THE USEFUL BOOK THREAD

  • One of the things that Mizuno replicators are going to have to get to grips with is Vacuum systems. I must confess that my experience has been limited to 'roughing pump' territory and I found this free book (which is around $150 on Amazon) really helpful.


    http://dmf.unicatt.it/~gavioli…cience_and_Technology.pdf


    Particularly useful perhaps is this section.


    The Measurement of Low Pressures 257
    3.1.1 Overview 258
    3.1.2 Direct Reading Gauges 260
    3.1.3 Indirect Reading Gauges 265
    3.1.4 Calibration of Vacuum Gauges 286
    References 288
    3.2 Mass Analysis and Partial Pressure Measurements 290
    3.2.1 Overview and Applications 290
    3.2.2 Inlet Systems 300
    3.2.3 Ion Generation and Ion Sources 303
    3.2.4 Ion Separation Analyzers 308
    3.2.5 Detection of Ions 323
    References 326
    3.3 Practical Aspects of Vacuum System Mass Spectrometers 335
    3.3.1 Historical Insight 335
    3.3.2 Expected Gases in a Vacuum System 336
    3.3.3 The Ion Generation Process 340
    3.3.4 Techniques for Analysis 351
    3.3.5 Calibration of Vacuum System Mass Spectrometers 364

  • Semi-retired LENR researcher Ed Lewis asked me to post this little article about his book- also available here. It's pretty much off topic for LENR, but interesting as a sideways look at cycle theory. Members who wish to bring other interesting or useful books to the forum;s attention are welcome to do so here.



    This theory is 30 years old, and based on the prior timing, I predicted 30 years ago in 1989 that technological acceleration would start about the year 2000 (it started in 1998 or 1999) and that afinancial crash like the 1929 crash would happen in 2009 or so (it happened in 2008). See my old articles and information I put online more than 20 years ago.

    This economics model predicts a long depression period lasting into the 2020s. I think the theory is right, but the something like 2 trillion US dollars that has been added to the US debt each year kept the US (and the world) afloat temporarily. Tens of trillions of dollars in bank lending, derivatives, and money creation since 2008 temporarily kept the stock markets inflated. I think many of the world economies will feel the effects of the deep recession/depression soon though the US and some other countries might profit from this due to recent changes in the world. This is unavoidable for most countries simply as a result of their debt creation and the nature of development of industry now that is primarily driven by process innovation, automation, robotization of production, and shifting away from the use of human labor for manufacturing and service work.

    Economics and the Economy

    The real unemployment rate in the leading industrialized areas of the world reached high levels in the early years of the 2010s. During Trump's tenure, the US is experiencing an economic boom now. Leading media spokespeople kept saying that the recession is over and never call this decade a depressionary era, but the real evidence points to that this would have been a severe depressionary period were it not for the unprecedented astounding debt creation and hundreds of billions given out to the public and companies and banks and etc.

    Economists in general don't understand the economic situation. There isn't a generally accepted theory of economic depressions. I started to writing about a 1929 style financial crash happening around 2009 in 1990. In 2007, few people wrote that a financial crisis that could cause a depression was going to happen. I tried to warn people by publishing Letters to the Editor in magazines and journals, but the only magazine that published it was Infinite Energy who published it right before the crash happened in the fall of 2008. (Economic Depression or Deep Recession Likely Soon, Infinite Energy Magazine, Issue 79, p. 7, May, 2008.)

    Among professional economists, the "long-wave" or Kondratiev cycle isn't accepted. They have a general belief that technological change, unemployment, and depressions/recessions don't really have much to do with scientific advancement. They don't accept that depressions/recessions, the waves of productivity growth, and industrial revolutions are directly due to physics paradigm shift.

  • Members will I am sure noticed that Dr. Edmund Storms has posted some observations on Mizuno's experiment in our forum based on his huge experience in the cold fusion field. It occurs to me that Ed's book on the 'nuts and bolts' of LENR might be of interest. Now only available as a $22 Kindle book, (or an $800 paperback!) it covers a lot of ground on the topic.


    One reviewer who bought the Amazon Kindle version said:- 'Not a light read, but a thorough examination of the experimental evidence for a new form of energy. It is not hot fusion at a lower temperature, but a different reaction altogether.
    Storms then goes on to look at existing explanations and goes on to expand his own possible explanation. If you seriously want to know more about this subject, settle down to read this, with pencil and paper to make notes.'


    In the book’s Foreword, Dr. Michael McKubre, (Formerly) Director, Energy Research Lab at SRI International, writes: “The opportunity to learn directly from the most knowledgeable person in arguably the most important emerging field, and to share his concise and well considered condensation of a difficult and scattered literature, are not the only or primary reasons to comprehend The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction. Laid out clearly and gently in Chapter 5, ‘Description of an Explanation,’ is the first physical science based description of a potential explanation for cold fusion.”


    https://www.amazon.com/Explana…+energy+nuclear+reaction#


  • Nagamitsu Yoshimura Vacuum Technology Practice for Scientific Instruments. Springer 2007


    A free pdf.


    Many scientific instruments for analyzing specimen surface such as the electron
    microscope and the Auger electron spectrometer require clean, ultrahigh vacuum.
    The electron microscope and Auger electron spectrometer need fine electron probe,
    requiring a field emission emitter which can well work under ultrahigh vacuum. In
    the electron microscope and the ion microscope, microdischarges due to applying
    high voltage to electrodes sometime occur, resulting in deterioration of image quality. Microdischarges are related with the gas molecules on the surfaces of insulators
    and electrodes.
    For many scientific instruments such as the electron microscope, a very clean, ultrahigh vacuum is necessary in the vicinity of the specimen and the electron emitter.
    So, ultrahigh vacuum technology is essential for microscope engineers and microscope users.
    This book consists of the following chapters:
    Chapter 1 Designing of Evacuation Systems
    Chapter 2 Vacuum Pumps
    Chapter 3 Simulation of Pressures in High-Vacuum Systems
    Chapter 4 Outgassing
    Chapter 5 Phenomena Induced by Electron Irradiation
    Chapter 6 Vacuum Gauges
    Chapter 7 Microdischarges in High Vacuum
    Chapter 8 Emitters for Fine Electron Probes
    Some important articles on the subject of every chapter are reviewed, and their discussions and conclusions are presented in rather high detail. The author believes
    that Chaps. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 would help the engineers who engage in designing the
    vacuum systems of ultrahigh vacuum scientific instruments such as electron microscopes. Chapters 7 and 8 will help the users of the scientific instruments using
    electron probes to understand the key technology intrinsic to electron beam systems,
    like high-voltage discharge and narrow electron beam emitter.


    http://www-eng.lbl.gov/~shuman…EFs/Vacuum-Technology.pdf