I don't beleive that the SK is a nuclear reactor anymore. It is getting its excess energy from the vacuum. Prove me wrong...
What someone else is in fact doing. He's reporting Rossi's claimed activities to the Florida regulatory authorities because those activities, if remotely like what is claimed, are wildly illegal and unsafe. In addition, this person is taking to task with university authorities, one or more professors who apparently "teach" undergraduates what Rossi claims as fact.
Maybe action like this will motivate the users of the SK reactor to remain dark.
There is also the knotty problem of how to contain a plasma or arc that has a supposed real temperature of thousands of degrees.
Envelopes of fused quartz, magnesium fluoride and so on won't cut it.
But maybe Rossi has invented a brand spanking new super-refractory transparent material! That on its own could be worth a fortune.
Just like in the SAFIRE plasma and the BrLP SunCell. it appears that the plasma is self containing,
Although I am (was) a mere microbiologist, my bullcrap detector is active in other fields.
Lots of people are ignoring the facts that a) Rossi, in his first equation is calculating COLOUR TEMPERATURE, and b) that colour temperature is in no way correlated to actual temperature unless one is dealing with a perfect black body OR one knows the emissivity of the source.
Empirically, one can test this by putting the tip of one's pinkie on a lit blue LED. The Colour Temperature of that LED treated mathematically as a black body, will be in the range of mebbe 6,000 + deg K. Your pinkie, however, whilst it may detect warmth, even heat, will not be incinerated - as it would be if you were foolish enough to place it on similarly-sized mass of iron at the same colour temperature.
Try it and see!
Oh, and I see that there's a lot of rubbish about thermalising UV light over at The Other Place. Talk about post hoc rationalisation!
Both Rossi and R. Mills have the same challenge in converting XUV into usable energy. Mills is struggling with it big time.
Amongst the many other things I'm dubious about, one is that I can't help wondering if a 20% saving on heating bills is going to be sufficiently attractive to the discerning customer. Even assuming minimal disruption and cost in installing the SKBeast, I can easily imagine a fair proportion of potential customers, once they look closely at their existing arrangements, find that it is relatively simple to save close to that by conventional means (more efficient boilers, better insulation, etc). And all without risking installing a mystery magic machine operating on unknown principles with no firm data or user recommendations to back up the decision.
The saving rate is up to 50% now/
Here is my opinion why his presentation was so horrible.
I think that the technology is likely relatively simple.
True. Load some LENR fuel in a container: heat the fuel until it is vaporized, run a square wave RF signal through the electrodes into the fuel vapor and the reaction begins.
If Rossi did a spectrum of the plasma, he had to use a spectrometer that uses a grate since the plasma produces such high energy XUV light. That means that during development, Rossi put the plasma is a big containment box like R. Mills does. That also means that the plasma is self containing and very stable. Rossi said that the plasma has a area of 300 cm^2. That is a 4 inch diameter sphere. In the SK reactor, Rossi put the plasma in a transparent box just big enough to hold the 4 inch plasma ball.
PS thanks to the folks who put together sequenced videos of the plasma spectrum. Very illuminating. A black body this is not.
That spectrum may not be representative of the spectrum produced by the plasma. Rossi posted in his blog that the spectrum of the plasma falls between 100 and 200 nm. It also reportedly includes colors down the entire lower end of the color scale: that is why the plasma looks white. Most likely at a minimum, the spectrum from the demo was cutoff in both the high and low end and might have been modified by the enclosure material. It is most likely that the spectrum is not a black body spectrum. It looks like what R. Mills produces in the SunCell.
The way I imagine it is that all the tiny EVOs from all the Super Abundant Vacancies and cracks and pits in a powder based system are gathered up and placed in the SK. The plasma ball in the SK is like the total of all the EVOs in a powder based system combined into a large EVO.
This is how a polariton condensate is formed. Learn about this.
see figure three.
What a polariton looks like in cracks and pits in a powder based system
Can you stop that nonsense Axil? This only holds for classical fission and kinetic hot fusion!
Could you stop the nonsence? Where does BLP claim that their systems have anything to do with nuclear reactions. Where is any reference to this assertion?
BLP needs to be open about the fact that their systems may also produce nuclear reactions. I think that if they would build a suncell like device using lithium, hydrogen, argon, and traces of nano-particles from their electrodes they could produce massive excess heat without the need for a continual supply of hydrogen.
In a system that uses nuclear reactions, these reactions produce nuclear level radiation and neutrons. The heat is produced by the termalization of those gamma rays and those MeV level neutrons. The BrLP system produces high energy light only. This system is NOT a nuclear system. The energy so produced comes from non nuclear sources.
From Dr. Mills lecture at Fresno State.
Start listening at 45:20
"We improved the process some and right now at our lab anybody wants to come check with me, you can come in and check this out. But Right now it's making twenty million watts peak power from something that's seven millionths of a liter in scale. It is almost all silver and we've put in it the very small one weight percent of the catalyst hydrogen source and makes that kind of power. There's nothing on this planet even come remotely close to that like within a factor of about a million. Man it is incredible, incredible power that's coming out as light. High energy light. That's the spectrum right there."
Did Randell Mills basically reveal without attempting to do so that the new BLP process produces nuclear levels of power output?
Remember, according to his theory, the hydrino reaction can only produce around 200eV. If there is no chemical fuel that can come close to the power output by a factor of about a million, that makes it seem like the reactions in the Suncell are producing around 1MeV each or at least several hundred KeV.
This makes me think the QX/SK and Suncell must both be using similar principles.
I really wish that BLP would just admit that they are producing reactions beyond what is possible with the hydrino theory.
So let's look what is similar in both.
1) Most likely they are both using argon.
2) They are both pulsing through the negative resistance zone and creating a plasma ball.
3) This plasma ball will have a double layer.
4) EVOs and ball lightning with such a double layer induces nuclear reactions.
The main difference is that BLP uses liquid metal electrodes and Rossi uses solid electrodes.
Also, Rossi is using lithium which has proven to be both a BLP catalyst and very susceptible to nuclear reactions.
It would be beneficial to your understanding of these optical examples of high powered LENR to research the nature of negative photons, negative frequency of virtual particles and analog optical event horizons.
The dark side of light: negative frequency photons
The impact of something we thought couldn't exist has now been detected.
January 15, 2019 at 8:48 PM
Please review this paper.
Basically, it provides an explanation for the light produced by sonoluminescence. According to this theory, the abrupt collapse of the bubble induces vacuum polarization of electron positron pairs that then emits radiation. I think that the sudden in surges and collisions in the SK could be extracting energy from the vacuum in this manner.
The abrupt collapse of the bubble induces vacuum generation of photon pairs via hawking radiation. The blue light comes from the negative energy photon that has a negative frequency that corresponds to the frequency of the positive photon partner.
- Carlo Marcena
January 17, 2019 at 5:09 AM
Andrea, I do not know anything about January 31st presentation. Nevertheless, I am asking you a “favour”: should you plan to have (in this presentation)a phase change of a coolant fluid, please manage to gauge steam phase quality. Just to silence critics and avoid lenghty (and pointless) discussions in the aftermath.
With all my best wishes,
- Andrea Rossi
January 17, 2019 at 9:16 AM
Our target are the potential clients, not the rock and troll musicians.
It is time for LENR to exit the frogs pond and look at the business ocean, where commercial results are the meter of facts. The aftermath that counts for us are the contracts to sell heat, not the chatters of a bunch of imbeciles with a paid for agenda.
- Carlo Marcena January 17, 2019 at 5:09 AM
yes, one or two rabbit-like paw prints - we must use strategies to increase the density of these quasi-particles and extract more energy from the vacuum. How does the Higg's field fit into the negative mass accumulation since this is thought to confer mass onto all other particles? A negative Higg's field maybe.
A Unifying Theory of Dark Energy and Dark Matter: Negative Masses and Matter Creation within a Modified ΛCDM Framework
There is a cosmological theory that the universe has an exactly balanced zero energy content and is balanced between positive energy/mass and negative/ energy/mass.
The universe formed out of nothing
A Universe from Nothing
There is a problem that exists in cosmology called the flatness problem
In order for the universe to remain flat, the proportions of both positive matter.energy and negative matter and energy must be precisely equal. If this is not the case, then the existence of life in the universe is not possible.
A flat euclidean universe can only exist in a zero energy universe. In order for the universe to stay flat and also to constantly expand, both positive energy/matter and negative energy/matter must be forming in a precisely balanced continuous process. This currently unrecognized process pumps out matter and energy as well as an equal amount of matching dark matter and dark energy in a continuous and on-going basis.
There exists as an ongoing process in every star and inside every planet a process that produces polarized energy from the vacuum. This reaction is the source of polarized (Positive/negative) matter and energy throughout the universe. Because this reaction maintains an exact balance in the creation of this polarized energy, the flatness of the universe is exactly maintained.
This reaction has been discovered and will be utilized in a commercial product that will be introduced on this upcoming January 31. A two hour live demo available on the internet will be held to mark the introduction of this commercial product.
Here's a suggestion that exciton or plasmon polaritons may act like muons from 2014 - is their any further evidence now? Maybe red-infra-red laser stimulation of LENR works this way....
Re: Lockhhed claims fusion breakthrough
Posted: Oct 27, 2014 2:41 pm
Muons make protons act more like neutrons. As it turns out, so might quasi-particles like exciton polaritons or surface plasmon polaritons.
A polariton condensate has unique identifying behaviors. One that is amazing and telling is that it accumulates negative mass. The behavior that marks the presence of polariton condensation in LENR is the way that the black EVO floats over an irregular surface when the EMF absorption behavior sets in. This behavior was mentioned in Ken Shoulders' book.
The other polariton condensation indicator that we have seen is how the EVO behaves in its "tackyon" mode. The EVO that was seen in the ash from the LION reactor shows a strange radiator that floats over a surface and punches holes in the sub-strait when its magnetic flux tube touches the surface. The production of a magnetic flux tube is also a definitive sign that the polariton condensate is at play in LENR. The Black EVO bounces over the surface of the ash like a rabbit due to the levitation generated by the negative energy produced as it extracts energy from the vacuum..
I am trying to build up an understanding of what's happening from as far down to the basics of reality as I can go. In my mind, that is Dirac's Sea of Negative Energy which is composed of electron positron pairs. Mainstream science tries to say the vacuum is only composed of virtual photons, but in reality photons ARE electron-positron pairs that are tightly orbiting each other.
When it comes to electrons, I tend to think that under some conditions electrons can form condensates or at least get very close to each other. For example, Hal Puthoff has a paper on how this could be possible. Are you trying to say a single electron can be transformed into a single boson (having it's spin changed) by interacting with other electrons or atoms? You see, I don't really like the terms plasmons or phonons, because I don't think they are descriptive enough. A plasmon is simply a continual undulation of a group of electrons, and I don't understand the mechanism by which they become entangled with an electron to change it's spin. Whats doing the entanglement? What structure is reaching out and entangling the electron? Since I view the smallest possible structure to be electron positron pairs, are there lines of Don Hotson's EPOs grabbing a hold of the electron and changing its spin?
Can you describe the exact structure in terms of the basic units of whatever you consider to be the vacuum and how this explains the hole theory of superconductivity? You see, I'm trying to understand more than just terms. I want to know what's going on.
Could you also please explain how you think a double layer of electrons and positive ions induces LENR in more detail?
About how vacuum energy is extracted. LENR does not extract particle pairs from the vacuum, it is all about photons in the QX and SK..
I have been asking professional scientists how energy can be extracted from the vacuum and the best explanation I have received so far comes from Dr. Paul M. Sutter’s blog: ask a spaceman.
A photon/anti-photon pair created by pair creation through quantum fluctuations at the event horizon of a black hole produces Hawking radiation when the photon escapes to the far field and the anti-photon is absorbed into the black hole. How does that anti-photon decrease the energy content of the black hole to evaporate it since to the best of my understanding the anti-photon has positive energy…but negative frequency? Furthermore a photon with negative frequency and one with positive frequency are identical. Is the issue that allows the anti-photon to annihilate positive energy in any way related to the stoppage of time at the event horizon? Otherwise, the black hole just gets more energetic over time from this influx of anti-photons.
Dr Sutter’s responce:
Paul M. Sutter replied: "Great question! I've discussed this before - just search my channel for hawking radiation!"
After my search, here it goes
Essentially, because the black hole traps virtual photons in a time event that stops time at the instant that the event horizon is formed, these trapped photons escape based on their position that they were at relative to the event horizon when that horizon first formed.
The key concept about the Hawking radiation based energy productivity of an electromagnetic analog black hole is its lifetime. The shorter that this type of black hole lasts, the more vacuum energy that it can extract from the vacuum. The following insight comes from the explanation about the way Hawking radiation is produced and behaves that Dr. Sutter has explained in the reference above.
Few people understand how hawking radiation actually works with regard to vacuum energy extraction. The most efficient black holes are the micro black holes with extremely short life times. Polariton condensates produce these analog EMF based black holes.
This is very complicated and difficult stuff due to the complications that general relativity imposes on the event horizon. But according to Dr. Paul M. Sutter, all particle and photon based hawking radiation is predetermined at the instant of black hole creation. This is the result of time dilation at or near the event horizon.
Like a scoop of ice cream with sprinkles on its surface, as the ice cream melts over time, the sprinkles are freed from the surface and move away from that surface. The time that this release happens is a function of the position of the sprinkles at or near the surface when the ice cream scoop first forms.
This is why small black holes radiate with much more intensity than big ones do since time dilation is less intense at the time of small hole formation as compared to large hole formation.
Believe it or not, the hutchison effect is a form of LENR that produces anti gravity on the surface of objects through the use of polarized RF. The polariton condensate has been shown to produce negative mass/energy.
Physicists Say They've Created a Device That Generates 'Negative Mass'
This effect is actually anti gravity produced by polaritons as they extract energy from the vacuum. . Polaritons are actually extremely short lived EMF analog black holes that extract energy from the vacuum through hawking radiation.
The polariton just exists for a few pico-seconds. When the polariton forms in the dark mode, it surrounds an aggregation of vacuum perturbations: (aka virtual particle) and stores them for release based on a general relativity time distorted horizon that delays the release of those “photons” until the polariton decays. When the polariton decays, the time distortion goes away and the photons derived from the vacuum become real.
The reason that the polariton can produce so much photon based vacuum energy is because it is so small and short lived. Two types of vacuum perturbed photons come from the vacuum, the positive energy photons that are low frequency heat guys, and negative energy ones that have a negative frequency whose energy level is in the ultraviolet energy range. The polariton condensate holds onto the negative gravity property of the negative photons that are being constantly created by the roiling soup of polaritons aggregation almost instantaneous birth and deaths within the Bose condensate were each member of the aggregation lives and dies in pico-seconds, and the positive photons that are released to the far field as heat. The storage of negative energy inside the condensate results in its experimentally observed negative mass behavior.
The bigger the polaritons get… meaning the polaritons store more negative energy, the longer they live but because of the polariton’s increase size(energy content) and longer lifetimes, they produce and release less vacuum energy…they essentially go to sleep. These sleeping polaritons wake up when they are pumped and new short lived polariton start the vacuum energy extraction cycle again.
Dr Sutter laments that this Hacking radiation stuff is four levels of hard to understand. For the electromagnetic analog black hole, just double that level of hard. You can see that understanding LENR will take some considerable amount of time to become commonplace.
The reference to double layers is key. Whenever there is a accumulation of free charge as in a double layer, a plasma mirror may form. This structure will produce an electromagnetic event horizon that will serve to extract photons from the vacuum via Hawking radiation. An entangled photons pair is produced by Hawking radiation with the positive energy partner having an energy level in the infrared, and the negative energy photon partner with negative frequency that resolves to an energy level in the ultraviolet.
Now see where the laser light pulse comes from needed to accelerate the plasma mirror.
The polariton is a structure that produces the laser like light pulse that serves to accelerate the plasma mirror.
Anyone here want to discuss these topics?
There is one important factor that you have not yet incorporated into your thinking. That is, the electron is a fermion and does not stay together as an aggregation, since electons repel each other. They must be converted into bosons. This is done by entanglement with exitons, phonon. or plasmons.
Now being a boson, the converted electron (aka polariton) can now form a Bose condensate. This allows the electron aggregation to have a long communal life.
It is very hard to tell that this boson conversion is happening, but there are about a dozen indicators that this transformation occurs. One of these indicators is that the Rossi QX fireballs (tiny specks of light) seen floating in the plasma changes color (blue, yellow.red) in response to the power level that the QX is generating.
Another indicator is the onset of lowered electrical resistance. this might indicate the onset of superconductivity. The EVO is most likely superconducting. The hole theory of superconductivity posits that a double layer forms where the core is positive and the electrons form a spic wave on the exterior of the core.
I`m sorry, but I cannot believe in this esoterical magic.
This is why Rossi is releasing a commercial product. The lure of $billions will produce the jobs of the future where we will all need to educate ourselves to make a living in the new LENR world.