• Official Post

    One of the things that Mizuno replicators are going to have to get to grips with is Vacuum systems. I must confess that my experience has been limited to 'roughing pump' territory and I found this free book (which is around $150 on Amazon) really helpful.…cience_and_Technology.pdf

    Particularly useful perhaps is this section.

    The Measurement of Low Pressures 257
    3.1.1 Overview 258
    3.1.2 Direct Reading Gauges 260
    3.1.3 Indirect Reading Gauges 265
    3.1.4 Calibration of Vacuum Gauges 286
    References 288
    3.2 Mass Analysis and Partial Pressure Measurements 290
    3.2.1 Overview and Applications 290
    3.2.2 Inlet Systems 300
    3.2.3 Ion Generation and Ion Sources 303
    3.2.4 Ion Separation Analyzers 308
    3.2.5 Detection of Ions 323
    References 326
    3.3 Practical Aspects of Vacuum System Mass Spectrometers 335
    3.3.1 Historical Insight 335
    3.3.2 Expected Gases in a Vacuum System 336
    3.3.3 The Ion Generation Process 340
    3.3.4 Techniques for Analysis 351
    3.3.5 Calibration of Vacuum System Mass Spectrometers 364

    • Official Post

    Semi-retired LENR researcher Ed Lewis asked me to post this little article about his book- also available here. It's pretty much off topic for LENR, but interesting as a sideways look at cycle theory. Members who wish to bring other interesting or useful books to the forum;s attention are welcome to do so here.

    This theory is 30 years old, and based on the prior timing, I predicted 30 years ago in 1989 that technological acceleration would start about the year 2000 (it started in 1998 or 1999) and that afinancial crash like the 1929 crash would happen in 2009 or so (it happened in 2008). See my old articles and information I put online more than 20 years ago.

    This economics model predicts a long depression period lasting into the 2020s. I think the theory is right, but the something like 2 trillion US dollars that has been added to the US debt each year kept the US (and the world) afloat temporarily. Tens of trillions of dollars in bank lending, derivatives, and money creation since 2008 temporarily kept the stock markets inflated. I think many of the world economies will feel the effects of the deep recession/depression soon though the US and some other countries might profit from this due to recent changes in the world. This is unavoidable for most countries simply as a result of their debt creation and the nature of development of industry now that is primarily driven by process innovation, automation, robotization of production, and shifting away from the use of human labor for manufacturing and service work.

    Economics and the Economy

    The real unemployment rate in the leading industrialized areas of the world reached high levels in the early years of the 2010s. During Trump's tenure, the US is experiencing an economic boom now. Leading media spokespeople kept saying that the recession is over and never call this decade a depressionary era, but the real evidence points to that this would have been a severe depressionary period were it not for the unprecedented astounding debt creation and hundreds of billions given out to the public and companies and banks and etc.

    Economists in general don't understand the economic situation. There isn't a generally accepted theory of economic depressions. I started to writing about a 1929 style financial crash happening around 2009 in 1990. In 2007, few people wrote that a financial crisis that could cause a depression was going to happen. I tried to warn people by publishing Letters to the Editor in magazines and journals, but the only magazine that published it was Infinite Energy who published it right before the crash happened in the fall of 2008. (Economic Depression or Deep Recession Likely Soon, Infinite Energy Magazine, Issue 79, p. 7, May, 2008.)

    Among professional economists, the "long-wave" or Kondratiev cycle isn't accepted. They have a general belief that technological change, unemployment, and depressions/recessions don't really have much to do with scientific advancement. They don't accept that depressions/recessions, the waves of productivity growth, and industrial revolutions are directly due to physics paradigm shift.

    • Official Post

    Members will I am sure noticed that Dr. Edmund Storms has posted some observations on Mizuno's experiment in our forum based on his huge experience in the cold fusion field. It occurs to me that Ed's book on the 'nuts and bolts' of LENR might be of interest. Now only available as a $22 Kindle book, (or an $800 paperback!) it covers a lot of ground on the topic.

    One reviewer who bought the Amazon Kindle version said:- 'Not a light read, but a thorough examination of the experimental evidence for a new form of energy. It is not hot fusion at a lower temperature, but a different reaction altogether.
    Storms then goes on to look at existing explanations and goes on to expand his own possible explanation. If you seriously want to know more about this subject, settle down to read this, with pencil and paper to make notes.'

    In the book’s Foreword, Dr. Michael McKubre, (Formerly) Director, Energy Research Lab at SRI International, writes: “The opportunity to learn directly from the most knowledgeable person in arguably the most important emerging field, and to share his concise and well considered condensation of a difficult and scattered literature, are not the only or primary reasons to comprehend The Explanation of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction. Laid out clearly and gently in Chapter 5, ‘Description of an Explanation,’ is the first physical science based description of a potential explanation for cold fusion.”…+energy+nuclear+reaction#

    • Official Post

    Nagamitsu Yoshimura Vacuum Technology Practice for Scientific Instruments. Springer 2007

    A free pdf.

    Many scientific instruments for analyzing specimen surface such as the electron
    microscope and the Auger electron spectrometer require clean, ultrahigh vacuum.
    The electron microscope and Auger electron spectrometer need fine electron probe,
    requiring a field emission emitter which can well work under ultrahigh vacuum. In
    the electron microscope and the ion microscope, microdischarges due to applying
    high voltage to electrodes sometime occur, resulting in deterioration of image quality. Microdischarges are related with the gas molecules on the surfaces of insulators
    and electrodes.
    For many scientific instruments such as the electron microscope, a very clean, ultrahigh vacuum is necessary in the vicinity of the specimen and the electron emitter.
    So, ultrahigh vacuum technology is essential for microscope engineers and microscope users.
    This book consists of the following chapters:
    Chapter 1 Designing of Evacuation Systems
    Chapter 2 Vacuum Pumps
    Chapter 3 Simulation of Pressures in High-Vacuum Systems
    Chapter 4 Outgassing
    Chapter 5 Phenomena Induced by Electron Irradiation
    Chapter 6 Vacuum Gauges
    Chapter 7 Microdischarges in High Vacuum
    Chapter 8 Emitters for Fine Electron Probes
    Some important articles on the subject of every chapter are reviewed, and their discussions and conclusions are presented in rather high detail. The author believes
    that Chaps. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 would help the engineers who engage in designing the
    vacuum systems of ultrahigh vacuum scientific instruments such as electron microscopes. Chapters 7 and 8 will help the users of the scientific instruments using
    electron probes to understand the key technology intrinsic to electron beam systems,
    like high-voltage discharge and narrow electron beam emitter.…EFs/Vacuum-Technology.pdf

    • Official Post

    SPAWAR Systems Center-Pacific Pd:D Co-Deposition Research: Overview of Refereed LENR Publications. A synopsis of 20 papers collected (and presumably re-edited) by Jack Dea.…ublications?auto=download

    Scientists at the US Navy SPAWAR Systems Center-Pacific (SSC-Pacific), andits predecessors, have had extraordinary success in publishing LENR papers in peer-reviewed journals. This success hasn’t come easily and is due to severalfactors. One key reason for this success was the courage of the SSC-Pacific upper management in allowing scientists to conduct research and publish results in acontroversial field. The few journal editors, who had the fortitude to consider our work, also contributed to this success. This contrasts with the majority of their peers who, taking the path of least resistance, ignored our work out of hand andreturned manuscripts with, ‘the subject matter is not in the purview of the journal’.The reviewers also played a role in the successful publication of LENR-related papers. A multitude of reviewers, many outside the LENR field, had to put asidetheir biases and look objectively at our data. In turn, the reviewers’ relentlessconcerns forced us to tenaciously address their issues. Ultimately, the SSC-Pacificteam published 21 refereed papers in seven journals and a book chapter, spanning19 years beginning in 1989. This paper is a brief synopsis of those publications.

    • Official Post

    thanks a lot for that link Ahlfors. Found there a particular book that I have not found elsewhere. One that Alan Smith used to have in paperback but lost, (the 4th phase of water)

    • Official Post

    A book for our times perhaps...THE FATE OF ROME: Climate, Disease, and the end of an Empire. understand the prolonged episode we know as the fall of the Roman Empire, we must look more closely at a great act of self-deception, right at the heart of the empire’s triumphant ceremonies: the undue confidence,

    enacted in the bloody ritual of staged animal hunts, that the Romans had tamed the forces of wild nature. At scales that the Romans themselves could not have understood and scarcely imagined—from the microscopic to the global—the fall of their empire was the triumph of nature over human ambitions. The fate of Rome was played out by emperors and barbarians, senators and generals, soldiers and slaves. But it was equally decided by bacteria and viruses, volcanoes and solar cycles.

    Only in recent years have we come into possession of the scientific tools that allow us to glimpse, often fleetingly, the grand drama of environmental change in which the Romans were unwitting actors....

    The Fate of Rome_ Climate, Disease, and th - Kyle Harper.pdf

    • Official Post

    A fun read for some.

    Edwin Vincent Gray

    (1925 - 1989)

    Edwin Gray was born in Washington, DC in 1925. He was one of 14 children. At age

    eleven, he became interested in the emerging field of electronics when he watched some of the

    first demonstrations of primitive radar being tested across the Potomac River. He left home at

    15 and joined the Army, attending their advanced engineering school for one year before he

    was discovered and honorably discharged for being under age. After the attack on Pearl Harbor,

    he re-enlisted in the Navy and served three years of combat duty in the Pacific.

    After the War, he worked as a mechanic and continued his studies in electro-magnetics.

    After experimenting for years, he learned how to "split the positive" in 1958 and had his first

    Electric Magnetic Association (EMA) motor model running in 1961. His third EMA prototype

    was successfully tested for 32 days straight before it was torn down for analysis. With this report

    in hand, Gray started looking for serious funding. After being turned down by every major

    corporation and venture capital group he approached, he formed his own limited partnership in

    1971. By early 1973, EVGray Enterprises, Inc. had an office in Van Nuys, California, hundreds

    of private investors and a new (# 4) EMA motor prototype. Ed Gray had also received a

    "Certificate of Merit" from Ronald Reagan, then Governor of California.

    By the summer of 1973, Gray was doing demonstrations of his technology and receiving

    some very positive press. By later that year, Gray had teamed up with automobile designer, Paul

    M. Lewis, to build the first fuelless, electric car in America. But trouble was brewing.

    On July 22, 1974 an unprovoked Los Angeles District Attorney's Office raided the office and

    shop of EVGray Enterprises, and confiscated all of their business records and working

    prototypes. For 8 months, the DA tried to get Gray's stockholders to file charges against him, but

    none would. Gray was eventually charged with "grand theft," but even this bogus charge couldn't

    stick and was finally dropped. By March 1976, Gray pleaded guilty to two minor SEC violations,

    was fined, and released. The DA's office never returned his prototypes.

    In spite of these troubles a number of good things were happening. His first US. Patent, on

    the motor design, issued in June of 1975, and by February 1976, Gray was nominated for

    "Inventor of the Year" for "discovering and proving a new form of electric power" by the Los

    Angeles Patent Attorney's Association. Despite this support, Gray kept a much lower profile

    after this time. In the late 1970's, Zetech, Inc. acquired Gray's technology and EVGray

    Enterprises ceased to exist. In the early 1980's, Gray offered the US. Government his technology

    to augment Reagan's SDI program. He actually wrote letters to every member of Congress, both

    Senators and Representatives, as well as the President, Vice President, and every member of the

    Cabinet. Remarkably, in response to this letter writing campaign, Gray did not receive a single

    reply or even an acknowledgment! During the early 1980's, Gray lived in Council, Idaho, where

    he wrote and was granted his other two US Patents. By 1986, he had a facility in Grande Prairie,

    Texas, where a number of new prototype EMA motors were built. By 1989, he was working on

    propulsion applications of the technology, and maintaining his residence in Council, Idaho, as

    well as shop facilities in Council, Grande Prairie, and Sparks, Nevada.

    Edwin V. Gray died at his shop in Sparks, Nevada, in April 1989, under mysterious

    circumstances. He was 64 and in good health.


  • Perhaps of interest to some.…fRID=1ZD6R8J3XK556ECN1CFV

    Unsimple Truths by Sandra Mitchell.


    The world is complex, but acknowledging its complexity requires an appreciation for the many roles context plays in shaping natural phenomena. In Unsimple Truths, Sandra Mitchell argues that the long-standing scientific and philosophical deference to reductive explanations founded on simple universal laws, linear causal models, and predict-and-act strategies fails to accommodate the kinds of knowledge that many contemporary sciences are providing about the world. She advocates, instead, for a new understanding that represents the rich, variegated, interdependent fabric of many levels and kinds of explanation that are integrated with one another to ground effective prediction and action.

    Mitchell draws from diverse fields including psychiatry, social insect biology, and studies of climate change to defend “integrative pluralism”—a theory of scientific practices that makes sense of how many natural and social sciences represent the multi-level, multi-component, dynamic structures they study. She explains how we must, in light of the now-acknowledged complexity and contingency of biological and social systems, revise how we conceptualize the world, how we investigate the world, and how we act in the world. Ultimately Unsimple Truths argues that the very idea of what should count as legitimate science itself should change.