US Navy (SPAWAR)/Global Energy Corporation/LENR

  • As NASA plays a part in roll-out of this Navy CMNS technology keep an eye on this space. One way is to Google "NASA Booz Allen Hamilton 2020" for insight. Better than just 2020 hindsight.

    I've been following this space since they 'placed' to the second round of a NASA Mars Habitat contest. The BAH entry concept included a cold fusion reactor to power the habitat and construction process. Booz Allen has been watching the "cold fusion ecosphere" for as long as any of us. They are prepared for full use of LENR energy systems.


    "Booz Allen Hamilton will play a major role in the transfer of advanced U.S. CMNS technology and applied engineering to industry." -gbgoble2020


    "Since we assisted with NASA’s founding 60 years ago, Booz Allen has helped further the U.S. space mission—from working on the theoretical strategy for Apollo 11 to systems engineering for the International Space Station. Happy Space Day from all of us." (at Booz Allen): https://bit.ly/2LfOAsK

  • Imagine LENR Electric (either GEC or Leonardo Corp SKL) CMNS energy tech. on the wingtips instead of the two big turbine generators powering the all electric propulsion.


    Imagine that Larry Forsley or Carl Sandifer ll of GEC and Justin S. Gray (all working at NASA GRC) chat around the coffee machine from time to time.


    Or perhaps they do lunch at the much more intimate Plum Brook Station where the 'test-bed' for both the Electric Propulsion (full size) wiring/load/bus and GEC Space Power (LENR Electric) systems are optimized/safety certified for use.


    Imagine the conversations they imagine.


    "Multidisciplinary Design Optimization Framework with Coupled Derivative Computation for Hybrid Aircraft"

    Author(s) Justin S. Gray - NASA John H. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 44139 Aerospace Engineer, Propulsion System Analysis Branch;

    also

    Authors, Alessandro Sgueglia, Peter Schmollgruber, Nathalie Bartoli, Emmanuel Benard, Joseph Morlier, John Jasa, Joaquim R. R. A. Martins, and John T. Hwang. Published Online: 21 Jun 2020 https://doi.org/10.2514/1.C035509

    https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/10.2514/1.C035509

    Abstract

    Hybrid-electric aircraft are a potential way to reduce the environmental footprint of aviation. Research aimed at this subject has been pursued over the last decade; nevertheless, at this stage, a full overall aircraft design procedure is still an open issue. This work proposes to enrich the procedure for the conceptual design of hybrid aircraft found in literature through the definition of a multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) framework aimed at handling design problems for such kinds of aircraft. The MDO technique has been chosen because the hybrid aircraft design problem shows more interaction between disciplines than a conventional configuration, and the classical approach based on multidisciplinary design analysis may neglect relevant features. The procedure has been tested on the case study of a single-aisle aircraft featuring hybrid propulsion with distributed electric ducted fans. The analysis considers three configurations (with 16, 32, and 48 electric motors) compared with a conventional baseline at the same 2035 technological horizon. To demonstrate the framework’s capability, these configurations are optimized with respect to fuel and energy consumption. It is shown that the hybrid-electric concept consumes less fuel/energy when it flies on short range due to the partial mission electrification. When one increases the design range, penalties in weight introduced by hybrid propulsion overcome the advantages of electrified mission segment: the range for which hybrid aircraft have the same performance of the reference conventional aircraft is named the “breakdown range.” Starting from this range, the concept is no longer advantageous compared to conventional aircraft. Furthermore, a tradeoff between aerodynamic and propulsive efficiency is detected, and the optimal configuration is the one that balances these two effects. Finally, multiobjective optimization is performed to establish a tradeoff between airframe weight and energy consumption.

  • GEC Deep Space Power Generator

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    GEC has developed a deep space power generator using the Hybrid Fusion Fast Fission technology.

    • Official Post

    GEC Deep Space Power Generator

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    GEC has developed a deep space power generator using the Hybrid Fusion Fast Fission technology.

    NASA, DoE Fund 3 Nuclear Space Propulsion Concepts
    Nuclear-powered spaceships for fast trips to Mars may now be one step closer to reality. NASA and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have teamed up to fund…
    www.realclearscience.com


    Sadly, I do not see GEC listed in this new article.

  • Conundrumish


    This vid 2017 a year before Forsley presented the Space Act Agreement at ICCF21.


    Credibility/advancement seen in the NASA GEC LCF collaboration?yes/no


    GEC market entry?

    Trickle charger

    Megawatt powerplant multiple projects


    Iceberg tip disclosure of Indian Head Division DoD continuing GEC collaboration.


    Defense/space industry partners/spin offs?


    Broad, deep and far reaching rapid market entry along many orchestrated and well planned fronts?


    A few years further advanced than presently disclosed?


    Or


    As unimpressive as this vid/slide show?

  • After cycling the D2 gas through the coiled tubing for several months,

    Pd25Ag samples showed an increase in Cu and Fe

    compared with the amounts in unexposed Pd25Ag.

    Chromium, manganese, and zinc were detected in gas-cycled Pd25Ag samples,

    whereas they were not detected in unexposed Pd25Ag samples.

    In particular, Zn was present in the gas-cycled Pd25Ag material in larger quantities than either Cr or Mn.

    Although a small amount of Cu was present in the Pd25Ag coil before the D2 gas cycling,

    7 times more was present after the cycling.

    Multiple material characterization techniques were used to obtain both pre-test and post-test elemental composition.

    The results indicate that novel post-test elements, primarily on the surface, were created by unknown nuclear mechanisms at low energy.

    ===>

    based on the atomic number, this transmutation is not simple addition of proton, but nuclear fission disintegration.

    So I guess that di-neutron(small hydrogen) can be created on nano-particle not small D2.

    The reactor can have the H2O and H+ is absorbed in nano-particle and surface T site can create small H2(di-neutron).

  • Transmutations observed from pressure cycling palladium silver metals with deuterium gas

    Transmutations observed from pressure cycling palladium silver metals with deuterium gas
    Hydrogen, deuterium, and helium gases were separately cycled through a Johnson-Matthey purifier containing coiled palladium silver alloy tubing: Pd25A…
    www.sciencedirect.com


    Abstract

    Hydrogen, deuterium, and helium gases were separately cycled through a Johnson-Matthey purifier containing coiled palladium silver alloy tubing: Pd25Ag (75 wt% Pd and 25 wt% Ag). During the cycling of D2 gas, evidence of anomalous heat production was observed. However, during the cycling of H2 and He, very little (H2) or no (He) unusual heat events were observed. After cycling the D2 gas through the coiled tubing for several months, Pd25Ag samples showed an increase in Cu and Fe compared with the amounts in unexposed Pd25Ag. Chromium, manganese, and zinc were detected in gas-cycled Pd25Ag samples, whereas they were not detected in unexposed Pd25Ag samples. In particular, Zn was present in the gas-cycled Pd25Ag material in larger quantities than either Cr or Mn. Although a small amount of Cu was present in the Pd25Ag coil before the D2 gas cycling, 7 times more was present after the cycling. Multiple material characterization techniques were used to obtain both pre-test and post-test elemental composition. The results indicate that novel post-test elements, primarily on the surface, were created by unknown nuclear mechanisms at low energy.

    >However, during the cycling of H2 and He, very little (H2) or no (He) unusual heat events were observed.

    ==p+p fusion does not occur, so no heat is generated, however this is advantageous.


    The below tranmutation reactor has a risk to generate heat and it is susceptible to the crack of the thin Pd layer.


    So the transmutation reactor need to use H2 gas in place of D2 gas.

    Transmutation by small D2 or small-H2, which can be die-neutron.

    and this is H2 through thin Pd so the efficiency is by far better than original work by Iwamura.


  • Although H2 possibly has more tendency to cause transmutation..

    it can happen with D2 as well..


    Keeping transmutation to a minimum may be beneficial to maintaining the

    material properties of a 2D2->He reactor


    "

    Transmutation reactions of Cs into Pr were observed by D2 gas permeation for about one week through Pd complexes

    https://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/IwamuraYobservatiob.pdf

  • Although H2 possibly has more tendency to cause transmutation..


    it can happen with D2 as well..

    ==YES, right, however, it generate the heat and the thin metal film is fragile due to the crack of the high-temperature.

    THinner metal film has very higfh efficiency for transmutation.