting, three hundred and sixty degree electron cluster to produce compression waves that travel through their length; conversely, when the antennas are re-positioned for these waves to travel through their narrow width, a significantly reduced or near zero signal would be picked up.


    F) Show a real-time "bore hole" with a USB microscope.


    Conclusion:


    Electron clusters are at the very heart of a wide range of exotic phenomena ranging from LENR, electrical free energy, transmutation (modern alchemy), and gravity control. Importantly, according to Luis Elizondo, the former director of the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program, the unknown craft flying in our skies utilize different aspects of one unifying technology. Since Harold Puthoff is a sub-contractor for the AATIP and a member of Tom Delonge's "To The Stars Academy" disclosure effort, I'm very confident the vehicles of non-terrestrial origin utilize electron cluster technology. By choosing to pursue the "Charge Twister" project, the decision is being made to support a project that can strike deeply at the core of the phenomena and demonstrate a wide variety of secondary effects. Conversely, a generic LENR experiment, regardless of excess heat demonstrated, would be open to countless different interpretations.

  • Here is a nice biography on Ken Shoulders based on interviews with his son Steve:

    https://www.chemheritage.org/d…magazine/the-frontiersman


    Interesting quote:

    "But was there any worthwhile science in Shoulders’s EVO research? After dismissing the inventor’s findings, Feynman became aware of the discovery of similar clusters of charged particles made at the National Bureau of Standards and the work of a professor at the University of California, San Diego, who had noticed the same thing 10 years earlier but had not conducted further research. On January 31, 1986, Feynman mailed an apology letter to Shoulders: “When you were in my office I could not see how 1010 or 1011 electrons could be kept as a ball in a vacuum without ions. . . . I must apologize for it has come to my attention that it is indeed possible.” Feynman confirmed that the electron clusters Shoulders and his son witnessed were feasible, a small victory in the face of mass rejection."


    What a pity that Feynman too is in the Heaven so we can't ask him if he really swallowed the EVO:s just like that. Perhaps Ken and Richard are discussing the issue while i write ...


    Many of Ken's papers are available here: http://www.rexresearch.com/shoulders

    This folder also contains an index for the files: http://www.rexresearch.com/shoulders/shouldersevoarchive.htm


    In these documents you will find many references to http://www.svn.net/krscfs/ where he had posted other documents from his hand. This folder does not exist anymore, but the names referred to seem to be the same as you can find at rexresearch.com . The document all have the same file date, November 7, 2013. (Ken died June 7, 2013).


    Here is another chronological compilation of Ken's papers:

    http://www.keelynet.com/shoulders/pdfs.html


    This is the header of the last document:

    Proposal for Long Range EVO Program - Nov 21, 2012


    The header is a link to the full document with:


    "Closing Discussion

    Upon completion of the instruments briefly alluded to here, research into areas not presently
    accessible using conventional apparatus will reveal a host of possibilities that are almost
    beyond imagination. In the immediate future, the enigmas of so called free energy will be
    brought to a successful conclusion. These applications can be very robust and give almost
    boundless economic gains.


    Beyond the energy frontier, opportunities will open up for inquires into other universes that are
    coexisting with our present space and time. This is the natural domain of the EVO as they
    seem to share two or more Universes, of which they have given us a glimpse.


    What is holding progress back at this point is not so much what we are totally incapable of
    doing, but rather, what we almost willfully refuse to believe in and to work on. The emphasis
    given the field by adding a few new and useful tools to work with is one thing that will put us
    steadfastly on the road to the future. Using the power of such instruments as those shown here,
    even with small budgets, rapid progress can be made into a future realm of science."


    Reading this chronological document list I get the impression that year by year Ken´s ideas were more and more separated from reality.


    Then what do I say about the EVO pits? From the looks of them I would say that there are at least two known ways to manufacture them: with a laser or with an electron beam welder. Even though Ken certainly had access to both I don't say that he cheated. My impression is that he was a very honest man, but with a good portion of talent for science fiction.


    The conclusion must be that the EVO:s need replications, of which I found none. Now, Ken said it was really a child's play to make them. So get going, you with the equipment!

  • By the way, here is a document about yet another theory of LENR stimulation that claims the bombardment of hydrogenated nickel or palladium with electrons would be an ideal method of producing nuclear reactions. This is important, because if this is the case you can't get a better source of high energy electrons than an EVO. A spheromak both during flight and even more so upon destruction sprays out highly energetic electrons in all directions.


    Nuclear catalysis mediated by localized anharmonic vibrations
    Vladimir Dubinko
    National Science Center "Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology”, Kharkov 61108, Ukraine
    [email protected]



    https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1510/1510.06081.pdf


    Here is a quote.


    "Fig. 13 shows dependence of the maximum transferred energy of electrons to the target atoms on the beam energy, Ee .

    It can be seen that at Ee ranging from 1 to 100 keV ( Ee is the electron energy) the transferred energy ranges from ~ 0.04 eV
    to 4 eV for Ni atoms and from ~ 2 eV to 240 eV for H atoms. Therefore, it lies well below the threshold energy for permanent
    damage production (Frenkel pairs) in the Ni case, and it can be higher than that for the hydrogen case. It means that one needs
    to have an electron source in the range 1-100 keV in order to check all the displacements of interest, which presents a challenging
    technical problem addressed in the EAVE project [36] and illustrated in Fig. 13. An important advantage of the
    electron-induced LAV triggering is that the electrons with such energies penetrate deeply through the crystal up to the depth
    ranging from microns to millimeters (as compared to the nm range of laser beam penetration), which may greatly increase
    efficiency of the LENR triggering."

  • Now the Doctor in charge of teaching EDS analysis at Masaryk University Brno could not get the SEM/EDS apparatus and software to determine a material in the main affected area of the LION reactor, this was a first in her experience.

    An important part of EDS analysis of such new phenomena/materials is to take an un-excited (no e-beam) x-ray scan of the material prior to attempting any material analysis. I know that at least some EDS systems provide that capability. If there are x-ray lines with no e-beam excitation, the material recognition software will be fooled. One may need to subtract the un-excited x-ray spectrum from the excited x-ray spectrum to remove the radioactive lines so that the secondary electron x-ray characteristic lines can be analyzed. Some EDS software allows you to mark lines in an x-ray spectrum to ignore. Instead of doing the subtraction, it may be possible to simply mark those lines found in the un-excited spectrum as to-be-ignored for doing the material analysis. You don't want to just blindly believe the line recognition software in this case - they presume nonradioactive material in the analysis.

  • Director,


    You want to conduct research on:

    "LENR, electrical free energy, transmutation (modern alchemy), and gravity control"


    Pray tell us, before embarking on such an ambitious research program what are your qualifications for designing it?


    Do you have any formal training in the subjects that would seem most pertinent for such an undertaking, which should be quantum mechanics, solid state physics and nuclear physics?


    It would be good to know, following the whims of a daydreamer will only lead to disappointments.

  • Here is another paper by the same author that describes how x-rays can stimulate LENR in metal hydrides. Yet again, in addition to spraying electrons, EVOs or spheromaks are powerful sources of x-rays, especially upon hitting a target. From what I'm gathering after reading countless papers, it seems like electron clusters could provide just about every source of stimulation speculated or proven to induce LENR: electron bombardment, x-ray irradiation, lattice damage leading to fracto-emission, inducement of surface plasmon polaritons, heavy electron production, etc.



    Radiation-induced catalysis of low energy nuclear reactions in solids


    Vladimir Dubinko1

    1National Science Center, Kharkov Institute of Physics, and Technology (NSC KIPT) Kharkov 61108, Ukraine

    Received: March 10, 2016
    Accepted: March 25, 2016
    Published: April 29, 2016

    The Schwinger model of nuclear fusion extended with account of localized anharmonic vibrations (LAV) has been applied to the nuclear reaction presumably taking place in the metal hydrides/deuterides. LAV excited in NiH lattice can enhance the fusion rate by 25 orders of magnitude. New method of the low-temperature catalysis of low energy nuclear reactions (LENR) is proposed, which is based on the excitation of LAV in solids by Bremsstrahlung gamma and Characteristic X-rays produced by accelerated electrons hitting a metallic converter. The main advantage of the high-frequency electromagnetic irradiation is its deep penetration into the reactor material as compared to the electrons of the same energies. Upon entering the metal hydride/deuteride lattice, Characteristic X-rays are converted to the electrons of the same energies throughout the crystal bulk due to the photoelectric effect. The keV electrons produced in this way interact with heavy (metal) and light (H/D) ions resulting in significant displacements of the light ions while leaving the heavy metal ions essentially unperturbed. In this way, it is possible to excite LAV in the H/D sub-lattice in the whole volume of fuel mixture, which act as catalysts of LENR due to the time-periodic modulation of the potential wells, in which protons or deuterons are trapped. Experimental evidence of irradiation effect on the rate of chemical and nuclear reactions in solids is discussed and new experiments based on the present method are proposed.

    Keywords: Localized anharmonic vibrations; zero-point oscillations; Schwinger model; low energy nuclear reactions; Characteristic X-rays

    Cited by (1):Vladimir I. Dubinko, Alexander S. Mazmanishvili, Denis V. Laptev, Juan F. R. Archilla. (2016) Quantum dynamics of wave packets in a non-stationary parabolic potential and the Kramers escape rate theory. Journal of Micromechanics and Molecular Physics 01:02. Online publication date: 1-Jul-2016. [Abstract | PDF (526 KB)]

    Read More: http://www.worldscientific.com…16500065?journalCode=jmmp

  • bocijn I am not expecting much from Bazhutov.

    Few reasons there. First he was told to had been battling some serious illness.

    Secondly, over past 10 years he had been reporting and promoting the results of his experiments ( next presentation scheduled for the beginning of February) while his reactor remained essentially a jar with electrolyte.

    Recent upgraded to the setup included installation or organic glass screen to protect from the radiation and as Parkhomov referred to it 'sophisticated upgrade' , an exhaust hood was added. Like many Russian scientists his story is always 'gimme money and I will blow your mind in few years time.'

    I wish that I was wrong here however.