do you think the Takahashi TC4 effects in Hydrogen approacihing the reactor could be
deuterium pre reaction before fusion..
as you know there is no electrolysis in the gas phase reactors
Takahashi attributes thes to turbulence..
Ascoli65 attributed these to airconditioning... but this cause is impossible.
since the calorimeter is isolated from the laboratory air.
>do you think the Takahashi TC4 effects in Hydrogen approaching the reactor could be deuterium pre reaction before fusion..
==>Paper found and TC4 is the D2 supply line and its temperature increases with increasing reactor temperature.
TC2 time lag is caused by the sensing location.
I think just heating D2 not to cool-down the metal and reactor temperature, but this is not designed.
The heater is necessary for the effective D2 gas loading.
>as you know there is no electrolysis in the gas phase reactors
==>NO this is not in D2O electrolysis but D2 gas loading is faster than D2O loading and it is by far better to use this reactor.
>Takahashi attributes this to turbulence..
==>NO IT was NOT turbulence it is similar to other curve so it is affected by other temperature possibly reactor tempetrature.
>Ascoli65 attributed these to air conditioning... but this cause is impossible. since the calorimeter is isolated from the laboratory air.
===>No paper found
Enhancement of Excess Thermal Power in Interaction of Nano-Metal and H(D)-Gas
Re-calcination of PNZ (Pd1Ni10/zirconia) and CNZ (Cu1Ni7/zirconia) powders was found to be effective for the enhancement of weeks-sustaining excess thermal power Wex. We report further results by additional calcinations and baking treatments in this paper. In Table -1, summary results for PNZ10, PNZ10r and PNZ10rr samples with D (deuterium)-gas are given. Detail of data will be shown in the meeting. Study by CNZ7,CNZ7r and CNZ7rr samples with H (light hydrogen)-gas will also be reported.
Mechanism of Nano-particle excess heat generation
Excess heat generation=surface area X population of D at surface T site x D supply from from backside(bulk).
This is different from E-CAT, but this is the standard Cold Fusion occurred at the surface T site of metal.
FOR FURTHER IMPROVEMENT of excess heat generation
LEFT Ni-D nano-particles and nano-roughness of Ni on nano-particle.
Right Ni-D thin layer with nano-roughness on the ceramic ball to faster storage in thin metal region.
TC4 is D2gas loading pipe and no heater around on TC4 pile line, so its temperature is the reactor temperature.
I do not think this is good because gas is cooled into reactor and Nano-particle location.
So once the temperature rise the excess heat increases.
You should compare with TC2 TC4 and RTD1-4 by yourself.
it is important to increase the total surface area as well as the curvature of particle so the smaller size is preferable.
Thus the excellent excess heat generation is reasonable and I think this the the best among reactor.
E-CAT use Nano-powder but the mechanism is different and for this reactor it is clear that heater triggers the cold fusion,
but for E-CAT what triggers cold fusion of E-CAT is unclear. might be a heater but E-CAT is implemented LED?????
Progress in Nano-Metal Hydrogen Energy
In this ICCF23 talk, we review our R&D works on nano-metal hydrogen energy (MHE) in 2018-2020, after the 2015-2017 NEDO-MHE Project [1, 2]. Major issues that we have obtained [3, 4, 5, 6] are as follows:
1)Hydrogen Gas Loading Method using Nano-Metal Composite powders (Ni based binary nano-islands) at elevated temperature has provided reproducible AHE (anomalous heat effect) with significant excess thermal power (ca. 200 W/kg-sample at best) continuing for several weeks.
2)Repeated re-calcination of PNZ-type and CNZ-type powders is very effective to enhance AHE excess thermal power. Levels are of encouraging grade for extending R&D of MHE toward industrial application.
3)CCF (condensed cluster fusion of hydrogen isotope) is of guiding theoretical view of the AHE phenomenon.
4)MHE (nano-Metal Hydrogen Energy) reaction is hard radiation free, namely biologically safe enough.